a bio-bibliography of - Economic History Society

a bio-bibliography of - Economic History Society

1 A BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY D.A. FARNIE and GEOFFREY TWEEDALE 5th Edition 2009 2 Preface to Fifth Edition This is the fi...

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1

A BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY

D.A. FARNIE and GEOFFREY TWEEDALE

5th Edition 2009

2

Preface to Fifth Edition This is the fifth edition of A Bio-Bibliography of Economic and Social History. Its originator and chief author, Douglas Farnie, sadly did not live to see its completion and publication. He died in Manchester on 21 June 2008, aged 82, following complications from heart surgery. The first edition of Douglas‟s Bio-Bibliography was published in Pat Hudson (ed.), Living Economic and Social History. Essays to Mark the 75 th Anniversary of the Economic History Society (2001). It listed about 700 individuals. Characteristically, Douglas had been expanding and revising it ever since. It went through further editions, each more expansive than the last. This edition covers over 3,500 individuals. My involvement began casually in 2001, when I began passing Douglas obituaries and snippets of information for inclusion. The amount of information gathered pace as I began using electronic sources to fill gaps and to supplement the material that Douglas was still collecting from libraries and paper sources. Douglas never used a computer (or even a typewriter) and always preferred to use a pen. However, the world-wide-web fascinated Douglas and when it became apparent that it could transform the scope of the Bio-Bibliography, we began to collaborate on producing a much expanded fifth edition. A routine developed. From early 2007 until 27 March 2008, we met once a week at Manchester Metropolitan University Business School not only to revise the electronic copy of the BioBibliography, but also to scour the web for new material. This took considerable effort and courage on Douglas‟s part, because by then his health was making his life increasingly difficult. However, he never complained and never missed a session until the final weeks of his life. It should be underlined that in design and conception, this is Douglas‟s work. It reflects his love of economic history, which was a key feature of his life. A reticent individual, he rarely discussed personal matters and most of his own „history‟ was unknown to even his closest academic colleagues. I worked closely with him over several years, yet knew almost nothing about his background, except that he had once worked at Manchester University and lived in Swinton. Douglas was more expansive about his academic pursuits. More than anyone I have known, he fitted that epithet „widely read‟. Above all, he liked expounding on the subject of the practitioners of economic history. As he sometimes explained to me, what he was attempting in the Bio-Bibliography was to provide information on economic historians throughout the world, but especially the great figures of the past – the individuals that Douglas regarded as the „founders of the discipline‟. Characteristically, Douglas was too modest to place himself on any roster of distinguished historians, so much so that previous

3

editions of the Bio-Bibliography hardly mentioned his own work. One of the sad ironies of this fifth edition is that I have been able, to some extent, to rectify that omission. In the first edition, Douglas apologised „to those whose names have been omitted‟. I can only repeat that apology. We have tried to make the Bio-Bibliography as comprehensive and as international as possible, but inevitably many individuals will have been missed. If so, it is by accident (and our own ignorance) rather than by design. Inclusion in this list is not meant as a mark of commendation. Where possible, we have tried to provide a book title or descriptive comment, but unfortunately not enough time has been available to do this for each individual. Before his death, Douglas made extensive additions to the listing of books and articles for each entry – all of which I have been able to insert from our common copy. One thing I did not have – and which Douglas was completing alone – was a list of the many individuals who had helped him with the project over the years. The acknowledgements for this final edition must, therefore, remain sparse. However, David Jeremy provided information and advice in the UK, not least in publishing the first directory of business historians. John Lyons was helpful in advising on the American economic history scene. The research division at MMUBS must also be thanked for providing key facilities and research time for this project. It was here that Douglas in his retirement found a new academic home and the title of professor – something never accorded him at Manchester University, despite his classic contributions to the history of the Lancashire cotton industry.

Geoff Tweedale Manchester Metropolitan University Business School 24 March 2009

4

KEY TO ABBREVIATIONS Note:

The place of publication of all sources cited is London, unless otherwise indicated.

*

Contains additional references.

ADBO

Australian Dictionary of Biography Online http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/adbonline.htm

AER

American Economic Review, 1911-.

AgHR

Agricultural History Review, 1953-.

AGM

Mazour, A.G. , Modern Russian Historiography (Westport: Conn, 1939, 1975).

AGM2

Mazour, A.G., The Writing of History in the Soviet Union (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1971).

AH

Agricultural History, 1927-.

AHAP

American Historical Association Perspectives, 1981-

AHC

Cole, A.H. The Birth of a New Social Science Discipline: Achievements of the First Generation of American Economic and Business Historians, 1893-1974 (New York, 1974).

AHD

Aplin, G., Foster, S.G. and McKernan, M, (eds.) Australians. A Historical Dictionary (Broadway, N.S.W., 1987).

AHR

American Historical Review, 1936-1980. (See also AHAP.)

AJT

Toynbee, A.J. Acquaintances (Oxford, 1967).

AK

Kadish, A. Historians, Economists and Economic History (1989).

ALR

Rowse, A.L. Historians I Have Known (1995).

ANB

Garraty, J.A. and Carnes, M.C. (eds.), American National Biography (New York, 1999, 24 vols.).

5

ANN

Annales d‟Histoire Économique et Sociale (1929-1938), changing its title to Annales d‟Histoire Sociale (1939-1945), to Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations (1946-1993) and from 1994 to Annales: Histoire, Science Sociales.

APU

Lambie, J.T. (ed.), Architects and Craftsmen in History. Festschrift für Abbott Payton Usher (Tübingen, 1956).

AWW

Academic Who‟s Who, 1975-1976 (1976) with 7,000 entries or 2,000 more than 1973-1974 edition.

BBL

Jeremy, D.J. & Tweedale, G. (eds.), Dictionary of Twentieth Century British Business Leaders (1994).

BD

Gannon, Francis X. Biographical Dictionary of the Left (Boston, 3 vols., 1969, 1971, 1972).

BDDE

Arestis, P., Sawyer, M. (eds), A Biographical Dictionary of Dissenting Economists (Aldershot, Elgar, 1992).

BDAE

Emmett, Ross B. (ed.), The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists (Thoemmes, 2006, 2 vols).

BDH

Cannon, J., Davis, R.H.C., Doyle, W., and Greene, J.P. (eds.), The Blackwell Dictionary of Historians (1988).

BDSU

Vronskaya, Jeanne & Chugnev, V., A Biographical Dictionary of the Soviet Union, 1917-1988 (Sevenoaks, 1989).

BES

Schmitt, B.E. (ed.), Some Historians of Modern Europe (Chicago, 1942).

6

BH

Business History, 1958-.

BHDE

Röder, W. and . Strauss, H.A ( eds.), Biographisches Handbuch der Deutschsprächigen Emigration nach 1933 (Munchen, Saur, 1980-1983, 4 vols).

BHR

Business History Review, 1926-.

BM

Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 1955-.

BN

Biographie Nationale (Brussels, 1866 – 1985, 44 vols.).

BNL

Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, 1979 -

BPD

Banglapedia: The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Dacca, 2006). Online: http://banglapedia.org/

BS

Semmel, B., Imperialism and Social Reform. English Social – Imperial Thought, 1895 – 1914 (1960).

CA/CAP/CANR

Contemporary Authors / Permanent Series /New Revision Series (Detroit, 1967 – 1999, listing 101,000 names in 248 vols.).

CAO

Contemporary Authors Online, (Thomson Gale, 2005). http://galenet.galegroup.com Shattock, Joanne (ed.), The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, vol. 4, 1800 – 1900 (Cambridge, 1999, 3rd edition), 24652514, “Political Economy”.

CB

CGS

Epstein, Catherine, A Past Renewed. A Catalogue of German-Speaking Refugee Historians in the United States after 1933 (Washington, D.C., 1993).

CHWW

Hancock, W.K. (general editor), History of the Second World War. UK Civil Series, 1949-1962 (26 vols).

7

CSN

Newsletter of the Cliometric Society, vols. 5 – 22, 1990 – 2007.

CSSH

Comparative Studies in Society and History, 1958-

DAB/DAB, S

Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement (New York, 1928 – 1981, 28 vols.).

DAF

Farnie, D.A., „Three Historians of the Cotton Industry…‟ Textile History, 9, 1978, 75 – 89.

DBE

Rutherford, D. (ed.), Dictionary of British Economists (2004, 2 vols.).

DBF

Dictionnaire de Biographie Française (Paris, 1933 – 2000, 18 vols.).

DGB

Killy, W, and Vierhaus, R. (eds-in-chief), Dictionary of German Biography (Munich, Saur, 2001-2006, 10 vols).

DJS

Singal, D.J., The War Within. From Victorian to Modernist Thought in the South, 1919-1945 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1982).

DLAB

Saville, John, Bellamy, Joyce, and Martin, D.E., (eds.), Dictionary of Labour Biography (1972 – 2000, 10 vols.).

DLB

Dictionary of Literary Biography 17, Twentieth Century American Historians (Detroit, 1983). Dictionary of Literary Biography 47, American Historians, 1866 – 1912 (Detroit 1987).

DNB

Dictionary of National Biography, 1885 – 1996, 33 vols.

DNM

Gorman, R.A., (ed.) Biographical Dictionary of Neo-Marxism (Westport, Conn., 2 vols., 1985, 1986).

DPE

Higgs, H., (ed.), Palgrave‟s Dictionary of Political Economy (1925, 3 vols).

DPT

Debrett‟s People of Today, 2001 (14th edition).

DS

Dizionario di Storiografia (Milan, 1996), by the courtesy of Paolo Malanima, of Catanzaro, Calabria.

DSAB

De Kock, W.J., Beyers, C.J. and Basson, J.L., (eds.) Dictionary of South African Biography (Pretoria, 1968 – 1987, 5 vols.).

DSB

Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York, 1975 – 1981, 18 vols.).

DWE

Dimand, R.W., Dimand, Mary A. & Forget, Evelyn L., (eds). A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists (Cheltenham, 2000).

8

EA

Economic Affairs. Journal of the Institute of Economic Affairs, 1980-

EcHR

Economic History Review, 1927.

EcJ

Economic Journal, 1891.

Eco

Economica, 1921-.

EE

Szenberg, M, Eminent Economists. Their Life Philosophies (CUP, 1992)

EHJ

Economisch Historisch Jaarboek, retitled from 1971 Economisch – en Sociaal Historisch Jaarboek and, from 1994, NEHA – Jaarboek voor economisch, bedriffs, - en techniek – geschiedenis (Amsterdam).

EHR

English Historical Review, 1886.

ESS

Seligman, E.R.A., (ed). Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences (New York, 1930 – 1935, 15 vols., listing 36 names).

FB

Boase, F., Modern English Biography (Truro, 6 vols., 1892 – 1901; 1965, listing 30,000 names).

FCL

Venice and History. The Collected Papers of Frederic C. Lane (Baltimore, 1966).

FMP

Powicke, F.M., Modern Historians and the Study of History (1955).

GCH

Harcourt, G.C., Post – Keynesian Essays in Biography. Portraits of Twentieth – Century Economists (1993).

GDN

Manchester Guardian, 1821, renamed The Guardian, 1959-.

GEBK

Blaug, M., Great Economists before Keynes (Cheltenham, Elgar, 1986)

GESK

Blaug, M., Great Economists since Keynes (Brighton, Harvester, 1985)

GEHW

Woolf, D.R. (ed), A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing (New York: Garland, 1998), 2 vols.

GHT

Guide to the History of Technology in Europe (Science Museum, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2000).

9

GMK

Koot, G.M., English Historical Economics, 1870 – 1926 (1988).

GPG

Gooch, G.P., History and Historians in the Nineteenth Century (1913, 1952).

GSE

Great Soviet Encyclopaedia (New York, 3rd edition, 1973 – 1982, 31 vols.).

HA

Abelove, H. et al (eds.), Visions of History (Manchester, 1983), reprinting eight interviews from the Radical History Review.

HAT

History and Theory (The Hague, 1961 – 1965; Middletown, Conn. from 1966).

HCR

Recktenwald, H.C., (ed.) Political Economy. A Historical Perspective (1973).

HJK

Kay, H.J. (ed.), The British Marxist Historians. An Introductory Analysis (Cambridge, 1984).

HM

Historical Metallurgy. The Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Group, 1963-.

HOPE

History of Political Economy, 1969-.

HSLC

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1848-.

HWJ

History Workshop Journal, 1975-.

IBAE

Thomas, J.E. & Elsey, B. (eds.), International Biography of Adult Education (Nottingham, 1985).

IDBH

Jeremy, D.J. (ed.), An International Dictionary of Business Historians (Aldershot, 1994, listing 727 names).

IESH

Irish Economic and Social History, 1973-.

IESS

Sills, D.S., International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences (New York, 1968, 18 vols., including a Biographical Supplement as vol. 18 (1979).

IHR

Institute of Historical Research.

10

IJMH

International Journal of Maritime History, 1989-.

IND

Independent, 1986-.

JAS

Schumpeter, J.A., Ten Great Economists. From Marx to Keynes (1952).

JBS

Journal of British Studies, 1961-.

JC

Cannon, J., The Historian at Work (1980).

JCH

Journal of Contemporary History, 1966-.

JEcH

Journal of Economic History, 1941-.

JEEH

Journal of European Economic History, 1972-.

JESH

Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 1957-.

JHH

Hexter, J.H., On Historians, Reappraisals of Some of the Makers of Modern History (Collins, 1979).

JHI

Journal of the History of Ideas, 1940-.

JMH

Journal of Modern History, 1929-.

JOB

Baylen, J.O., and Gossman, N.J., (eds.), Biographical Dictionary of Modern British Radicals, vol 3 1870 – 1914 (1988, 2 vols.).

JRSS

Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1839-.

JSH

Journal of Southern History, 1935-.

JTH

Journal of Transport History, 1953-.

11

KB

Boyd, K. (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Historians and Historical Writing (Chicago, 1999, 2vols.).

KT

Tribe, K., (ed.), Economic Careers. Economics and Economists in Britain 1930 – 1970 (1997).

LCAS

Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1883-.

LCW

Lyons, J.S., Cain, Louis P., and Williamson, Samuel H. (eds.), Reflections on the Cliometrics Revolution: Conversations with Economic Historians (2008).

LG

Goldman, L., Dons and Workers (OUP, 1995).

LHR

Labour History Review, 1990 -.

MB

Berg, Maxine ‘The First Women Economic Historians‟, Economic History Review, NS, 45, 1992, 308 – 329.

MBR

Barrows, F.D. & Mock, D.B., A Dictionary of Obituaries of Modern British Radicals (Hemel Hempstead, 1989).

MC

Cowling, M., Religion and Public Doctrine in Modern England (CUP, 1980-2001). 3 vols.

MW

Witzel, M. (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of the History of American Management (Thoemmes, 2005).

MS

Manchester School, 1930-

MWJ

Hutchinson, W.T., (ed.), The Marcus W. Jernigan Essays in American Historiography (New York, 1937).

NBH

Harte, N.B., (ed.), The Study of Economic History. Collected Inaugural Lectures, 1893 – 1970 (1971).

NCB

Willison, L.R.., (ed.), The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, vol. 4 1900 – 1950 (Cambridge, 1972), 1135 – 1242, „Historians ……….‟.

NH

Pallares-Burke, Maria Lucia G., The New History. Confessions and Conversations (2002).

NL

Newsletter of the Economic History Society.

.

12

NML

Vane, H.R. and Mulhearn, C. The Nobel Memorial Laureates in Economics. An Introduction to Their Careers and Main Published Works (Cheltenham: Elgar, 2005).

NP

Eatwell J., et al. (eds.), The New Palgrave, A Dictionary of Economics (Basingstoke, 1987, 4 vols.)

NS

New Society, 1962-.

NYT

New York Times, 1851-.

ODNB

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (Oxford, 2004)

OE

Mokyr, J. (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Economic History (New York, 2003, 5 vols.).

PAC

Szenberg, M.(ed), Passion and Craft. Economists at Work (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998).

PAP

Past and Present, 1952-.

PBA

Proceedings of the British Academy, 1903 – 1998, 101 vols.

PFC

Clarke, P., Liberals and Social Democrats (Cambridge, 1978).

PG

Groenewegen, P., A Soaring Eagle: Alfred Marshall (1842 – 1924) (Aldershot, 1994).

PH

Hudson, P. (ed.), Living Economic and Social History (Glasgow, 2001).

PM

Cunliffe, M. and Winks, R.W. (eds.), Pastmasters. Some Essays on American Historians (New York, 1969).

PME

O’Brien, D.P., and Presley, J.R. (eds.), Pioneers of Modern Economics in Britain (Macmillan, 1981).

RCR

Richardson, R.C., (comp.), The Study of History. A Bibliographical Guide (Manchester, 2nd edn., 2000).

RCR2

Richardson, R.C. (comp), British Economic and Social History. A Bibliographical Guide (Manchester, 3rd edn., 1996).

13

REH

Research in Economic History, 1976-.

RLS

Ausubel, H. Brebner, J.B., and Hunt, E.M. (eds.), Some Modern Historians of Britain. Essays in Honour of R.L. Schuyler, (New York, 1951).

SEHR

Scandinavian Economic History Review, 1953-.

SFI

Shortt, S.E.D., The Search for an Ideal. Six Canadian Intellectuals and Their Convictions in an Age of Transition, 1890-1930 (Toronto, 1976).

SHO

Studia Historiae Oeconomicae (Poznan), 1966-.

SHSB

Social History Society Bulletin (Lancaster), 1976-.

SLH

Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History, 1960 – 1989, renamed from 1990 Labour History Review (LHR).

SMS

Momigliano, A.D., Studies on Modern Scholarship (Berkeley, 1994).

SP

Spectator, 1828-.

SWH

Halperin, S.W., (ed.), Some Twentieth-Century Historians. Essays on Eminent Europeans (Chicago, 1961).

SWH2 TC

Halperin, S.W., (ed.), Essays in Modern European Historiography (University of Chicago Press, 1970). Technology and Culture, 1959-.

TEL

Daily Telegraph, 1855-.

TH

Textile History, 1968-.

TLS

Times Literary Supplement, 1902-.

TMS

Morris-Suzuki, Tessa, A History of Japanese Economic Thought (1989).

TNL

Scruton, R., Thinkers of the New Left (1985).

14

TNS

Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1920 – 2005, 75 vols.

UH

Urban History Newsletter, 1963-74, Urban History Yearbook, 1974-1991, Urban History, 1992.

VGW

Vademekum der Geschichtswissenschaften 2004-2005, (6. Ausgabe, Stuttgart, 2004).

VSWG

Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial – und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 1903 -

WHB

Court, W.H.B., Scarcity and Choice in History (1970).

WHQ

Western Historical Quarterly (Logan, Utah), 1970-.

WJ

Jacobs, W., On Turner‟s Trail. 100 Years of Writing Western History (Lawrence, Kansas, 1994).

WKP

Wikipedia Online: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki

WP

Washington Post, 1877-.

WW

Who‟s Who 2000.

WWB

Sturgess, Paul and Claire, (eds.), Who‟s Who in British Economics. A Directory ……… (Aldershot, 1990, listing 111 names).

WWE

Blaug, M., (ed.), Who‟s Who in Economics. A Biographical Dictionary of Major Economists 1700 – 1986 (Brighton, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003).

WWF

Who‟s Who in France, 2001 – 2002 (34th edn., Paris, 2002)

WWIW

Who‟s Who in the World (Wilmette, Ill., New Providence, N.J., 1971-).

WWW

Who Was Who (1897 – 1990, 8 vols.).

WWWA

Who Was Who in America (Chicago, 1897 – 1985, 8 vols.).

15

A BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY Aaronson, Susan Ariel, 1954 (historian of postwar trade policy, 1991) IDBH, 1. Abbott, Edith, 1876 – 1957 (Women in Industry: A Study in American Economic History, 1910) L.B. Costin, Two Sisters for Social Justice: A Biography of Grace and Edith Abbott (Chicago, (2003). BDAE, Katherine Norley. DWE, 1 Claire H. Hammond. CAO. Abbott, Richard H(enry), 1936 (Cotton and Capital: Boston Businessmen and Antislavery Reform, 1854-1868, 1991). CAO. Abe, Etsuo, 1949 (historian of the steel industry) IDBH, 1. Abe, Takeshi, 1952 (historian of the Japanese cotton industry) IDBH, 1. Abel, Wilhelm, 1904 – 1985 (historian of German agriculture and of agricultural crises in Central Europe. Associated the long-term trends in grain prices with trends in population, 1935. Freed agricultural history from the shackles of constitutional, administrative and legal history). CA, 119 (1987), 16. VSWG, 73, 1986, 297 H. Kellenbenz. DGB. Abelshauser, Werner, 1944 VGW, 305 Abram, Annie, 1869 – 1930 ODNB, Janet Sondheimer Abramowitz, Moses, 1912 – 2000 (Inventories and Business Cycles, 1950, established the influence of business inventories in short-term fluctuations. Concluded that most economic growth since 1856 had been due to rising productivity, 1956). BDAE, D. Ashbury. CSN, 8 : 2 Jul. 1993, 3 – 6, 23 – 26, A. Field; 16 : 1, Spring 2001, 14. NYT, 16 Dec. 2000. LCW. Abrams, Philip, 1933-1981 (Editor with E. A. Wrigley, Towns in Societies: Essays in Economic History and Historical Sociology, 1978). CAO. Acemoglu, Daron , 1967 (neo-institutionalist, interested in the origins of long-term economic growth) WKP Acheson, T.W., 1936 (historian of Canadian industrial elite, 1973, and of St John, 1985) IDBH, 2. Achilles, Walter, 1927 (agrarian historian) IDBH, 2. Ackrill, Margaret, ? (historian of management, 1988, with Leslie Hannah, Barclays: the Business of Banking, 1690-1966, 2001) IDBH, 2. Acsády, Ignac (né Adler), 1845 – 1906 (historian of serfdom in Hungary, 1906) ESS, 1, 423, J. Szekfü. GEHW.

16

Acworth, Sir William Mitchell, 1850 – 1925 (The Railways of England, 1889. The Railways and the Traders, 1891) EcJ, 35, 1925, 327, W.T. Stephenson. WWW, 2, 5 – 6. DNB, C.E.R. Sherrington. ODNB, T.A.B. Corley. Times, 3 – 13 April 1925. JRSS 88 (May 1925), 467-70. Adachi, Hiroshi, 1958 Adamic, Alojzij (Louis Adamic), 1899? – 1951 (From Many Lands, 1940) CA, 109 (1983), 14. Adams, Donald R., Jr., 1940 CA, 113 (1985), 18 Adams, Henry Carter, 1851 – 1921 (Taxation in the US, 1789-1816, 1884, illuminating the origins of the protective tariff) Journal of American Studies, 2 : 2, Oct. 1968, 177 – 197, A.W. Coats, „Henry Carter Adams : a case study in the emergence of the social sciences in the United States, 1850 – 1900‟. BDAE, A.K. Mehrotra. DAB, 1, 67, W.B. Shaw, DPE, 1, 799, J.H. Hollander. Adams, Herbert Baxter, 1850-1901 (founder of the American Historical Association, 1884. The Germanic Origins of New England Towns, 1882) Adas, Michael, 1943 (The Burma Delta: Economic Development and Social Change on an Asian Rice Frontier, 1852-1941, 1974). CAO. Addy, John, 1915 – 2001 CA, 69 – 72 (1978), 13. Adelman, Irma, 1930 (discovered that development benefited the middle class at the expense of both the poor and the rich, so undermining the validity of the Kuznets curve, 1973) WWE, 10. GESK. Adelmann, Gerhard, 1925-2006 (historian of regional textile development) G. Adelmann, Vom Gewerbe zur Industrie im kontinentalen Nordwesteuropa, Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte, Beihefte 38, 1986, 9 – 11, H. Pohl. Adler, Jeffrey Scott, 1957- (Yankee Merchants and the Making of the Urban West: The Rise and Fall of Antebellum St. Louis, 1991). CAO. Adshead, S(amuel) A(drian) M(iles), ? (Material Culture in Europe and China, 1400-1800: The Rise of Consumerism, 1997). CAO. Aftalion, Albert, 1874 – 1956 (discoverer of the principle of acceleration, 1913. Historian of the linen trade. The Effects of the War on French Economic Life, 1923) WWE, 12. GEBK. Agbodeka, Francis, 1931 (An Economic History of Ghana from the Earliest Times, 1992). CAO. Ahvenainen, Jorma, 1930 (Finnish business historian. The Far Eastern Telegraphs, 1981) IDBH, 3. Aitken, Hugh George Jeffrey, 1922-1994 – The Origins of Radio, 1976). CANR, 3, (1981), 15. CAO.

(The Welland Canal Company, 1954. Syntony and Spark

17

Akimoto, Ei’ichi, 1943 Akimoto, Minoru, 1941 Alam, M. Shahid (Mohammad Shahid), 1950- (Poverty from the Wealth of Nations: Integration and Polarization in the Global Economy since 1760, 2000) Albert, Michel , 1930- (Crise, krach, boom, 1988) Albertini, Jean-Marie,1929- (Capitalismes et socialismes: histoire abrégée du combat du siècle, 1990) Alberty, Julius, 1925 (historian of the steel industry in Slovakia, 1968, 1982) IDBH, 4. Albion, Robert Greenhalgh, 1896 – 1983 (The Rise New York Port, 1815-1860, 1939) B.W. Labaree (ed.), The Atlantic World of Robert G. Albion (Middletown, Conn., 1975). AHC, 24. CANR, 3 (1981), 17. CA, 110 (1984), 18. NYT, 13 Aug. 1983. Albrecht, Ulrike, 1952 VGW, 307. Aldcroft, Derek Howard, 1936 (historian of transport history and the international economy. The Development of British Industry and Foreign Competition, 1875-1914, 1968. The European Economy, 1914-1990, 1978) CANR, 55 (1997), 6. DPT, 19. IDBH, 4. WWB, 4. WWE, 16. Michael J. Oliver (ed.), Studies in Economic and Social History. Essays in Honour of Derek H. Aldcroft, 2002. Alden, Dauril, 1926 CA, 105 (1982), 18 Alder, Ken(neth) (L.), ? (Engineering the Revolution: Arms and Enlightenment in France, 17631815, 1997). CAO. Alderman, Geoffrey, 1944 (Modern British Jewry, 1992) AWW, 5. Aldrich, Robert (Joseph), 1954 (Economy and Society in Burgundy since 1850, 1984). CAO. Aleati, Giuseppe, 1922 – 1960 ANN, 16, 1961, 412, C.M. Cipolla. Alexander, David, 1939-1980 (The Decay of Trade: An Economic History of the Newfoundland Saltfish Trade, 1935-1965, 1977) Alexander, James R., 1945 (The Johnson Steel St Rail Co, 1988) IDBH 5. Alexander, Robert Jackson, 1918 (historian of labour in South America) CANR, 39 (1992), 4. Alford, Bernard William Ernest, 1937 (British Economic Performance since 1945, 1986) CA, 101 (1981), 14. AWW, 7.

18

Allais, Maurice, 1911 (first Frenchman to win Nobel Prize in Economics, 1988: The Rise and Fall of Civilisations – Economic Factors, 1961-66. „Nothing is more instructive than the history of facts, doctrines and economic thought‟, 1992) EE 17-41, „The Passion for Research‟. NML (1988), 166-69. Allen, Basil Copleston, 1870-1935 (Naga Hills and Manipur: Socio-Economic History, 1980) Allen, Frederick Lewis, 1890-1954 (made economic history intelligible to the general reader. Only Yesterday, 1931. The Big Change … 1900-1950, 1952). ANB, J.M. Moore. NYT, 14 February 1954. Allen, George Cyril, 1900 – 1982 (The Industrial Development of Birmingham, 1860-1927, 1929. A Short Economic History of Modern Japan, 1867-1937, 1946) G.C. Allen, Appointment in Japan. Memories of Sixty Years (1983) H. Cortazzi, (ed.), Britain and Japan. Themes and Personalities, i, (1991), Sarah MetzgerCourt. PBA, 71, 1985, 473 – 492, Margaret Gowing. ODNB, A. Silberston. Times, 5 Aug. 1982. IJMH (2005), P.N. Davies, „The Liverpool School of Maritime History‟. Allen, Robert Clyde, 1950 (Enclosure and the Yeoman, 1992) CANR, 41 (1992), 7. GEHW. Allen, Ruth Alice, 1889 – 1979 (The Great South-west Strike, 1942. East Texas Lumber Workers … 1870-1950, 1961) BDAE, D.C. Lewis. DWE, 8, Alexandra Bernasek and D. Kinnear. Alloway, David N(elson), 1927 (American Economic History, 1966). CAO. Alpert, Paul, 1907-1996 (Twentieth Century European Economic History, 1951) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 20. Altschul, Selig, 1914-1992 (with wife, Marylin Bender, Chosen Instrument: The Triumph and Tragedy of Pan Am and Its Founder, Juan Trippe, 1982). CAO. Alvi, Geminello,1955- (Le siècle américain en Europe: 1916-1933: histoires économiques de l'Extrême-Occident, 1995) Amano, Masatoshi, 1948 (historian of economic policy, 1975-79, and the indigo industry, 1986) IDBH, 5. Amatori, Franco, 1948 (historian of the Italian chemical and metallurgical industries, 1980, 1990) IDBH, 6. Ambirajan, Srinivasa, 1936 (Political Economy and Monetary Management: India, 1766-1914, 1984). CANR, 7 (1982), 21. CAO. Ambler, Charles Henry, 1876 – 1957 AHR, 62, Jan. 1958, 562. Ambrosius, Gerold, 1950 (historian of public utilities, 1984) IDBH, 6. Amdam, Rolv Petter, 1953 (historian of Norwegian glass industry, 1989) IDBH, 6.

19

Ames, Edward, 1921-1998 (Soviet specialist and member of the Purdue group of new economic historians. „The Enfield Arsenal in Theory and History, EcJ Dec., 1968, with N. Rosenberg) Compar. Econ. Studs. 41, 1 (Spring 1999), 123-4, E. Neuberger. Amin, Samir, 1931 (L‟Afrique de l‟Ouest bloquee: L‟Economie politique de la colonisation, 18801970, 1971, translation by Francis McDonagh published as Neo-Colonialism in West Africa, 1973). CAO. Amman, Hektor,1895 – 1967 VSWG, 54, 1967, 572, H. Aubin. Andersen, Hákon With, 1949 (historian of shipbuilding in Norway, 1987) IDBH, 7. Adamson, Alan (Herbert), 1919 1838-1904, 1972). CAO.

(Sugar Without Slaves: The Political Economy of British Guiana,

Anderson, Benjamin McAllister, 1886-1949 (a convinced anti-Keynsian and historian of economic thought, whose Economics and the Public Welfare … 1914-1946, 1949, was ranked by von Mises as a „great book‟). ANB, M. Thornton. NYT, 20 January 1949. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Anderson, Bruce, 1942 – 2002 (co-author, Money and Banking in England … 1694-1914, 1974) CSN, 17 : 3, Fall 2002, 43, A.J. H. Latham. Anderson, George L(aVerne), 1905 – 1971 AHR, 76 : 2, Dec. 1971, 1638, W.S. Robinson. CAO. Anderson, Gregory, 1946 (Victorian Clerks, 1976). CA, 135 (1992), 13. CAO. Anderson, Irvine H(enry), 1928 (The Standard-Vacuum Oil Company and the United States East Asian Policy, 1933-1941, 1975). CAO. Anderson, Michael, 1942 (Family Structure in Nineteenth-Century Lancashire, 1971, applying exchange theory to the working class family and concluding that relationships with their kinfolk had a calculating orientation). WW, 40. DPT, 37. Anderson, Oscar Edward, 1918 – 1976 AHR, 83 : 1, Apr. 1978, 860, R.G. Hewlett and A.H. Dupree. Andréadès, Andrew, 1876 – 1935 (inaugurated the study of economic history within the law school at Athens. Explored the economic history of the Byzantine Empire and modern Greece). EcJ, 45, Sep. 1935, 597, J.M. Keynes. GEHW. GPG, xxxi. Andreano, Ralph Louis, 1929 (Economic Impact of the American Civil War, 1963) CANR, 6 (1982), 24. Andrews, Charles McLean, 1862 – 1943 (a leader of the “Imperial school”, with G.L. Beer, who after the Spanish-American War revised colonial history in Britain‟s favour, 1912. The Boston Merchants and the Non-Importation Movement, 1917). A.S. Eisenstadt, Charles McLean Andrews : a Study in American Historical Writing (New York, 1956). Essays in Colonial History Presented to Charles McLean Andrews by His Students (New Haven, 1931), v-xiii, 1 – 3, J.F. Jameson and Nellie Neilson. AHR, 49, Jan. 1944, 318. ANB, 1, 491, S.S. Webb.

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DAB, 53, 15, L.W. Labaree. DLB, 17, 9 – 19, Jessica Kross. Andrews, Kenneth Raymond, 1921 (Elizabethan Privateering … 1585-1603, 1964) WW, 44. AWW, 13. Andrews, Philip Walter Sawford, 1914 – 1971 F.S. Lee, Philip Walter Sawford Andrews : an Industrial Economist and Creator of a Realistic Theory of Prices (Leicester, 1992). F.S. Lee and P.E. Earl (eds.), The Economics of Competitive Enterprise : Selected Essays of P.W.S. Andrews (Aldershot, 1993). Times, 8 and 20 Mar. 1971. ODNB, T.A.B. Corley. Anstey, Roger Thomas, 1927 – 1979 (The Atlantic Slave Trade and British Abolition, 1710-1810, 1975) Christine Bolt & S. Drescher (eds.), Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey (Folkestone, 1980). AWW, 15. Times 30 Jan. 1979. CA, 13 – 16 (1975), 25. Anstey, Vera Powell, 1889 – 1976 (The Trade of the Indian Ocean, 1929. The Economic Development of India, 1929) CAP, 1 (1975), 24. WWW, 7, 22. Times, 30 Nov., 10 Dec. 1976. ODNB, J.J. Thomas. Applebaum, Herbert A, 1925-2001 (Royal Blue: The Culture of Construction Workers, 1980) IDBH, 8. Anthropology of Work Review 22 (Winter 2001), T. Greaves, „Remembering Herbert Applebaum‟. Appleby, Andrew Bell, 1929 – 1980 (Famine in Tudor and Stuart England, 1978) CA, 108 (1983), 27. Appleby, Joyce Oldham, 1929 (Economic Thought in 17th Century England, 1978) CANR 11 (1984), 26. Appleyard, Reginald Thomas, 1927 (With Toby Manford, The Beginning: European Discovery and Early Settlement of Swan River, Western Australia, University of Western Australia Press, 1979). CAO. Aptheker, Herbert, 1915 – 2003 (American Negro Slave Revolts, 1943) CANR, 6 (1982), 28 – 32, W.W. Ross. NYT, 20 Mar. 2003. Arano, Ignacio, 1953 (historian of Basque metallurgy, 1988) IDBH, 8. Archer, Ian W., 1960- (The History of the Haberdashers‟ Company, 1991). CAO. Argemi, Lluis, 1945-2007 (historian of Catalan economic thought, 2005) Ariès Philippe, 1914 – 1984 (historian of childhood, 1962) HAT, 19, 1980, 132 – 153, A. Wilson, “The Infancy of the History of Childhood : an Appraisal of Philippe Ariès”. KB, 50, P. Rushton. GEHW. Arkin, Marcus, 1926 (Aspects of Jewish Economic History, 1975) CA, 53 – 56 (1975), 23. Armengaud, André, 1920 – 1980 (La Population Française au XIXe Siècle, 1971) DS. Armes, Ethel, 1945 AHR, 51, Jan. 1946, 415.

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Armitage, E(dward) Liddall, 1887- (Stained Glass: History, Technology, and Practice, 1959). CAO. Armstrong, Christopher, 1942 (historian of utilities in Canada, 1986, and Latin America, 1988) IDBH, 9. Armstrong, Fred H., 1926 (historian of Victorian Toronto, 1974, 1988) IDBH, 9. Armstrong, John, 1944 (historian of transport) IDBH, 9. Armstrong, John Borden, 1926 (Factory under the Elms: A History of Harrisville, New Hampshire, 1774-1969, 1969). CAO. Armstrong Walter Alan, 1936 (historian of York, 1801-51, 1974) WWB, 10. AWW, 17. Armytage, Walter Harry Green, 1915 – 1998 (A Social History Engineering, 1961) AWW, 18. WW 1998, 54. Times, 8 July 1998. Arndt, Heinz Wolfgang, 1915-2002 (historian of economic thought, 1978-87) Arnold, Wilhelm, 1826 – 1883 (historian of settlement and place names) ESS, 2, 220, C. Brinkmann. DGB. Arnot, Robin Page, 1890 – 1986 (The Miners: A History of the Miners‟ Federation of Great Britain, 1889-1910, 1949) SLH, 51 : 3, Nov. 1986, 3, J. Saville. ODNB, A. Howe. Arrington, Leonard James, 1917-1983 CANR, 30 (1990), 10. NYT, 13 Feb. 1999. CAO. Asajima, Shoichi, 1931 (historian of Sumitomo and Mitsubishi, 1983, 1986) IDBH, 10. Asakawa, Kan’ichi, 1873-1948 (The Origin of Feudal Land Tenure in Japan, 1914) WK. Åström, Sven, ?

(Finnish historian of From Tar to Timber, 1988)

Ashby, Mabel K., 1894 – 1975 (historian of village life and of Bledington, Gloucestershire, 1974. Joseph Ashby of Tysoe, 1859-1919, 1961) AgHR, 24, 1976, 29, Joan Thirsk. Ashley, Maurice Percy, 1907 – 1994 (Financial and Commercial Policy under the Cromwellian Protectorate, 1934) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 30. WW, 1995, 58. Times, 1 Oct. 1994. TEL, 5 Oct. 1994. Ashley, Sir William James, 1860 – 1927 (the first Oxford historian specialising in economic history, whose notes on Arnold Toynbee‟s lectures on the Industrial Revolution were published after Toynbee‟s death, 1884, and translated into Russian in 1898. Dedicated An Introduction to English Economic History and Theory (1891) to the memory of Toynbee. Appointed professor of economic history at Harvard in 1892, the first such appointment in the world. Established the Faculty of Commerce at Birmingham in 1902 as a practice-oriented alternative to Marshall‟s theory-oriented Economics Tripos established at Cambridge in 1903. „A broader view of history than any of his immediate contemporaries‟ – A.P. Usher, 1938).

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Anne Ashley, William James Ashley : a Life (1932). A. Kadish, „The Foundation of Birmingham‟s Faculty of Commerce as a Statement on the Nature of Economics‟, MS 59: 2 (June 1991), 160-172. NBH, 1 – 17. A. P. Usher, „W.J. Ashley. Pioneer in the Higher Education‟, Canadian Journal of Economics, 4 : 2, May 1938, 151 – 163. Eco, 24 : 96, Nov. 1957, 343 – 353, B. Semmel, “Sir William Ashley as „Socialist of the Chair‟ .” BS, 202 – 215. BES, 20 – 44. DNB, J.F. Rees. CB, 2466. EcHR, 1 : 2, 1927, 319, W.R. Scott. EcJ, 37, 1927, 678 – 684, J.H. Clapham. GMK, 102 – 121. ESS, 2, 268, A.P. Usher. AK, 229 – 240. A. Kadish, Oxford Economists (1982), 1 – 4. IESS, 1, 411, B. Semmel. BES, 20 – 44, Janet L. MacDonald. PG. MC 3, 333-6, 730. Times, 25 Jul. 1927. ODNB., E.H.H. Green. Ashmore, Owen, 1920 – 1995 (The Industrial Archaeology of North-West England, 1982) LCAS, 90, 1994, 121 – 126, J. Smith. AWW, 20. Ashton, Robert, 1924 (The Crown and the Money Market, 1603-40, 1960) CANR, 3 (1981), 36. AWW, 20. WW, 64. Ashton, Thomas Southcliffe (Cliffe), 1889 – 1968 (The last and greatest representative of the Manchester school of economic history, pioneering the application of Marshallian economic theory to the Industrial Revolution. Embodied the conservative nativism of Lancashire, like A.P. Wadsworth. Resembled Unwin in his abiding distrust of state power. Developed an antiheroic and anti-political interpretation of the Industrial Revolution, affirming in 1934 that the importance of „movements‟ and „leaders‟ had been vastly exaggerated. Refused the offer of a knighthood in 1957 from Macmillan. Provoked a reactive interpretation led by Hobsbawm, 1962, Thompson, 1963, Pollard, 1964, and Marwick, 1970. His death marked the end of an era in the historiography of economic history, which had become during the 1960s international in scope and cliometric in method. Commemorated by the institution in 1970 by the Economic History Society of the T.S. Ashton Prize.). L.S. Pressnell (ed.), Studies in the Industrial Revolution Presented to T.S. Ashton (1960), iiiiv, 328 – 333. PBA, 56, 1970, 263 – 282, R.S. Sayers. NBH, 161 – 179. BH, 10 : 1, Dec. 1969, 1, F.E. Hyde, EcHR NS, 21 : 3, Dec. 1968, iii, A.H. John. DNB/ODNB, D.C. Coleman. Times, 24 Sept. 1968. Ashtor, Eliyahu, 1914 – 1984 (A Social and Economic History of the Near East in the Middle Ages, 1976) Aspin, Chris, 1933 (The Waterspinners: A New Look at the Early Cotton Trade, 2003) Aspinall, Arthur, 1901-1972 (The Early English Trade Unions, 1949) WWW, 7, 29. Times, 6 May 1972. Aston, Trevor Henry, 1925 – 1985 (Medieval Fish, Fisheries and Fishponds in England, 1988) Times, 2 Nov. 1985. Ashworth, William, 1920 – 1991 (the first LSE graduate in economic history to occupy a chair in the subject at Bristol from 1958. NBH, xxxviii. Contracts and Finance, 1953, CHWW) CA, 5 – 8 (1969),46. NBH, 201 – 218. Times, 27 Mar. 1991. WW, 1991, 58. Asselain, Jean-Charles, 1942- (Histoire économique: de la révolution industrielle à la Première guerre mondiale, 1985) Atack, Jeremy, 1949 (historian of agriculture and industrial structure, 1985, 1987) IDBH, 10. Atherton, Lewis Elden, 1905 – 1989 (The Pioneer Merchant in Mid-America, 1939; The Southern Country Store, 1800-1860, 1949) CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 36. Atkinson, Edward, 1827-1905. DAB, 1, 406, R.C. McCrea. NYT 12 Dec 1905.

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Attali, Jacques, 1943 (biographer of S.G. Warburg, 1987, and Karl Marx, 2005) GDN, 25 Feb, 2006, S. Jeffries. Attlee, Clement Richard, 1st Earl Attlee, 1883-1967 (author of ILP Study Course No. 4 in Economic History, 1923, pp. 31) DNB. ODNB, R.C. Whiting. Times, 9 Oct. 1967. Attman, Artur, 1910-1988 (The Bullion Flow between Europe and the East, 1000-1750, 1981) Aubin, Gustav, 1881 – 1938 (historian of the linen manufacture, 1940) VSWG, 32, 1939, 93 G. Jahn. DGB. Aubin, Hermann, 1885 – 1969 (historian of German eastwards migration, 1939) VSWG, 56, 1969, 433, O. Brunner. DGB. Aurand, Harold Wilson, 1940 ( From the Molly Maguires to the United Mine Workers: The Social Ecology of an Industrial Union, 1869-97, 1971). CAO. Ausubel, Herman 1920 – 1977 CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 37. Austen, Ralph A., 1937 (African Economic History: Internal Development and External Dependency, 1987). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 37. CAO. Austin, Barbara, 1943 (historian of Canadian iron and steel industry, 1992) IDBH, 11. Austin, John, 1947 (Steeltown, 1983) IDBH, 11. Austin, Michael Mervyn, 1943 AWW, 22. Avenel, Vicomte Georges d’, 1855 – 1939 (La Fortune Privée à travers sept siècles, 1985; Histoire Économique Propriété, 1894-1926, 7 vols) DBF, 4, 850, M. Prevost. DS. Awdry, Wilbert Vere, 1911-1997 CAO.

(Editor, The Industrial Archaeology of Gloucestershire, 1973).

Ayass, Wolfgang, 1954 VGW, 312. Aydelotte, William Osgood, 1910 – 1996 (Quantification in History, 1971) CA, 57 – 60 (1976), 33. NYT, 23 Jan. 1996. Ayers, Patricia, 1947 Aylmer, Gerald Edward, 1926 – 2000 (The King‟s Servants … 1625-42, 1961) CANR, 5 (1982), 32. IND., 30 Dec. 2000, B. Dobson. Times, 10 Jan. 2001. AWW, 24. WW, 78. Aymard, Maurice, 1936 (Dutch Capitalism and World Capitalism, 1982) DS.

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Baar, Lothar, 1932 VGW, 313. Baasch, Ernst, 1861 (Holländische Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 1927) Babassana, Hilaire, 1943-2003 (economic historian of Africa, 1978) Babel, Antony, 1888-? (Economic History of Geneva, 1966, 2 vols) Babelon, Ernest, 1854 – 1924 (Les Origines de la Monnaie, 1897) DBF, 4, 998, J. Nostos. ESS 2, 374, A.R. Burns. Babington, Anthony Patrick, 1920 (historian of Newgate Gaol, 1971) CA, 61-64 (1976), 39. Backus, Oswald P., 1922-1972 (historian of medieval Poland) Badurik, Jozef, 1946 (historian of viticulture in Slovakia, 1990) IDBH, 12. Baechler, Jean, 1937 (The Origins of Capitalism, 1975) CANR, 56 (1997), 17. Bächtold, Hermann 1881 – 1934 VSWG, 27, 1934, 299, H. Amman. Baethgen, Friedrich Jürgen Heinrich, 1890 – 1972 Bagchi, Amiya Kumar, 1936 (historian of Indian banking, 1987-97) Bagwell, Philip Sydney, 1914 – 2006 (The Transport Revolution from 1770, 1974) C. Wrigley and J. Shepherd (eds.), On the Move. Essays on Labour and Transport History Presented to Philip Bagwell (1991). CANR, 29 (1990), 33. Bailes, Kendall Eugene, 1940 (Technology and Society under Lenin and Stalin, 1998) CA, 112 (1985), 41. Bailey, John, 1936-2008 (historian of timber-framed buildings of south-east England) IND, 4 Feb 2008, Richard Wildman and Alan Crawley. Bailey, Victor 1948 (the historian of crime, 1990). CA 125 (1989), 13. Bailyn, Bernard, 1922 (used computer to study Massachusetts shipping, 1697-1714, 1959. The New England Merchants in the 17th Century, 1955) DLB, 17, 19 – 26, A.R. Ekirch. KB 67, D.R. Palm. GEHW. Bain, George Sayers, 1939 (The Growth of White Collar Unionism, 1970) AWW, 26. WW, 86. Baines, Dudley, 1939 (Migration in a Mature Economy … 1861-1900, 1985) WWB, 18. Baines, Sir Edward, 1800 – 1890 (the first historian of the cotton trade, 1835). DNB, I.S. Leadam. DPE, 2, 83, J. Bonar. FB 4, 233.ODNB, A.G. Crosby. GDN, 3 Mar. 1890. Times, 4 Mar. 1890. Bairoch, Paul, 1930 – 1999 (The Economic Development of the Third World since 1900, 1975) JEEH, 29 : 1, Spring 2000, 203 – 208, A.M. Piuz.

25

Baker, Alan Reginald Harold, 1938 (historian of medieval field systems) AWW, 27. Baker, Christopher John, 1948- (An Indian Rural Economy, 1880-1955: The Tamilnad Countryside, 1982). CAO. Baker, Elizabeth Faulkner, 1886-1973 (Printers and Technology: History of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants‟ Union, 1957). CAO. DWE, 16, C. Nyland and M. Rix. Baker, Gladys L(ucille), 1910-1991 (with Wayne D. Rasmussen, Vivian Wiser, and Jane M. Porter, Century of Service: The First 100 Years of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1963). CAO. Bakhrushin, Sergei Vladimirovich, 1882-1950 (historian of the colonisation of Siberia and of the growth of the domestic market in 17th century Muscovy) Balazs, Étienne, 1905-1963 (economic historian of medieval China) GEHW. Baldassarri, Mario, 1946- (editor, Industrial Policy in Italy, 1945-1990, 1993). CAO. Balderston, Theodore, 1949 (The Expectation of Profit in Nazi Germany, 1996) WWB, 19. Baldwin, Robert Edward, 1924 (Economic Development and Export Growth: A Study of Northern Rhodesia, 1920-1960, 1968) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 41. Baldwin, Summerfield, III, 1897 – 1955 AHR, 60, July 1955, 1034. Ballagh, James Curtis, 1867 – 1944 (A History of Slavery in Virginia, 1902) AHR, 50, Jan. 1945, 432. Ballard, Adolphus, 1867-1915 (British Borough Charters, 1042-1216, 1913) A.E. Levett and A. Ballard, The Black Death, 1916, ix-xi, R.V. Lennard. Ballhatchet, Kenneth Arthur, 1922-1995 AWW, 29. Baltzarek, Franz, 1944 VGW, 315. Bamberg, James H. 1951 (historian of British Petroleum, 1928-1954, 1994) IDBH, 12. Bamford, Paul Walden, 1921 (Forests and French Sea Power, 1660-1789, 1956) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 41. CAO. Bancroft, Frederic Austin, 1860 – 1945 (Slave Trading in the Old South, 1931) J.E. Cooke, Frederic Bancroft : Historian (Norman, Okl., 1957). AHR, 50, Apr. 1945, 673. ANB, 2, 95, J.D. Smith. Nation 101 : 2620, 16 Sep. 1915, 356 – 357, „A.H.R.‟. Banfield, Thomas Collins, 1800 – 1882 (Industry of the Rhine, 1846-48) DBE.

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Banks, Joseph (Joe) Ambrose, 1920-2005 (Prosperity and Parenthood, 1954) ODNB, S.R.S. Szreter. Banner, Stuart, 1963 (Anglo-American Securities Regulation: Cultural and Political Roots, 16901860, 1998). CAO. Bano, Sayeeda S., 1954 (historian of intra-industry international trade, 1991) IDBH, 12. Banzawa, Ayumu, 1966 („Market Integration in Germany‟, 1991) IDBH, 13. Barbadoro, Bernardino, 1889 – 1961 DS . Barbagallo, Corrado, 1877 – 1952 (La crisi economico-sociale dell‟Italia della Rinascenza, 1950-51) AHR, 58, Oct. 1952, 247, M. Bloch. DS. Barber, John 1944 (with Mark Harrison, The Soviet Home Front, 1941-1945: A Social and Economic History of the USSR in World War II, 1991). CAO. Barbezat, Daniel, 1960 (historian of the steel cartel, 1933-39, 1989-91) IDBH, 14. Barbour, Violet, 1884 – 1968 (Capitalism in Amsterdam in 17th Century, 1950) AHR, 74 : 2, Feb. 1969, 1180. Barger, Harold, 1907 – 1989 (Transportation Industries, 1899-1946, 1951; Distributions Place in the American Economy since 1869, 1955) CAP, 2, (1978), 42. NYT, 11 Aug. 1989 Barkan, Ömar Lûtfi, 1905-1979 (historian of Ottoman land tenure and of the price revolution in the Middle East, 1975) Barker, Hannah, 1967 (The Business of Women: Female Enterprise and Urban Development in Northern England, 1760-1830, 2006) Barker, Theodore Cardwell, 1923 – 2002 (historian of glass manufacture and transportation. Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution; St Helens, 1750-1900, with J.R. Harris, 1959; Glassmakers: Pilkington: The Rise of an International Company, 1826-1976, 1977) JTH 3rd Series 19 : 2, Sep. 1998, 92 – 102, M.J. Daunton. SHSB, 26 : 2, Winter 2001 – 2002, 5 – 6 H. Perkin CANR, 5 (1982), 37. IDBH, 14. WW, 106. WWB, 22 Times, 28 Nov. 2001. IND, 29 Nov., N.B. Harte. TEL, 3 Dec. GDN, 5 Dec. 2001, F.M.L. Thompson. NL, 28, May, 2002, 29 – 32, Pat Hudson. AWW, 34. EcHR, 55 : 3, Aug. 2002, v-ix, F.M.L. Thompson. Barley, Maurice Willmore 1909 – 1991 (The English Farmhouse and Cottage, 1961; European Towns. Their Archaeology and Early History, 1977) CA, 122 (1988), 43. WW, 1991, 96. Times, 26 Jun. 1991. AWW, 34. Barlowe, Raleigh, 1914- (Valuation of Lands in Southcentral Iowa, 1839-1843: Royce Cession Area 262, 1973). CAO. Barnard, (James) Alan, 1881-1973 (historian of the Australian wool market, 1840-1900, 1958)

27

CA 9-12 (1974), 55. CAO. Barnes, Donald Grove, 1893 – 1975 (A History of the English Corn Laws from 1660-1846, 1930) AHR, 80 : 2, Oct. 1975, 1089. Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1889 – 1968 (a born polemicist and unique amongst contemporaries in his knowledge of French historiography, especially of the Annales school. An extreme revisionist, save in relation to his stress on the common Anglo-American heritage and historiography, An Economic History of the Western World, 1937. Identified in 1948 four successive industrial revolutions.) L. Goodard (ed.), Harry Elmer Barnes, Learned Crusader, The New History in Action (Colorado Springs, 1968). AHR, 74 : 2, Feb. 1969, 1179. ANB, 2, 189, J.D. Doenecke,. IESS, 2, 14, F.H. Hankins. NYT, 28 August 1968. CAO. GEHW. Barnes, James A(nderson), 1898-1980 Economic Life, 1949). CAO.

(Wealth of the American People: A History of Their

Barnett, Correlli Douglas, 1927 („the Jeremiah of his generation‟, blaming the educated classes for Britain‟s decline, N. Annan, 1990, criticised by Edgerton, 1991). CANR, 46 (1995), 24. DPT, 107. WW, 112. Barraclough, Kenneth Charles, 1918 – 1990 (historian of Sheffield steel industry) HM, 25: 1, 1991, 61, Joan Day. Barrère, Alain,1910-1995 (L' enjeu des changements: exigences actuelles d'une éthique économique et sociale, 1991) Barrett, James R., 1950 (Work and Community in “The Jungle”: Chicago‟s Packing House Workers 1894-1922, 1987). CAO. Barsness, Richard W., 1935 (historian of transportation in the USA) IDBH, 15. Bartels, Christoph, 1949 VGW, 316. Bartl, Julius, 1937 (economic historian of medieval Slovakia) IDBH, 15. Bartlova, Alena, 1939 (historian of regionalism in Slovakia, 1991) IDBH, 16. Barty-King, Hugh, 1914 (historian of the Baltic Exchange, 1977, and Cable & Wireless, 1979) IDBH, 16. Barzdevica, Margarita, 1964 (historian of agirculture in Latvia) IDBH, 16. Baskerville, Peter A., 1943 (Bank of Upper Canada, 1987) IDBH, 16. Bastin, John Sturgus, 1927 (The British in Northern Sumatra, 1965) AWW, 40. Bateman, Fred (historian of agriculture and industry in the American South) IDBH, 17.

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Baten, Jörg, 1965 VGW, 317. Bateson, Mary, 1865-1906 (historian of medieval English boroughs and guilds, 1901-06) Times, 1 Dec. 1906. Batho, Gordon Richard, 1929 (historian of Tudor landlords, especially Henry Percy) AWW, 41. Batou, Jean, 1954 Baudet, Henri, 1919-1998 (A Century of Innovation in the Netherlands, 1986) CA 134 (1992), 37. Baudrillart, Henri Joseph Léon, 1821 – 1892 (biographer of Jean Bodin, 1853, and historian of luxury, 1880, 4 vols) EcJ, 2, 1892, 412. Bauer, Clemens, 1899 – 1984 (historian of class society, 1954) VSWG, 72, 1985, 298, H. Kellenbenz. DGB. Bauer, Hans, ?-1995 (Swiss economic historian) Bauer, Peter Thomas (Tamas), Baron, 1915-2002 (West African Trade, 1954. „Foreign aid is the transfer of wealth from poor people in rich countries to rich people in poor countries‟.) CA 103 (1982), 36. WW, 127. DPT, 124. Times, 6 May 2002. ODNB, K. Tribe. Bauer, Stephan, 1865 – 1934 (historian of the eight-hour day, 1909) DGB. Baughman, James L., 1952 (historian of journalism and biographer of H.R. Luce, 1987) IDBH, 17. Baughman, James Porter, 1936 (The Mallorys of Mystic: Six Generations of American Maritime Enterprise, 1972). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 53. CAO. Baumann, Carl Friedrich, 1927-1996 (archivist and historian of Rhineland iron and steel) Baumann, Reinhard, 1948 VGW, 318. Bäumer, Wolfram, 1959 VGW, 314. Baumgartner, Judith, 1965 VGW, 319. Bax, Ernest Belfort, 1854-1926 (translator of Kant, 1883, editor of Adam Smith, 1887, and the first British Marxist historian). E.B. Bax, Reminiscences and Reflexions of a mid- and late Victorian (1918). R. Arch (pseudonym of A.H.M. Robertson), Ernest Belfort Bax (1927) DLAB, 10, 11 – 19, G. Johnson. DNM, 1, 63, S. Pierson. JOB, 3, 78, P.S. Koerper.ODNB, S. Pierson. Baxter, William Thriepland, 1906-2006 (accountant and historian of The House of Hancock, 1945) Times, 7 Aug. 2006. Bayerl, Günter J. 1946 (historian of sources of renewable energy, 1989) IDBH, 18.

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Baykov, Alexander 1899 – 1963 („an extreme authoritarian. He ran his department like a Gulag and his minions loved him for it‟ H.S. Ferns, 1983). Times, 4 Mar. 1963. Bayne, Nicholas Peter, 1937- (The Grey Wares of North-West Anatolia: In the Middle and Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age and Their Relation to the Early Greek Settlements, 2000). CAO. Bayor, Ronald H(oward), 1944- (with Robert C. McMath, Jr., and others, Engineering the New South: Georgia Tech, 1885-1985, 1985). CAO. Bazley, Sir Thomas, 1797 – 1885 (spokesman on behalf of the cotton industry, 1845-80: portrayed by Matthew Arnold as the perfect type of philistine, 1865) Great Industries of Great Britain, 1879, I, 8, R. Smiles. DNB, C.W. Sutton. FB, i, 202. DBE . Burke‟s Peerage (105th edn., 1980), 203.ODNB, A.C. Howe. Times, 20 Mar. 1885. GDN, 20 Mar. Beales, Hugh Lancelot (Lance), 1889 – 1988. (propagator of the myth – created by Virginia Woolf in 1928 – of draped piano legs as a product of Victorian prudery, 1947. The Early English Socialists, 1933) SHS Newsletter 14 :1, Spring 1989, 3 – 5, Lord McGregor, W. Ashworth, J. Burrows, T.C. Barker, D.B. MacRae. CA, 125 ( 1989), 20. WWW, 8, 50. Times, 22 Apr.,3 May 1988. ODNB, B. Crick. CAO. Bean, Jonathan J., 1962 (Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies toward Small Business, 19361961, 1996). CAO. Beard, Charles Austin, 1874 – 1948 (co-founder of Ruskin College, Oxford, in 1899. c. 1909 discovered American history to be more interesting than European. Sought to undermine conservative institutional history by his belligerent revisionism. Offered an economic interpretation of American history, with the northern bourgeoisie triumphant over Southern slaveholders and western agrarians. The Rise of American Civilisation, 1927. He inspired „the Pragmatic Revolt in American history‟, and led a whole generation to relate political history to contemporary social and economic conditions. „Each historian who writes history is the product of his age‟, 1934). M. Blinkoff, The Influence of Charles A. Beard upon American Historiography (Buffalo, 1936). H.K. Beal, (ed), Charles A. Beard: An Appreciation (1954). Mary R. Beard, The Making of Charles Austin Beard : an Interpretation (New York, 1955). C. Strout, The Pragmatic Revolt in American History: Carl Becker and Charles Beard (1958). B.C. Borning, The Political and Social Thought of Charles A. Beard (1962). R. Hofstadter, The Progressive Historians : Turner, Beard, Parrington (New York, 1968). Ellen Nore, Charles Austin Beard : an Intellectual Biography (Carbondale, Ill. 1983). PM, 110 – 141, F. McDonald. HAT, 12, 1973, 405 – 413, J.W. Meiland, „The Historical Relativism of Charles Austin Beard‟. AHR, 54, Jan. 1949, 476 – 478. AHR, 86: 4, Oct. 1981, 701 – 730, J.P. Diggins, „Power and Authority in American History : The Case of Charles A. Beard and His Critics‟. DAB, S4, 61, C. Strout. ANB, 2, 401 – 406, T. Bender. DLB, 17, 38 – 57, J. Braeman. IESS, 2, 33 – 37, J. Higham. NYT, 1, Sep. 1948. Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876 – 1946 (Women as Force in History, 1946) ANB, 2, 412, Nancy F. Cott. GEHW. Beard, Miriam (Miriam Vagts), 1901-1983 (A History of the Business Man, 1938) NYT 7 Sept. 1983. Beauchamp, Chantal, 1948- (Révolution industrielle et croissance économique au XIXe siècle, 1997)

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Beaud, Claude, 1929 (historian of Schneider, 1983-86) IDBH, 18. Beaud, Michel, 1935- (Histoire du capitalisme: 1500-1980, 1981). CAO. Beaver, Stanley Henry 1907 – 1984 (economic geographer, specialising in industrial history, 1933) CA, 114 (1985), 53. ODNB, M.J. Wise, Elizabeth Baigent. Times, 14 Nov. 1984. Bechtel, Heinrich, 1889 – 1970 (economic historian of Germany, 1956) Beck, William O., 1945 (historian of public utilities, 1989-90) IDBH, 19. Becker, Bert, 1960 VGW, 321. Becker, Marvin Burton, 1922 (Florence in Transition, 1967-68, 2 vols) CA, 107 (1983), 45. Becker, William H(enry), 1943 (The Dynamics of Business-Government Relations: Industry and Exports, 1893-1921, 1982). CAO. Beckert, Sven, 1965 (The Monied Metropolis: New York City and Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie, 1850-1896, 2001). CAO. Beckinsale, Robert Percy, 1908 – 1998 (historian of the plush industry, 1963) Times, 19 Aug. 1998. Bedini, Silvio A., 1917 – 2007 (Early American Scientific Instruments and Their Makers, 1964). CAO. Times, 1 January 2008. Beechert, Edward D., 1920 (Working in Hawaii: A Labor History, 1985) CAO. Beer, George Louis, 1872 – 1920 (historian of The Old Colonial System, 1660-1774, 1912, 2 vols). George Louis Beer : a Tribute to His Life and Work in the Making of History and the Moulding of Public Opinion (New York, 1924). DLB, 47, 40 – 47, P.A. Coclanis. MWJ, 313 – 322, A.P. Scott. RLS, 269 – 285, Grace A. Cockcroft. ANB, 2, 472, S.W. Crompton. NYT, 16 Mar. 1920. DAB, 2, 137, R.L. Schuyler. CAO. Behrens, Catherine Betty Abigail, 1904 – 1989 (author of Merchant Shipping and the Demands of War (1955), CHWW, which emerged „dead born‟ from the press, but was ranked as „the best of Whitehall war histories‟, Noel Annan, 1999). J. Haslam, TheVices of Integrity, 1999, 228-73. N. Annan, The Dons (1999), 245 – 255. Bellamy, Joyce Margaret, 1921-2002 (co-editor with John Saville of Dictionary of Labour Biography) DLAB, 10, x – xi. AWW, 49. CAO. Bellan, Ruben C., 1918 (Winnipeg, First Century: An Economic History, 1978). CAO. Bellon, Bernard P., 1953-1993 (historian of Mercedes-Benz) AHAP, Nov. 1993.

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Beloch, Karl Julius, 1854 – 1929 (developed quantitative techniques for the analysis of the population of the Greco-Roman world, 1886). DS. SMS, 97 – 120 (1966). DGB. Beloff, Max, Baron Beloff of Wolvercote, 1913 – 1999 (Public Order and Popular Disturbances, 1660-1714, 1938) WW, 1999, 148. AWW, 49. PBA, 120 (2003), 21-40, N. Johnson. Below, Georg Anton Hugo von, 1858 – 1927 (historian of cities and a critic of comparative history, as well as of Weber, Schmoller, and Lamprecht). ANN, 3, 1931, 553 – 539, M. Bloch. ESS, 2, 508, C. Brinkmann. DGB. Beltran, Alain, 1951 (historian of the French gas industry, 1992) IDBH, 19. Bemis, Samuel Flagg, 1891 – 1973 (Jay‟s Treaty: A Study in Diplomacy and Commerce, 1923) DLB, 17, 64 – 70, K.A. Clements. ANB, 2, 543, B. Perkins. CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 69. Benaul, Josep M., 1951 (historian of the Catalan woollen industry, 1993) IDBH, 20. Bender, Henning, 1944 (historian of industry in Aalborg, 1987, and of Danish emigration, 1990-92) IDBH, 20. Bender, Marylin, 1925 (with husband, Selig Altschul, The Chosen Instrument: Pan Am/Juan Trippe; The Rise and Fall of an American Entrepreneur, 1982). CAO. Bennett, Henry Stanley, 1889 – 1972 (historian of the peasantry, 1150 - 1400, 1937). PBA 58, 1972, 551 – 567, B. Willey. Times, 8 Jun. 1972. Bennett, Howard Franklin, 1911-1974 (Precision Power: The First Fifty Years of Bodine Electric Company, 1959). CAO. Bennett, Neville, 1940 IDBH, 21. Bensel, Richard Franklin, 1949 (The Political Economy of American Industrialization, 1877- 1900, 2000). CAO. Benson, John, 1945 (historian of coal and retaling) CA, 131 (1991), 58. Bentley, Arthur Fisher, 1870-1957 (Economic History of a Nebraska Township, 1893) ANB*, J.W. Endersby. Benson, Susan Porter, 1945?-2005 (Counter Cultures, 1986) AHAP, Oct. 2005, R. Rosenzweig, J.-C. Agnew. Benton, Elbert Jay, 1871 – 1946 (Taxation in Kansas, 1950) AHR 51, Jul. 1946, 798. Berta, Giuseppe, 1952- (Conflitto Industriale e Struttura d‟Impresa alla Fiat : 1919-1979, 1998) Beynon, Huw, 1942 (with Terry Austrin, Masters and Servants: Class and Patronage in the Making of a Labour Organisation: The Durham Miners and the English Political Tradition, 1994). CAO.

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Berend, Ivan Tibor, 1930 (Hungarian economic historian. The European Periphery and Industrialisation, 1780-1914, 1982, with G. Ranki) Beresford, Maurice Warwick, 1920-2005 (The Lost Villages of England, 1954) Northern History, 37, Dec. 2000, (Special Issue of 320 pages in Honour of Maurice Beresford). NBH, 253 – 272. CA, 13 – 16 (1975), 68. WW, 158. AWW, 51. GDN, 22 Dec. 2005, C. Dyer. Times, 2 Jan. 2006. IND, 14 Jan., R. Glascock. ODNB, Christopher Dyer. Berg, Maxine, 1950 (biographer of Eileen Power. Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth Century Britain, 2005). Berg, Werner, 1947. VGW, 325. Berger, Michael L(ouis), 1943 (The Devil Wagon in God‟s Country: The Automobile and Social Change in Rural America, 1893-1929, 1979). CAO. Bergeron, Louis, 1929 (Les Capitalistes Français, 1780-1914, 1978) IDBH, 21. Berghoff, Hartmut, 1960 (historian of entrepreneurs) VGW, 326. Bergier, Jean-François, 1931 (Naissance et Croissance de la Suisse Industrielle, 1974) VGW, 326. Bergson, Abram, 1914-2003 (historian of Soviet national income, 1954, and wages, 1944, demolishing the myths generated by Soviet propaganda) CA 13-16 (1975), 70. BDAE, D. Ashbury. GESK. Berlanstein, Lenard R(ussell), 1947 (Big Business and Industrial Conflict in Nineteenth-Century France: A Social History of the Parisian Gas Company, 1991). CAO Berle, Adolf Augustus Jr., 1895 – 1971 (The Modern Corporation and Private Property, 1932, with G.C. Means, „the economic Bible of the Roosevelt administration‟, R. Hessen, 1982) J.A. Schwarz, Liberal : A.A. Berle and the Vision of an American Era (1987). ANB, 2, 657, J.A. Schwarz. BD, 1, 236. WWWA, 5, 56. BDAE, S. Rudman. MW. Berlin, Ira, 1941 (Slaves without Masters: Free Negroes in the Antebellum South, 1975). CAO. Berliner, Joseph Scholom, 1921 („In the beginning there was England. And contentment vanished from the world‟, 1966). CA, 69 – 72 (1978), 68. Berngardt, Christoph, 1957 VGW, 327. Bernhardt, Debra, 1953-2001 (American labour historian) P.Buhle, „In Memoriam‟, Labor History 42 (1 May 2001), 191-192; Walkowitz, Daniel J. „Debra E. Bernhardt: Activist, Archivist, Historian‟, Radical History Review Issue 8 (Fall 2001), 133-135. NYT, 26 Mar. 2001.

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Bernstein, Eduard, 1850 – 1932 ((historian of socialist thought during the English Revolution of the 17th century, 1895, and pioneer revisionist of Marxism, 1899). DNM, 1, 72 - 76, R.A. Gorman. DGB. GEBK. IESS, 2, C. Gueuss. Bernstein, Irving, 1916-2001 (The Lean Years: A History of the American Worker, 1920-1933, 1960. The Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, 1933-1941, 1970). CA, 114 (1985), 59. CAO. Berr, Henri, 1863 – 1954 (A tireless crusader for the cause of interdisciplinary scholarship 1934). ANN, 10, 1955, 1, L. Febvre. Berridge, P(ercy) S(tuart) A(ttwood), 1901- ? (The Girder Bridge, after Brunel and Others, 1969). CAO. Berrill, Sir Kenneth, 1920 (honorary treasurer of the Economic History Society, 1954-68) WW, 164. Berry, Thomas Senior, 1906 -1998 (Western Prices before 1861, 1943, based on Cincinnati) CSN, 12 : 2, Jul. 1997, 3 – 6, W.J. Hausman and Marilyn Gerriets. Berta, Giuseppe, 1952 (historian of mechanical engineering and personnel management in Italy) IDBH, 21. Berthet, Dom Bernard, 1909 – 1950 ANN, 5, 1950, 248 – 252, L. Febvre. Berthoff, Rowland Tappan (Rod), 1921-2001 (British Immigrants in Industrial America, 1790-1950, 1953) CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 100. AHAP (Jan 2002), D. Konig. Berthold, Rudolf, 1922 VGW, 328. Bertram, James Glass, 1824 – 1892 (The Harvest of the Sea, 1865) (An author with four pseudonyms, W.M. Cooper, L.H. Curzon, Ellangowan and P. Paterson). FB, 4, 383. PH, 439. Betten, Neil B., 1939 (with Raymond A. Mohl, Steel City: Urban and Ethnic Patterns in Gary, Indiana, 1906-1950, 1986). CAO. Beutin, Ludwig, 1903 – 1958 (Bremen und Amerika, 1953) ANN, 15 : 1, 1960, 411 F. Braudel. VSWG, 46, 1959, 139 – 144 H. Aubin. Beveridge, William Henry, Baron, 1879 – 1963 (pioneered the study of the business cycle from 1908. Prices and Wages in England from the 12 th to the 19th Century, 1939. „One of the most conceited men that ever lived‟ R. Blake, 1976). José Harris, William Beveridge. A Biography (1977, 2000). W. Beveridge, Power and Influence (1953). PBA, 49, 1963, 417 – 429, Lord Salter. DNB/ODNB, José Harris. NCB, 1140. Times, 22 Mar. 1963. Beyer, Peter, 1938 VGW, 329. Bezanson, Anne, 1881-1980 (first woman president of the Economic History Association, 1947 and 1948. Prices in Colonial Pennsylvania, 1935; Prices and Inflation during the American Revolution. Pennsylvania, 1770-1790, 1951) AHC, 25.

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Bidwell, Percy Wells, 1888 – 1970 (co-author with J.I. Falconer, History of Agriculture in the Northern United States, 1620-1860, 1925) CAP, 1 (1975), 58. NYT, 6 Aug. 1970. Bigazzi, Duccio, 1947 (historian of Alfa Romeo, 1906-26, 1988) IDBH, 22. Biggar, Henry Percival, 1872 – 1938 (The Early Trading Companies of New France, 1901) AHR, 44, Oct. 1938, 234. Biggart, John, 1941 AWW, 57 Billington, Ray Allen, 1903 – 1981 (The Far Western Frontier, 1830-1860, 1956) WHQ, 1, Jan. 1970, 5 – 20, R.A. Billington, „The Frontier and I‟; WHQ, 19, Jan. 1988, 5 – 20. WJ, 188 – 199. ANB, 2, 776, M. Ridge. CANR, 5 (1982), 57. Bindoff, Stanley Thomas, 1908 – 1980 (Tudor England, 1950) E.W. Ives, R.J. Knecht and J.T. Scarisbrick (eds.), Wealth and Power in Tudor England. Essays Presented to S.T. Bindoff (1978), xv – xxi, R.F. Leslie & A.G. Dickens. WWW, 7, 71 Times, 29 Dec. 1980. AWW, 57. ODNB, P. Collinson. Times, 29 Dec. 1980. Binfield, John Clyde Goodfellow, 1940 (analyst of the cousinhoods of the Dissenting community, 1977) AWW, 57. Bining, Arthur Cecil, 1894 – 1957 (British Regulation of the Colonial Iron Industry, 1933) AHR, 63, Apr. 1958, 858. Birch, Alan, 1924-1999 (historian of the iron and steel industry, 1967, and of Hong Kong) St Anthony‟s College Record (2004), 132, S. Tsang. Bird, James Harold, 1923-1997 (historian of British ports, 1963) AWW, 58. Birdzell, Luther Earle, Jr., 1916 (How the West Grew Rich, 1986) CA, 154 (1997), 51. Birley, Sir Robert (‘Red Robert’), 1903 – 1982 (honorary treasurer of the Economic History Society, 1935-37) DNB/ODNB, M.A. Nicholson. Times, 26 July 1982. Birnie, Arthur, 1890 – 1962 (the author of textbooks on the economic history of Europe, 1930, the British Isles, 1935, and the United States, 1956) Bishop, John Leander, 1820-1868 (A History of American Manufactures from 1608-1860, 1861) Bishop, Philip William, 1902 – 1992 (author of much-used, but unpublished, “History of Scovill Manufacturing Company” [brass manufacturers], 1952) Black, Robert Denis Collison, 1922-2008 (Economic Thought and the Irish Question, 1817-1870, 1960) CA, 131 (1991), 63. WW, 183. AWW, 60. Times, 9 Feb. 2009. Blackford, Mansel Griffiths, 1944 (historian of business enterprise in USA, 1986) CA 142 (1994), 37. Blackson, Robert M., 1944 (historian of banking in Pennsylvania, 1989) IDBH, 22.

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Blackwell, William L., 1929 (The Industrialisation of Russia, 1970) CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 84. Bladen, Vincent Wheeler, 1900-1981 (historian of political economy, 1974) CA, 61 – 64 (1976), 70. Bläsing, Josvahim F.E., 1940 (historian of electrical engineering in the Netherlands, 1992) IDBH, 23. VGW, 331. Blaszczyk, Regina Lee, ? Corning, 2000)

(Imagining Consumers: Design and Innovation from Wedgwood to

Blainey, Geoffrey Norman, 1930 (The Tyranny of Distance, 1966) KB, 93, G. Bolton. CA 25-28 (1977), 71. Blair, Claude, 1922 (the historian of arms and armour, 1958). CANR, 11 (1984), 70. Blake, Robert Norman William, Baron Blake of Braydeston, 1916 – 2003 (historian of JardineMatheson, 1999) GDN, 23 Sep. 2003, C. Matthew. TEL, 23 Sep., IND, 25 Sep., K.O. Morgan. Times, 23, 29 Sept. ODNB, K.O. Morgan. Blanchard, Ian Stewart William 1942 (historian of the Tudor economy) AWW, 62. Bland, David Edward, 1940 Blanken, Ivo J., 1946 (historian of Phillips Electronics, 1992) IDBH, 23. Blassingame, John Wesley, 1940 (The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antibellum South, 1972. Explored mainly black sources for clues to slave life and reached conclusions opposed to those drawn by S.M. Elkins in 1959.) CANR 25 (1989), 35. Blatt, Martin H(enry), 1951 (editor, with Martha Norkunas, Work, Recreation, and Culture: Essays in American Labor History, 1996). CAO. Blaug, Mark, 1927 (The History of Economics, 1991. A critic of the New Palgrave, 1988). American Economist, 38 : 2, Fall 1994, 12 – 27, „Not only an economist : autobiographical reflections of a historian of economic thought‟, reprinted in Not Only an Economist . Recent Essays (Cheltenham, 1997), 3 – 25. G.K. Shaw (ed.), Economics, Culture and Education : Essays in Honour of Mark Blaug (Aldershot, 1991). WW, 191. WWB, 40. AWW, 63. CAO. Blegen, Theodore C., 1891 – 1969 (Norwegian Migration to America, 1825-1860, 1931, 1940, 2 vols) H.S. Commager (ed.), Immigration and American History : Essays in Honor of Theodore C. Blegen (Minneapolis, 1961), v-x. AHR, 75 : 1, Dec. 1969, 708. CANR, 3 (1981), 77. Bleidick, Dietmar, 1966 VGW, 332. Blewett, Mary H., 1938 (The Last Generation: Work and Life in the Textile Mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, 1910-1960, 1990). CAO.

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Blicksilver, Jack, 1926 – 1999 (Cotton Manufacturing in the South East, 1959) IDBH, 23. AHAP, Nov. 1999. Bloch, Marc Léopold Benjamin, 1886 – 1944 (abandoned national history as his main focus and pioneered the study of comparative history, aspiring to achieve „total history‟, 1933. Criticised the fixation on „the idol of origins‟, the belief in monistic causation, and the obsession with footnotes. Feudal Society, 1940. Showed that the forms of agricultural life had been determined less by legal changes than by the organisation of land tenures and that feudal ideology and economic structure reinforced each other in a systematic manner. Exalted by martrydom, he became the abiding representative of „la France profonde‟.) M. Bloch, Memoirs of War, 1914 – 1915 (Cambridge, 1988). E. Bloch, Marc Bloch : Father, Patriot and Teacher (Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1987). Carole Fink, Marc Bloch. A Life (1989). ANN, 36 : 6, 1944, 5 – 8, L. Febvre, „ In Memoriam. Marc Bloch Fusillé‟; ANN, 6, 1945, 1 – 112, „Hommages à Marc Bloch‟, L. Febvre, G. Altman, A. Piganiol, Anne Terroine, E. Tonnelat, G. Lefebvre, G. Le Bras; ANN, 8, 1953, 329 – 337, J. Stengers, „Marc Bloch et l‟Histoire‟; ANN, 9, 1954, 145 – 147, L. Febvre; ANN, 19 : 2, 1964, 833, F. Braudel; ANN, 41 : 5, Sep. 1986, 1091 – 1105, B. Geremek, „Marc Bloch, Historien et Résistant‟. History 52, Oct. 1967, 267 – 282, R.R. Davies. HAT, 6 1967, 208 – 218. W.H. Sewell Jr., „ Marc Bloch and the Logic of Comparative History; HAT, 19 1980, 154 – 164, L.D. Walker, „Historical Linguistics and the Comparative Method of Marc Bloch‟. APU, 75 – 84, L. Febvre. EcHR, 14 : 2, 1944, 161, M.M. Postan. IESS, 2, 92 – 95, F. Braudel. JC, 121 – 135 H. Loyn. DBF, 6, 682, P. Klein. American Scholar, 51, 1982, 73 – 82, E. Weber. CAO. GEHW. Blomquist, Thomas W., 1931-2007 (Scholar of trade and banking in 13th century Italy) AHAP, Jan 2009. Duane J. Osheim Bloomfield, Arthur Irving, 1914 – 1998 (Monetary Policy under the International Gold Standard, 1880-1914, 1959) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 74. NYT, 17 Oct. 1998. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Blum, Jerome, 1913 – 1993 CANR, 19 (1987), 73. KB, 96, B. Thompson. NYT, 11 May, 1993. AHAP (Nov. 1993) Blum, Peter, 1959 (The End of the Old Order in Rural Europe, 1978) VGW, 333. Blumin, Stuart M(ack), 1940 (The Urban Threshold: Growth and Change in a Nineteenth-Century American Community, 1976). CAO. Blyn, George, 1919 (Agricultural Trends in India, 1891-1947, 1966) CANR, 14 (1985), 59. Boak, Arthur E.R., 1888 – 1962 (Manpower Shortage and the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West, 1955) AHR, 68, Apr. 1963, 906. Boch, Rudolf, 1952 VGW, 333. Bochenski, Aleksander, 1904Bock, Dieter, 1935 VGW, 333. Bock, Hartmut VGW, 334.

(historian of Polish industry)

37

Boeke, Julius Herman, 1884 – 1956 (devised the concept of „dual societies‟, 1942, in order to validate the interests of „the voiceless Far East‟. The Evolution of the Netherlands Indies Economy, 1946) Bog, Ingomar, 1920 – 1987 VSWG, 75, 1988, 264, G. Hardach. Bogue, Alan George Britton, 1921 (historian of mercantilism) CA, 107 (1983), 54. Bogue, Margaret Beattie, 1924- (associate editor and contributor, The Frontier in American Development, 1969). CAO. Bohannan, Paul James, 1920 (Markets in Africa, 1962) CA, 9 – 12, (1974), 93. Böhme, Helmut, 1936 VGW, 335. Boissonade, Prosper Marie, 1862 – 1935 (Life and Work in Medieval Europe, 1937) Boje, Per, 1946 (business historian of Odense) IDBH, 24. Boldorf, Marcel, 1965 VGW, 336. Bolino, August Constantino, 1922 CANR, 18 (1986), 54. Bolles, Albert Sydney, 1846-1939 (Financial History of the United States, 1774-1885, 1879-86, 3 vols) Bolt, Christine Anne, 1940 (Victorian Attitudes to Race, 1970) AWW, 67. Bolton, Alfred A., 1926 (historian of Hawthorne, 1983) IDBH, 24. Bolton, Herbert Eugene, 1870 – 1953 (historian of The Spanish Borderlands, 1921) DLB, 17, 74 – 78, Amy Bushnell. ANB, 3, 144, P. Wallenstein. GEHW. See also W.P. Webb. Bonar, James, 1852 – 1941 (the biographer of Malthus, 1885). PBA, 27, 1941, 359 – 376, G.F. Shirras. CB, 2472 DNB, E.T. Williams. EcJ, 51, 1941, 145 – 154, G.F. Shirras. ODNB, T.A.B. Corley. Times, 20 & 23 Jan., 4 Feb. 1941. Bonin, Hubert, 1950 (Suez, 1987. 100 mots-clés d'histoire économique, 2000) IDBH, 24. Bonke, Jens, 1948 (historian of household production in Denmark, 1992) IDBH, 25. Bonn, Moritz Julius, 1873 – 1965 (an expert of reparations and a leading economic adviser to the Weimar Republic. German War Finance, 1916) M.J. Bonn, Wandering Scholar (1949). Times, 28 Jan. 1965. DGB.

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Bonney, Richard John, 1947 (Editor with W. M. Ormrod and M. M. Bonney and contributor, Crises, Revolutions, and Self-sustained Growth: Essays in European Fiscal History, c. 1130-1830, 1999). CAO. Boone, Catherine, 1958- (Merchant Capital and the Roots of State Power in Senegal, 1930- 1935, 1992). CAO. Boorstin, Daniel Joseph, 1914 – 2004 (a leader of the counter-Progressive school. The Image 1962: dismissed Black Studies, introduced at Harvard in 1969, as „racist trash‟) GDN, 1 Mar 2004, G. Hodgson. NYT, 1 Mar. 2004. CANR, 28 (1990), 77 – 84, Jani Prescott, Jean W. Ross. AHAP, Sept. 2004. GEHW. Boot, H.M., 1939 (The Commercial Crisis of 1847, 1984) IDBH, 25. Booth, Alan, 1949 (British Economic Policy, 1930-1949, 1989) WWB, 44. Booth, Charles, 1840 – 1916 (Life and Labour of the People of London, 1902, 17 vols) Mary Booth, Charles Booth : a Memoir (1918). T.S. Simey, Charles Booth : Social Scientist (1960). DNB, F.W. Ogilvie. DPE, 1, 826, Clara E. Collet. EcJ, 26, 1916, 537 – 542, E. Aves. MBR, 36 Times, 24 Nov. 1916. JOB, 3, 106, J.B. Brown. Borah, Woodrow, 1912 – 1999 (with his colleague F.S. Cook generated the highly improbable estimate of a catastrophic decline in the populationof Mexico by 90 percent during the course of the 16th century after the arrival of the Spaniards, 1960, 1971) KB, 107, C. Perez. Borchardt, Knut, 1929 (an economist who became an economic historian, with an interest in regional differences) VGW, 337. Bordo, Michael David, 1942 WWE, 136. Borges de Macedo, Jorge, 1921-1996 GEHW.

(Portuguese economic historian)

Borlandi, Franco, 1908 – 1974 DS. Born, Karl Erich, 1922 – 2000 (historian of inflation in postwar Germany, 1977) VSWG, 88 : 2, 2001, 141, H. Henning. Borodajkewycz, Taras, 1902 – 1984 Borscheid, Peter, 1943 VGW, 338. Bosanquet, Helen Dendy, 1860 – 1925 (historian of The Charity Organisation Society, 1869-1912, 1914) A.M. McBriar, An Edwardian Mixed Doubles. The Bosanquets versus The Webbs. A Study in British Social Policy, 1890 – 1929 (Oxford, 1987). DWE, 60, P. Groenewegen.ODNB, José Harris.

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Boserup, Ester, 1910-1999 (historian of economics of agrarian change: destroyed the myth that population growth must lead inevitably to a global demographic crisis, 1965) WK. SEHR, 48: 1 (2000), 100, E. Boserup, My Professional Life and Publications (Copenhagen, 1999). Bostock, Frances G., 1938 - 2000 IDBH, 26. Annual Report of the Centre of International Business History, Reading, 4, 1999 – 2000. Botha, Colin Graham, 1883 – 1973 DSAB, 5, 72, A.J. Böeseken. Bothwell, Robert, 1944 (Eldorado: Canada‟s National Uranium Company, 1984) IDBH, 26. CAO. Boulding, Kenneth Ewart, 1910-1993 (a pioneer environmentalist, 1966. Recipient of 33 honorary doctorates. „Marx did not know much about the working class and its great diversity of subcultures‟, 1992. With Meng Chi, The Structure of a Modern Economy: The United States, 1929-89, 1993, revealing the relative economic insignificance of the federal government.) C. Kerman, Creative Tension: The Life and Thought of Kenneth Boulding (Ann Arbor, 1974). GESK. CAO. BDAE, D. Latzko. BDDE. EcJ 110 (2000), F430-34, T. Mott. Bourgin, Frank, 1910-1980 NYT, 14 Dec. 1990. Bourgin, Georges, 1879 – 1958 AHR, 64, Jul. 1959, 1082. Bourke, Joanna, ? (Husbandry to Housewifery: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland, 1890-1914, 1993). CAO. Bouvier, Jean, 1920-1987 (historian of the Credit Lyonnais, 1863-1882, 1961, 2 vols. Les Rothschild, 1967. Histoire économique et histoire sociale: recherches sur le capitalisme contemporain, 1968) Bovykin, Valery, 1927-1998 JEcH 59 (1999), 500, P.R. Gregory. Bowden, Sue, 1951 (historian of consumer durables, car industry, and textiles) IDBH, 27. Bowden, Witt, 1886-1979 (Industrial Society in England Towards the End of the Eighteenth Century, 1925) Bowen, Elwyn, 1923-2007 (Traditional Industries of Rural Wales, 2000) IND, 27 Mar. 2007, Meic Stephens Bowen, Ralph Henry, 1919 (German Theories of the Corporate State, 1947) CA, 69 – 72 (1978), 86. Bowley, Sir Arthur Lyon, 1869 – 1957 („Probably the most notable figure in the Fellowship of the [Royal Statistical] Society since it was established‟. Discovered that the shares of capital and labour in National Income had remained constant since 1860, 1900. Made first estimate of national income of Britain, 1927. A keen cyclist, with E. Cannan and F.Y. Edgeworth. Some Economic Consequences of the Great War, 1930) Agatha H. Bowley, A Memoir of Professor Sir Arthur Bowley (1869 – 1957) and His Family (Petworth, 1972). W.F. Maunder, Sir Arthur Lyon Bowley (1869 – 1957). An Inaugural Lecture (Exeter, 1972)

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DNB/ODNB, R.G.D. Allen. J. Bosnell. Times, 23 Jan. 1957. JRSS 120 (1957), ii, 236-41. R.G.D. Allen and R.F. George. GEBK. IESS, R.G.D. Allen. PME, 140-74, A. Darnell. Bowley, Marian E.A., 1911-2002 (Nassau Senior and Classical Economics, 1937. Housing and the State, 1919-1944, 1946) DWE, 75, B. Corry. AWW, 71. Boxer, Charles Ralph, 1904 – 2000 (The Dutch Seaborne Empire, 1600-1800, 1965. The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825, 1969) D. Alden, Charles R. Boxer. An Uncommon Life (Lisbon, 2001). H. Cortazzi (ed.), Britain and Japan. Biographical Portraits, iv, (2002), 265 – 274, J. Cummins. KB, 110. WW, 226. Times, 1 May 2000. PBA, 115 (2002), 75-99, M.D.D. Newitt. Boyce, Gordon, 1954 (historian of steel industry and shipping) IDBH, 27. Boydston, Jeanne, 1944 – 2008 (Home and Work: Houswork, Wages and the Ideology of Labor in the Early Republic) AHAP, Feb. 2009, Lori D. Ginzberg. Boyer, George R., ? (An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850, 1990) Boyns, Trevor, 1953 (historian of coal industry) IDBH, 28. WWB, 46. Boyson, Sir Rhodes, 1925 („the last man personally converted to the free market and the free society by Richard Cobden‟ 1994. The Ashworth Cotton Enterprise … 1818-1880, 1970) R. Boyson, Speaking My Mind (1994) Mont Pelerin Society Newsletter, May, 1988, 23. DPT, 220. WW, 230. Bracegirdle, Brian, 1933 (co-author, Thomas Telford, 1973, with Particia H. Miles) CA, 101 (1981), 68. Brady, Alexander, 1896 – 1985 (William Huskisson and Liberal Reform, 1928) CA, 117 (1986), 59. Brady, Dorothy Stahl, 1903 – 1977 DWE, 80, Evelyn L. Forget. BDAE, Katherine Norley. „Dorothy Stahl Brady 1903-1977‟, JEcH 38 (Mar. 1978), 301-3, Richard A. Easterlin. Brady, Robert Alexander, 1901 – 1963 (The Rationalisation Movement in German Industry, 1933) Bramah, Edward, 1931-2008 (tea expert and museum founder) IND, 14 Feb. 2008, Leigh Hatts. Brandes, Joseph, 1928 (Herbert Hoover and Economic Diplomacy, 1962). CAO. Brassey, Thomas, Earl Brassey of Bulkeley, 1836 – 1918, eldest son of the railway contractor, Thomas Brassey (1805 – 1870). DNB/ODNB, V.W. Baddeley, H.C.G. Matthew. WWW, 2, 120. DBE. Times, 25 Feb. 1918. JRSS 81 (Mar. 1918), 378. Brătianu, Gheorghe I., 1898-1953 (historian of the Genoese in the Black Sea, 1929, 1969) Braudel, Fernand, 1902 – 1985. (believed „events are dust‟, 1966, and aspired to create a „total history‟. Dismissed single-factor explanations of the origins of capitalism offered by Marx and Weber. Remained an inveterate nationalist, like Michelet and Febvre. Made the Annales the

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largest historical journal in France from 1962 and secured state funding in 1963 for his school. Aspired to make history the centre of all the social sciences and presided over the brief meteoric impact of the Annales on the Anglo-Saxon world. The school, however, acquired the exclusive mentality of a closed fraternity. It eliminated the state from history and devalued both the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution in favour of „histoire immobile‟. Disdained to show any interest in „the regional revolution‟ detonated from 1963, but retreated into the new scholasticism of structural history, sacrificing human history to the history of the natural world, i.e. „a history without people‟. Provoked a violent anti-historicist reaction in the field of anthropology and was further undermined by the rise from 1979 of post-modernism.) ANN, 41 : 1, Jan. 1986, 3 – 6; ANN, 47, Jan. 1992, 237 – 244, P. Braudel, „Les origines intellectuelles de Fernand Braudel : un témoignage‟. P. Burke, The French Historical Revolution. The Annales School, 1929 – 1989 (1990) 32 – 56, „The Age of Braudel‟. T. Stoianovich, French Historical Method. The Annales Paradigm (1976) JC, 188 – 201, P. Burke. HAT, 18, 1979, 197 – 222, H. Kellner, „Disorderly Conduct : Braudel‟s Mediterranean Satire‟; *HAT, 37, 1988, 259 – 269, Kelley Mulroney, „Discovering Fernand Braudel‟s Historical Context‟. JEEH, 26 : 3, Winter 1997, 627 – 631, M. Morineau, „A Fresh Look at Fernand Braudel‟ IESS, 69 – 72, I. Wallerstein. JMH 44, 1972, 480 – 539, J.H. Hexter, „Fernand Braudel and the Monde Braudellien…‟, reprinted in On Historians. Reappraisals of Some of the Makers of Modern History (1979), 61 – 145. AHR, 86 : 1, Feb. 1981, 63 – 105, S. Kinser, „Annaliste Paradigm? The Geohistorical Structure of Fernand Braudel‟. I Wallerstein, Unthinking Social Science. The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Paradigms (Cambridge, 1991), 187 - 226. F. Crouzet, Britain Ascendant: Comparative Studies in Franco-British Economic History, 1985, 105-126, „When the Mediterranean looked to England‟. Times, 30 Nov. 1985. WWW, 8, 88. CAO. Braun, Hans-Joachim, 1943 (historian of Anglo-German technology transfer, 1974. The German Economy in the 20th Century, 1990) IDBH, 28. Braun, Helmut, 1960 VGW, 341. Braun, Lily, 1865-1916 (historian of women workers, 1901) Braun, Rudolf, 1930 (Swiss historian of rural industry) VGW, 342 Braunstein, Philippe, 1933- (Travail et entreprise au Moyen âge, 2003) Braverman, Harry, 1922-1976 (revitalised Marxist analysis of the labour process through his thesis of the deskilling of work in Labor and Monopoly Capital, 1974) BDAE, C. Rowley. BDDE, U. Pagano. Brawley, Benjamin Griffith, 1882 – 1939 (historian of The Negro Genius, 1937). CA, 125 (1989), 35. *DAB, 3, 442, R.A. Schuppert. NYT, 7 Feb. 1939. Breach, Robert Walter, 1927 CA 13 – 16 (1975), 107. Brebner, John Bartlet, 1895 – 1957 (historian of laissez-faire and state intervention) AHR 63, Apr. 1958, 859. Brecher, Jeremy, 1946 (editor with others, Brass Valley: The Story of Working People‟s Lives and Struggles in an American Industrial Region, 1982). CAO. Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866 – 1948 (Legal Tender, 1903. New Homes for Old, 1921) DWE, 81 – 89, Claire H. Hammond. BDAE, Katherine Norley.

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Bremner, Robert Hamlett, 1917-2002 (historian of philanthropy in the US, 1960) AHAP, Feb. 2006, R.T. Wortman. Brems, Hans, 1915-2000 (Pioneering Economic Theory, 1630-1980: A Mathematical Restatement, 1986). CAO. Brenner, Robert, 1943 (revived the debate over the transition from feudalism to capitalism: a critic of the „demographic determinism‟ of Le Roy Ladurie, 1976). KH, 124. Brenner, Yehojachin Simon, 1926 (A Short History of Economic Progress, 1969). CANR, 11 (1984), 89. CAO. Brentano, Ludwig Joseph (Lujo), 1844 – 1931 (historian of the economic development of England, 1927-29, 3 vols. Studied English trade unions on a visit to England in 1868. Undertook a comparative analysis of labour organisations, establishing that British wages were higher and working hours were shorter than in Germany, 1877. Concluded that economic progress in Germany would result only from a reduction in working hours.) J.J. Sheehan, The Career of Lujo Brentano : a study of liberalism and social reform in Imperial Germany (Chicago, 1966) EcJ, 41, Dec. 1931, 657 – 660, M.J. Bonn. DGB. Brewer, John, 1947 (with Neil McKendrick and J. H. Plumb, The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England, 1982). CAO. Brewer, Thomas B., 1932 vols, 1966). CAO.

(Editor with Thomas C. Cochran, Views of American Economic Growth, 2

Breysig, Kurt, 1866-1940 (founder of cultural history, influencing Spengler‟s cultural morphology, 1900-01, 2 vols, and a pioneer of comparative social history, 1927) DGB. GEHW. Bridbury, Anthony Randolf, 1924 (medieval economic historian. Historians and the Open Society, 1972) PH, 25. Bridenbaugh, Carl, 1903 – 1992 (historian of Cities in the Wilderness … 1625-1742, 1938, and The Colonial Craftsman, 1950) CANR, 4, (1981), 90. GEHW. Brietzke, Dirk, 1964 VGW, 344. Briggs, Baron Asa, 1921 (devized the voyeuristic concept of a „shock city‟, 1964. Refused offer of a CBE in 1962, but accepted a life peerage in 1967) D. Fraser (ed.), Cities, Class and Communication. Essays in Honour of Asa Briggs (1990), 10 – 21, Godfrey Smith. CANR, 7 (1982), 70. DPT, 237. KB, 125, M. Hewitt. SHSB, 26 : 2, Winter 2001/2002, 1 – 4, Pat Thane. WW 248. AWW, 80. Briscoe, Lynden Margaret (L.M. Moore), 1935 (historian of the textile trade) AWW, 81. WWB, 334. Britnell, Richard Hugh, 1944 (The Commercialisation of British Society, 1000-1500, 1992) CA, 142 (1994), 47. VGW, 344. Broadberry, Stephen N. 1956 (The Productivity Race … 1850-1990, 1997) WWB, 53.

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Broadbridge, Seymour, 1930 – 2000 (Studies in Railway Expansion … 1825-1873, 1970) Brodnitz, Georg, 1876-1941? (son of a millowner and editor of a pioneering series of six notable national economic histories, all written in the German language, of England by himself (1918) of Russia by Kulischer (1925), of the Netherlands by Baasch (1927), of France by H. Sée, 1930, 1936, 2 vols, of Denmark by A. Nielsen (1933), and of Italy by Doren (1934), as well as of a general economic history of the Middle Ages (1924), by R. Koetzsche). Brody, David, 1930 (Steelworkers in America, 1960). CAO. Broehl, Wayne G(ottlieb), Jr., 1922 (John Deere‟s Company: A History of Deere & Company and Its Times, 1984). CAO. Broeke, W. van den, 1941 (historian of Dutch multinationals in Indonesia, 1978) IDBH, 29. Broeker, Glen, 1920-1978 (the historian of rural disorder, 1971). CA 41-44 (1979), 96. Broeze, Frank J. Aart, 1945-2001 (author of over 100 articles on Australiasian maritime history) CA, 148 (1996), 59. Brooke, Michael Zachary, 1921 – 2003 (Ferdinand Le Play, 1970) AWW, 84. Brookes, Edgar Harry, 1897 – 1979 (The History of Native Policy in South Africa from 1830, 1924, whose conclusions the author repudiated in 1930) E.H. Brookes, A South African Pilgrimage, 1977. DSAB, 5, 92, M. Boucher. Brooks, Peter W(right), 1920-1996 (Historic Airships, 1973). CAO. Broude, Henry W., 1925-2007 (Steel Decisions, 1963) Brown, Arthur F. G, 1914-2003 (the Marxist historian of Chartism in Essex, 1982) GDN, 4 June 2003, A. Phillips. Brown, Arthur Frederick James, 1914 – 2003 J.K. Bowers (ed.), Inflation, Development and Integration : Essays in Honour of A.J. Brown (Leeds, 1979). AWW, 87. KT, 140 – 144. WWB, 54. WW, 263. GDN, 4 Jun. 2003, A. Phillips. Brown, Ernest Henry Phelps, 1906 – 1994 („revolutionized price history by centering it on the experience of ordinary people and correcting the elitist bias that had dominated earlier scholarship‟, concluding that real wages in the fifteenth century were higher than at any other period until the nineteenth century. D.H. Fischer, 1996. The Growth of British Industrial Relations … 1906-14, 1959) PBA, 90, 1995, 319 – 346, D. Worswick. BNL, 132, Mar. 1989, 3 – 14, H. Phelps Brown, „The Radical Reflections of an Applied Economist‟. WW, 1994, 247. ODNB, G.D.N. Worswick. Brown, John J. 1916- (Ideas in Exile: A History of Canadian Invention, 1967). CAO. Brown, Jonathan (Agriculture in England, 1870-1947, 1990) IDBH, 29.

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Brown, Judith Cora (Renaissance Pescia, 1977) CA, 136 (1992), 57. Brown, Kenneth D., 1943 (historian of small business, especially in the toy industry) IDBH, 29. Brown, Michael (Mike), ? („outstanding teacher‟, J. Saville, 2003) Brown, Philip Anthony, 1886 – 1915 (A.E. Bland, P.A. Brown and R.H. Tawney, English Economic History: Select Documents, 1914) P.A. Brown, The French Revolution in English History (1918), xi-xiv, G. Murray. Brown, Raymond, 1926 (Waterfront Organisation in Hull, 1870-1900, 1972) AWW, 87. Brownell, Blaine Allison, 1942 (Bosses and Reformers, 1880-1920, 1973) CA, 65 – 68 (12977), 85. Browning, Reed, 1936 CA, 57 – 60 (1976), 92. Brownlee, Wilson Elliot, Jr., 1941 (Dynamics of Ascent: A History of the American Economy, 1974). CA, 69 – 72 (1978), 100. CAO. Brüninghaus, Beate, 1953 VGW, 346. Bruce, Kathleen, 1900? – 1950 (Virginia Iron Manufacture in the Slave Era, 1930) AHR, 55, July 1950, 1041. Bruce, Philip Alexander, 1856-1933 (Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century, 189596, 2 vols). ANB, L. M. Simms, Jr. CAO. Bruce, Richard M., 1915 – 1977 AHR, 83 : 1, Apr. 1978, 861, J. Klaits. Bruchey, Stuart Weems, 1917 (Cotton and the Growth of the American Economy: 1790-1860 (1967) S.W. Bruchey, Reminiscences (1960). CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 148. Bruck, Werner Friedrich, 1880 – 1945 (Export Industry and the Domestic Market, 1929) DGB. Brugmans, Izaäk Johannes (Ieb), 1896 – 1992 (author of the landmark history of the take-off in the Netherlands, 1795-1940, 1961) EHJ, 34, 1971, 1- 3, H. Van Riel. Bruland, Kristine, 1948 ? (British Technology and European Industrialisation, 1989) GHT. Brunner, Elizabeth, 1920 – 1983 (The Life of Lord Nuffield, 1955, with P.W.S. Andrews) CA, 111 (1984), 84 Times, 13 Oct. 1983. AWW, 93. Brunner, Otto, 1898 – 1982 (historian of Viennese finances, 1929, and medieval lordship, 1939) KB, 147 S.K. Chenault. VSWG, 69, 1982, 452 W. Conze. GEHW. DGB.

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Brunt, Peter Astbury, 1917-2005 (Italian Manpower, 225BC-AD14, 1971) CA, 101 (1981), 82. WW, 277. Times, 23 Nov. 2005. IND, 25 Nov. Brusone, Julio Le Riverend, 1912-1998 (author of two economic histories of Cuba, 1510-1600, and 1709-1808, 1943, 1945; and textbook, 1963) Brutskus, Ber Davidovich, 1878 – 1938 (Economic Planning in Soviet Russia, 1935) BDSU, 54. Bry, Gerhard, 1911-1996 CAO.

(with Charlotte Boschan, Wages in Germany: 1871-1945, 1960).

Bryan, Enoch Albert, 1855-1941 (historian of The Mark in Europe and America, 1893) Bryant, Keith L(ynn), Jr., 1937 (with Henry C. Dethloff,) A History of American Business, 1983, 1990). CAO. IDBH, 30. Bryant, Lynwood, 1908 – 2005 (with Louis C. Hunter, A History of Industrial Power in the United States 1780-1930, Volume III: The Transmission of Power, 1991). CAO. Buchan, P. Bruce, 1932 (historian of the East India Company, 1993) IDBH, 30. Buchanan, Robert Angus, 1930 (The Industrial Archaeology of the Bristol Region, 1969, with N. Cossons) DPT, 268. WW, 282. CAO. Bucheim, Christoph, 1954 VGW, 347. Bücher, Karl, 1847 – 1930 (came from a family of craftsmen. Proposed a medieval economic revolution, initiated by the rise of an urban economy, 1893). VSWG, 24, 1931, 116 – 119, G. Jahn. IESS, 2, 163 – 165, K. Polanyi. GSE, 4, 131. DGB. Buck, Anne Mary, 1910-2005 (transformed the history of costume through her pioneer study of the clothing of the lower orders of society, 1979) TH 36: 2 (Nov. 2005), p. 235-6, Anthea Jarvis. Buck, Philip Wallenstein, 1900-1985 (The Politics of Mercantilism, 1942) CA, 65- 68, (1977), 90. Buck, Solon Justus, 1884 – 1962 (The Granger Movement, 1870-1880, 1913) AHR, 68, Oct. 1962, 308. Buckley, Kenneth A. H., 1918-1970 (with M. C. Urquhart, Historical Statistics of Canada, 1965) Bud-Frierman, Lisa, 1952 (historian of business services, 1993) IDBH, 31. Buer, Mabel Craven, 1881 – 1942 (Health, Wealth and Population in the Early Days of the Industrial Revolution, 1926) Times, 10 Dec. 1942. Bugos, Glenn E., 1961 (Atmosphere of Freedom: Sixty Years at the NASA Ames Research Center, 2000). CAO.

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Bujak, Franciszek, 1875 – 1953 (pioneered the study of Polish agriculture, 1905, and became the first professor of economic history in Poland, 1909. Founder of one of the earliest series of monographs, Studies in Social and Economic History, 1925). A. Shelton, The Democratic Idea in Polish History and Historiography : Franciszek Bujak (1875 – 1953) (New York, 1989), SHO, 16, 1983, 3 – 27, A.F. Grabski „Franciszek Bujak and Economic History‟. Bukharin, Nikolaj Ivanovič, 1888-1938 (a critic of Tugan-Baranowsky. L'économie mondiale et l'impérialisme: esquisse économique, 1971) S.F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888-1938 (1974). M. Haynes, Nicholas Bukharin and the Transition from Capitalism to Socialism (1985). BDDE, J. King. Buley, Roscoe Carlisle, 1893-1968 (historian of life insurance, 1953) ANB, C. Ubbelohde. Bullock, Charles Jesse, 1869-1941 (The Finances of the United States, 1775-1789, 1895) Bulmer-Thomas, Victor, 1948 (The Economic History of Latin America since Independence, 1994) Bunke, H(arvey), Charles, 1922 (A Primer on American Economic History, 1969). CAO. Burchard, John Ely, 1898 – 1975 (The Architecture of America, 1967) CANR, 6, (1982), 78. Burchardt, Jørgen, 1946 IDBH, 32. Burchell, Robert Arthur, 1941 (The San Francisco Irish, 1848-1880, 1979) AWW, 97. Burgess, Keith, 1944-2006 (Marxist historian of labour relations, 1975) GDN, 17 Mar. 2006, J. Melling. Burgin, Myron, 1901 – 1957 (The Economic Aspects of Argentine Federalism, 1820-1852, 1946) AHR, 61, Jul. 1957, 1054. Burk, Kathleen Mildred, 1946 (historian of Morgan Grenfell, 1989) IDBH, 32. WW 2006, 317. CAO. Burke, Ulick Peter, 1937 (Venice and Amsterdam, 1974) *CANR, 63, (1998), 56. KB, 152, P.C. Adamo. AWW, 98. WW, 294. NH, 129 – 157. Burley, David, 1949 (historian of real estate in Ontario, 1988) IDBH, 32. Burlingame, William Roger, 1889 – 1967 (March of the Iron Men. A Social History of Union through Invention, 1938) CA, 5 – 8, (1969), 174. Burn, Duncan Lyall,1902 – 1988 (historian of the British steel industry, 1940, 1961) CA, 124 (1988), 56. CAO. WWW, 8, 106. Times,13 Jan. 1988. ODNB, A.K. Cairncross. Burnett, John, 1925-2006 (The Autobiography the Working Class, 1984-89, 3 vols.) CA 57 –60 (1976), 97. AWW, 98. GDN, 29 Nov. 2006, D. Oddy.

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Burnley, James, 1842 – 1919 (The History of Wool and Wool combing, 1889) Biograph and Review 3, May 1884, 356. WWW, 2, 151. Burns, Arthur Frank, 1904 – 1987 (Production Trends in the United States since 1870, 1934) W. Wills, Economist in an Uncertain World : A.F. Burns and the Federal Reserve 1970 – 1978 (New York, 1994). ANB, 4, 20, W.C. Wills. BD, 2, 258. CAO. Burns, Arthur Robert, 1895-1981 (Money and Monetary Policy in Early Times, 1927) BDAE, D. Ashbury. Burns, Eveline Mabel Richardson, 1900 – 1985 BDAE, D. Ashbury. DWE, 93, Sherryl D. Kasper. Burns, Helen M(arie), 1922 (The American Banking Community and New Deal Banking Reforms, 1933-1935, 1974). CAO. Burt, Roger, 1942 (historian of mining, 1977-88) IDBH, 33. AWW, 100. Burton, Herbert (Joe), 1900 – 1983 (Australian Economy, 1929-1969, 1969) Bury, Sheila, 1925-1999 (historian of Victorian electroplate) GDN, 2 Apr. 1999. Büsching, Anton Friedrich, 1724 – 1793 (established political geography on the basis of comparative statistics, 1754-92) ESS, 3, 80, H. Wolff. DGB. Bush, George S(idney), 1925 (Future Builders: The Story of Michigan‟s Consumers Power Company, 1973). CAO. Bush, Michael Laccohee, 1938 (The English Aristocracy, 1984. Servitude in Modern Times, 2000) Buss, Dietrich G., 1939 (biographer of Henry Villard, 1978) IDBH, 33. Bussière, Eric, 1955 (historian of Paribas, 1872-1992, 1992) IDBH, 34. Butschek, Felix, 1932 VGW, 351. Butel, Paul, 1931 (historian of Bordeaux merchants, 1974) IDBH, 34. Butlin, Noel George, 1921-1991 (Australian Domestic Product … 1861-1938, 1962, showing Australians to have attained by the 1890s the highest per capita incomes in the world. First demonstrated the importance of urbanisation in late 19 th century Australia. Investment in Australian Economic Development, 1861-1901, 1964) GEHW. Butlin, Sydney James, 1910-1977 (Australian monetary historian) ADBO. Australian Economic History Review 18 (1978), 99-118, N.G. Butlin. Butlin, Robin Alan, 1938 (The Transformation of Rural England c.1580-1800, 1982) WW, 308.

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Butt, John, 1929 (The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 1968) AWW, 103. Butterworth, Susan, 1948 (The Maori Trustee, 1991) IDBH, 34. Butzer, Karl Wilhelm, 1934 CANR, 8 (1983), 78. Buxton, Neil Keith, 1940 (The Economic Development of the British Coal Industry, 1978) WW, 310. AWW, 104. Byrne, Eugene Hugh, 1882 – 1952 (founded the Wisconsin school of medieval economic history represented by R. L. Reynolds and H.C. Kruger) AHR, 58, Jan. 1953, 500. Bythell, Duncan, 1940 (the handloom weavers, 1969) AWW, 105

Caban, Wieslaw, 1946 (historian of Polish agriculture, 1990) IDBH, 35. Caesar, Rolf, 1944 VGW, 352 Cafagna, Luciano, 1926 DS. Cahan, David, ? (An Institute for an Empire: The Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt, 1871-1918, 1989). CAO. Cahen, Claude, 1909 – 1991 (financial historian of medieval Egypt) JESH, 35, 1992, 105 – 108, J.C. Garcin. Cahen, Léon, 1874 – ? Cahill, Kevin, 1944 (historian of landed property) Cahn, William, 1912-1976 CAO.

(A Matter of Life and Death: The Connecticut Mutual Story, 1970).

Cain, Louis P., 1941 (Business Enterprise and Economic Change, 1973, with P. Uselding) IDBH, 35. Cain, Peter J., 1941. (identified the „gentlemanly capitalism‟ of the City of London as the motive force behind the expansion of the British Empire, 1993). WWB, 65. Cairncross, Sir Alexander Kirkland, 1911 – 1998 (Home and Foreign Investment, 1870-1913, 1953) A.K. Cairncross, Living with the Century (Fife, 1998) BNL, 180, Mar. 1992, 3 – 20, A.K. Cairncross, „From Theory to Policy Making : Economics as a Profession‟. AWW, 106. CANR, 57 (1997), 70. KT, 36 – 55. NL 15, Feb. 1999, 30, A. Slaven. WW, 1999, 312. PBA, 105, 1999, 339 – 361, T. Wilson & B. Hopkin. Times, 26 & 31 Oct. 1998. ODNB, Kathleen Burk.

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Caldwell, James Alexander Malcolm, 1931-1978 AWW, 107. Callan, George Bernard, 1915-1998 (Secrets of Sheffield Steelmakers, 1993) The [Sheffield] Star, 5 January 1999. Callender, Guy Stevens, 1865 – 1915 (author of a single book, Selections from the Economic History of the United States, 1765-1860, 1909; and the sole American of 36 economic historians listed by Encylopedia of Social Sciences, 1931). ANB, 4, 234, R.M. Baumann. ESS, 3, 150, Helen R. Wright. DAB, 3, 424, P.W. Bidwell. CAO. Calvert, Monte A(lan), 1938- (The Mechanical Engineer in America, 1830-1910: Professional Cultures in Conflict, 1967). CAO. Calvo, Alberto Ullastres, 1914-2001 (Spanish historian of economic thought and translator of E.J. Hamilton, 1948) Cam, Helen Maud, 1855 – 1968 (an ardent socialist, personified by Margaret Rutherford in the film „Passport to Pimlico‟, 1947. The Hundred and the Hundred Rolls, 1930) E. Shils & Carmen Blacker (eds.), Cambridge Women, Twelve Portraits (Cambridge, 1996), 93 – 112, Janet Sondheimer. DNB/ODNB, Kathleen Major *PBA, 55, 1969, 293 - 310, C.R. Cheney. WWW, 6, 171. Times 12 Feb. 1968. Cameron, Rondo Emmet, 1926 – 2001 (Banking in the Early Stages of Industrialisation, 1967) CSN 16 : 1, Spring 2001, 14. IDBH, 36. WWE, 139. NL 24, May 2001, 31, R. Sylla. Enterprise & Society, 2002-3: 352, Larry Neal. CAO. Campbell, Bruce M.S., 1949. Campbell, Persia Crawford, 1898-1974 (Australian historian of Chinese Coolie Emigration, 1923) A.R. Wolfe, Persia Campbell: Portrait of a Consumer Activist, 1981. ANB, P.C. Taylor. NYT, 3 March 1974. Campbell, Roy Hutchison, 1927 Campbell-Kelly, Martin, 1945 (historian of computer industry and ICL, 1989) IDBH, 36. Canby, Courtlandt, 1914 (Dynamic America: A History of General Dynamics Corporation, 1960). CAO. Candilis, Wray O., 1927- (The Economy of Greece, 1944-1966: Efforts for Stability and Development, 1968). CAO. Cannadine, David Nicholas, 1950 (biographer of Mellon, 2006, and The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy, 1990. Coined the phrase, „Victorian values‟, in 1982) WW, 331. DPT, 314. NS, 61, 8 July 1982, p. 67, „Taking the Lid Off Victorian Values‟. Cannan, Edwin, 1861 – 1935 (an Oxford graduate in modern history, who became an economist, like Ashley, Gonner, and Hewins. Published the definitive edition of the Wealth of Nations, 1904. „A great deal that is true is not worth knowing‟, 1896) EcJ, 45, Jun. 1935, 385 – 398, A.L. Bowley, L. Robbins. Eco. New series. 2, Nov. 1935, 365 – 379, T.E. Gregory. Economic Record 13, 24 Jun. 1937, 1 – 21, C.R. Fay, DNB, L. Robbins. Times, 9 Apr. , 11 May 1935. ODNB, K. Tribe. JRSS 98 (1935), ii, 429.

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Cantrell, J(ohn) A(nthony), 1952 (James Nasmyth and the Bridgewater Foundry: A Study of Entrepreneurship in the Early Engineering Industry, 1985) CAO. Capie, Forrest H., 1940 (Monetary History of the UK, 1870-1982, 1985) IDBH, 37. CAO. Capistrano de Abreu, João, 1853-1927 (recognised the role of the frontier in the moulding of Brazil, 1889) Caracciolo, Alberto, 1926 DS. Cardenas, Enrique, 1954 (La Industrializacion Mexicana Durante La Gran Depresion, 1987). CAO. Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, 1931 KB, 176, C. Perez. Cardwell, Donald Stephen Lowell, 1919 – 1998 (Steam Power in the Eighteenth Century, 1963) TLS, 7 April 1966, 309. „Technology‟. British Journal for the History of Science 32 : 4, 1999, 485 – 488, J. Pickstone. CA, 101 (1981), 102. AWW, 111. Manchester Memoirs 136, 1997 – 1998, 151, L.J.R. Postle. CAO. Carlisle, Rodney P., 1936 (with Joan M. Zenzen, Supplying the Nuclear Arsenal: American Production-Reactors, 1942-1992, 1996). CAO. Carlos, Ann M., 1952 (historian of the Hudson‟s Bay Company, 1990) IDBH, 37. Carlson, Robert E(ugene), 1922 (The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project, 1821-1831, 1969). CAO. Carnevali, Francesca, 1964 Caron, François, 1931 (An Economic History of Modern France, 1979) WWF, 413. Carosso, Vincent Philip, 1922 – 1993 CANR, 48 (1995), 70. WWWA. NYT, 1 Jul. 1993. Business & Economic History 22 (1993), Mira Wilkins. Carpenter, Humphrey, 1946-2005 (The Seven Lives of John Murray: The Story of a Publishing Dynasty, 2008) Times, 6 Jan. 2005. Carpenter, Kenneth Edward, 1936 CA, 137 (1992), 56. Carr, Edward Hallett (Ted), 1892 – 1982 („was not a professional historian in any sense of the term that would be acceptable today‟, R.J. Evans, 2001. Devoted 33 years to his History of Soviet Russia, 1950-78, 14 intimidating vols, inc. six on the Planned Economy. The work covered the years 1917 to 1929 and remained „a reference work rather than a history‟, R. Pipes, 2003. „The peasant is the spoiled child of western historians‟, 1966) J. Haslam, The Vices of Integrity: E.H. Carr 1892-1982 (1999) C. Abramsky & Beryl J. Williams (eds.), Essays in Honour of E.H. Carr (1974), vii. CA, 108 (1983), 88. CANR, 14 (1985), 83. PBA, 69, 1983, 473 – 511, R.W. Davies. Times, 5 Nov. 1982. ODNB, J. Haslam. GEHW.

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Carreras, Albert, 1955 (historian of the Spanish economy in the 20th century, 1987, and editor of Historical Statistics of Spain, 19th and 20th Centuries, 1989) IDBH, 38. Carreras, Charles, 1941 (US Economic Penetration of Venezuela, 1895-1906, 1987) IDBH, 38. Carroll, Charles Francis, 1936- (The Timber Economy of Puritan New England, 1973). CAO. Carson, Robert, 1918-2006 (editor Roman Imperial Coinage, 10 vols) IND, 3 April 2006, R. Bland. TEL, 7 April. GDN, 18 April, J. Cribb. Carstairs, Andrew McLaren, 1914 – 1965 AWW, 114. Carter, Alice Clare Carter-Le Mesurier, 1909- (Getting, Spending and Investing in Early Modern Times: Essays on Dutch, English and Huguenot History, 1975) AWW, 114. Carter, Sir Charles Frederick, 1919 – 2002 („a cool, remote and rational Quaker economist‟, H.J. Perkin, 2002). CANR, 20 (1987), 95. WW, 344. AWW, 114. Carter, Francis W., 1938-2001 (historian of Ragusa and Prague) Journal of Historical Geography 27: 4 (Oct. 2001), r.a. French. Carter, Ian R., 1943 (historian of Scottish farm life, 1979, 1992) IDBH, 38. Carson, William Wallace, 1894?-1967 (historian of social and economic Reconstruction in North Carolina) Carus-Wilson, Eleanora Mary (Nora), 1897 – 1977 (first woman president of the Economic History Society, 1966-69) PBA, 68, 1982, 503 – 520, Marjorie Chibnall. DNB, P. Mathias. Times, 7 and 11 Feb. 1977. ODNB, P. Mathias. EcHR, 30 : 2, May 1977, iii-v, Joyce Youings. CAO. Casado Alonso, Hilario, 1954 (historian of the trade of Burgos, 1987) IDBH, 39. Cassandro, Michele, 1943 (Renaissance commerce and banking) Cassell, Gustav, 1866 – 1945 EcJ, 57, Dec. 1947, 532 – 542, A. Montgomery. WWW 4, 197. Times, 16 Jan. 1945. IDBH, 39. Cassis, Youssef, 1952 (historian of City finance, 1984. Finance and Financiers in European History, 1880-1960, 1992). IDBH, 39. Casson, Mark Christopher, 1945 (historian of entrepreneurship, business culture, and the economics of the multinational enterprise: compiler and author of introduction, The Hegemony of International Business, 1945-1970, 2000). CA 143 (1994), 74. CAO. IDBH, 40.

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Castaneda, Christopher James, 1959 (historian of natural gas, 1993) CA 145 (1995), 78. CAO. Castorina, Camille P., 1949 (historian of the free trade movement) Caunce, Stephen, 1951 PH, 30. Centner, Leon, 1919-2002 (historian of the French working class) Chafe, William H(enry), 1942 (The American Woman: Her Changing Social, Political, and Economic Roles, 1920-1970, 1972). CAO. Chaianov, Aleksandr Vasil’evich, 1888 – 1939, (a disciple of V.A. Kosinskii and the theorist of the peasant household economy, showing that small-scale farming was both socially desirable and economically viable, 1913). BDSU, 62. Chalklin, Christopher William, 1933 (The Provincial Towns of Georgian England … 1740-1820, 1974) PH, 34. AWW, 119. Challis, Christopher Edgar, 1939 (The Tudor Coinage, 1978) AWW, 119. Chaloner, William Henry, 1914 – 1987 (historian of Crewe, 1780-1923, 1950. „British trade unions have tended to be conservative upholders of sectional vested interests, practising various forms of proletarian apartheid‟, 1975). D.A. Farnie and W.O. Henderson, (eds.), Industry and Innovation, Selected Essays (1990), 5 – 12, B. Drewery and W.O. Henderson. LCAS, 85, 1988, 105 pp. CA, 122 (1988), 97. Times and TEL., 2 Jun. 1987, D.A. Farnie. IND., 9 Jun., N.B. Harte. GDN., 13 Jun. M.E. Rose. Chamberlain, John Rensselaer, 1903 – 1995 (The Enterprising Americans: A Business History of the US, 1963) ANB, R.E. Boomhower. CA, 57 – 60 (1976), 116. CA, 148 (1996), 83. NYT 13 April 1995. Chambers, Jonathan David, 1898 – 1970 (rejected the traditional association between enclosure and depopulation, 1953, and made Nottingham University a prolific seedbed for economic historians) E.L. Jones and G.E. Mingay, Land, Labour and Population in the Industrial Revolution. Essays Presented to J.D. Chambers (1967), iv-xvii. NBH, 231 – 251. Times, 15 and 24 Apr. 1970. CAO. RCR2, 2. Chandaman, Cecil Douglas, 1916 – 1998 (The English Pulic Revenue, 1660-1688, 1975) AWW, 120 Chandler, Alfred Du Pont, Jr., 1918-2007 (historian of the business corporation, of the multidivisional form of organisation and, above all, of the managerial revolution in the USA. Provided a richly detailed historical background to James Burnham‟s Managerial Revolution, 1941. Transformed the study of business history by undertaking the dispassionate analysis of the anatomy of business. Argued that the industrial revolution in the USA began in the coalfields of Pennsylvania in the 1830s rather than in the cotton mills of New England. Enunciated the maxim „strategy precedes structure‟, 1962, and focused on the creation of the decentralised multidivisional structure of the large corporation led by DuPont and General Motors from the 1920s as the key to business success. Won the Pulitzer Prize for history with the Visible Hand, 1977, revealing the relentless internalisation by managers of transactions hitherto undertaken by the market. Challenged the assumption of P. Sraffa, 1926, and E.H. Chamberlin, 1933 , that oligopolies were inherently inefficient, Scale and Scope, 1990. Has

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been more often cited by economists, management scientists, and sociologists than by economic historians.) IDBH, 40. KB, 195, Priscilla M. Roberts. OE, i, 387– 389, L. Hannah. CSN, 19 : 2, Fall 2004, 4 – 9. JoAnne Yates. CAO. NYT, 12 May 2007. IND, 21 May 2007, Barry Supple. Times, 30 May 2007. Economist, 19 May 2007. „In Memoriam; Alfred Chandler and the Soul of Business History‟, Enterprise & Society 9 (Sept. 2008), Christopher D. McKenna. Chandler, George, 1915 – 1992 (Four Centuries of Banking … Martins Bank Ltd, 1964-68, 2 vols) HSLC, 142, 1992, 226, N. Carrick. Chang, Ha-Joon, 1963 (Kicking Away the Ladder, 2002) Chang, Maria Hsia, 1950 (co-author Ideology and Development: Sun Yat-sen and the Economic History of Taiwan, 1981). CAO. Channon, Geoffrey, 1944 IDBH, 40. Chapelle, Howard I(rving), 1901-1975 (History of the American Sailing Ship, 1935). CAO. Chapman, Agatha Louise, 1907 – 1963 (Wages and Salaries in the UK, 1920-1938, 1952) DWE, 103, Judith A. Alexander. BDAE, P. Aitkin. Chapman, Stanley David, 1935 (historian of the cotton industry, merchant banking and mercantile enterprise) CANR, 9 (1983), 93. IDBH, 41. AWW, 122. TH, 34 : 1, May 2003, v-xix, Beverly Lemire, Sarah Levitt, Dawn Chappell. Chapman, Sir Sydney John, 1871 – 1951 (analysed the structure of the Lancashire cotton industry in terms of Marshallian economics, 1904, and established the pre-eminence of Manchester as a centre of higher commercial education. „The Chapman tradition in English economics will not quickly pass‟, GDN.) TH, 9, 1978, 83 – 89, D.A. Farnie. AK, 186 – 188, citing unpublished autobiography. DNB, E.R. Streat. PG. Times, 31 Aug. 1951. GDN, 31 Aug. ODNB, K. Tribe. MS, 71: 6 (Dec. 2003), 680-710, K. Tribe, „The Faculty of Commerce and Manchester Economics, 1903-44‟. Charanis, Peter, 1908 – 1985 CA, 37 – 40, (1979), 81. NYT, 27 Mar. 1985. Charles-Roux, Jules, 1841 – 1918 (historian of the Suez Canal, 1901, 2 vols) Charlesworth, Andrew, ? (An Atlas of Rural Protest … 1548-1900, 1983) Charlesworth, The Reverend Martin Percival, 1895 – 1950 (Trade Routes and Commerce of the Roman Empire, 1926) WWW, 4, 209. Times, 28 Oct., 2 & 9 Nov. 1950. Charlesworth, Neil, 1948-1986 (economic historian of India) C. Dewey (ed), The State and the Market (1988), xi-xviii, C.J. Dewey. Chartier, Roger, 1945 CA, 137, (1992), 64. Chassagne, Serge, 1941 (historian of the French cotton industry, 1991) IDBH, 41.

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Chaudhuri, Kirti Narayan, 1934 (multi-talented son of inimitable Nirad C. Chaudhuri, 18971999) KB, 198, W.T. Johnson. WW, 371. AWW, 122. Chaunu, Pierre, 1923 (an advocate of serial history, 1960. Seville and the Atlantic, 1504-1650, 195559, 12 vols) GEHW. Cheape, Charles Windsor, 1945 (Family Firm to Modern Multinational: Norton Company, a New England Enterprise, 1985). CANR, 28, (1990), 100. CAO. IDBH, 42. Checkland, Edith Olive (Anthony), 1920 – 2004 (historian of Anglo-Japanese relations, 1989) Times. 14 Sep. 2004. ODNB, A. Slaven. Checkland, Sydney George, 1916 – 1986 S.G. Checkland, Voices across the Water. An Anglo-Canadian Boyhood (Aberdeen, 1989). A. Slaven and D.H. Aldcroft (eds.), Business, Banking and Urban History. Essays in Honour of S.G. Checkland (1982). vii-xi, 233- 236, A.K. Cairncross and Olive Checkland. EcHR NS, 39 : 4, Nov. 1986, v, P.L. Payne. PBA, 73, 1987, 411 – 424, A.K. Cairncross. ODNB, A. Slaven. Times, 27 Mar. 1986. CAO. Cheminade, Jacques, 1941- (Regard sur la France républicaine, 1991) Chen, Nai-Ruenn, 1927 CAO.

(With Walter Galenson, The Chinese Economy under Communism, 1969).

Cheng, Chu-yuan, 1927 (Communist China's Economy, 1949-1962: Structural Changes and Crisis, 1963). CAO. Chernow, Ron, 1949 (biographer of J.D. Rockefeller) CA, 142 (1994), 69, Elizabeth Wenning. Times, 27 Mar. 1986. AWW, 123. Chevalier, François, 1914

(Land and Society in Colonial Mexico, 1963)

Chevalier, Jean-Joseph 1950 IDBH, 43.

(historian of French textiles)

Chevalier, Louis, 1911 – 2001 (identified „dangerous classes‟ of nineteenth-century Paris, 1958). CANR, 35 (1992), 95. Cheyney, Edward Potts, 1861 – 1947 (an apostle of „industrial democracy‟ and author of „easily the best short economic history of England … His short Industrial and Social History of England [1901, 1920] is from every point of view a masterpiece‟, Conyers Read, 1935). W.E. Lingelbach (ed.), Portrait of an Historian. Edward Potts Cheyney (Philadelphia, 1935). AHR, 52, Apr. 1947, 647. ANB, 4, 801, M. Rothberg. DAB, S4, 162, D.R. Gilbert. DLB, 47, 76 – 80, D.R. Gilbert. NYT, 2, Feb. 1947. GEHW. Chiba, Junichi, 1947 (historian of accounting) IDBH, 43. Chick, Martin, 1958 (Governments, Industries, and Markets, 1990) WWB, 78. Child, John, 1922 (with Ellic Howe, The Society of London Bookbinders, 1780-1951, 1952). CAO.

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Childe, Vere Gordon, 1892-1957 (postulated in 1934 the onset during the neolithic age of an urban revolution which, like the industrial revolution, had irreversibly transformed human history.). Sally Green, Prehistorian. A Biography of V. Gordon Childe (Bradford-on-Avon, 1981). D.R. Harris (ed.), The Archaeology of V. Gordon Childe. Contemporary Perspectives (Melbourne, 1994), 55 – 74, J. Mulvaney and L.S. Klein, „ “Another University Man Gone Wrong” : V. G. Childe, 1892 – 1922‟. Antiquity 32, 1958, 69 – 74, V.G. Childe, „Retrospect‟. NCB, 1147. PBA, 48, 1958, 305 – 312, S. Piggott. Times, 21, 23, 24, 25 and 31 Oct. 1957. ODNB, P. Gathercole. PAP 125 (1989), 151-84, A. Sherratt, „V. Gordon Childe: Archaeology and Intellectual History‟. Childs, William R., 1951 (historian of federal regulation of transportation, 1985, 1991) IDBH, 44. Chilver, Guy (Edward Farquhar), 1910-1982 (Cisalpine Gaul: Social and Economic History From 49 B.C. to the Death of Trajan, 1941, reprinted, 1975). CAO. Chilvers, Hedley Arthur, 1879 – 1941 (The Story of De Beers, 1939) DSAB, 1, 167, F.R. Metrowich. Chinweizu, 1943 (The West and the Rest of Us, 1975) Chirovsky, Nicholas L., 1919 CAO.

(Old Ukraine: Its Socio-Economic History Prior to 1781, 1963).

Chittenden, Hiram Martin, 1858 – 1917 (a civil engineer and historian of the fur trade, 1902). G.B. Dodds, Hiram Martin Chittenden : His Public Career (Lexington, 1973). B. Le Roy, H.M. Chittenden : a Western Epic (Tacoma, 1961). ANB, G.B. Dodds. DLB, 47, 81 – 85, G.B. Dodds. DAB, 4, 77, W.J. Gent. NYT, 10 October 1917. Chomsky, Aviva, 1957 (West Indian Workers and the United Fruit Company in Costa Rica, 18701940, 1996). CAO. Chorley, Katharine Campbell (Hopkinson), 1897 – 1986 (Manchester Made Them, 1950) CA, 120 (1987), 78. Times, 9 Oct. 1986. Christian, William, 1945 (editor Idea File of Harold Adams Innis, 1980) CAO. Christmann, Eckhard, 1934 VGW, 354. Choudhury, Sadananda, 1935 (Economic History of Colonialism: A Study of British Salt Policy in Orissa, 1979) Church, Roy Anthony, 1935 (Victorian Nottingham, 1815-1900, 1966; with E.M. Tansey, Burroughs Wellcome & Co … 1880-1940, 2007) CA, 124, (1988), 83. AWW, 128. Churelia, Albert John, 1964 (From Steam to Diesel: Managerial Customs and Organizational Capabilities in the Twentieth-Century American Locomotive Industry, 1998). IDBH, 45.CAO. Ciocca, Pierluigi, 1941

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Cipolla, Carlo Maria, 1922 – 2000 (specialist in Italy‟s golden age, 12000-1600, and editor of Fontana Economic History of Europe, 1973-76) JEEH, 30 : 1, Spring 2001, 205 – 208, D. Sella. CANR, 39 (1992), 68. KB, 230, Kathleen Comerford. NL 23, Feb. 2001, 26 – 29, G. Toniolo. Cissé, Daniel Amara ,1933- (Histoire économique de l'Afrique noire : [des origines à 1794]) Cizakca, Murat, 1946 (historian of the Bursa silk trade, 1980) IDBH, 45. Clain-Stefanelli, Vladimir, 1914-1982 (with wife, Elvira Clain-Stefanelli, The Beauty and Lore of Coins, Currency, and Medals, 1974). CAO. Clapham, Sir John Harold, 1873 – 1946 (Honest John, with „an anti-Marxist-bias‟, GSE, 12, 92 and „author of that rarest of products of history in interwar Cambridge, a major work on a major topic‟ E.J. Hobsbawm, 2002. Emphasised the quantitative nature of economic history. „It is the kind of history which leaves you with the feeling that nothing has ever happened‟, L.T. Hobhouse, 1927.) J. Saltmarsh, John Harold Clapham, 1873 – 1946. A Memoir (Cambridge, 1949). Cambridge Historical Journal 8 : 3, 1946, 115 – 116, 205 – 206, H. Butterfield. King‟s College Alpine Journal, Nov, 1946, A.C. Pigou. NBH, 55 – 70. APU, 147 – 155, W.H.B. Court, reprinted in WHB, 140 - 150. History Today 39, Apr. 1989, 42 – 47, R. Floud, „Words not Numbers : John Harold Clapham‟. AHR, 51, Jul. 1946, 796. AK, 223 – 239, 291 – 292, A. Kadish. PBA 32, 1946, 339 – 352, G.N. Clark. DNB, G.N. Clark. EcHR, 16 : 1, 1946, M.M. Postan. EcJ, 56, Sep. 1946, 499 – 507, G.M. Trevelyan, reprinted in G.M. Trevelyan, An Autobiography (1949), 213 – 221. IESS, 2, 502, P. Mathias. NCB, 1151. PG. Journal of Political Economy 40, 1932, 186, A.P.Usher, „The Application of the Quantitative Method to Economic History‟. JEcH, 11 : 2, 1951, 148 – 153, A. P. Usher, „Sir John Howard Clapham and the Empirical Reaction in Economic History‟. Times, 6 Jan. 1928, 30 Mar. 1946. ODNB, M. Daunton. RCR2, 2-3. GEBK. Clapp, Brian W., 1927 (An Environmental History of Britain, 1994) WWB, 82. AWW, 129. Clarence-Smith, William Gervase, 1948 (Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765-1914, 2000) Clark, Alice, 1874 – 1934 (author of pioneering work, 1919, which became a classic) Alice Clark, The Working Life of Women in the Seventeenth Century (1919, 1982 with Introduction by Jane Lewis and Miranda Chaytor; 1992, with Introduction by Amy Louise Erickson). KB, 233, Amy L. Erickson. *MB. Alice Clark of C. & J. Clark Ltd., Street, Somerset, 1874 – 1934 (Oxford, 1934). Clark, Andrew Hill, 1911-1975 (economic historian of maritime Canada) CAO. Clark, Charles Manning Hope, 1915-1991 (a notable contributor to Australian Anglophobia in his History of Australia, 1962-87, 6 vols) AHD, 77, S. Holt. C.M.H. Clark, The Puzzles of Childhood (Ringwood, 1989); The Quest for Grace (Ringwood, 1990).GEHW. Clark, Charles Michael Andres, 1960- (editor, Economic Tradition in Historical Perspective: Lessons from the History of Economics, 2001). CAO. Clark, Colin Grant, 1905 – 1989 (applied the three-stage theory of A.G.B. Fisher, 1933, based upon the distribution of resources between sectors, to economic history, 1938. Transformed that stage theory into an itinerary of economic progress. Asserted that falling real income reduced English factory workers in the early nineteenth century „to an Asiatic standard‟ of living, a claim omitted in 1951)

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D.S. Ironmonger, J.D.N. Perkins and T. Van Hoa (eds.), National Income and Economic Progress : Essays in Honour of Colin Clark (1988). DNB, G.H. Peters. IESS, 121 – 124, H.W. Arndt Times, 5 Sep. 1989. ODNB, G.H. Peters. Clark, Sir George Norman (James), 1890 – 1979 („Clark was magisterial. The doors of his lecture room were locked when he entered on the stroke of ten and were kept locked until he was done‟, W. Woodruff, 1936). PBA, 66, 1980, 407 – 426, G. Parker. AHR, 85: 2, 1980, 1050, R. Howell Jr. NBH, 71 – 86. NCB 1151, ALR, 20 – 24, A.L. Rowse. CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 121. ODNB, Anne Whiteman. Times, 19 Nov. 1979. WKP. Clark, Gregory, 1957 (American economic historian and critic of the neo-institutionalists. „The modern population of the English is largely descended from the economic upper classes of the Middle Ages‟. A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World, 2007) NYT, 7 Aug. 2007, N. Wade. Clark, Grover, 1892 – 1938 (The Balance Sheets of Imperialism, 1936) AHR, 44, Oct. 1938, 233. Clark, Ira G(ranville) (Jr.), 1909 (Then Came the Railroads: The Century From Steam to Diesel in the Southwest, 1958). CAO. Clark, John Bates, 1847-1938 (economist and director of the Carnegie Social and Economic History of the World War, 1935). ANB*, D. Dewey. EcJ, September 1938. Clark, John Garretson, 1932 (the historian of the grain trade of the Old Northwest, 1965, and of New Orleans, 1970). CA 17-20 (1976), 143. CAO. Clark, John Grahame Douglas, 1907 – 1995 (Economic Prehistory, 1989) PBA, 94, 1996, 357 – 390, J. Coles. CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 122. Clark, Neil McCullough, 1890-1980 (John Kedder Rhodes) (historian of John Deere steel plough 1837-1937) CA 528 (1969). Clark Papers, University of New Mexico. Clark, Samuel Delbert, 1910-2003 (Canadian Society in Historical Perspective, 1976) CANR, 11 (1984), 138. Clark, Thomas Dionysious, 1903-2005 (historian of The Southern Country Store, 1944) CANR, 4 (1981), 138. AHAP, Oct. 2005, E.M. Coffman. Clark, Victor Selden, 1868 – 1946 (History of Manufactures in the US, 1607-1928, 1929, 3 vols) AHC, 27. AHR, 51, Jul. 1946, 797. Clarke, Claudia Jane, 1953 – 2002 („Accomplished much in a short career … but she should have had more time‟. Macleod, 2003. Radium Girls: Women and Industrial Health Reform,19101935, 1997) Organization of American Historians Newsletter, Aug. 2003, David I. Macleod. Clarke, Peter Frederick, 1942 CA, 73 – 76 (1978), 122. AWW, 132. WW, 393. Clarkson, Jesse Dunsmore, 1897 – 1973 AHR, 80 : 1, Feb. 1975, 208, H. Rosenberg. Clarkson, Leslie Albert, 1933 CA, 73 – 76 (1978) 123. AWW, 132.

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Clay, Christopher George A., 1940 (financial historian) IDBH, 46. AWW, 132. CA, 128 (1990), 83. Clay, Sir Henry, 1883 – 1954 (advocate of industrial rationalisation and defender of M. Norman‟s return to the gold standard at the pre-war rate in 1925. Editor, Manchester at Work, 1929) ODNB, J.Jewkes, R. Middleton. Times, 2 Aug. 1954. JRSS 117 (1954), iv, 500-1. BDAE, R. Middleton. Clegg, Hugh Armstrong, 1920 – 1995 (leader of „the New Oxford Group, which included H. Flanders, A. Fox, and A. Marsh, and was financed in the 1960s by the Leverhulme Trust to undertake research into industrial relations) LHR, 60 : 3, Winter 1995, 105. WW, 1994, 370. Times, 13 Dec. 1995. ODNB, A.F. Thompson. Cleland, Robert Glass, 1885 – 1957 AHR, 62, Jan. 1958, 562. Clemence, Richard Vernon, 1910-1982 CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 182. CAO. Clemente, Eloy Fernández, 1942 (economic historian of Greece, 1900-30, 1995) Cleveland, Harold van Buren, 1916 – 1993 CANR, 13 (1984), 112. CA, 140 (1993), 85, NYT, 13 Mar. 1993. Clough, Shepard Bancroft (Shep), 1901 – 1990 (The Economic History of Europe, 1941, with C.W. Cole) S.B. Clough, The Life I‟ve Lived. The Formation Career and Retirement of an Historian (Washington, D.C., 1981). Dartmouth College Library, S.B. Clough Papers. AHC, 27. CANR, 4 (1981), 141. CA, 131 (1991), 113. JEEH, 21: 2, Summer 1992, 389. NYT, 9 Jun. 1990 Clower, Robert Wayne, 1926 CA, 89 – 92 (1980), 102. Coats, Alfred William (Bob) 1924-2007 A.W. Coats, On the History of Economic Thought, British and American Economic Essays (1992), 1, 1 – 26, „First kick up a dust…‟ Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 18 : 2, Fall 1996, 250 – 270, „Memoirs of an Economist Watcher‟. NBH, 329 – 348. AWW, 135. Coats, Robert Hamilton, 1874-1960 (founder of Canada‟s Bureau of Statistics, 1916. Wholesale Prices in Canada, 1890-1909, 1912; History of the Labor Movement in Canada, 1937) BDAE, P. Aitken. Coatsworth, John Henry, 1940 CA, 148 (1996), 89. Coben, Stanley, 1929 (Editor with Forest G. Hill, American Economic History: Essays in Interpretation, 1966) CAO. Cochet, François, 1954- (Histoire et économie des sociétés contemporaines. 1, Prémices et enracinements économiques: Classes préparatoires commerciales, premier cycle universitaire, 1990)

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Cochran, Thomas C. 1902 – 1999 (Railroad Leaders, 1845-90, 1953) AHC, 28. DLB, 17, 109 – 116, S.P. Gietschier. IESS, 127, G. Porter. NYT, 15 May 1999. AHAP, Nov. 1999. NYT, 15 May 1999. Cockerell, Hugh Anthony Lewis, 1909 – 1996 (historian of Lloyds of London and of the insurance industry, 1547-1970, 1976) CAP, 1 (1975), 133. Times, 26 Apr. 1996. Coghlan, Sir Thomas Augustine, 1855 – 1926 (Labour and industry in Australia from the first settlement in 1788 to the establishment of the Commonwealth in 1901, 1919, 4 vols.) AHD, 83. Cognetti De Martiis, Salvatore, 1844 – 1901 EcJ 11, 1901, 454, A. Loria. ESS, 3, 620, P. Jannacone. Cohen, Daniel, 1953- (La mondialisation et ses ennemis, 2004) Cohen, Henry, 1933- (Business and Politics in America from the Age of Jackson to the Civul War, 1971). CAO. Cohen, Lizabeth Ann, 1952 (Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919-1939, 1990). CAO. Cohen, Robin, 1944 (editor with P. Gutkind, African Labor History, 1978). CAO. Cohn, Gustav, 1840 – 1919 (Untersuchung über die Englische Eisenbahnpolitik, 1874-83, 3 vols) DPE, 2, 840, E.L. Hargreaves. EcJ, 29, 1919, 511, M. Epstein. ESS, 3, 621, E.R.A. Seligman. Cohn, Samuel Kline, 1949 CANR, 52 (1996), 98. Cole, Arthur Harrison, 1889 – 1974 (The American Wool Manufacture, 1926, 2 vols; co-author, Fluctuations in American Business, 1790-1860, 1935. Launched the Harvard Research Center in Entrepreneurial History with Schumpeter, 1948) AHC, 30. BHR, 1975, T.C. Cochran. Cole, Charles Woolsey, 1906 – 1978 (Colbert and a Century of French Mercantalism, 1939, 2 vols) ANB, Theo P. Greene. BD, 2, 282. CA, 77 – 80 (1979), 94. CANR, 22 (1988), 81. NYT, 8 Feb. 1978. Cole, George Douglas Howard, 1889 – 1959 (a passionate syndicalist, who became „a Bolshevik soul in a Fabian muzzle‟, M. Reckitt: the theorist of „guild socialism‟, 1921. „I felt that he was not as happy with people as he was with books‟ W. Woodruff, 1936. A pioneer of labour history to whom the Dictionary of Labour Biography was dedicated in 1972. The Bodleian Library lists 251 titles under his name) Margaret I. Cole, The Life of G.D.H. Cole (1971). L.P. Carpenter, G.D.H. Cole (1973) A.W. Wright, G.D.H. Cole and Socialist Democracy (1979). A. Briggs & J. Saville (eds.), Essays in Labour History. In Memory of G.D.H. Cole 25 September 1889 – 14 January 1959 (1960, revised 1967), 3 – 40, I. Brown, H. Gaitskell, S.K. Bailey, G.D.N. Worswick. DNB, A. Briggs. International Review of Social History, 11, 1966, 169 – 196, Gail L. Owen, „G.D.H. Cole‟s Historical Writings‟. Labour Monthly 41, Feb. 1959, 66 – 70, R. Page Arnot. Listener 64, 20, Oct. 1960, 671, A. Briggs. NCB, 1152.ODNB, M. Stears. CAO. LG, 147-51, 180-3.

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Cole, Dame Margaret Isabel Postgate 1893 – 1980 (biographer of the Webbs, 1949) Margaret I. Cole, Growing Up into Revolution (1949). Betty D. Vernon, Margaret Cole 1893 – 1980. A Political Biography. (1986). DNB, J. Saville. ODNB, M. Stears. DWE, 107 – 109, G. Becchio. Times, 8 May 1980. Cole, William Alan (Max), 1926 (the Quaker co-author of the landmark work, British Economic Growth, 1688-1959, 1962) CSN, 13 : 2, Jul. 1998, 3 – 6, 21 – 22, A.J.H. Latham. NBH, 349 – 365. LCW. Coleman, Donald Cuthbert, 1920 – 1995 (the scourge of such intellectual red herrings as „industrial revolution‟, 1966 „mercantilism‟ 1969 and „proto-industrialization‟ 1983, who „became disillusioned with the lack of leadership and downright incompetence of his mentor‟ at the LSE). N. McKendrick and R.B. Outhwaite (eds.), Business Life and Public Policy, Essays in Honour of D.C. Coleman (1986), vii – xiii. CA, 13 – 16 (1975), 171. WW, 1994, 387. IND, 9 Sep. 1995, N. B. Harte. Times, 6 Sep. 1995. ODNB, P. Mathias. *PBA, 115 (2002), 169-91, P. Mathias and F.M.L. Thompson. Coleman, Olive, 1928 AWW, 139. Coleman, Peter J. 1926-2004 (Debtors and Creditors in America … 1607-1900, 1974) AHAP Oct. 2004, R.M. Fried. Coleman, Terry, 1931 CANR, 58 (1997), 93 - 95. Coll, Sebastián, 1953 (historian of the Spanish coal industry, 1987) IDBH, 47. Collet, Clara Elizabeth, 1860 – 1948 Deborah McDonald, Clara Collett, 1860-1948 (2004) DWE, 109 – 115, P. Groenewegen. EcJ, 60, Jun. 1950, 408, A.L. Bowley. WWW, 4, 236. Times, 5 Aug. 1948. JRSS 111 (1948), iii, 252-4. Collette, Christine, 1947 (For Labour and for Women: The Women‟s Labour League, 1906-1918, 1989). CAO. Collier, Frances, 1889 – 1962 Frances Collier, The Family Economy of the Working Classes in the Cotton Industry, 1784 – 1833, edited by R.S. Fitton (Manchester, 1965), v – viii, T.S. Ashton. Collins, Brenda 1949 Collins, Edward John E. (Ted), ? (The Economy of Upland Britain 1750-1950, 1978) Collins, Henry, 1917 – 1969 (with H. J. Fyrth, The Foundry Workers: A Trade Union History, Amalgamated Union of Foundry Workers, 1959). SLH, 20, Spring 1970, 9, H.J. Fyrth. CAO. Collins, Michael, 1946 (historian of British banking) WWB, 89. Collins, Theresa M., 1955 (editor of the Edison papers, 1994) IDBH, 47.

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Collison, Koder M(acklin), 1910-1979 (Ohio: Its Develoment and Its Developers: An Overview of the State‟s Economic History and Programs and Activities for Promoting the Economic WellBeing of Ohio, 1977). CAO. Colmeiro, Manuel, 1818 – 1894 (historian of political economy in Spain, 1863, and of Spanish economists, 1500-1800, 1880) ESS, 3, 638, Fernando de los Rios. GEHW. Coman, Katherine, 1857 – 1915 (author of Economic Beginnings of the Far West, 1912, 2 vols). AHC, 30. *ANB, Marilyn E. Perry. DWE, 115, R.L. Bartlett. BDAE, Katherine Norley. Comin Comin, Francisco, 1952 (historian of public enterprise in Spain, 1991) IDBH, 48. Commons, John Rogers, 1862 – 1945 (the founder of institutional economics, together with Veblen and Mitchell, and the creator of the Wisconsin school of industrial history, identifying the economic factor as the determinant of the development of the labour movement. Compiled „a history of industrial democracy in the US‟. History of Labor in the United States, 1918-35, 4 vols. A Documentary History of American Industrial Society, 1910-11, 10 vols) J.R. Commons, Myself (New York, 1934). L.G. Harter, John R. Commons: His Assault on Laissez-Faire (Corvallis, Oregon State University Press, 1962) AHC, 31. ANB, 5, 294, H.M. Gitelman. BDAE, S. Rudman. BDDE, Y. Ramstad. IESS, J. Dorfman. GEBK. KB, 241, D.R. Palm. NYT, 13 May 1945. Concato, Francis, 1949 (historian of textiles of north-west France) IDBH, 48. Condliffe, John Bell, 1891 – 1981 (New Zealand in the Making, 1930. The Commerce of Nations, 1951). CAP, 1, (1975), 137. CA, 106 (1982), 117. IBAE, 110-117, R.W. Boshier. BDAE, D.C. Lewis. NYT., 26 Dec. 1981. Condon, Mary (Maire) D., 1916 – 1971 AHR, 79 : 1, Feb. 1974, 263, L.P. Curtis, Jr. Condrau, Flurin, 1965 VGW, 354. Conlin, Joseph Robert, 1940 (Bread and Roses, Too: Studies of the Wobblies, edited by Stanley I. Kutler, 1970). CAO. Connell, Kenneth Hugh, 1917 – 1973 (The Population of Ireland, 1750-1845, 1950) J.M. Goldstrom and L.A. Clarkson (eds.), Irish Population, Economy and Society, Essays in Honour of the Late K.H. Connell (Oxford, 1981), v – vi, 308, J.M. Goldstrom, M. Daly, reprinted from IESH, 1, 1974, 7 – 13, R.M. Hartwell. AWW, 1973 – 1974, 96. Times, 16 Oct. 1973. CAO. Connolly, Philomena, 1947-2002 (historian of the Dublin Guild Merchant, 1992) Conrad, Alfred H., 1924-1970 (historian of economics of slavery in ante-bellum South) NYT, 20 Oct. 1970 Conrad, David Eugene, 1928 (The Forgotten Farmers: The Story of Sharecroppers in the New Deal, 1965). CAO.

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Conroy, Thomas Francis, 1935- (editor, Markets of the United States for Business Planners: Historical and Current Profiles of 183 United States Urban Economies by Major Sector and Industry with Maps, Graphics, and Commentary, 2 vols, 1992, 2nd edn, 1994). CAO. Constant, Edward W. II, 1943 (Origins of the Turbojet Revolution, 1980) IDBH, 49. Contamine, Philippe, 1932 WWF, 521. Conze, Werner, 1910 – 1986 (pioneer of modern German social historiography and historian of agriculture in Lithuania and White Russia, 1934)) KB, 251, B. Stucktey, VSWG, 73, 1986, 153 – 157, W. Zorn. DGB. Cook, Michael Allan, 1940 AWW, 143. Cookson, Gillian, 1952 (historian of Yorkshire textile engineering) Cooney, Edmund W. („Ed‟), 1925 ? – 1995 ? („Long Waves in Building in the … 19th Century‟, 1960) B. Rogers, The Last Englishman. The Life of J.L. Carr (2003), 128. Cooper, John Phillips, 1920 – 1978 (Ally of Trevor-Roper in his criticism of Tawney, 1953) G.E. Aylmer and J.S. Morrill (eds.), Land, Men and Beliefs. Studies in Early Modern History (1983), ix – xviii. Times, 22 Apr. 1978. Coopersmith, Jonathan C., 1955 (The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926, 1992) IDBH, 49. Coopey, Richard, 1951 (historian of information technology, 1993; with T.Tvedt, Water in History: Ownership and Control, 2006) IDBH, 49. Cootner, Paul Harold, 1930 CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 185. Copeland, Melvin Thomas, 1884 – 1975 (The Cotton Manufacturing Industry of the US, 1912) WWWA, 6, 90. WWWA, 7, 125. NYT, 29 Mar. 1975 Copland, Sir Douglas Berry, 1894 – 1971 AHD, 94. Coquéry-Vidrovitch, Catherine, 1935 (Marxist historian of the Congo, 1898-1930, 1972) KB, 253, Toyin Falola and J.E. Tishken. Corbino, Epicarmo, 1890 – 1984 DS. Corey, Lewis (Louis Fruina), 1894 – 1947, („the first American Bolshevik‟, Lenin). DNM, 1, 103, R. Klehr. Corfield, Penelope Jane, 1944 (The Impact of English Towns, 1700-1800, 1982) AWW, 146. Corke, Helen, 1882-1978 (A Short Course in Economic History from the XVIIth Century to the Present Day, 2nd edition, 1935). CAO.

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Corley, Thomas Anthony Buchanan (Tony), 1923 (historian of Huntley & Palmer, 1822-72, 1972, and Beechams) IDBH, 50. WWB, 95. AWW, 146 Corm, Georges, 1940- (Le nouveau désordre économique mondial: aux racines des échecs du développement, 1993) Corn, Joseph J., 1938 (editor, Imagining Tomorrow: History, Technology, and the American Future, 1986). CAO. Cornet, René-Jules, 1899 – 1976. Cortada, James W(illiam), 1946 (Before the Computer: IBM, NCR, Burroughs, and Remington Rand and the Industry They Created, 1865-1956, 1993). CAO. Corti, Egon Caesar, conte, 1886 – 1953 (a freelance popular historian. Rothschild, 1770-1850, 1927) DGB. Cossons, Sir Neil, 1939 (the first director of the Ironbridge Gorge Museum, 1971, and director of National Museum of Science & Industry, 1986. Publicised Coalbrookdale as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution with the slogan „It all started here‟.) WW, 448. Recorder. The University of Liverpool Alumni Magazine 119, Oct. 1999, 7 – 10, M. Kenward. Costa, Dora L., 1964 (The Evolution of Retirement: An American Economic History, 1880-1990, 1998) Costantino, Costanza, 1913 – 1992 DWE, 118, Magda Fontana. Cottrell, Philip L., 1944 (Industrial Finance, 1830-1914, 1980) Court, William Henry Bassano (Harry), 1904 – 1971 (identified Unwin, Tawney and Clapham as the three founders of academic economic history in Great Britain, 1948; the first president of the Economic History Society from outside the „Golden Triangle‟, 1980-83. Coal, 1951, CHWW). W.H.B. Court, Scarcity and Choice in History (1970), 1 – 61, „Growing Up in an Age of Anxiety‟ [1904 – 1939]. PBA, 68, 1982, 521 – 536, P.J. Cain. AHR, 78 : 1, Jun. 1973, 758, D. Wightman. EcHR, NS, 25 : 1, Feb. 1972, v, S.B. Saul. Times, 6 Oct. 1971. CAO. Coveney, Peter James, 1924 AWW, 150. Cowan, Charles Donald Jeremy, 1923 (The Economic Development of South-East Asia, 1964) AWW, 150. WW, 454. CAO. Cowie, Leonard W(allace), 1919 (Industrial Evolution: 1750 to the Present Day, 1970). CAO. Cox, Howard, 1954 (The Growth of Global Business, 1993) IDBH, 50. Cox, Thomas R(ichard), 1933 (Mills and Markets: A History of the Pacific Coast Lumber Industry to 1900, 1974). CAO.

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Coyajee, Jahangir Cooverjee, 1875 – 1943 EcJ, 53, Dec. 1943, 453 – 456, Atul Chatterjee. Crafts, Nicholas Francis Robert, 1949 (Britain‟s leading cliometrician. Modified and corrected the conclusions of most other major historians, removing the basis for all interpretations of political history founded upon the belief in a social and economic revolution between 1760 and 1830, 1985) WW, 461. Craig, Lee Allen, 1960 (To Sow One Acre More: Childbearing and Farm Productivity in the Antebellum North, 1993). CA, 159 (1998), 81. Craig, Robert Stewart, 1924 AWW, 153. Craig, Robin, 1924 (historian of shipping) Craton, Michael John, 1931 CA, 41 – 44, (1979), 158. Craven, Avery (Odelle), 1885 – 1980 (Soil Exhaustion as a Factor in the Agricultural History of Virginia and Maryland, 1606-1860, 1926). CAO. DLB, 17, 126 – 131, J.D. Smith. Crawford, Sir John G., 1910-1984 (Australian Trade Policy 1942-1966, 1968) Crawford, M. H., 1939 (historian of Roman coinage, 1985) WW 466. Crawford, William Henry, 1932 P.J. Ollerenshaw, Brenda Collins, T. Parkill (eds.), Industry, Trade and People in Ireland, 1650-1950. Essays in Honour of W. H. Crawford, 2005) Creighton, Donald Grant, 1902 – 1979 (focused on the St Lawrence as the backbone of Canada. The Commercial Empire of the St Lawrence, 1760-1850, 1937) J.S. Moir, (ed.), Character and Circumstance. Essays in Honour of D.G. Creighton (Toronto, 1970), 1- 7. KB, 258, J.F. Vance. GEHW. Crisp, Olga, 1921 (historian of Russian economic life) AWW, 157 Crompton, Gerald W., 1941 (Trade Unions in the Victorian Age, 1973, 4 vols) IDBH, 50. Cronon, William John, 1954 (Nature‟s Metropolis. Chicago and the Great West, 1991)) CA, 111 (1984), 125. WJ, 213 – 217. Crook, Joseph Mordaunt, 1937 (The Rise of the Noveaux Riches: Style and Status in Victorian and Edwardian Architecture, 1999) CA 41-44 (1979), 160. AWW, 157. WW, 474. Croome, Honor Minturn, 1908-?

(author of 1947 textbook with R.J. Hammond)

Crosby, Alfred W. Jr., 1931 (Ecological Imperialism, 1986). CANR, 68 (1998). Cross, Gary Scott, 1946 CA, 115, (1985), 116.

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Crossley, David Wyatt, 1938 (Iron Industry of the Weald, 1985) Crouzet, François Marie-Joseph, 1922 („A French francophobe anglophile‟, R. Cameron, 1986. Developed the comparative study of Anglo-French economic history to its fullest extent. Britain Ascendant, 1990) CANR, 42 (1994), 106. IDBH, 51. PH, 46. WWF, 551. Cuff, Robert Dennis, 1941-2001 (The War Industries Board, 1973) CA 109 (1983), 97. AHAP, Mar. 2002, Marlene Shore. BHR (2002?), N. Thompson and T.K. McGraw. Cullen, Louis Michael, 1932 (Economic History of Ireland since 1660, 1972, the first such survey since the nationalist history of O‟Brien in 1919) D. Dickson and C.O‟Grada (eds), Refiguring Ireland: Essays in Honour of L.M. Cullen, 2003. PH, 50. AWW, 161. GEHW. Culme, John, 1946 (The Directory of Gold- and Silversmiths, Jewellers, and Allied Trades, 1987, 2 vols). Cumberland, Charles C(urtis), 1914-1970 CAO.

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(The Enclosure and Redistribution of Our Land,

Cusumano, Michael A., 1954 (The Japanese Automobile Industry, 1985) CA 125 (1989), 80.

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Daito, Eisuke, 1940 IDBH, 51.

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Commerce at Manchester University for seventeen years, 1921-37. The Early English Cotton Industry, 1920) MS 9, 1938, 67 – 77, S.J. Chapman, H. Clay and Frances Collier. EcJ, 48, Mar. 1938, 150 – 153, J. Jewkes. GDN, 18 Dec. 1937. Danielson, Nikolay Frantsevich, 1844 – 1918 (the translator of Das Kapital into Russian, 1872, 1885, 1896). ESS, 4, 707, P. Struve. GSE, 7, 97. Danilov, Aleksandr Ivanovich, 1916 GSE, 7, 100. Danilov, Viktor Petrovich, 1925-2004 (historian of the Soviet peasantry) Kritika, 5: 3, 2004, 633-39. Dao-Dang, T. Giao,1943- (Le libéralisme économique : histoire et analyse des économies et des sociétés contemporaines, 1991) Darby, Henry Clifford, 1909 – 1992 (Historical Geography of England before AD 1800, 1936) PBA, 87, 1994, 289 – 308, M. Williams. Times, 17 April 1992.ODNB, M. Williams. D’Arms, John H., 1934-2002 (author of Commerce and Social Standing in Ancient Rome) University Record (Michigan), 28 Jan. 2002. Darnton, Robert Choate, 1939 („I think the Enlightenment is the age when this animal that we call the intellectual was born‟ 1996). NH, 158 – 183. CA, 116 (1986), 101 – 108, Lori R. Clements, W.W. Ross. Darroch, James L., 1951 (historian of Canadian banks, 1993) IDBH, 52. Darvall, Frank Ongley, ? (Popular Disturbances and Public Order in Regency England, 1934) Das, Dipakranjan, 1939 (Economic history of the Deccan, from the First to the Sixth Century A.D., 1967) Das Gupta, Ashin, 1932 – 1998 JESH, 43, 2000, 1 – 22. D.A. Washbrook, P.J. Marshall, C.A. Bayly, K.N. Chaudhuri. Datini, Francesco,1335?-1410 (Comptes du sel: Libro di ragione e conto di salle, 1969) Datta, Kalikinkar, 1905-1982 (historian of 18th century Bengal, 1936) BPD, R. Basu. Daubié, Julie-Victoire, 1824 – 1874 DWE, 125, Christine Ivory. DBF, 10, 247, J. Richardot. Daunton, Martin James, 1949 (Coal Metropolis: Cardiff 1870-1914, 1977) CANR, 52 (1996), 107. WW , 502. Davenport-Hines, Richard Peter Treadwell, 1953 (prize-winning biographer of business leaders. Dudley Docker, 1984) CA, 134 (1992), 130. David, Paul Allan, 1935 (the apparent stability of any economic system is subject to background conditions, i.e. path dependence, that ultimately shift, 1975) CA, 97 – 100 (1981), 131, WWE, 201. LCW. Davids, Karel, ? (historian of the Dutch economy in the Golden Age, 1993)

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Davidsohn, Robert, 1853 – 1937 AHR, 43, Jan. 1938, 481. Davidson, John, 1869-1905 (Canadian historian of colonial trade policy, 1900: The Scottish Staple at Veere, 1909) EcJ 15, 1905, 454. Davies, Glyn, 1919 – 2003 (A History of Money, 1994, revised 1996) GDN, 28 Feb. 2003. CAO. Davies, Margaret Gay, 1902-1989 (the historian of English apprenticeship, 1956) AHAP, Apr. 1990. Davies, Peter Neville, 1927 (historian of the Bridge on the River Kwai, 1991, as well as Liverpool‟s shipping lines) R. Lewis and R. Fischer (eds.), From Wheel House to Counting House : Essays in Maritime History in Honour of Professor Peter N. Davies (St. John‟s, Newfoundland, 1992). IJMH (2005), P.N. Davies, „The Liverpool School of Maritime History‟. IDBH, 52. AWW, 172. Davies, Robert William (Bob), 1925 (The Socialist Offensive. The Collectivisation of Soviet Agriculture, 1929-30, 1980. Also co-author with E.H. Carr, 6 vols, Planned Economy of Soviet Russia ) WWB, 114. AWW, 173 Davis, Donald F., 1947 (historian of the Detroit automobile industry, 1988) IDBH, 53. Davis, Horace Bancroft, 1898-1999 (Nationalism & Socialism: Marxist and Labor Theories of Nationalism to 1917, 1967). CAO. Davis, John Patterson, 1862-1903 (historian of the Union Pacific Railroad, 1894, and of American corporations, 1905, 2 vols.) Davis, Joseph Stancliffe, 1885-1975 (historian of American corporations, 1917) AHC, 31. CAO. Davis, Katherine Bement, 1860 – 1935 (identified links between poverty and crime) DWE, 131, Claire H. Hammond. BDAE, Katherine Norley. Davis, Kingsley, 1908 – 1997 (identified the demographic transition, 1945). CANR, 8 (1983)0, 136. NYT, 5 Mar. 1997. Davis, Lance Edwin, 1928 (coined the phrase „the New Economic History‟ in 1961) CA, 53 – 56 (1975), 139. LCW. Davis, Natalie Zemon, 1929 NH, 50 – 79. HA, 99 – 122. CANR, 58 (1997), 116-118. Davis, Ralph, 1915 – 1978 (The Rise of the English Shipping Industry, 1962) PBA 65, 1979, 633- 640, D.C. Coleman. NBH, 313 – 328. RCR 2, 75. Times, 9 Oct. 1978. Davisson, William I., 1929 CANR, 11 (1984), 164. Dawley, Alan, 1943 (coeditor and contributor, Working for Democracy: American Workers from the Revolution to the Present, 1985). CAO.

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Elton, Sir Arthur Hallam Rice, 1906 – 1973 (editor of Klingender) DNB/ODNB, D.J. Wenden, Sarah Street. TNS, 45, 1973, 234. Times, 2, 5 Jan. 1973. Elvin, J. Mark D., 1938 (The Pattern of the Chinese Past: A Social and Economic Interpretation, 1973). CA, 73 – 76 (1978), 187. CAO. AWW, 209. Emmer, Pieter C., 1944 (historian of the Dutch West India Company, 1621-1791, 1981) VGW, 379. Engel, Christian Lorenz Ernst, 1821 – 1896 (director of the Prussian Statistical Bureau, 1860. Became the most eminent statistician of the century and „the intellectual father of the statistical empiricism of the historical economists‟, E. Grimmer-Solem, 2003. Trained many historical economists, including Held, Brentano, and Knapp. Enunciated the first quantitative economic law to be established by empirical research and showed that expenditure on food and housing by workers was inversely proportionate to the level of income, 1855). EcJ, 7, 1897, 145 – 148, H. Westergaard. DPE, 1, 883. DGB. Engelbourg, Saul, 1927 (International Business Machines, 1976) IDBH, 63 Engelhardt, Ulrich, 1940 VGW, 380 Engels, Friedrich Oswald, 1820 – 1895 (colleague and financier of Marx and editor of vols 2-3 Capital, 1885, 1894. His Condition of the Working Class in England, 1845, was translated into English by Florence Kelley and published in the USA in 1887, in the UK in 1892, and in France in 1961) W.O. Henderson, The Life of Friedrich Engels (1976, 2 vols.). S. Marcus, Engels, Manchester and the Working Class (New York, 1974) DSB, Supplement 1 (New York, 1981), 131 – 147, R.S. Cohen DPE 1, 884. EcJ, 5, 1895, 490, J. Bonar. FB, 5, 233. DNM, 2, 101 – 106, R.A. Gorman. ODNB, G.S. Jones. Times, 12 Aug. 1895. *DGB. Engerman, Stanley Lewis, 1936 CA, 53 – 56 (1975), 180. IDBH, 64. PH, 456. CSN, Spring 2000, 3 – 10, T.O‟Brien. Englander, Ernest J., 1952 (historian of transaction costs, 1987-89) IDBH, 64. Ennen, Edith, 1907 – 1999 (historian of early medieval cities, 1953, and medieval women, 1984) KB, 359, Rita Gudermann. VSWG, 87, 2000, 1 – 4, G. Fouquet. GEHW. DGB. Epperlein, Siegfried, 1926 VGW, 381. Epstein, Stephan R., 1960-2007 (showed that the urban institutions of Florence retarded the economic development of Tuscany, 1991. Editor, Town and Country in Europe, 1300-1800, 2001). CA, 144 (1994), 127. CAO. Eriksen, August Wiemann, 1947 (Danish historian of business-state relations) IDBH, 64. AWW, 211. Erickson, Charlotte Joanne, 1923-2008 (author of a classic account of the origins and careers of the British manufacturers of steel and hosiery, 1959: and historian of Anglo-American migration. American Industry and the European Immigrant, 1957. Invisible Immigrants, 1972) WW, 634. AWW, 211. IND, 16 July 2008, N. Harte, 18 July.

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Erickson, Erling Arthur, 1934 (Banking in Frontier Iowa, 1971). CAO. Erker, Paul, 1959 VGW, 381. Erlich, Alexander, 1912 – 1985 (The Soviet Industrialisation Debate, 1924-28, 1960) CA, 114 (1985), 147. BDAE, P. Aitken. Ernst, Christoph, 1968 VGW, 381. Ernst, Joseph Albert, 1931 CA, 109, (1983) 126. Espeli, Harald, 1955 (From Horse to Horsepower, 1910-1960, 1990) IDBH, 65 Espinas, Georges – Eugène – André, 1869 – 1948 (co-historian with Pirenne of the Flemish cloth industry, 1906-24, 4 vols) DBF, 13, 1, Roman d‟ Amat. Eucken, Walter, 1891 – 1950 (a critic of the historical school of political economy in favour of a market economy) APU, 28 – 38, F.C. Lane. DGB. Evans, Chris, 1961 (Labyrinth of Flame: Work and Social Conflict in Early Industrial Merthyr Tydfil, 1993) Evans, Eric John, 1945 (The Contentious Tithe … 1750-1850, 1976) AWW, 213. Evans, Eric W., 1932 (Mabon: William Abraham, 1842-1922, 1959) WWB, 146. Evans, George Ewart, 1909 – 1988 (The Farm and the Village, 1969) G.E. Evans, The Strength of the Hills: an Autobiography (1983). G. Williams, George Ewart Evans, 1991). CA, 61 – 64 (1976), 183. WWW, 8, 238. Times, 13 Jan. 1988. Evans, George Heberton Jr, 1898?-1980? (British corporation finance, 1775-1850, a study of preference shares, 1936. Business Incorporations in the United States, 1800-1943, 1948) Evans, James Allan Stewart, 1931 CA, 37 – 40 (1979), 162. Evans, Joan, 1893 – 1977, the half-sister of Sir Arthur Evans (1851 – 1941): and first woman president of the Society of Antiquaries, 1959-64) CA, 13 – 16 (1975), 255. Times, 15, 19 and 21 Jul. 1977. Joan Evans, Prelude and Fugue (1964). ODNB, K. Garlick. Evans, Richard John, 1947 (vigorously defended the idea of scientific history, based upon the rigorous study of primary sources, against the post-modernist onslaught, 1997). CA, 138 (1993), 148. WW, 644. Everitt, Alan Milner, 1926-2008 (historian of English local and regional history) CANR, 11 (1984), 193. WW, 647. AWW, 215. IND, 17 Jan. 2009, David Hey. Times, 2 Feb. 2009. Eversley, David Edward Charles, (to 1943 Ernst Carl Eduard Eberstadt. William Small), 1921 –

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Fabricant, Solomon, 1906 – 1989 (The Output of Manufacturing Industries, 1899-1937, 1940; Labor Savings in American Industry, 1899-1939, 1945; The Trend in Government Activity in the US since 1900, 1952) *CA, 129 (1990), 134. WWE, 256. NYT, 15 Sept. 1989. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Fabricius, Miroslav, 1951 (The Economic Development of Slovakia, 1989) IDBH, 65. Fairbank, John K., 1907 – 1991 (Trade and Diplomacy on the China Coast, 1953) J.K. Fairbank, Chinabound : a Fifty-Year Memoir (New York, 1982) P.A. Cohen and M. Goldman (eds.), Fairbank Remembered (Cambridge, Mass., 1992). A. Feuerwerker et al. (eds.), Approaches to Modern Chinese History (Berkeley, 1967). ANB, 7, 672, J. Lie. BD, 1, 317 – 321. NYT., 16 Sep. 1991. GEHW. Falk, Beatrice, 1963 VGW, 383. Falk, Waltraud, 1930 VGW, 384. Falkus, Malcolm Edward, 1940 (historian of the gas industry, the Ocean Steam Ship Co, and Coopers & Lybrand) IDBH, 66. Falola, Toyin, 1953 (Politics and Economy in Ibadan, 1893-1945, 1989). CAO. Faltus, Jozef, 1929 (historian of economic development of Slovakia, 1918-1938, 1969) IDBH, 66. Fanfani, Amintore, 1908 – 2000 (Catholicism, Protestantism, and Capitalism, 1938. Six times Premier of Italy, 1954, 1958-59, 1960-63) Fang, Xianting, 1902 – ? (Triumph of the Factory System in England, 1978) Farnie, Douglas Antony, 1926 – 2008 (pre-eminent historian of Manchester and the Lancashire cotton industry; and dedicated bio-bibliographer of economic historians – „history is written by people, irrespective of the methods or the sources used‟. The English Cotton Industry and the World Market, 1815-1896, 1979. The Manchester Ship Canal and the Rise of the Port of Manchester, 1980. The Fibre that Changed the World: The Cotton Industry in International Perspective 1600-1990s, 2004, ed. with D.J. Jeremy) John Wilson (ed), King Cotton: A Tribute to Douglas A. Farnie (2009). UNESCO, Social Scientists Specializing in African Studies (Paris, 1963, 1971), 116. CANR, 12 (1984), 175. IDBH, 67. WWIW (14th edition, 1997). CSN 21: 2 (Fall 2006), 4-12, A.J.H. Latham. IND, 20 Aug. 2008, D.J. Jeremy. Farouk, Abdullah, 1928-1997 (economic historian of Bangladesh) BPD, M. Habibullah.

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(The Pound Sterling: A History of English Money,

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Feldenkirchen, Wilfried, 1947 (historian of heavy industry in the Ruhr, 1879-1914, 1982) IDBH, 68. VGW, 385. Feldman, Gerald Donald, 1937-2007 (Iron and Steel in the German Inflation, 1916-1923, 1977) IDBH, 68. CAO. NYT, 15 Nov. 2007. GDN, 15 Jan 2008, Richard J. Evans. AHAP, Jan, 2009, Hartmut Berghoff. Felix, David, 1921 (Walter Rathenau and the Weimar Republic, 1971) CA, 45 – 48 (1974), 157. Felloni, Giuseppe, 1928 (historian of prices in Italy, 1976) Fels, Rendig, 1917 (American Business Cycles 1865-1897, 1959) CA, 37 – 40 (1979), 169. BDAE, Andrea Maneschi, J.J. Siegfried. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 1943 (historian of railroads in Italy, 1971, and of 19th century Italian economic/industrial growth) DS. Fenstermaker, Joseph Van, 1933 (The Development of American Commercial Banking: 17821837, 1965). CA, 29-32 (1978), 202. CAO. Ferguson, Elmer James, 1917 – 2002 CA, 61 – 64 (1976), 191. AHAP, Dec. 2002. Ferguson, Eugene S., 1916 – 2004 (Bibliography of the History of Technology, 1968) Technology and Culture 45 (Oct. 2004), David Hounshell.. Ferguson, Niall Campbell, 1964 (historian of Rothschilds, 1998) WW, 570 (Douglas Ferguson). Sunday Telegraph Magazine, 11 Feb. 2001, 17 – 21, N. Farndale. CAO. Ferguson, Sheila, ? (Studies in the Social Services, 1954, CHWW, with Hilda Fitzgerald) Ferns, Henry Stanley, 1913 – 1992 (Britain and Argentina in the 19th Century, 1960. „In the long perspective of history, Cambridge University in the 1930‟s will very likely emerge as one of the focal points in the intellectual development of the human race‟ 1983). H.S. Ferns, Reading from Left to Right : One Man‟s Political History (Toronto, 1983). WW, 1991, 602. AWW, 220. CANR, 19, (1987), 185. Times, 4 Mar. 1992. Ferrara, Francisco, 1810 – 1900 Ferrier, Ronald W., ? (historian of BP) Fertig, Georg, 1902 – ? VGW, 387 Fetter, Frank Whitson, 1899 – 1991 (The Development of British Monetary Orthodoxy, 1797-1875, 1965) WWE, 267. NYT, 11 Jul. 1991. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Feuerwerker, Albert, 1927 (China‟s Early Industrialization: Sheng Hsuan-huai (1894-1916) and Mandarin Enterprise, 1958). CANR, 8, (1983), 173. CAO. Fforde, John Standish, 1821 – 1900 ODNB, K. McMahon.

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Fleming, Keith R., 1956 (historian of rural electrification in Ontario, 1911-1958, 1992) IDBH, 70. Fleming, Walter Lynwood, 1874 – 1932 (The Freedmen‟s Savings Bank, 1927) ANB*, 8, 104, P. Wallenstein. AHR, 38 (Oct. 1932), 182. Flesher, Dale L., 1945 (historian of accounting in the USA) IDBH, 70. Fletcher, Anthony John, 1941 (A County Community in Peace and War. Sussex, 1600-60, 1975) AWW, 226. WW, 687. Fligstein, Neil, 1951 (the sociologist of corporate control, 1990) CA 135 (1992), 156 Flik, Reiner, 1954 (historian of textiles in Württenberg) IDBH, 71. VGW, 391. Flinn, Michael W., 1917 – 1983 (historian of the iron and coal industries and the first Manchester graduate to become president of the Economic History Society, 1980-83) T.C. Smout (ed.), The Search for Wealth and Stability. Essays in Economic and Social History presented to M.W. Flinn (1979), xiii-xx, T.C. Smout, Ailsa Maxwell. AWW, 227. EcHR, 37 : 1, Feb. 1984, v-vii, S.B. Saul. Times, 15 Oct. 1983. CAO. Floud, Sir Roderick Castle, 1942 (Height, Health and History … 1750-1980, 1990, with co-authors K. Wachter and Annabel Gregory) CANR, 1 (1981), 197. WW, 689. AWW, 228. Flügel, Axel, 1956 Flux, Sir Alfred William, 1867 – 1942 (first included economic history in his lectures at Manchester from 1893. The Swedish Banking System, 1910) Manchester Faces and Places 6 : 8, May 1895, 124 –127. DNB, H. Clay. EcJ, 52, Dec. 1942, 400, S.J. Chapman. WWW, 4, 295. ODNB, H. Clay, K. Whitaker. JRSS 105 (1942), ii, 144-7, H.L. Smith. Flynt, Wayne, 1940 (Dixie‟s Forgotten People: The South‟s Poor Whites, 1980) CANR, 48 (1995), 147. Fode, Henrik, 1946 IDBH, 71. Fogel, Robert William, 1926 („the best historical economist since Schumpeter‟, D.N. McCloskey, 1992, and co-author of Time on the Cross, 1974, wherein he launched a massive cliometric counterattack upon the neo-abolitionists of the postwar era. The work has been ranked as „surely the most controversial book in economic history ever published‟, A.W. Coats, 1996. Awarded, with D.C. North, the Nobel Prize in 1993, as „a pioneer in ….. cliometrics‟). R.W. Fogel, A Life of Learning (American Council of Learned Societies, Occasional Paper 34, 1996). Claudia Goldin & H. Rockoff (eds.), Strategic Factors in Nineteenth Century American Economic History. A Volume to Honor Robert W. Fogel (Chicago, 1992), 9-29, S.L. Engerman & D.N. McCloskey. KB, 389, D.R. Palm. WW, 692. S. McGough & S.J.R. Sloane (eds.), The Dictionary of Nobel Laureates (third edn., Oxford, 2001). CAO. WKP. NML (1993), 208-12. LCW. RCR 2, 3, L.E. Davis. GESK. Fohlen, Claude, 1922 (historian of the French textile industry under the Second Empire, 1956) IDBH, 71. Foley, Thomas W., 1931 (US Gypsum: A Company History, 1995). CAO.

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(The Economic Status of the Jews in Alsace, Metz and Lorraine

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Gordon Walker, Patrick Chrestien, Baron Gordon-Walker, 1907 – 1980 DNB, Lord Thomson of Monifieth. Times, 3 & 5 Dec. 1980. WWW, 7, 308. ODNB, R. Pearce. Gore, Ilga, 1952 (Latvian historian of Baltic peasantry, 1981-88). IDBH, 84. Gorman, John, 1930 – 1996 (Banner Bright, 1973). LHR, 61: 3, Winter 1996, 400, R. Mace. Gosden, Peter Henry John Heather, 1927 (historian of Friendly Societies, 1815-75, 1961) AWW, 261. CAO. Gossler, Ascan, 1970. VGW, 413. Gothein, Eberhard, 1853 – 1923 (favoured the extension of history to include the economic, social and cultural aspects, 1889. Economic History of the Black Forest, 1892) DGB. Goto, Shin, 1948 (historian of Japanese shipbuilding and shipping). IDBH, 84. Goubert, Pierre, 1915 (postulated the region as the sole reality worthy of multi-disciplinary analysis, 1974) CA, 136 (1992), 165. P. Goubert, Un Parcours d‟Historien : Souvenirs 1915 – 1995 (Paris, 1996). Goudsblom, Johan,1932- (Dutch society, 1968) Gough, John Wiedhofft, 1900 – 1976 (The Mines of Mendip, 1930. The Rise of the Entrepreneur, 1969) CA, 13 – 16, (1975), 329. Times, 28 May 1976 Gourvish, Terence Richard (Terry), 1943 (British Railways, 1948-73, 1986; British Rail 1974-97: From Integration to Privatisation, 2002; The Official History of Britain and the Channel Tunnel, 2006.) IDBH, 85. AWW, 262. CAO. Gowing, Margaret Mary, 1921 – 1998 (became an FBA in 1975 and an FRS in 1988, a double honour shared only with Trevelyan, Needham and Popper. See also Hancock, W.K., and Hargreaves, E.L.) CA, 81 – 84 (1979), 206. WW, 1999, 788. Times, 11 Nov. 1998. ODNB, R. Fox. Gradmann, Robert Julius Wilhelm, 1865 – 1950 Graham, Frank Dunstone, 1890-1949 (Exchange, Prices and Production in Hyperinflation: Germany, 1920-23, 1930) Graham, Gerald Sandford, 1903 – 1988 (British Policy in Canada, 1774-1791. A Study in 18thCentury Trade Policy, 1930). J.E. Flint and G. Williams (eds.), Perspectives of Empire : Essays Presented to Gerald S. Graham (New York, 1973). CA, 102 (1981), 227. WWW, 8, 300. Times, 7 Jul. 1988. Graham, Margaret B.W., 1947 (historian of Alcoa, 1990). IDBH, 85.

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Grampp, William Dyer, 1914 (The Manchester School of Economics, 1960). CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 351. Grant, H. Roger, 1943 (historian of rhe country railroad station, 1978) CA 89-92 (1980), 208. Grant, Isabel Frances, 1887-1983 (The Social and Economic Development of Scotland before 1603, 1930) Times, 22 Sept. 1983. Grant, Michael Johnston, 1961 (Down and Out on the Family Farm: Rural Rehabilitation in the Great Plains, 1929-1945, 2002). CAO. Gras, Norman Scott Brien, 1884 – 1956 (founded the study of business history in the USA from 1926. Perhaps inspired by the dictum of President Coolidge in 1925, „the business of America is business‟. Established the Business History Review in 1926 and also the Journal of Economic and Business History, 1928-32. Above all, sponsored detailed research into business archives and created the Harvard Studies in Business History, publishing 16 vols between 1931 and 1950. Edited the Casebook in American Business History, 1939, as an aid to instruction in the Harvard Business School. Established the independent Business History Foundation in 1948 to supervise the history of Standard Oil. Encouraged his colleague, Henrietta M. Larson, to edit A Guide to Business History, 1950. Framed a series of stages in the development of capitalism in the German tradition. Was criticised by Marc Bloch in 1931 for his use of the case study, came into conflict with his co-editor, E.F. Gay, and provoked the reactive establishment of the Research Center in Entrepreneurial History at Harvard, 1948-58, with its own journal, Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, which became in 1970, Explorations in Economic History) AHC, 37. BHR, 30 : 4, Dec. 1956, 357 – 360, G.S. Gibb. BDAE, M. Witzel. IESS, 6, 252, F. Redlich. EcHR, 9 : 3, 1957, 485, M.M. Postan. Grassby, Richard Bruce, 1935 (historian of business in 17th-century England). AWW, 265. Gray, Sir Alexander, 1882 – 1968 ODNB, A.K. Cairncross. Gray, Benjamin Kirkman, 1862 – 1907 (A History of English Philanthropy, 1905) H.B. Binns (ed.), A Modern Humanist. Miscellaneous Papers of Benjamin Kirkman Gray (1910). DNB, G.S. Woods. DBE. ODNB, A.C. Howe. Gray, Howard Levi, 1874 – 1945 (English Field Systems, 1915) AHR, 51, Jan. 1946, 414. Gray, Lewis Cecil, 1881-1952 (History of Agriculture in the Southern United States to 1860, 1933) Gray, John Richard, 1929 AWW, 267. WWW, 813. Gray, Ralph D(ale), 1933 (The National Waterway: A History of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, 1769-1965, 1967, 2nd edition, 1988). CAO. Gray, Robert (Robbie), 1945 – 2001 (The Aristocracy of Labour in 19th-Century Britain, 1850-1914, 1981). SHSB, 26 : 2, Winter 2001 – 2002, 6 – 7, K. Lunn.

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Greasley, David, 1951 WWB, 180. Green, Alice Sophia Amelia (Stopford), 1847 – 1929 (Town Life in the 15th Century, 1894) DNB, J.P. Trevelyan. ODNB, S. Paseta. Times, 7 June 1929. Green, Constance McLaughlin, 1897 – 1975 (historian of Holyoke, Mass, 1939; author of Eli Whitney, 1956; and historian of Washington, 1961-63) AHR, 81, Jun. 1976, 706, I.B.Holley Jr. ANB, Ann T. Keane. CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 343. NYT., 8 Dec. 1975. Green, Donald E(dward), 1936 (Land of the Underground Rain: Irrigation on the Texas High Plains, 1910-1970, 1973). CAO. Green, Edward Rodney Richey, 1920 – 1981 (The Lagan Valley, 1800-1850, 1949) IESH, 8, 1981, 5 – 7, R.D. Collison Black. AWW, 268. Green, Edwin, 1948 (historian of Royal Mail Shipping Group, 1902-37, 1982). CANR, 38 (1993), 156. PH, 106. Green, William A., Jr., 1935 (British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment, 1830-1865, 1976). CAO. Greenall, Ronald Leslie, 1937 AWW, 269. Greenfield, Kent Roberts 1892 – 1967 (Economics and Liberalism in the Risorgimento ... 1814-48, 1934). AHR 73 : 1, Jan. 1968, 679. Greenhalgh, P(eter) A(ndrew) L(ivsey), 1945 (West African Diamonds, 1919-1983: An Economic History, 1985). CAO. Greenhill, Basil Jack, 1920 – 2003 (The Merchant Schooners, 1951-1957, 2 vols: third director of National Maritime Museum, 1967-83) CANR, 38 (1993), 160. IND, 22 Apr. 2003, P. Van Der Merwe. Greenhill, Robert G., 1944 (historian of coffee industry, 1992). IDBH, 86. Greenleaf, William, 1917 – 1975 AHR, 81, Jun. 1976, 707, R.B. Morris. CAO. Greever, William S(t. Clair), 1916 (Arid Domain: The Santa Fe Railway and Its Western Land Grant, 1954). CAO. Gregg, Pauline, 1909-2006 („the Patience Strong of economic history‟, L.A. Clarkson, 1977, whose Social and Economic History of Britain 1760-1950 went through seven editions, 1950-73). CA, 5 – 8 (1969), 478. Times, 30 March 2006. GDN, 5 April 206. Gregory, Paul Roderick, 1941 CA, 53 – 56, (1975), 247.

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Gregory, Sir Theodore Emanuel Gugenheim, 1890 – 1970 (historian of the Westminster Bank, 1936, 2 vols; Ernest Oppenheimer and the Economic Development of South Africa (Cape Town, 1962) WWW, 6, 458. Times, 19 Jan. 1971. NP 2, 564 R.J. Bigg. Grekov, Boris Dmitrievich, 1882 – 1953 (historian of the peasantry from 9th to 17th century, 19261940. Showed that the society of Kiev was primarily agricultural, wherein slavery was of limited importance) AGM 2, 54-57. BDSU, 131. Grice-Hutchinson, Marjorie, 1909 – 2003 (The School of Salamanca: Readings in Spanish Monetary Theory, 1544-1605, 1952. Early Economic Thought in Spain, 1177-1740, 1978) DWE, 201, Aurora Gamez. Times, 8 May 2003. EA, 23 : 3, Sep. 2003, 42 – 45, N. Barry, „The Origins of Liberty and the Market : the Work of Marjorie Grice-Hutchinson (1909 – 2003)‟. Grierson, Philip, 1910-2006 (leading historian of ancient coinage) AWW, 272. WW, 830. Times, 20 Jan. 2006. IND, 20 Jan., C. Brooke. GDN, 20 Jan., N. McKendrick. Griffiths, Richard Thomas , 1948 (Industrial Retardation in the Netherlands, 1830-1850, 1979; and historian of reconstruction in Europe after 1945) Griset, Pascal, 1957 (historian of telecommunications, 1991). IDBH, 86. Grob, Gerald N., 1931 CANR, 42 (1994), 183. Groenewegen, Peter, 1939- (The Economics of A.R. J. Turgot, 1977. A Soaring Eagle: Alfred Marshall, 1842-1924, 1995). CAO. Grohmann, Alberto, 1941 (historian of medieval towns and cities) Groom, Nigel, 1924 (Frankincense and Myrrh: A Study of the Arabian Incense Trade, 1981). CAO. Gross, Charles, 1857-1909 (Bibliography of British Municipal History, 1897) DAB, 8, 18, E. Emerton. Grosz, Peter M., 1926-2006 (son of the painter George Grosz, 1893-1959, and historian of German aircraft) NYT, 7 Oct. 2006. Groves, Reg., 1908 – 1988 (historian of the farm workers‟ union, 1949) SLH, 54 : 1, Spring 1989, 4, A. Richardson. Grubb, Farley Ward, 1954- (German Immigrant Servant Contracts Registered at the Port of Philadelphia, 1817-1831, 1994) Grubb, Isabel, 1881?-1972 (Quakerism and Industry before 1800, 1930) Grubbs, Donald H., 1936 CA, 81 – 84 (1979), 214. Grubbs, Jr., Frank Leslie, 1931 (The Struggle for Labor Loyalty: Gompers, the A.F. of L. and the Pacifists, 1917-1920, 1968). CAO.

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Grünberg, Carl, 1861 – 1940 Gubin, Eliane, 1942 Gudermann, Rita, 1964 VGW, 419. Gueslin, André, 1950 (historian of rural credit, 1978-1984). IDBH, 87. Gupta, Sulekh Chandra, 1928 (Agrarian Relations and Early British Rule in India, 1963). CAO. Gurr, Ted Robert, 1936 CANR, 16 (1986), 147. Gutkind, Erwin Anthony, 1886 – 1968 (International History of City Development, 1964-72, 8 vols) CANR, 8 (1983), 212. Gutman, Herbert George, 1928 – 1985 (pioneer of the new labor history in the USA, emphasising the role of race, religion, and social ideals, and critic of Fogel‟s work on slavery, 1975) KB, 501 – 503, B.D. Palmer. HA, 187 – 216. CAO. GEHW. Gutmann, Myron P., 1949 (Toward the Modern Economy: Early Industry in Europe, 1500-1800, 1988). CAO.

Habakkuk, Sir John Hrothgar, 1915 – 2002 (a Welsh radical and historian of English landownership, 1940, 1994, besides Anglo-American technology, 1962) F.M.L. Thompson (ed.), Landowners, Capitalists and Entrepreneurs : Essays for Sir John Habakkuk (Oxford, 1994). CSN, Oct. 1997, 3 – 6, 28 – 31, M. Thomas. CA, 151 (1996), 214. KB, 505, Pamela Sharpe. AWW, 278. WW, 848. Times, 5 Nov. 2002. IND, 11 Nov., F.M.L. Thompson. GDN, 14 Nov., N.B. Harte. TEL, 19 Nov. NL, 31, 2003, 23 – 26, R. Allen. ODNB, F.M.L. Thompson. PBA 124 (2004), F.M.L. Thompson. LCW. Haber, Samuel, 1928 (historian of scientific management) CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 354. Hacker, Louis Morton, 1899 – 1987 (The Triumph of American Capitalism, 1940). CA, 17 – 20 (1976), 305. WWWA, 8, 317. Hadfield, Alice Mary (Smyth), 1908 – ? (The Chartist Land Company, 1970). CANR, 26 (1989), 164. Hadfield, Ellis Charles Raymond, 1909 – 1996 (British Canals, 1950) J. Boughey, Charles Hadfield. Canal Man and More (1998). *CA, 51 (1996), 205. RCR, 122. RCR, 2, 151. IND, 8 Aug., 1996, Anthony Burton. Hadley, Arthur Twining, 1856 – 1930 (Railroad Transportation: Its History and Its Laws, 1886) M. Hadley, Arthur Twining Hadley (New Haven, 1948). ANB, 9, 775, Audrey B. Davidson & R.B. Ekland, Jr. EcJ, 40, (1930), 526-33, 1. I. Fisher. AER, 20 (1930), 364-8, I. Fisher, C.L. Raper, E.R.A. Seligman. BDAS, Audrey D. Kline. NYT, 6 & 7 March 1930.

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Haeberle, Eckehard, 1941 (historian of mergers and critic of Spengler) IDBH, 87. VGW, 424. Haeger, John Dennis, 1942 CA, 137 (1992), 174. Häpke, Rudolf, 1884 – 1930 (historian of development of mediaeval Bruges to status of the world market, 1908) VSWG, 23, 1930, 136 – 139, L. Beutin. Hafen, LeRoy Reuben, 1893-1985 (Colorado Gold Rush, 1941. Overland Routes to the Goldfields, 1942). L.R. Hafen and Ann W. Hafen, The Joyous Journey, 1973. CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 268. Haff, Karl, 1879 – 1955 VSWG, 42, 1955, 378 – 384, N. Grass. Hagen, Everett Einar, 1906 – 1992 (On the Theory of Social Change: How Economic Growth Begins, 1962) CANR, 1 (1981), 244. RFE 236-250. BDAE, D. C. Lewis. Hagimoto, Shinichro, 1957 (historian of Mitsubishi). IDBH, 88. Hague, Sir Douglas Chalmers, 1926 (The Economics of Man-Made Fibres, 1957) AWW, 279. WW, 851. Hahn, Manfred, 1938 VGW, 426. Hahn, Steven, 1951 (The Roots of Southern Populism... 1850-1890, 1893). CA, 123 (1988), 136. Hahn, Wolfgang, 1945 VGW, 426. Haines, Michael R., 1944 (Fatal Years: Child Mortality in Late Nineteenth-Century America, with Samuel H. Preston, 1991). Haines, Walter Wells, 1918 CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 409. Hainsworth, David Roger, 1931 (Builders and Adventurers: The Traders and the Emergence of the Colony of New South Wales, 1788-1821, 1969). CA, 141 (1994), 180. CAO. Hair, Paul Edward Hadley, 1926 – 2001 (The English in Guinea, 1550-1600, ???) CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 296. Hájek, Jan, 1954 (Czech historian of banking). IDBH, 88. Hajnal, Istvån, 1892-1955 (historian of medieval Hungary and modern industrial technology, 193643) Hajnal, John, 1924 (first recognized the uniqueness of the European marriage-pattern, 1965). WW, 868.

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Halbwachs, Maurice, 1877 – 1945 ANN, 52 : 5, Sep. 1997, 1057 – 1083, C. Topalov, „Maurice Halbwachs et les villes (1908 – 1912) Une enquête…‟. Haldane, Archibald Richard Burdon, 1900 – 1982 (The Drove Roads of Scotland, 1952). CA, 120 (1987), 156. WWW, 8, 318. Times, 29 Oct. 1982. Hale, William, 1940 (The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey, 1981). CAO. Hall, Alfred Rupert, 1920 (Co-editor of a history of technology, 1954-1958). CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 354. AWW, 281. WW, 855. Hall, Hessel Duncan, 1991- ? (North American Supply, 1955, CHWW. Studies of Overseas Supply, 1956, CHWW, with C.C. Wrigley and J.D. Scott.) Hall, Hubert, 1857 – 1944 (The Red Book of the Exchequer, 1886). Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 28 4th Series, 1946, 1 – 6, C. Johnson. DNB, C. Johnson. Times, 3 Aug. 1944. ODNB, G.H. Martin. Hall, Jacqueline Dowd, 1943 (Like a Family: the Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World, 1987). CA, 97 – 100 (1981), 216. Hall, John Whitney, 1916-1997 (historian of village Japan, 1959, and medieval Japan, 1974) CA 25-28 (1977), 297. NYT, 24 Oct. 1997. Hall, Roger D., 1945 (historian of photography, 1993) IDBH, 89. Hallam, Herbert Enoch, 1923 (Rural England, 1066-1272, 1981). CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 372. Hallberg, Charles Williams, 1899-1985 (historian of the Suez Canal, 1931) CAP, 1 (1975), 201. Halle, Ernst von, 1868 – 1907 (historian of the Cotton Kingdom of the American South, 1906). Hallema, Anne, 1893 – 1973 EHJ, 38, 1975, 340, F.A. Brekelmans. Hallgarten, George Wolfgang Felix, 1901 – 1975 (historian of German heavy industry, 1931-33, 1952) CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 271. Hallsworth, Henry Mainwaring, 1876-1953 (co-author with S.J. Chapman, Unemployment in Lancashire, 1909) WWW 5, 474. Hamerow, Theodore Stephen, 1920 (Economics and Politics in Germany, 1815-1871, 1958) T.S. Hamerow, Remembering a Vanished Childhood: A Jewish Childhood in Interwar Poland, 2001). CANR, 28 (1990), 219. Hamilton, Alfred Kenneth, 1900 – 1980 ODNB, J. Brooke. Hamilton, Earl Jefferson, 1899 – 1989 (a pioneer of quantitative economic history. Spent 30,750 hours jointly with his wife, Gladys Dallas, (1926 – 1934) and with 12,500 hours of research assistance, making three million computations in order to calculate the statistics of the import

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of American treasure into Seville during the sixteenth century. Rehabilitated under influence of Chicago monetary school.). AHC, 38. ANB, 9, 917, R.B. Emmett. CAP, 1 (1975), 262). CAO. NP 2, 568, D.N. McCloskey. BDAE, R.B. Emmett. Hamilton, Henry, 1896 – 1964 (Fabian author of The Industrial Revolution in Scotland, 1932) WWW, 5, 482. Hamilton, Stanley Baines, 1890 – 1977 TNS, 48, 1977, 143 Hammersley, George F., 1918 – 1993 ? (historian of the charcoal iron industry). I. Blanchard, Anthony Goodman, and Jennifer Newman (eds), Industry and Finance in Early Modern History . Essays presented to George Hammersley on the occasion of his 74th Birthday, 1992.AWW, 286. Hammond, Bray, 1886 – 1968 (Banks and Politics in America, 1957) AHR, 74 : 1, Jan., 1969, 853. ANB, 9, 952, M.J. Johnson. NYT., 23 Jul., 1968. Hammond, John Le Breton, 1872 – 1949 (interpreted the Industrial Revolution as a catastrophe for the workers, through their study of labourers in town and country, 1911-1919, 3 vols. Refused the offer of a knighthood in 1932. Pioneered the use of Home Office papers, placing social and economic history firmly within a political context. Penned the classic pessimistic interpretation of the social consequences of the Industrial Revolution, concluding that „the history of England at the time … reads like a history of civil war‟, 1919. Elevated the study of economic and social history from an unprofitable bypath to one concerned with the „large, central, and permanent interests of mankind‟, R.H. Tawney, 1960. Established a secure hold upon the imagination of the reading public. Suffered sustained attack from the universities, from H.W.C. Davis and M.D. George in 1925, from J.H. Clapham, W.H. Hutt,, M.C. Buer, and G.T. Griffith in 1926, and from A.A.W. Ramsay in 1929. Rehabilitated in the academic world in three phases, first by E.P. Thompson in 1963, then in 1978-85, and finally in 199196. Refused the offer of a knighthood in 1932). S.A. Weaver, The Hammonds. A Marriage in History (1997). H.A. Schmitt, (ed.), Historians of Modern Europe (Baton Rouge, La., 1971), 95 – 119, H.R. Winkler. PBA, 46, 1960, 267 – 294, R.H. Tawney. AJT, 95 – 107, A.J. Toynbee. PFC, 74 – 82, which focuses upon the Hammonds and J.A. Hobson as well as Graham Wallas and L.T. Hobhouse. DNB, G. Murray. NCB, 1168. EcHR , 1 : 2, 1949, 143, M.M. Postan. GDN 9 Apr. 1949, G. Murray. GDN, 9 Apr. 1949, G. Murray. NYT, 9 Apr. 1949. MBR, 191. ODNB, S.A. Weaver. J.V. Beckett, „The Hammonds Revisited‟ in 1991 festschrift for G.E. Mingay, 49 – 67. JOB, 3, 376, L. Maness. Hammond, Lucy Barbara (Bradby), 1873 – 1961 DWE, 205, R. Kleer. PFC. GDN., 17, Nov. 1961, Margaret Kennedy; 20 Nov., R.H. Tawney. Times, 17 Nov., 1961. JOB, 3, 379, J.V. Crangle. Hammond, Richard James, 1911- (The Economic History of Britain, 1947, with H.M. Croome. Food, vol 1, The Growth of Policy, 1951, vols 2-3, Studies in Administration and Control, 1956, 1962, CHWW.) Hampson, Ethel Mary, ? - 1959 (historian of the Poor Law, 1939) Times, 27 Oct. 1959. Hanagan, Michael Patrick, 1947 (The Logic of Solidarity: Artisans and Industrial Workers in Three French Towns, 1871-1914, 1982). CAO. Hancock, Sir William Keith, 1898 – 1988 („the greatest historian of the Empire and Commonwealth‟, W.R. Louis, 1999. General editor of The History of the Second World War.

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United Kingdom Civil Series in 26 vols, 1942-62, which earned him a knighthood, but turned his hair white. British War Economy, 1949, CHWW, with M.M. Gowing.) W.K. Hancock, Country and Calling (1954). W.K. Hancock, Professing History (Sydney, 1976). D.A. Lowe (ed.), Keith Hancock, The Legacies of an Historian (Melbourne, 2001). NBH, 143 – 159. PBA, 82, 1992, 399 – 414, A. Low. Round Table 314, Apr. 1990, 213 – 226, K. Tsokhas. ALR, 175 – 182, A.L. Rowse. CANR, 5 (1982), 251. DNB, K.S. Inglis. IESS, J.D.B. Miller. Australian Dictionary of Biography (Melbourne, 1990), 12, xi–xii, K.S. Inglis, „The Foundation Chairman‟. AHD, 185. WWW, 8, 324. ODNB, K.S. Inglis. Handelsman, Marceli, 1882 – 1945 (Polish economic historian) Handlin, Oscar, 1915 (Boston‟s Immigrants, 1790-1805, 1941. Commonwealth: a Study of the Role of Government in the American Economy, 1774-1861, 1947, with Handlin, M.J. DLB, 17, 191 – 197, A. Shankman. PM, 239 – 277, M.A. Jones. BD, 2, 401. CANR, 23 (1988), 166 – 169. KB, 514, Kathleen E. Chamberlain. WW, 874. Hanke, Edith, 1962 VGW, 428. Hanke, Lewis Ulysses, 1905 – 1993 (The Imperial City of Potosi, 1956). CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 274. IESS, 265, P.H. Smith. KB, 515, S.G. Hall. Hannah, Leslie, 1947 (historian of the corporate economy. The Rise of the Corporate Economy, 1976, 2nd edn. 1983; Electricity before Nationalisation, 1979; Engineers, Managers and Politicians, 1982.) IDBH, 89. WW, 876. AWW, 288. CAO. Hansen, Alvin Harvey, 1887 – 1975 („the American Keynes.‟ Cycles of Prosperity and Depression … 1902-1908, 1921: Fiscal Policy and Business Cycles, 1938, the classic statement of the secular stagnation thesis. That thesis was demolished by P. Samuelson in 1939 and G. Terborgh in 1945, but was projected backwards in time by Marxist historians as „the General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century‟) *ANB, P.G. Mehrling. CAP, 1 (1975), 264. NYT, 7 Jun. 1975. Quar. Jnl Economics, 90: 1, Feb. 1976. NP 2, 591, R.A. Musgrave. BDAE, R.B. Emmett. GESK. Hansen, Bent, 1920-2002 (Development and Economic Policy in the UAR: Egypt, 1965) Berkeleyian, 1 May 2002. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Hansen, Marcus Lee, 1892 – 1937 (The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860, 1940). AHR, 43, Jan. 1938, 976. ANB, 10, 22, P. Kivisto. Hansen, Per H., 1957 (historian of Danish banking). IDBH, 90. Hanssen, Georg, 1809 – 1894 (agrarian historian, 1880-84) DPE, 2, 887. EcJ, 5, 1895, 141, G. Cohn. ESS, 7, 267, A. Skalweit. DGB. Hao, Yen-ping, 1934 (The Commercial Revolution in Nineteenth-Century China: The Rise of SinoWestern Mercantile Capitalism, 1986). CAO. Hapak, Pavel, 1931 (Slovak historian of metallurgy, 1961) IDBH, 90. Hara, Akira, 1939

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Hara, Terushi, 1943 (historian of French business, 1980). IDBH, 91. Harada, Seiji, 1932 (historian of unemployment in interwar Britain, 1984) IDBH, 91. Harasawa, Yoshitaro, 1928 (The History of the Paper and Pulp Industry of Japan, 1967). IDBH, 92. Haraszti-Taylor, Eva, 1923-2005 (historian of Chartism, 1978, and third wife of A.J.P. Taylor) GDN, 5 Dec. 2005, R. Gott. Harbaugh, Larry E., 1948 (historian of relationship between business, government and consumers, 1991). IDBH, 92. Harbury, Colin Desmond Barnard, 1922 (analyst of hereditary transmission of wealth, 1979) CA, 102 (1981), 251. AWW, 289. Hardach, Gerd, 1941(historian of stagflation, 1976). IDBH, 93. VGW, 429. CAO. Hardach, Karl W., 1936 (The Political Economy of Germany in the 20th Century, 1980) CA, 130 (1990), 185. IDBH, 93. Harding, Vincent, 1931 (historian of London‟s population, 1500-1700, 1990) HA, 219 – 244. Hareven, Tamara K., 1937-2002(Amoskeag, 1978). CANR, 30 (1990), 180. NYT, 6 Nov. 2002. Hargreaves, Eric Lyde, 1898-1984 (The National Debt, 1930. Civil Industry and Trade, 1952, CHWW, with M.M. Gowing) WWW 8, 328. Hargreaves, Mary W(ilma) M(assey), 1914 – 2008 (Dry Farming in the Northern Great Plains, 1900-1925, 1957). CAO. Journal of Southern History, 1 February 2009, Walter Edgar. Harley, Charles Knickerbocker (Knick), 1943 (evidence of „slower‟ growth in Britain, 1982; international trade 18th & 19th centuries) WWW, 498. Harley, John Brian, 1932 – 1991 AWW, 291. ODNB, P. Laxton Harnetty, Peter, 1927 (Imperialism and Free Trade: Lancashire in India, 1972). CA, 37 – 49, (1979), 230. Harper, James Edwin, 1927 (European Economic History I. The Ancient World, 1972) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 291. Harper, Marjory (-Ann) (Denoon), 1956 (Emigration from Scotland Between the Wars: Opportunity or Exile?, 1998). CAO. Harris, John Raymond, 1923 – 1997 (historian of copper mining, iron manufacture and steam power. Portrayed 18th century France as „a world of economic Kafkaism, with the entrepreneur as anti-hero‟, 1972) Times, 26 Mar. 1997. IND., 16 May, 1997, W.R. Garside.

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IJMH (2005), P.N. Davies, „The Liverpool School of Maritime History‟. Harris, José, ? (Private Lives, Public Spirit. A Social History of Britain, 1870-1914, 1993) CA, 147 (1995), 260. Harris, Seymour Edwin, 1897 – 1974 (The Assignats, 1930. Twenty Years of the Federal Reserve Policy, 1933, 2 volumes). ANB, F.L. Nepa. CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 279. NYT, 29 Oct. 1974. BDEA, D. Ashbury. Harrison, Anthony Edward, 1942 – 1980 AWW, 294. Harrison, Brian Howard, 1937 (Drink and the Victorians... 1815-1872, 1971). WW, 895. AWW, 295. Harrison, John Fletcher Clews, 1921 (Robert Owen and the Owenites, 1969). J.F.C. Harrison, Scholarship Boy. A Personal History of the Mid-Twentieth Century (1995). AWW, 295. WW, 897. CAO. Harrison, Mark, 1949 (Crowds and History... 1790-1835, 1989) PH, 116. Harrison, R. Joseph (Joe), 1944 (An Economic History of Modern Spain, 1978) Harrison, Royden John, 1927-2002 (co-founder of SSLH, 1960, and biographer of the Webbs, 1999. Before the Socialists, 1964. The Warwickshire Guide to British Labour Periodicals, 17901970, 1977. „If you can possibly restrain Margaret Cole from writing anything, you should do so‟, R.J. Harrison to S. Pollard, 28 Oct. 1967, re. projected book on Robert Owen, quoted by Renton, 79, 170) CA, 17 – 20 (1976), 320. GDN, 3 Jul. 2002, M.B. Brown & J. Halstead. Times, 22 Jul. Hart, Simon, 1911 – 1981 EHJ, 45, 1982, 293 – 297, W.J. van Hoboken. Hart, Tom, 1939 (Scottish historian of transport). IDBH, 93. Harte, Negley Boyd, 1943 (historiographer of the subject 1971). WWB, 206. NBH, vii-xxxix, „The Making of Economic History‟. AWW, 297. PH, 1-12, „The Economic History Society, 1926-2001‟. Hartley, Marie, 1905-2006 (co-author with Joan Ingilby of the rural crafts of Yorkshire, 1951) GDN, 17 May 2006, M. Wainwright. TEL, 26 May. Hartmann, Ludo Moritz, 1865 – 1924 VSWG, 18, 1924, 312 – 339, G. von Below, E. Stein, E. Ciccotti, G. Salvioli, S. Bauer; VSWG 76, 1989, 378 – 383, W. Zorn. Hartwell, Ronald Max, 1921 – 2009 (historian of Tasmania, the Industrial Revolution, and the Yorkshire woollen industry. „There is no help for the historian of the industrial revolution in sociology‟, 1966. „I never heard the word imperialism until I went to university‟, 2001. Protagonist in the debate with Hobsbawm over the standard of living during the Industrial Revolution, 1957-61.) P. O‟Brien and R. Quinault (eds.), The Industrial Revolution and British Society (Cambridge, 1993), 283 – 287, E. Jones. J.A. James and M. Thomas (eds.), Capitalism in Context : Essays on Economic Development and Cultural Change in Honour of R.M. Hartwell (Chicago, 1994). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 307. CSN, 16 : 1, Spring 2001, 3 – 10. AWW, 298. PH, 123-6. CSN, Spring 2001, 3- 10, M. Thomas. LCW.

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Hartz, Louis, 1919 – 1986 (argued for the absence of laissez-faire in Pennsylvania, 1776-1860, 1948) CA, 118 (1986), 211. NYT., 24 Jan. 1986. GEHW. Harvey, Charles, 1950 (historian of Rio Tinto, 1991. With Jon Press, William Morris: Design and Enterprise in Victorian Britain, 1991) Harvey, Paul Dean Adshead, 1930 AWW, 299, WW, 905. CA, 112 (1985), 235. Hasbach, Wilhelm, 1849 – 1920 (History of the English Agricultural Labourer, 1908) EcJ, 1 (1891), 509-19, „Recent Contributions to Economic History in Germany‟. ESS 7, 278, H. Levy. Hashimoto, Juro, 1946 (historian of Japanese cartels, 1985). IDBH, 94. Hassan, John A., 1945 (historian of water supply.) Hassinger, Herbert, 1910 – 1992 (historian of German customs tariffs) VSWG, 79, 1992, 153, F. Mathis. Hastrup, Knud Bjarne, 1945 (Danish historian of crafts and small business, 1979). IDBH, 94. Hatcher, Melvin John, 1942 (historian of mediaeval agriculture and tin and pewter trades). CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 383. WW, 910. AWW, 301. Hatje, Frank, 1962 VGW, 432. Hattersley, Alan Frederick, 1893 – 1976 (The British Settlement of Natal, 1950). DSAB, 5, 333, C.J. Juta, F.A. Van Jaarsveld. Hatton, Timothy J., 1952? (historian of migrations) Hattori, Shisō, 1901-1956 (emphasised the presence of capitalist features in Japan before 1868) Hau, Michel, 1943 (historian of Champagne, 1810-1969, 1976). IDBH, 95. Haug, C(harles) James, 1946- (The Mechanical Feature: 100 Years of Engineering at Mississippi State University, 1992). CAO. Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard, 1943 VGW, 432. Hauser, Henri, 1866 – 1946 (Economic Germany, 1915. Germany‟s Commercial Grip on the World, 1917) AHR, 52, Oct. 1946, 221. Hausman, William J., 1949 (historian of coastal coal trade and electric power). IDBH, 95. Havighurst, Alfred Freeman, 1904-1991 (critic of the Pirenne thesis, 1976) CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 384. Havighurst, Walter Edwin, 1901-1994 (historian of American rivers and the Great Lakes, 1937, 1970) CANR, 29 (1990), 189.

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Havinden, Michael Ashley, 1928 (Estate Villages, 1966) WWB, 210. AWW, 302. Hawke, Gary Richard, 1942 (Railways and Economic Growth in England and Wales, 1840-1870, 1970). IDBH, 96. CAO. Hawkins, Richard Adrian, 1959 (historian of pineapple industry in Queensland and Qantas). IDBH, 96. Hawley, Ellis Wayne, 1919 (The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly, 1966). IDBH, 96. Hawtrey, Ralph G., 1879 – 1971 (A Century of Bank Rate, 1938). PBA, 63, 1977, 363 – 397, R.D.C. Black. ODNB, R.D.C. Black. NP 2, 605, R.J. Bigg. GESK. PME, 203-33, E.G. Davis. Haxthausen, August von, 1792 – 1866 (agricultural historian from 1819 and historian of rural Prussia, 1939) DPE, 2, 293, J.K. Ingram. ESS, 7, 283, K.Kocharovsky. DGB. Hayami, Akira, 1929 (challenged the traditional view of Japanese agriculture as backward, 1975, and identified the „industrious revolution‟ of the early modern era, 1976.) Hayami, Yujiro, 1932 CA, 77 – 80 (1979) 222. Hayek, Friedrich August von, 1899 – 1992 (The Road to Serfdom, 1944) S. Kresge and L. Wenar (eds.), Hayek on Hayek. An Autobiographical Dialogue (1994). NCB, 1169. PBA, 84, 1993, 347 – 368, D.O‟Brien. IESS, 274 – 282, F. Machlup. Times, 24 – 28 Mar.; 1 & 16 Apr. 1992 .MC 3, 492-500. ODNB, S. Brittan. CAO. DGB. NML (1974), 69-73. GESK. PME, 234-61, G.L.S. Shackle. Hayes, Carlton J.H., 1882 – 1964 CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 433. NYT, 4 Sep. 1964. *ANB, 10, 386, C.E. Edmondson. Haynes, Williams, 1886-1970 (historian of the American chemical industry, 6 vols, 1945-54) ANB*, R.M. Hawthorne. Hazama, Hiroshi, 1929 (historian of industrial relations in Britain and Japan). IDBH, 97. Head, Anne-Lise, 1939 VGW, 434. Headrick, Daniel R., 1941 CA, 45, (1995), 190. Heald, Morrell, 1922 CA, 111 (1984), 220. Heath, Milton S., 1894 – 1970 (Constructive Liberalism: the Role of the State in Economic Development in Georgia to 1860, 1955). AHC, 39.

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Heaton, Herbert, 1890 – 1973 („a vigorous warm-hearted Yorkshireman‟, T.C. Barker, 1977, a Socialist and historian of woollen industry, 1920. Pioneered study of business history from 1914. „Big ideas in history have a half-life of about five years‟.) TH, 5, Oct. 1974, 7 – 13, N.B. Harte. AHC, 40. AHR, 78 : 2, Oct. 1973, 1171, R.C. Loehr. NYT, 26 Jan. 1973. CAO. ADBO. BDAE, D.C.Lewis. Heckscher, Eli Filip, 1879 – 1952 (Sweden‟s greatest economic historian. Stressed the continuity in economic policy from the Middle Ages to the era of free trade, proposed the Heckscher-Ohlin theory of foreign trade, 1919 and became an early advocate of the use of theory in economic history, 1929. Honoured by the establishment of the Scandinavian Economic History Review in 1953 in his memory, a pioneer English language journal on the Continent.) R. Findlay, R.G.H. Henriksson, H. Lindgren and M. Lundahl (eds.), Eli Heckscher, International Trade and Economic History (2006). SEHR I : 1, 1953, 137 – 140, E.F. Söderlund. APU, 119 – 146, A. Montgomery. IESS, 6, 339, G. Ohlin. EcHR, 5 : 3, 1953, 398, M.M. Postan. OE, ii, 527, R.G.H. Henriksson. GEHW. WKP. NP 2, 619, C.G. Uhr. Hedges, James B., 1894 – 1965 (Building the Canadian West... the CPR, 1939) AHC, 41. AHR, 71, Jan. 1966, 797. Heerding, Andries, 1927 – 1987 EHJ, 51, 1988, 338 – 341, J. de Vries Heeren, Arnold Hermann Ludwig, 1760 - 1842 (who learned from Adam Smith that commerce was the central theme of historical development, 1809) DGB. Heffer, Jean, 1933 (historian of transport of port of New York, 1986). IDBH, 97. Hegel, Karl, 1813 – 1901 (historian of the urban constitutions of Italy, 1846-47, 2 vols) DGB. Heichelheim, Fritz Moritz, 1901 – 1968 (author of more than 600 articles and books on ancient history. An Ancient Economic History, from the Palaeolithic Age to the Migrations of the Germanic, Slavic and Arabic nations, 1958-70, 3 vols). NYT, 24 Apr. 1968. Times, 27 Apr. CAO. DGB. BHDE. Heidbrink, Ingo, 1969 VGW, 435. Heilbroner, Robert Louis, 1919 – 2005 (The Worldly Philosophers, 1953, a best-seller: „a kind of „Unitarian Marxist‟, K.E. Boulding, 1985). CANR, 47, (1995), 180. BDAE, C. Clark. BDDE. NYT, 12 Jan. 2005, Halcomb B. Noble. Heim, Carol E., 1955 (historian of regional policy). IDBH, 98. Heindel, Richard Heathcote, 1912 – 1979 (The American Impact on Great Britain, 1940). CA, 89 – 92 (1980), 234. Held, Adolf von, 1844 – 1880 (an armchair socialist, who undertook research in England, 1875-1880, and argued that a mercantile oligarchy had become its new ruling class. His Social History of England, 1881, 2 vols, was strongly recommended by the first generation of English economic historians) DPE, 2, 297, J.K. Ingram, J. Bonar. DGB. Helderman, Leonard Clinton, 1895 – 1943 AHR, 49, Oct. 1943, 194.

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Helferich, Johannes a Renatus von, 1818 – 1892 DPE, 2, 298, F.Y. Edgeworth. EcJ, 2, 1892, 574. Helguera Quijada, Juan, 1950 (Spanish historian of Royal manufactories, 1984) IDBH, 98. Helleiner, Karl Ferdinand, 1902 – 1984? (Readings in European Economic History, 1946) BHDE. Hellen, J(ohn) A(nthony), 1935 (Rural Economic Development in Zambia, 1890-1964, 1968). CAO. Hellie, Richard, 1937 (Editor and contributor, Arcadius Kahan, The Plow, the Hammer, and the Knout: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Russian Economic History, 1985). CAO. Helm, Elijah, 1837 – 1904 (Chapters in the History of the Manchester Chamber Of Commerce, 1894) EcJ, 15, 1905, 128, S.J. Chapman. Helper, Susan, 1957 (historian of automobile industry) IDBH, 99. Henderson, Annie H. Abel, 1873 – 1947 AHR, 52, Jul. 1947, 833. Henderson, Sir Hubert Douglas, 1890 – 1952 (The Cotton Control Board, 1922) ODNB, Susan Howson. Times, 25, 26, 29 Feb. 1952. Henderson, William Otto, 1904 – 1993 (biographer of Engels, 1975, 2 vols. The Industrial Revolution on the Continent, 1800-1914, 1961. In 1958 Henderson and Chaloner published a new translation of Engels, which aroused a storm of criticism within the profession from those who regarded the work as a sacred text, exempt from the higher criticism. Thereafter a sharp division ensued between those historians who cited the Chaloner-Henderson edition and those who preferred to cite the older text of Florence Kelley, reprinted four times in 1969, 1988, 1991, and 1993.) B.M. Ratcliffe (ed.), Great Britain and Her World, 1750 – 1914. Essays in Honour of W.O. Henderson (Manchester, 1975), vii-xiv. CANR, 4 (1981), 296. VSWG, 81, 1994 : 2, 153, K.E. Born. Downing College Association Newsletter, 1994, 33. Hendrick, Burton Jesse, 1870 – 1949 (The Age of Big Business, 1919) ANB, 10, 581, R.S. Marmarelli. NYT., 25 Mar. 1949. Hendrickson, Robert Augustus, 1923-1996 (Hamilton, Vol I: 1757-1789, Vol II: 1789-1804, 1976). CAO. Hendy, Michael Frank, 1942-2008 (expert on Byzantium coinage) AWW, 309. Times, 12 June 2008. Henn, Volker, 1942 VGW, 440. Hennig Richard, 1874 – 1951 (historian of world transportation, 1913) Henning, Hansjoachim, 1937 (historian of Jewish business in Germany, 1992). IDBH, 99.

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Hennock, E.P., 1923 (Fit and Proper Persons. Ideal and Reality in Nineteenth Century Urban Government, 1973). Henry, Louis, 1911 – 1991 (pioneered the technique of family-reconstitution in his research on the families of the Genevan bourgeoisie, 1953). KB, 526, Pamela Sharpe. GEHW. Hentschel, Volker, 1944 VGW, 441. Henwood, James N.J., 1932 (historian of transport). IDBH, 100. Hepple, Alexander, 1904-1983 (South Africa: A Political and Economic History, 1966). Times, 14 Dec. 1983. CAO. Herbst, Anthony Francis, 1941 CANR, 35 (1992), 206. Herkner, Heinrich, 1863 – 1932 (The Labour Question, 1894) DGB. Herlihy, David, 1930 – 1991 (undertook a computer-aided quantitative study of the 1427 taxation returns in Florence, 1978) CA, 41 – 44 (1979), 307. NYT, 24 Feb. 1991. GEHW. Hernandez-Esteve, Esteban, 1931 (historian of finance and accounting). IDBH, 100. Herranen, Timo, 1956 (The Helsinki Gasworks, 1860-1985, 1985). IDBH, 101. Heskovits, Melville Jean, 1895-1963 (revolutionised Afro-American historiography in The Myth of the Negro Past, 1940). BDAE, D. C. Lewis. Hertner, Peter, 1942 (historian of multinationals and electrotechnical industry). IDBH, 101. VGW, 443. Hertz, Friedrich Otto, 1878 – 1964 (Austrian sociologist. Development of the German Public Mind, 1957-62, 2 vols) DGB. Herzfeld, Levi, 1810 – 1884 (historian of Jewish trade) S.W. Baron, Levi Herzfeld: The First Jewish Economic Historian (1945) Hess, Ulrich, 1945 VGW, 443. Hessen, Robert, 1936 (biographer of Charles M. Schwab, 1975). IDBH, 102. Hession, Charles H(enry), 1911 (with Hyman Sardy, Ascent to Affluence: A History of American Economic Development, 1969; John Kenneth Galbraith & His Critics, 1972). CAO. Heston, Alan Wiley, 1934 (World Product and Income, 1982). CA, 97 – 100 (1981), 240.

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Higgs, Sir John, 1923 – 1986 AgHR, 34, 1986, 204, M. Havinden. Times, 12 and 23 June 1986. Higgs, Robert, 1944 (detected the ratchet effect of government growth, 1987, and became historian of the Great Depression, 2006) Price Fishback, ed., The Role of Government in U.S. Economic History: Essays in Honor of Robert Higgs, 2007. WKP Hildebrand, Bruno, 1812-1878 (first focused upon the social, economic and legal history of classical antiquity, 1869, emphasising the role of property relations and the class struggle.) Hildebrand, Karl-Gustaf, 1911-2005 (Swedish business historian, especially of the iron industry) Hildebrandt, Reinhard, 1937 (historian of Fuggers, 1966). IDBH, 102. VGW, 445. Hilferding, Rudolf (Richard Kern), 1877 – 1941 (associated imperialism with Finance Capital, 1910, and viewed empire as the last phase of capitalism) GSE, 6, 615. DNM, 2, 135, R. Breitman. DGB. BDDE, J. Coakley. GEBK. Hilger, Marie-Elisabeth, 1935 VGW, 446. Hilger, Susanne, 1965 VGW, 446. Hill, Donald (Routledge), 1922 – 1994 (A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times, 1984). CAO. Hill, John Edward Christopher (K.E. Holme), 1912 – 2003 („the commanding interpreter of seventeenth-century England,‟ M. Kettle. „Taken seperately his productivity and his erudition are monumental, taken together they are incredible‟, TLS, 24 Oct. 1975, J.H. Hexter. „Hill enjoyed the most successful career ever achieved by a Marxist historian in the Englishspeaking world‟. „He seldom used manuscripts‟) G.H. Eley and W.A. Hunt (eds.), Revising the English Revolution : Reflections on the Work of Christopher Hill (1988). CANR 22 (1988), 193-5, Anne Johnson. ALR, 105 – 110, A.L. Rowse. HJK, 101 – 107. KB, 531 – 533, R.J. Söderlund. WW, 955. AWW, 317. Balliol College Register, 6th edn. 1940 – 1990 (1993), 30. GDN, 26 Feb. 2003, M. Kettle. Times, 26 Feb. TEL, 27 Feb. NYT, 27 Feb. 2003. IND, 1 March. Times, 5 Mar., Ian Cobain, „A Soviet Mole‟, citing A. Glees‟s discovery of 1985. GDN, 6 Mar., Penelope J. Corfield, O. Bowcott. PBA, 130 (2005), 23-49, D. Pennington. ODNB*, Robin Briggs. Historian 87 (Autumn 2005), 21-23, Penny Corfield, „Christopher Hill: Marxism and Methodism‟. JHH, 227-51, „The Historical Method of Christopher Hill‟. Hills, The Reverend Richard L., 1936 (Power in the Industrial Revolution, 1970) PH, 130. AWW, 319. Hilton, George Woodman, 1925 (The Electric Interurban Railways in America, 1960). CANR, 4 (1981), 301. Hilton, Rodney Howard, 1916 – 2002 (historian of landlford-peasant relations in medieval England, 1973) HJK, 71 – 72. KB, 534, Virginia R. Bainbridge. WW, 959. AWW, 319. GDN, 10 Jun. 2002, C. Dyer; 24 Jun. K. Flett. IND, 22 Jun. P. Coss. PBA, 130 (2005), 5377, C. Dyer. CAO. ODNB*, E.J. Hobsbawm.

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Himmelfarb, Gertrude, 1922 (judged temperance movement to have been more important to ordinary people in Victoria era than trade union movement. The Idea of Poverty. England in the Early Industrial Age, 1984) CANR, 66 (1998), 170 - 173. Hindle, Brooke, 1918 – 2001 CANR, 23 (1988), 182. WP, 6 Jun. 2001. Hindle, Steve, 1965- (State and Social Change in Early Modrn England, c.1550-1640, 2000) Hinterthür, Bettina, 1969 VGW, 447. Hintze, Otto, 1861 – 1940 (a pioneer in the use of social and economic analysis for the study of administrative history and regional typology) Central European History 3, 1970, 17 – 48, D. Gerhard, „Otto Hintze : His Work and His Significance in Historiography.‟ AHR, 46, Jul. 1941, 1010. GEHW. *DGB. Hiramoto, Atushi, 1950 (historian of shipbuilding and silk reeling). IDBH, 103. Hirsch, Fred, 1931 – 1978 CANR, 28 (1990), 233. Hirschman, Albert O., 1915 (The Passions and the Interests: Political Arguments for Capitalism, 1977). CANR, 37 (1992), 240. BDDE, M.S. McPherson. GESK. Hirschmeier, Johannes, 1921 (historian of enterprise in Meiji Japan, 1964) CANR 5 (1982), 270. Hirsh, Richard F., ? (Power Loss: The Origins of Deregulation and Restructuring in the American Electric Utility System, 1999). CAO. Hirst, Francis Wrigley, 1873 – 1953 (editor of The Economist, 1907-16. Gladstone As Financier and Economist, 1931). F.W. Hirst, In the Golden Days (1947). F.W. Hirst. By his friends (1958). DNB, R. Fulford. DBE. Times, 23 Feb., 3 & 6 Mar. 1953. ODNB, A.C. Howe. JOB, 3, 418, D. Nachod. Hizen, Eiichi, 1935 Hjerppe, Riitta, 1944 (Festschrift: Exploring Economic Growth: Essays in Measurement and Analysis, eds. Sakari Heikkinen; J L van Zanden, 2004) PH, 133. Hobhouse, Henry, 1924 (Seeds of Change: Five Plants That Transformed Mankind, 1985, 1999) Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny, 1864 – 1929 (Criticised Adam Smith for his view of man as „a money-making machine‟ and envisaged an alliance between municipal socialism, trade unions, and the Co-operative Movement to achieve the nationalisation of capital and land in The Labour Movement, 1893.) J.A. Hobson & M. Ginsberg, L T. Hobhouse, His Life and Work (1931). DNB, A. Shadwell. PBA, 15, 1929, E. Barker WWW, 3, 647. Times, 24 & 27 Jun. 1929. MBR, 221. JOB, 3, 434 – 439, H.L Smith. ODNB, M. Freeden. MC, 3, 477-82. PFC. GDN, 29 July 1931, R.H. Tawney.

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Hobley, Leonard Frank, 1903 – ? (Living and Working: A Social and Economic History of England and Wales from 1760 to 1960, 1964). CAO. Hobsbawm, Eric John Ernest, (Francis Newton) 1917 (The archetype of the cosmopolitan intellectual, setting the saga of economic expansion within an international perspective. A critic of both Ashton and Rostow. „By the far the most gifted economic historian now writing‟, J. Vaizey, 1968. „This is economic history at its most splendidly “impure”‟, recalling „something of the genius, the human skill, the social perception of the great and forgotten George Unwin‟, Gwyn Williams, 1968.) E.J. Hobsbawm, Interesting Times. A Twentieth-Century Life (2002), reviewed by T. Hunt in the Observer, 22 Sep. 2002. R. Samuel and G.S. Jones, (eds.), Culture, Ideology and Politics : Essays for Eric Hobsbawm (1982). P. Thane, G. Crossick and R. Floud (eds.), The Power of the Past : Essays for Eric Hobsbawm (Cambridge, 1984). HA, 29 – 46. HJK, 132 – 145. SLH, 48, Spring 1984, 2, C. Wrigley. CANR, 56 (1997), 209 – 213, F. Newton. WW, 965. AWW, 323. DNM, 2, 139, M. Donnelly. RCR 2, 5. Hobson, John Atkinson, 1858 – 1940 („a gifted economist, who challenged conventional orthodoxies‟, R.H. Tawney, 1949. attributed trade trade depression, to under-consumption and over-saving, 1889. First related the new imperialism of the 1890s to the decline of a belief in free trade, 1902). J.A. Hobson, Confessions of an Economic Heretic (1938; Brighton, 1976). H. N. Brailsford, The Life-work of J. A. Hobson (Oxford, 1948) J. Townshend, J.A. Hobson (Manchester, 1990). M. Freeden, Reappraising J.A. Hobson : humanism and welfare (1990). M. Schneider, J.A. Hobson, 1996. P. Cain, Hobson and Imperialism: Radicalism, New Liberalism and Finance, 1887-1938 (2002). JHI 26, 1965, 397 – 423, H. Mitchell. JHI, 34, 1973, 421 – 443, M. Freeden. DNB, R.H. Tawney. ODNB, M. Freeden. PFC. IESS, R. Lekachman. EcJ 50, Jun. 1940, 351 – 360, G.D.H. Cole. BDDE, J.E. King, GEBK. JOB, 3, 439, J. Vowles NCB, 1171. DLAB, 1, 176 – 180, A. Lee. MBR, 222 - 227. Hodgett, Gerald Augustus John, 1917 (Tudor Lincolnshire, 1975). AWW, 324. Hodne, Fritz, 1932 (The Norwegian Economy, 1920-1980, 1983). IDBH, 104. Hodgson, Geoffrey M., 1946 (editor, The Foundations of Evolutionary Economics: 1890-1973, 1998). CAO. Hodson, H. V. (Henry Vincent), 1906-1999 (Slump and Recovery, 1929-1937, 1938) Hoerder, Dirk, 1943 (editor, American Labor and Immigration History, 1877-1920s: Recent European Research, 1982). CAO. VGW, 450. Hoffmann, Alfred, 1904 – 1983 (Economic History of Upper Austria, 1952) VSWG, 70, 1983, 602 – 605, H. Kellenbenz. DGB. Hoffmann, Charles, 1921-1999 CA, 106 (1982), 246. CAO. Hoffman, Kai J., 1944 (historian of electrical engineering). IDBH, 104.

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Hoffman, Philip Thomas, 1947 (historian of Lyons, 1983, and French agriculture) CA 119 (1987), 146. CAO. Hoffmann, Rainer-W., 1940 VGW, 451. Hoffmann, Richard C., 1943 (the historian of agrarian structures in Poland, 1989) Hoffman, Ross John Swartz, 1902 – 1979 (Great Britain and the German Trade Rivalry, 1875-1914, 1933). CA, 65 – 68 (1977), 300. AHR, 85 : 1, Jun. 1980, 761, A.J. Loomie. Hoffmann, Stanley H., 1928 CANR, 14 (1985), 231. Hoffmann, Walter Alexis Karl, 1891 – 1972 (The Yugoslav Experiment, 1953) DGB. Hofmeyr, Jan Frederik Hendrik, (1845 – 1908??) (A History and Control of National Debts, 1918) DSAB, 2, 309 – 319, T.R.H. Davenport. A. Paton, Hofmeyer, 1964. Hofsommer, Don L., 1938 (historian of railroads. The Southern Pacific, 1901-1985, 1986). IDBH, 104. Hogan, The Reverend William T., 1919 – 2002 (historian of US steel industry, „the Steel Priest‟) CA, 97 – 100 (1981), 251. CAO. Hogendorn, Jan Stafford, 1937 (specialist in African economic history, especially the history of the slave trade, 1979, 1993: with Marion Johnson The Shell Money of the Slave Trade, 1986). CANR 43 (1994), 207.CAO. Hogesteeger, Gerardus, 1947 (historian of telecommunications). IDBH, 104. Hogler, Raymond L., 1943 (Public Sector Strikes, 1988) IDBH,105. Hohenberg, Paul Marcel, 1933 (A Primer on the Economic History of Europe, 1968). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 330. Hoke, Donald R., 1951 (historian of watches, clocks and typewriters). IDBH, 105. Holbrook, Stewart Hall, 1893 – 1964 (Machines of Plenty, 1955). CAP, 1 (1975), 297. Holderness, Bryan Alexander, 1941 (British Agriculture since 1945, 1985). AWW, 325. Hollander, Jacob Harry, 1871-1940 (historian of the economic thought of Ricardo, 1910). ANB, L.S. Moss. NYT, 10 July 1940. NP 2, 776, A.W. Coats. Hollander, Samuel, 1937 (historian of classical political economists) Hollander, Stanley Charles, 1919-2004 (historian of labels, 1956, and biographer of Henry Ford, 1960: Discount Retailing, 1900-1952, 1986). CA 37-40 (1979), 254. CAO. BDAE, Katherine Norley.

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(The Demography of the British Peerage, 1964)

Hollis, Patricia Lesley, Baroness Hollis of Heigham, 1941 (Pressure from without in Early Victorian England, 1974) WW, 979. Holmes, Colin, 1938 (historian of immigration, 1988) CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 334. CANR, 11 (1984), 266. AWW, 327. Holmes, George Arthur, 1927 – 2009 (The Estates of the Higher Nobility in Fourteenth Century England, 1957) CANR, 65 (1998), 123. AWW, 328. WW, 982. Times, 20 March 2009. Holtfrerich, Carl-Ludwig, 1942 (historian of coal mining in Ruhr, 1973. The German Inflation, 1914-1923, 1986) IDBH, 106. VGW, 453. Holyoake, George Jacob, 1817 – 1906 (a Chartist, the last man to be imprisoned in Britain for blasphemy in 1842, and historian of the Rochdale Pioneers, 1893). G.J. Holyoake, Sixty Years of An Agitator‟s Life (1892, 2 vols.). Bygones Worth Remembering (1905). L.E. Grugel, George Jacob Holyoake : a Study in the Evolution of a Victorian Radical (Philadelphia, 1976). DNB, J.R. Macdonald. ODNB, E. Royle. MBR, 231 – 237. Times, 23 Jan. & 11 Apr. 1906. Homans, George Caspar, 1910 – 1990 (direct descendant of two presidents of the USA, John Adams and John Quincy Adams; and a polymath: English Villagers of the Thirteenth Century, 1941). G.C. Homans, Coming to My Senses. The Autobiography of a Sociologist (New Brunswick, N.J., 1985). ANB, A. Sica. NYT, 31 May 1989. Homer, Sidney, 1902 – 1983 (A History of Interest Rates, 1963). CA, 110 (1984), 257. NYT, 11 Aug. 1983. Honeyman, Katrina, 1950 (textile historian with special reference to entrepreneurs, apprentices, and clothing. Origins of Enterprise: Business Leadership in the Industrial Revolution, 1982) IDBH, 106. Honjo, Eijiro, 1888-1973 (historian of soap and rice industries, 1914, 1923) Hont, Istvan, 1947 (historian of competition in international trade) Hope-Jones, Arthur, 1911 – 1984 (Income-tax in the Napoleonic Wars, 1939) CA, 112 (1985), 250. Times, 23 Feb. 1984. Hopkins, Antony Gerald, 1938 (An Economic History of West Africa, 1973) WW, 990. Hopkins, Eric, ? – 2003 (Birmingham: The First Manufacturing Town in the World, 1760-1840, 1989) Hopkins, John Abel, 1897-? (Economic History of the Production of Beef Cattle in Iowa, 1928)

121

Hoppit, Julian, 1957 (Risk and Failure in English Business, 1700-1800, 1987). PH, 150. Horie, Yasuzo, 1904 – 1991 Horn, Pamela (Lucy Ray), 1936 (Life and Labour in Rural England, 1760-1850, 1986). CANR, 30 (1990), 199. CAO. Hornby, William,

? (Factories and Plant, 1958, CHWW.)

Horrocks, Sally M., 1966 (historian of the food industry and of R&D) IDBH, 107. Horsefield, John Keith, 1901 – 1997 (British Monetary Experiments, 1650-1710, 1960). CA, 5 – 8 (1969), 564. WW, 1997, 952. Times, 24 Apr. 1997. Hoselitz, Berthold Frank (Bert), 1913-1995 (Theories of Economic Growth, 1960. Economics and the Idea of Mankind, 1965) BDAE, D. C. Lewis. CANR, 1, (1981), 280. Hoshino, Hidetoshi, 1929 – 1991 Hoskins, Halford Lancaster, 1891 – 1967 (British Routes to India, 1928). AHR, 73 : 1, Jan. 1968, 680. Hoskins, William George, 1908 – 1992 (transformed the study of local history from an antiquarian pursuit into a rigorous academic discipline) C.W. Chalklin and M.A. Havinden (eds.), Rural Change and Urban Growth : Essays in Regional History in Honour of W.G. Hoskins (1974), xix-xxvi, 342 – 350, C.W. Chalklin, M.A. Havinden, D. Meredith. PBA 87, 1994, 339 – 356, Joan Thirsk. AgHR,40, 1992, 164 – 167, M.W. Beresford. *RCR, 123. ODNB, Joan Thirsk. GEHW. RCR 2, 7, C. Phythian-Adams. Hoszowski, S., 1904-1987 (historian of Polish Baltic trade, 1960) Hou, Chi-ming, 1924 (Foreign Investment and Economic Development in China, 1840-1937, 1965). CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 422. CAO. Hounshell, David A., 1950 (From the American System to Mass Production, 1800-1932, 1984) CA, 129 (1990), 212. Hovde, Bryn J., 1896 – 1954 AHR, 60 Jan. 1955, 491. Hovell, Mark, 1888 – 1916 M. Hovell, The Chartist Movement (Manchester, 1918), xxi-xxxvii, T.F. Tout. Howard, Michael C., 1945- (with King, A History of Marxian Economics, 2 vols, 1989, 1992). CAO. Howe, Anthony C., 1950 (The Cotton Masters, 1830-60, 1984) PH, 153. Howe, Christopher Barry, 1937 (historian of the modern economy of China and Japan, 1971, 1996) CA 121 (1987), 205. Howell, Paul M., 1949 (Capitalism in the Risorgimento... 1843-1859, 1992). IDBH, 107.

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Hower, Ralph Merle, 1903 – 1973 (Macy‟s of New York, 1943). AHC, 42. CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 415. CAO. NYT, 4 Aug. 1973. Howson, Susan, 1945 (Domestic Monetary Management in Great Britain, 1919-38, 1975). CA, 113 (1985), 234. Hoyt, Homer, 1896 – 1984 (One Hundred Years of Land Values in Chicago, 1933. Where the Rich and the Poor People Live, 1966). CANR, 1 (1981), 284. NYT, 1 Dec. 1984. Hoyt, Robert Stuart, 1918 – 1971 (The Royal Demesne in English Constitutional History, 1066-1272, 1950) AHR, 76 : 1971, 1276, T.B. Jones. Hrabovec, Ivan, 1931 (Slovak historian of botany and geology, 1990). IDBH, 107. Hruschka, Erhard, 1931 VGW, 456. Huberman, Leo, 1903 – 1968 (We, the People, 1932. Man‟s Worldly Goods, 1937) CANR, 4 (1981), 313. DNM, 2, 141, H. Targ. Huberman, Michael M., 1955 (Escape from the Market. Negotiating Work in Lancashire, 1996). IDBH, 108. Hudson, Patricia, 1948 („In my research, the fusion of economic, familial, social and cultural activities and networks has appeared central‟. 2001). PH, 157. WWB, 234. Hufton, Olwen H., 1938 (The Poor of 18th-Century France, 1974). CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 429. Huggins, Nathan Irvin, 1927 – 1989 CANR, 25 (1989) 221. Hughes, Edward, 1899 – 1965 (Studies in Administration and Finance, 1558-1825, 1934. North Country Life in the 18th Century, 1952). WWW, 6, 562. Times, 6 and 13 Jul. 1965. Hughes, Helen (Gintz), 1928 (The Australian Iron and Steel Industry, 1848-1962, 1964). CAO. Hughes, Jonathan Roberts Tyson, 1928 – 1992 (co-author of the first article in economic history to use computers. „The First 1,945 British Steamships‟, 1958. „The world did not begin in 1933‟, 1991). Joel Mokyr (ed.), The Vital One : Essays in Honour of Jonathan Hughes. REH Supplement 6 (Greenwich, Conn., 1991). CA, 81 – 84 (1979), 254. CSN, 6 : 3, Oct. 1991, 3 – 6, 18 – 26, C.W. Calomiris. OE, ii, 549, C.W. Calomiris. GEHW. LCW. Hughes, Thomas Parke, 1923 (Networks of Power... 1880-1930, 1983). CANR, 47 (1995), 206. Huizinga, Johan, 1872 – 1945 („Historical thinking is always teleological… It is the eternal future that moves our mind‟, 1934). AHR, 69, Apr. 1964, 607 – 630, Rosalie L. Cole (1924- 1972), „Johan Huizinga and the Task of Cultural History.‟

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JHI, 5, 1944, 369 – 373, J. Katz. HAT, 2, 1962, 231 – 262, P. Geyl, „Huizinga as Accuser of His Age‟, reprinted in Encounters in History (1963), 188 – 237. HAT, 17, 1978, 63 – 93, R. Anchor, „History and Play : Johan Huizinga and His Critics‟. CA, 161 (1984), 174 – 181. IES, 6, 533 Rosalie L. Cole. Hume, John Robert, 1939 (The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 1976-77 CA, 106 (1982), 258. AWW, 339. Humphries, Jane, 1948 WWB, 239. Hundt, Martin, 1932 VGW, 458. Hunker, Henry L., 1924 (Industrial Evolution of Columbus, Ohio, 1958). CA, 13 – 16 (1975), 412. Hunt, Christopher John, 1937 (The Lead Miners of the Northern Pennines, 1970) AWW, 340. WW, 1023. Hunt, Edward H. (Eddie), 1939 (Regional Wage Variations in Britain, 1850-1914, 1973) WWB, 240. AWW, 340. Hunt, Lynn Avery, 1945 (The New Cultural History, 1989). CA, 131 (1991), 252. Hunter, Dard, 1883 – 1966 (Papermaking in Pioneer America, 1952). CAP, 1 (1975), 311. NYT, 22 Feb. 1966. Hunter, Janet E., 1948 (Japanese Women Working, 1993) WWB, 240. Hunter, Louis C., 1898 – 1984 (Steamboats on the Western Rivers, 1949). AHC, 43. CA, 112 (1985), 254. NYT, 24 Mar. 1984. Hurst (Hertz), Sir Gerald Berkeley, 1871 – 1957 (The Old Colonial System, 1905). G.B. Hurst, Closed Chapters (1942). WWW, 5, 563. Times, 29 Oct. 1957. Hurstfield, Joel, 1911 – 1980 (Elizabethan historian. The Control of Raw Materials, 1953, CHWW) Times, 1, 6 & 9 Dec. 1980. WWW, 7, 394. Hurt, Ray Douglas, 1946 (American Farm Tools: From Hand Power to Steam Power, 1982). CAO. Hurwitz, Samuel Justin, 1912 – 1972 (State Intervention in Great Britain ... 1914-19, 1949). AHR, 77 : 1, 1972, 245, Madeline R. Robinton. CAP, 2 (1978), 273. Hutchins, Elizabeth Leigh (Bessie) listed in the British Library Catalogue as B.L. Hutchins, 1858 – 1935. (co-author of A History of Factory Legislation, 1903). *DWE, 219, J.P. Henderson. Times, 26 Oct. 1935. Hutchins, John G.B., 1909 – 1996 (The American Maritime Industries and Public Policy, 1789-1914, 1941). AHC, 44.

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(Labour in the Munitions Industries, 1957, CHWW)

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Jancik, Drahomir, 1948 (Czech historian of German economic expansion in the 1930s, 1990). IDBH, 116. Janeway, Eliot, 1913-1993 (The Struggle for Survival: A Chronicle of Economic Mobilization in World War II, 1951, reprinted 1968). CAO. Jannet, Claudio, 1844 – 1894 EcJ, 4, 1894, 745, E. Cannan. Janos, Andrew Csaba, 1934 (The Politics of Backwardness in Hungary, 1981) CA 106 (1982), 270. Jansen, Hubertus Petrus Henricus, 1928 – 1985 EHJ, 49, 1986, 270 – 273, D.E.H. de Boer. Jantke, Carl, 1910 – 1989 VSWG, 77, 1990, 93 – 97, H.J. Teuteberg. Jarvis, Rupert Charles, 1899 – 1983 (Customs Letter Books of the Port of Liverpool, 1711-1813, 1954). CA, 103 (1982), 103. LCAS, 82, 1983, 158, V.I. Tomlinson. Jasny, Naum, 1883 – 1967 (Soviet Industrialisation, 1928-52, 1961. Soviet Economists of the Twenties, 1972). CAP, 1 (1975), 324. NYT, 24 Apr. 1967. Jastrow, Ignaz, 1896-1934 Jaurès, Jean, 1859 – 1914 (Historie Socialiste, 1789-1900, 1900-08, 13 vols.) DNM, 1, 219, R.A. Gorman. Jay, Peter, 1937- (Road to Riches or The Wealth of Man, 2000. BBC TV series.) CAO. Jeannin, Pierre, 1924-2004 (specialist in the commercial world and Northern Europe) Jefferys, James Bavington, 1914 – 1996 („a victim of the Cold War ban on communist academics‟ E.J. Hobsbawm, 2002, like George Rudé and Sidney Pollard. Retail Trading in Britain, 18501950, 1954.). See ODNB for the spouse, Margot Davies Jefferys, 1916 – 1999. Jefferys, Steve, 1945 Jenkins, David Trevor, 1944 (co-author with K.G. Ponting, The British Wool Textile Industry, 1770-1914, 1982) WWB, 252. Jenkins, Reese V(almer), 1938 (Images and Enterprise: Technology and the American Photographic Industry, 1839-1925, 1975). IDBH, 117. CAO. Jenkins, Rhys, 1859 – 1953 (Links in the History of Engineering and Technology from Tudor Times, 1936). ODNB, R.T. Smith. Jenks, Leland Hamilton, 1892-1976 (The Migration of British Capital to 1875, 1927). AHC, 45. Jenks Collection on Cuban sugar industry, Princeton University.

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Jennings, Bernard, 1928 (A History of Lead Mining in the Pennines, 1965, with Raistrick, A.) PH, 169. AWW, 356. Jensen, Jakob B., 1944 (Danish historian of paper and printing) IDBH, 117. Jequier, François, 1941 (historian of Swiss watch industry, 1972, 1983). IDBH, 117. Jeremy, David John, 1939 (historian of technology transfer and business and religion. Transatlantic Industrial Revolution, 1981; Capitalists and Christians, 1900-60, 1990. Editor [with C. Shaw], Dictionary of Business Biography, 1980-85, 6 vols.) CA, 129 (1990), 231. IDBH, 118. PH, 174. Jernegan, Marcus Wilson, 1873 – 1949 (Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America, 1607-1783, 1931). „A political economist of the highest order‟, M. Ricketts, 2006. AHR, 54, Jul. 1949, 983 – 985. MWJ. Jewkes, John, 1903 – 1988 (Ordeal by Planning, 1948, made him a pariah in the ranks of the profession but earned him golden opinions in Chicago. The Sources of Invention, 1958. Wages and Labour in the Lancashire Cotton Spinning Industry, 1935 with Grey, E.M.). WWW, 8, 396. DNB, A.K. Cairncross. Times, 23 Aug. 1988. ODNB, A. K. Cairncross. BDAE, M. Ricketts. Jha, Dwijendra Narayan, 1940 (Studies in Early Indian Economic History, 1980). CAO. Jimenez, Juan Carlos, 1959 (historian of Spanish bank and industrial credit, 1986). IDBH, 118. Jimenez, Michael F., 1948-2001 (economic historian of Columbian elites) Jindra, Zdenek, 1931 (historian of Krupp, 1914-1918, 1986). IDBH, 119. VGW, 465 Jobert, Phillippe, 1939 (historian of employers of Second Empire, 1991). IDBH, 119. Johannessen, Finn Erhard, 1955 (historian of tanning industry in Norway, 1991) IDBH, 120. Johansen, Hans Christian, 1935 (The Danish Economy in the 20th Century, 1987). John, Angela Vaughan, 1948 (By the Sweat of Their Brow. Women Workers at Victorian Coalmines, 1984). CA, 125 (1989), 230. John, Arthur Henry, 1915 – 1978 (historian of the industrial development of South Wales, 17501850, 1950: and of Alfred Booth, 1959) L.S.E. Magazine 31 : 10, Jun. 1979, 8, W.M. Stern. John, Richard R., 1959 (Managing Big Business, 1986, with R.S. Tedlow) IDBH, 121. Johnman, Lewis, 1954 (historian of shipbuilding, 1992) IDBH, 121. Johnson, Allan Chester, 1881 – 1955 (Currency in Roman and Byzantine Egypt, 1944). AHR, 60, Jul. 1955, 1035. ANB, E. Champlin.

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Johnson, The Reverend Arthur Henry, 1845 – 1927 („a country gentleman in holy orders‟ and the first Oxford extension lecturer, 1878. The Disappearance of the Small Landowner, 1909, using land tax assessments.) WWW, 2, 558. Times, 1 Feb. 1927. Johnson, Arthur Menzies, 1921 (historian of American oil pipelines, 1956) CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 449. CAO. Johnson, David, 1941 – 1996 ? (New Zealand‟s Maritime Heritage, 1987) IDBY, 121. Johnson, Edgar Augustus Jerome, 1900 – 1972 (criticised Rostow for his „shoddy methodology‟ and „factual superficiality‟. American Economic Thought in the 17th Century, 1961) E.A.J. Johnson, American Imperialism in the Image of Peer Gyn: Memoirs of a Professor – Bureaucrat (Minneapolis, 1971). AHC, 46,. AHR, 78 : 2, Dec. 1973, 1566, S.B. Clough. CAP, 1 (1975), 328. CA, 37 – 40 (1979), 278. NYT, 19 Aug. 1972. Johnson, G. Wesley, 1932 (historian of Phoenix, 1982, 1993). IDBH, 122. Johnson, Harry Gordon, 1923 – 1977 (The New Mercantilism, 1974) CANR, 29 (1990), 225. ODNB, W.M. Carden. Times, 10 May 1977. BDAE, D. Moggrdige. GESK. IESS, 18, J.N. Bhagwati and J.A. Frenkel. Johnson, Marian, 1914 – 1988 (The Shell Money of the Slave Trade, 1986) Johnson, Paul, 1956 (Saving and Spending: the Working-Class Economy in Britain, 1870-1939, 1985). WWB, 257. Johnston, Bruce Foster, 1919- (Food and Agriculture in Japan, 1880-1950, 1952). BDAE, P. Aitken. Johnstone, Christine, 1950 PH, 179. Jones, Alice Hanson, 1904 – 1985 (showed colonial America to have been both wealthier and more egalitarian than England or European states. Wealth Estimates for the American Middle Colonies, 1774, 1970). DWE, 228, Evelyn L. Forget. JecH 45 (1985), 972. Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin (Hugo), 1904 – 1970 (disproved the contention of Rostovtseff and showed that trade and industry were relatively unimportant in the Roman economy and that Roman cities were administrative and social centres as well as seats of trade). PBA, 57, 1971, 425 – 438, J. Crook. DNB, P.A. Brunt. ALR, 55 – 58. WWW, 6, 604. Times, 10 Apr. 1970. ODNB, P.A. Brunt. PAP 47 (May 1970), 147, J. Morris. Jones, Benjamin, 1847 – 1942 (A firm believer in federalised „state democracy‟ represented by CWS. Co-Operative Production, 1894, 2 volumes). DLAB, 1, 197 – 199, Joyce Bellamy. MBR, 258 – 261. Jones, Charles A., 1949 (historian of international business, 1987). IDBH, 122. Jones, C(lifton) Clyde, 1922 (with Donald L. Kemmerer, American Economic History, 1959). CAO.

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Jones, David J.V., 1941 – 1994 (Before Rebecca: Popular Protests in Wales, 1793-1835, 1973). LHR, 59 : 2, Winter 1994, 3, O.R. Ashton. AWW, 363. Jones, Edgar, 1953 (Accountancy and the British Economy, 1840-1980, 1981). IDBH, 123. Jones, Eric Lionel, 1936 (linked the development of domestic industry to rural change before Mendels, 1968, The European Miracle. „Economic history is a supply-side subject‟, 1973) CA, 104 (1982), 232. CSN, 7 : 3, Oct. 1992, 3 – 6, 23 – 24, Nancy Folbre, M. Huberman. LCW. Jones, Gareth Stedman, 1942 (Outcast London, 1972) KB, 624, M. Hewitt Jones, George Thomas, 1902 – 1929 G.T. Jones, Increasing Return …. 1850 – 1910 (Cambridge, 1933), xiii-xvi. Jones, Geoffrey Gareth, 1952 (historian of multinationals. British multinationals, 1986; The Evolution of International Business: An Introduction, 1996; Multinationals and Global Capitalism from the 19th to the 21st Century, 2005.) WWB, 260. CAO. Jones, Gwilym Peredur, 1892 – 1975 (co-author, A Hundred Years of Economic Development in Great Britain, 1940, with Poole, A.G.) WWW, 7, 420. Times, 25 Feb. 1975. Jones, Hilary Edgar, 1953 CA, 118 (1986), 245. Jones, Maldwyn Allen, 1922-2007 (American Immigration, 1960) CANR, 4 (1981), 337. AWW, 367. IND, 15 May 2007, John White. Times, 18 May 2007. Jones, Peter d’Alroy, 1931 (An Economic History of the United States since 1783, 1956, 2nd edition, 1964; with A. N. Simons, The Story of the Saw, 1960). CAO. Jones, Philip, 1921-2006 (revisionist historian of the Renaissance in terms of the „myth of the bourgeoisie‟, 1980) IND, 3 May 2006, T. Dean. Jones, Robert Leslie, 1906-1989 (historian of Canadian agriculture) AHAP, Apr. 1990. Jones, Stephen Glyn, 1957 – 1987 (Sport, Politics and the Working-Class, 1988). Jones, Stephen R.H., 1942 (historian of pin and needle manufacture, 1973, 1978). IDBH, 123 Jones, Stuart, 1933 (with Andre Muller, The South African Economy, 1910-90, 1992). IDBH, 124. CAO. Jones, William John, 1932 (The Foundations of English Bankruptcy: Statutes and Commissions in the Early Modern Period, 1979). CAO. Jonker, Joost P.B., 1955 (Dutch financial historian) IDBH, 124.

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Jordan, Jr., Daniel P(orter), 1938 (with Maurice Duke, Tobacco Merchant: The Story of Universal Leaf Tobacco Company, 1995). CAO. Jordan, Wilbur Kitchener, 1902 – 1980 (undertook the statistical analysis of charitable endowments, 1480-1660, 1959-62) CANR, 5 (1982), 293. NYT, 7, Jun. 1980. Josephson, Matthew (‘Matty’), 1899 – 1978 (The Robber Barons ... 1861-1901, 1934. „In reality the Great Depression was not depressing‟, 1967). M. Josephson, An Infidel in the Temple. A Memoir of the Nineteen Thirties (New York, 1967). ANB, 12, 281, D.E. Shi. BD, 1, 385. WWWA, 7, 308. NYT, 14, Mar. 1978. Joshua, Isaac, 1939 (La Face Cachée du Moyen âge:Les Premiers pas du Capital, 1988) Joslin, David Maelgwyn, 1925 – 1970 (The Bank of London and South America, 1963. J.M. Winter and D. M. Joslin (eds.), R.H. Tawney‟s Commonplace Book (1972), ix-xi, M.M. Postan, „D. M. Joslin, 1925-1970‟) J.M. Winter (ed.), War and Economic Development. Essays in Memory of David Joslin (1975), vii-viii, H.J. Habakkuk. WWW, 6, 611. Times, 21 Oct. 1970. Joyce, Patrick, 1945 (Work, Society and Politics, 1980). CA, 128 (1990), 214. Judges, Arthur Valentine, 1898 – 1973 (The Elizabethan Underworld, 1930). Times, 18, 19 Feb. 1973. Juglar, Clément, 1819 – 1905 (a physician turned economist, like Quesnay. First discovered the Juglar or trade cycle of 7 – 8 years, 1889. „The modern morphology of cycles dates from Juglar‟, Schumpeter, 1954). EcJ, 15, 1905, 293 – 298, A. de Foville. NP 2, 1037, M. Millgate. GEBK. IESS, 8, A. Marshall. Juraschek, Franz Ritter von, 1849-1910 (Austrian statistician and successor of Franz Xaver Neumann Spallart, 1837-1888) JRSS 73 (Apr. 1910), 409. Just, Flemming, 1957 (Danish historian of co-operatives, 1990). IDBH, 125. Jutikkala, Eino Kaarlo Ilmari, 1907 – 2006 (Finnish economic and social historian. Laentisen Suomen kartanolaitos Ruotsin vallan viimeisenae aikana („Manorial Economy in Finland in the Eighteenth Century‟), 2 vols, 1932). CAO.

Kaczynska, Elzbieta, 1934 (historian of Polish workers) IDBH, 125. Kadish, Alon, 1950 (biographer of Toynbee, 1986: Historians, Economists, and Economic History, 1989). CA 131 (1991), 270. CAO. Kaelble, Hartmut, 1940 (Social Mobility in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1985). IDBH, 126. VGW, 468.

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Kaeuper, Richard William, 1941 CA, 115 (1985), 225. Kahan, Arcadius, 1920 – 1982 (with Salo W. Baron and others, Economic History of the Jews, 1975). CA, 135 (1992), 247. CAO. Slavic Review 41 : 4, Winter 1982, 777, D.G. Johnson. NYT, 1 Mar. 1982. Kajimoto, Motonobu, 1948 (historian of coal and canals in South Wales, 1989-90). IDBH, 127. Kaku, Sachio, 1944 (historian of chemical industry in Germany, 1986). IDBH, 127. Kamen, Henry Arthur, 1936 (The Iron Century: Social Change in Europe, 1550-1650, 1971). AWW, 372. Kamitake, Yoshiro, 1948 Kanai, Yu’ichi, 1949 Kanigel, Robert, 1946 1997). CAO.

(The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow Taylor and the Enigma of Efficiency,

Kanther, Michael A., 1960 VGW, 472. Kareev, Nikolai Ivanovitch, 1850-1931 (The Peasantry and the Political Question in France, 1879) GEHW. Karner, Stefan, 1952 VGW, 472. Karpovich, Michael, 1888 – 1959 (editor of one of the best Russian emigré magazines, Novyi Zhurnal, New York, 1943 – 1959. Economic History of Europe since 1750, 1937 with A.P. Usher and D.W. Bowden.) AHR, 65, Jan. 1960, 490. BDSU, 167. NYT, 8 Nov. 1959. Kaser, Kurt, 1870 –1931 (co-editor from 1909 of VSWG) VSWG, 24, 1931, 335 - 338, H. Pirchegger. DGB. Kaser, Michael Charles, 1926 CANR, 10 (1983), 257. Kanzaka, Jyun’ichi, 1963 Karonen, Petri K., 1966 (historian of Finnish shipping, in 1992) IDBH, 127. Karsten, Luchien, 1947 („The Eight-Hour Day‟, 1990). IDBH, 128. Katanka, Michael, 1922 – 1983 (The History of British Trade Unionism: a Select Bibliography, 1969, with Frow, Ruth and S.) SLH, 47, Autumn 1983, 4. Kato, Shigeshi, 1880-1946 (Japanese economic historian of China, 1944-1949) GEHW.

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Katoh, Kozaburo, 1930 (historian of textiles, technology and industrial policy) IDBH, 128. Katz, Henryk. 1914 – 1990 LHR, 56 : 1, Spring 1991, 4, J. L. Halstead. Katz, Jacob, 1904-1998 (social historian of the Jews) NYT, 28 June 1998. Katz, Jorge M., 1940 (historian of the import of technology into Latin America, 1976). IDBH, 129. Katzenellenbogen, Simon E., 1939 (Railways and the Copper Mines of Katanga, 1973). AWW, 373. Katzman, David Manners, 1941 (editor, Technical Knowledge in American Culture: Science, Technology, and Medicine Since the Early 1800s, 1996). CAO. Kaufhold, Karl Heinrich, 1932 (historian of mining in Prussia, 1989). IDBH, 130. VGW, 474. Kaufman, Stuart Bruce, 1942-1997 of Labor, 1848-1896, 1973). CAO.

(Samuel Gompers and the Origins of the American Federation

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Keay, John (Stanley Melville), 1941 (The Honourable Company: A History of the English East India Company, 1994). CAO. Keen, Maurice Hugh, 1933 (The Outlaws of Medieval Legend, 1901). AWW, 375. WW, 1117. Kehr, Eckart, 1902 – 1933 (historian of the German naval build-up of 1894-1901, and also of the Prussian reforms of 1806-1815) CGS, 148 – 149. GEHW. Keil, Ian John Ernest, 1933 AWW, 375. Keirstead, Burton Sealey, 1907-1973 (The Economic Effects of the War on the Maritime Provinces, 1944). BDAE, P. Aitken Kellenbenz, Hermann, 1913 – 1990 (a specialist in international economic history) VSWG, 78, 1991, 1 – 5, W. Zorn. DGB. Kellett, John Reginald, 1925 (The Impact of Railways on Victorian Cities, 1969). AWW, 376. Kelley, Allen Charles, 1937 1937 (Lessons From Japanese Development: An Analytical Economic History, 1974). CA, 104 (1982), 240. CAO. Kelley, Florence W. (Wischnewetsky), 1859 – 1932 (translator of the classic text of Engels, 1887). Kathryn K. Sklar (ed.), Notes of Sixty Years : the Autobiography of Florence Kelley (Chicago, 1986). Kathryn K. Sklar, Florence Kelley and the Nation‟s Work : The Rise of Women‟s Political Culture, 1830 – 1900 (New Haven, Conn., 1995). Dorothy R. Blumberg, Florence Kelley : the Making of a Social Pioneer (New York, 1966). Josephine Goldmark, Impatient Crusader : Florence Kelley‟s Life Story (Urbana, Ill., 1953). DWE, 230 – 236, Kathryn K. Sklar. ANB, 12, 483, Kathryn K. Sklar. NYT, 18, Feb. 1932. Kelly, John, 1950? Kelly, Thomas, 1909 (biographer of George Birkbeck, 1957. Books Are the People, 1977) AWW, 376. Kelsall, Roger Keith, 1910 (Wage Regulation under the Statute of Artificers, 1938) AWW, 377. Kemmerer, Donald Lorenzo, 1905 – 1993 (historian of banking). Dalgaard, B.R. (ed.), Variations in Business and Economic History : Essays in Honour of Donald L. Kemmerer, REH, Supplement 2 (Greenwich, Conn., 1982), xiii-xv, A. Martin. CA, 1 – 4 (1967), 524. IDBH, 133. Kemp, Tom, 1921 – 1993 (The French Economy, 1919-39. The History of the Decline, 1972). T. Brotheron and G. Pilling (eds.), History, Economic History, and the Future of Marxism: Essays in Memory of Tom Kemp (1996). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 380. CA, 143 (1994), 220. AWW, 377. Times, 21 Jan. 1994.

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Kennedy, Carol, 1936-2007 (The Merchant Princes: Family, Fortune, and Philanthropy: Cadbury, Sainsbury, and John Lewis, 2000). CAO. Times, 28 June 2007. Kennedy, Charles J., 1911 – 2001 (historian of the Boston & Maine railroad, 1978-80, 2 vols). IDBH, 134. Kennedy, Kieran A., 1935- (editor From Famine to Feast: Economic and Social Change in Ireland, 1847-1997: Lectures on the Occasion of the 150th Anniversary of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, 1998). CAO. Kennedy, Liam, 1946 (demographer) Kennedy, Paul Michael, 1945 (The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery, 1976). CANR, 30 (1990), 214. Kennedy, William P., 1944 (Industrial Structure, Capital Markets and the Origins of British Economic Decline, 1986). PH, 184. Keremitsis, Dawn, 1921 (Cotton Textile Industry in Porfiriato, Mexico, 1870-1910, 1987) Kerkhof, Stefanie van de, 1971 VGW, 476. Kerner, Robert J., 1889 – 1956 (Bohemia in the 18th-century, 1932. The Urge to the Sea, 1942). AHR, 61, Apr. 1957, 800. Kernkamp, Johannes Herman (n), 1904 – 1980 EHR, 44, 1982, 287 – 291, T.S. Jansma. Kerr, Kathel Austin, 1938 (historian of American railroad politics, 1914-1920, 1965) CA 25-28 (1977), 383. IDBH, 134. Kerridge, Eric, 1919 (demolished the Hamilton-Keynes thesis of the lag of rents behind prices during the price revolution of the 16th century, 1953. Destroyed the myth of „agricultural revolution‟ of 1760-1830, 1948. Rejected any association between enclosure and agricultural progress, 1969.) PH, 189. Kershaw, Sir Ian, 1943 (historian of Bolton Priory estates, 1973, and Hitler. „The Nazis are business‟, 2003) WW, 1133. AWW, 381. Keutgen, Friedrich, 1861 – 1936 VSWG, 30, 1937, 95 – 8, L. Beutin. Keynes, John Maynard, 1883 – 1946 Baron Keynes of Tilton (editor of the annual Economic History supplement to the Economic Journal, 1925 – 1939. „Those who (rightly) dislike algebra will lose nothing by omitting the first section of this chapter‟, i.e. chapter 20, „The Employment Function‟ of The General Theory, 1936). R. Harrod, The Life of John Maynard Keynes (New York, 1951). D.E. Moggridge, Maynard Keynes. An Economist‟s Biography (1992). R. Skidelsky, John Maynard Keynes, 3 vols. (1983, 1992, 2000). JEcH, 31 : 2, Jun. 1971, 429 – 444, V.J. Tarascio, „Keynes on the Sources of Economic Growth‟. NP, 3 (1987), 19 – 41, D. Patinkin. MC 3, 482-92. *CA, 163 (1998), 238 – 244, listing 144 sources. WWE, 460. IESS, 8, 368 – 376, R.F. Harrod, D.V. Lindley.

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ODNB, A.K. Cairncross. Times, 22 Apr. 1946. GEBK. Khan, Zorina B., 1959 (historian of technological innovation). IDBH, 135. Kidd, Alan, 1947 (historian of Manchester, as the „first modern city‟, 1993) Kidder, Jonathan Edward Jr, 1922 (archaeologist, authority on Japanese sculpture and pottery) CA 107 (1983), 254. Kiehling, Hartmut, 1953 VGW, 478. Kieniewicz, Stefan, 1907-1992 (Oblicze ideowe wiosny ludow (Economic History, 1750-1918), 1948). CAO. Kiesewetter, Hubert, 1939 (historian of industrial revolution in Germany, 1989). IDBH, 135. VGW, 478. Kikkawa, Takeo, 1951 (historian of electric power industry). IDBH, 135. Kilby, Peter, 1935 (Editor Quantity & Quiddity: Essays in U.S. Economic History, 1987). CAO. Killick, John Roper, 1939 (historian of Anglo-American trade in raw cotton.) IDBH, 136. Kimball, Warren F., 1935 (The Most Unsordid Act: Lend Lease, 1939-1941, 1969). CA, 25 – 28 (1977), 387. Kimes, Beverely Rae, c.1940-2008 (historian of American automobiles) NYT, 20 May 2008. Kimura, Masato, 1952 (historian of Japan-US economic diplomacy, 1905-11, 1989). IDBH, 136. Kindleberger, Charles Poor, II, 1910 – 2003 (the historian of the world depression in 1973 and financial manias, 1978). C.P. Kindleberger, The Life of an Economist (New York, 1991). R. Sylla, „Charles P. Kindleberger, Reluctant Yet Seminal Historian‟, Atlantic Economic Journal, 33, March 2005, pp. 29-33. BNL, 134, Sep. 1980, 231 – 240, C.P. Kindleberger, „The Life of an Economist‟. CANR, 36 (1992), 219. MIT News, 7 Jul. 2003. BDAS, J.M. Garham. NYT, 9 Jul. 2003, D. Altman. GDN, 16 Jul., H. Jackson. IND, 9 Jul. TEL, 25 Jul. EE, 167179. GESK. King, Donald, 1920 (historian of medieval textiles) TH, 20: 2 (Autumn 1989), 115-122, Natalie Rothstein. King, Frank Henry Haviland, 1926 (historian of Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation, 1987-97, 4 vols. A Concise Economic History of Modern China, 1840-1961, 1969). IDBH, 137. CAO. King, John Edward, 1947 CA, 102 (1981), 307. King, Steven A., 1966 PH, 196.

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King, Wilford Isbell, 1880-1962 (extended Spake‟s estimate of US national income, 1915. The National Income and Its Purchasing Power, 1930, with Epstein, L.). Kingsbury, Susan Myra, 1870 – 1949 (The Records of the Virginia Company of London, 1906-35, 4 vols. Labour Laws and Their Enforcement, 1966). DWE, 236, Susan H. Genseme. WWA, 2, 300. Kingsolver, Barbara, 1955 (Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983 [at Phelps-Dodge Copper Co], 1989) CANR, 60 (1998), 206 – 208. Kipping, Matthias, 1961 (historian of the Schumann plan, 1994). IDBH, 137. VGW, 479. Kipré, Pierre, 1945 (historian of Ivorian towns and merchants, 1986, 1992) Kirby, Chester Hugo, 1899 – 1975 AHR, 80 : 2, Oct. 1975, 1086. Kirby , Edward Stuart, 1909 AWW, 385. CAO. Kirby, Maurice W., 1946 (historian of British coal mining 1870-1946, 1977) WWB, 274. Kirchholtes, Hans-Dieter, 1917 VGW, 479. Kirchner, Walther, 1905- (Studies in Russian-American Commerce, 1820-1860, 1975. Die Deutsche Industrie und die Industrialisierung Russlands, 1815-1914, 1986). CANR, 1, (1981), 338. CAO. VGW, 479. Kirkaldy, Adam Willis, 1867 – 1931 (British Shipping: Its History, 1914) EcJ, 42, Mar. 1932, 155, J.G. Smith. Times, 31 Dec. 1931. Kirkland, Edward Chase, 1894 – 1975 (The History of American Economic Life, 1932). AHC, 47. AHR, 81, Apr. 1976, 483, W.B. Whiteside. *CANR, 6 (1982), 277. NYT, 25 May, 1975. Kishimoto, Mio, 1952 Kita, Masami, 1945 (historian of technology transfer from Scotland, 1986) IDBH, 138. Kitabayashi, Masashi, 1951 (historian of Anglo colonial banks, 1982). IDBH, 139. Kitch, Malcolm James, 1938 AWW, 387. (Capitalism and the Reformation, 1967). Kitchin, Joseph, 1861 – 1932 (first detected the 40-month inventory cycle, 1923). NP, 3, 54, S.N. Solomou. Times, 5 July 1932. Kiuchi, Kaichi, 1921 (historian of corporate accounting). IDBH, 139. Kjaergaard, Thorkild, 1945 (An eco-historical interpretation of „the Danish revolution 1500-1900‟, 1991). IDBH, 139.

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Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane, 1936 DS. Klassen, Henry C., 1931 (historian of Canadian west). IDBH, 140. Klaveren, Jan Jacob van, 1919 – 1999 (The Dutch Colonial System in the East Indies, 1953). VSWG, 87, 2000, 421 – 422, D. Döring. Klebaner, Benjamin Joseph, 1926. (Public Poor Relief in America, 1700-1860, 1976). IDBH, 140. Klein, Daniel, 1962 (historian of turnpikes in USA). IDBH, 141. Klein, Herbert Sanford, 1936 (The Middle Passage: Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1978). CANR, 37 (1992), 262. Klein, Julius, 1886-1961 (The Mesta… 1273-1836, 1920) Klein, Lawrence Robert, 1920 (Economic Fluctuations in the United States, 1921- 1941, 1950). CAO. GESK. Klein, Maury, 1939 (historian of railroads and cities, 1970, 1976) CA 33-36 (1978), 475. CAO. IDBH, 141. Klingender, Francis Donald, 1907 – 1955 (related the most ethereal sphere of human experience to the brutal process of economic expansion, 1947.) F.D. Klingender, Art and the Industrial Revolution (second revised edn., 1968), vii-xi, A. Elton. Times, 12 July 1955. DLAB, 9. Klug, Adam, 1951?-2000 (renowned Israeli historian of German reparations) Kluge, Ulrich, 1935 VGW, 484. Kluger, Richard, 1934 (historian of the New York Herald Tribune, 1986, and America‟s Cigarette War, 1996) CANR 54 (1997), 252. Klugmann, James, 1912 – 1977 („the only first-rate intellectual (other than Palme Dutt) to reach the Party leadership …he was ruined by the break between Stalin and Tito‟ E.J. Hobsbawm, 2002. The History of the Communist Party of Great Britain, 1968-69, 2 vols.) SLH, 36, Spring 1978, 7. Times, 26 Sept. 1977. Klyuchevsky, Vasily Osopovitch, 1841-1911 (gave the peasant prominence in his History of Russia, 5 vols. Identified debt as the main cause of serfdom, in opposition to J. Engelmann, 1884) AGM, 129-139. Knapp, Georg Friedrich, 1842 – 1926 (historian of estate farming and peasant emancipation in 1807, 1887, 1897, 2 vols. Showed that land reform in 1807 had reinforced the position of the landlords and increased the number of landless labourers) EcJ, 36, Sep. 1926, 512 – 514, J. Schumpeter, reprinted in JAS, 295 – 297. IESS, 8, 421, A. Schweitzer. DGB. Knauth, Oswald Whitman, 1887-1962 (Income in the USA, 1909-1919, 1923) BDAE, P. Aitken.

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Kohan, Charles Mendel, 1884-1974 (Works and Buildings, 1952,CHWW) WWW 7, 445. Köhne-Lindenlaub, Renate, 1942 (historian of Krupp) IDBH, 144. Koht, Havdan, 1873-1965 (Norway‟s most famous historian, noted for his studies of peasant revolts, 1926) GEHW. Koistinen, Paul A. C., 1933 (The Military-Industrial Complex: A Historical Perspective, 1980). CAO. Kolchin, Peter, 1943 (Unfree Labor : American Slavery and Russian Serfdom, 1987) GEHW. Kohno, Shozo, 1948 (historian of corporate strategy, 1990) IDBH, 145. Kohtoh, Isuke, 1943 (historian of management theory, 1984) IDBH, 145. Kolboom, Ingo, 1947 VGW, 490. Kolko, Gabriel, 1932 (Wealth and Population in America, 1962. Railroads and Regulation, 18771916, 1965). CANR, 4, (1981), 351. Kollmer-von Oheimb-Loup, Gert, 1949 (historian of employers‟ associations). IDBH, 146. VGW, 491. Kolltveit, Bård, 1942 (historian of Norwegian South American line, 1976) IDBH, 146. Kolodziejczyk, Ryszard Antoni, 1922 (Polish historian of industry). IDBH, 146. Komatsu, Yoshitaka, 1906 – 2000 (Anglophile historian of Arkwright and railways). Komlos, John, 1944 (Stature, Living Standards, and Economic Development: Essays in Anthropometric History, 1994) VGW, 491. Komlosy, Andrea, 1957 VGW, 491. Konczacki, Zbigniew Andrzej, 1917 (Public Finance and Economic Development of Natal, 18931910, 1967). CAO. Kondo, Akira, 1928 (historian of market economy). IDBH, 147. Kondo, Kazuhiko (Kazu), 1948 (historian of Manchester, 1700-1760.) Kondratieff, Nikolai Dmietrievich, 1892 – 1937 (a student of Tugan-Baranowsky. Became a minister under Kerensky, 1917. Originated the Conjuncture Institute, 1920. Outlined his theory of the long waves of economic life, 1921, on the basis of price trends in Russian

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agriculture. Elaborated the work of his precursors, Hyde Clarke, in 1847, and H. Helphand, in 1901. Identified 3 major waves with a periodicity of 50-60 years (e.g. 1790-1850, 1850-1896). His theory was adopted by Schumpeter in 1939 in order to explain history‟s periodic „gales of creative destruction‟, but was rejected by the Bolsheviks who denied that capitalism could enjoy a long wave of prosperity, and by W.A. Lewis, 1978, for the four industrial economies of the UK, France, Germany and the USA. N. Jasny, Soviet Economists of the Twenties (Cambridge, 1972), 158 – 178. ANN, 48 : 2 Mar, 1993, 359 – 383, J.L. Escudier, „Kondratieff et l‟histoire économique française ou la rencontre inachevée‟. WWE, 470. HOPE, 31 : 1, Spring 1999, 133 – 205, W.J. Samuels, Judy L. Klein, F. Louçā, „The Rehabilitation of Kondratiev and of Kondratiev Studies‟. NP 3, 60-62, S.N. Solomou; 3, 2412, C. Freeman. BDSU, 192. GEBK. IESS, 8, G. Garvy. Kopf, Eike Robert, 1940 VGW, 491. Kopitzsch, Franklin, 1947 VGW, 491. Koppe, Wilhelm, 1908 – 1986 Korman, A. Gerd, 1928 (Industrialization, Immigrants, and Americanizers: The View from Milwaukee, 1967). CAO. Kornblith, Gary J., 1950 (historian of craft industry). IDBH, 147. Köse, Yavuz, 1971 VGW, 489. Kosacoff, Bernardo P., 1950 (historian of industry in Argentine) IDBH, 148. Kosminskii, Eugenii Aleksevich, 1886 – 1959 (Studies in the Agrarian History of England in the 13th Century, 1956). BDSU, 199. PAP, 16, Nov. 1959, 95, R.H. Hilton. Kötzschke, Karl Rudolf, 1867 – 1949 (editor of the land registers of Werden Abbey, 1906-58, 4 vols, and author of history of the foundations of German economic history, 1908, and a general economic history of the Middle Ages, 1924) VSWG, 38, 1949, 298 – 304, W. Schlesinger. DGB. Kousser, Joseph Morgan, 1943 (historian of disfranchisement in US South, 1974) CANR 32 (1991), 233. Kovaleff, Theodore P., 1943 (The Antitrust Impulse, 1993). IDBH, 148. Kouwenhoven, John A(tlee), 1909-1990 (Partners in Banking; An Historical Portrait of a Great Private Bank, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., 1818-1968, 1968). CAO. Kowaleski, Maryanne, 1952 (Local Markets and Regional Trade in Medieval Exeter, 1995). CAO. Koyama, Hiroyuki, 1938 (historian of Japanese business in Showa era, 1988). IDBH, 149

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155

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Mabro, Robert Emile, 1934 (The Egyptian Economy, 1952-1972, 1974) AWW, 432. WW, 1272. McArthur, Ellen Annette, 1862 – 1927 (a disciple of Cunningham and the reorganizer in 1907 of the chain-makers of Cradley Heath. Commemorated by the establishment of the Ellen McArthur Prize at Cambridge). MB, 327, citing Girton Review 75, 1927, 2 – 4. Times, 6 Sep. 1927. ODNB, Amy L. Erickson. McBrearty, James C(onnell), 1941 (American Labor History and Comparative Labor Movements: A Selected Bibliography, 1973). CAO. McCalla, Douglas, 1942 (The Upper Canada Trade, 1834-1872, 1979). IDBH, 173. McChesney, Robert W., 1952 (historian of US broadcasting, 1928-1935, 1993) IDBH, 174. McClellan, George Brinton, 1865-1940 (historian of Venice, 1904, 1931) ANB, D. Adams. NYT, 1 Dec. 1940. McCloskey, Donald/Deirdre Nansen, 1942 (destroyed the myth of allowance system as a wage subsidy and as source of demoralisation of labourers, 1973. co-founder, with Samuel Williamson in 1983, of the Cliometric Society). D.N. McCloskey, Crossing : A Memoir (1999). WWE, 581. CAO. PAC, 187-198. McCloy, Shelby T., 1897 – 1973 (French Inventions of the 18th Century, 1952) AHR, 78: 2, Oct. 1973, 1172, G.E. Silberstein. McCord, Norman, 1930 (The Anti-Corn Law League, 1838-1846, 1958) AWW, 436. McCoy, Ralph E(dward), 1915 (History of Labor and Unionism: A Bibliography, Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations, 1953). CAO. McCraw, Thomas Kincaid, 1940 (historian of TVA, 1970-71) IDBH, 174. CANR, 17 (1986), 299. Macrosty, Henry William, 1865 – 1941 (The Trust Movement in British Industry, 1907). DBE. Times, 24 Jan. 1941. JRSS, 104, 1941, 85 – 90. McCulloch, Jock, 1945 (historian of asbestos in Australia and South Africa, 1986, 2002. With G. Tweedale, Defending the Indefensible, 2008) McCullough, Alan B., 1945 (Money and Exchange in Canada to 1900, 1984). IDBH, 175.

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(Chicago Labor and the Quest for a Democratic Diplomacy, 1914-

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(Silktown. Industry and Culture in Macclesfield, 1750-1835, 1985)

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(French econometric historian)

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(The Global World of Indian Merchants 1750-1947, 2006)

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177

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Parkerson, Donald H., 1946 (The Agricultural Transition in New York State: Markets, Migration, and Mobility in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, 1995). CAO. Parkinson, Cyril Northcote, 1909 – 1993 (The Rise of the Port of Liverpool, 1952: „Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion‟, 1958). CANR, 59, (1998), 310 – 313. WW, 1993, 1448. Parks, Robert James, 1940 (The Democracy‟s Railroads: Public Enterprise in Jacksonian Michigan, 1825-1846, 1972). CAO. Passell, Peter, 1944 (Essays in the Economics of Nineteenth Century American Land Policy, 1975). CANR, 2, (1981), 521.CAO. Passer, Harold Clarence, 1921-1999 (historian of US electrical manufacturers, 1953) Patek, Jaroslav, 1934 (Czech historian of agricultural technology). IDBH, 212. Patinkin, Don Israel, 1922-1995 (The Israel Economy: the First Decade, 1959) BDAE, M. De Vroey. GESK. Patrick, Hugh T., 1930 (Japanese Industrialisation and Its Social Consequences, 1976) CA, 41 – 44 ( 1979), 535.

184

Patten, Simon Nelson, 1852 – 1922 (developed a theory consumption, wherein the US had passed from an „age of deficit‟ to an „age of surplus‟ so undermining basis of dismal science. BDAS, M.V. Namorata,, The Consumption of Wealth, 1889) DPE, 3, 714 – 716, B. Mitchell. Pauer, Erich, 1943 (historian of technology transfer between Germany and Japan, 1992). IDBH, 213. VGW, 569. Paul, Helen, 1975 PH, 258. Pauli, Reinhold, 1823 – 1882 (historian of the Hanse, 1874, and English commercial policy at the close of the Middle Ages, 1881, and translator of The Libelle of English Policy, 1436) DGB. Paulinyi, Akos, 1929 VGW, 569. Pavese, Claudio, 1944 (historian of electricity industry in Italy). IDBH, 213. Pavlov-Silvansky, Nikolay Pavlovich, 1869-1908 (showed that feudalism in Russia was similar to that in Western Europe and that peasant claims to the land suffered defeat between 1505 and 1760, shattering the myth of Russia‟s claim to uniqueness as a peculiarly humane society) AGM 156-9. Paxson, Frederic Logan, 1877 – 1948 (The Last American Frontier, 1910) AHR, 54, Jan. 1949, 479. Payne, Peter Lester, 1929 (first lecturer in business history in UK, 1959. Historian of Scottish industry and British business structures and entrepreneurship. Colvilles and the Scottish Steel Industry, 1979; British Entrepreneurship in the Nineteenth Century, 1974.) Derek H. Aldcroft and Anthony Slaven (eds.), Entrerprise and Management: Essays in Honour of Peter L. Payne, 1995. IDBH, 214. WWB, 388. AWW, 540. Peake, Harold, 1867 – 1946 (Merchant Venturers in Bronze, with H.J. Fleure, 1931) AHR, 52, Apr. 1947, 653. Pearl, Valerie Louise, 1926 (London and the Outbreak of the Puritan Revolution, 1625-43, 1964) AWW, 542. WW, 1589. Pearsall, Alan, 1925-2006 (naval and railway historian, „the only person who understood perfectly the connection between the British Empire and the sea‟, D. Schurman, 2006) IND, 6 June, 2006, P. van der Merwe. Pearson, Robin, 1955 (historian of insurance industry.) IDBH, 214. WWB, 391. Times, 18 Sep. 1999. TEL, 8 Feb. 2000. A. Glees, The Stasi File. East Germany‟s Secret Operations against Britain (2003). Pease, Edward Reynolds, 1857 – 1955 (The History of the Fabian Society, 1916) DLAB, 2, 293 – 297, Margaret Cole. DNB, Margaret Cole. ODNB, M. Bevir. Times, 7 Jan. 1955. JOB, 3, 651, Reva Greenberg. Peattie, Mark Robert, 1930 (historian of Japan‟s colonial empire, 1984, 1988) CANR 8 (1983), 393. Pedersen, Erik Helmer, 1932 (historian of Danish agriculture in the emigration.) IDBH, 215.

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Peden, G.C., 1943 (British Re-Armament in the Treasury, 1932-9, 1979). WWB, 391. Pedler, Frederick Johnson, 1908-1991 (The Lion and the Unicorn in Africa: The United Africa Company, 1878-1931, 1974). CAO. Peixotto, Jessica Blanche, 1864-1941 (The French Revolution and Modern French Socialism, 1901) BDAE, Catherine Norley. Pekař, Josef, 1870-1937 (Czech pioneer of agrarian history of 1600-1800, 1932-35) Pelling, Henry Mathison, 1920 - 1997 J. Winter (ed.), The Working Class in Modern British History, Essays in Honour of Henry Pelling (1983), vii-xii, „Labour History and Labour Historians‟. CA, 61 – 64 (1976), 421. AWW, 543. Times, 31 Oct. 1997. PBA, 120 (2003), 327-42, P. Clarke. Pelzer, Louis, 1879 – 1946 (The Cattleman‟s Frontier, 1850-1900, 1936). AHR, 52, Oct. 1946, 220. Penouil, Marc,1929 (Histoire des faits économiques de l'époque contemporaine, 1986) Perkin, The Reverend David Arthur, 1930 AWW, 544. Perkin, Harold James, 1926 - 2004 ((the first lecturer in social history in the UK in 1951. Published trilogy on the development of professional society, 1969, 1989, 1996. „All history is at bottom social history,‟1969). H.J. Perkin, The Making of a Social Historian (2004). CANR, 14 (1985), 367. AWW, 544. GDN, 23 Oct. 2004. IND, 2 Nov., J. Richards. AHAP, Apr. 2005. ODNB, Jeffery Richards. Perkins, Dwight Heald, 1934 (China‟s Modern Economy in Historical Perspective, 1975). CANR, 22, (1988), 367. Perkins, Edwin Judson, 1939 (Financing Anglo-American Trade: the House of Brown, 1800-1880, 1975). CA, 106 (1982), 393. IDBH, 215. Perlman, Mark, 1923-2006 (Anglophile historian of economic thought) IND, 12 June 2006, S. Frowen. Perlman, Selig, 1888-1959 (historian of labour and trade unionism in USA, 1918, 1922. Showed that the American environment generated a labour movement which was job-conscious rather than class-conscious. A Theory of the Labor Movement, 1928 ) ANB, M. Perlman. NYT, 15 August 1959. BDAE, D. Ashbury. Perloff, Harvey Stephen, 1915 – 1983 CA, 129 (1990), 341. Perren, Richard, 1943 WWB, 394. Perroux, François, 1903 – 1987 (Économie et société: contrainte, échange, don, 1963; Théorie générale, les concepts. L'économie du XXe siècle: ouvrage et articles, 1991) Persson, Karl Gunnar, 1943 PH, 279.

186

Perry, Joseph McGarity, 1936 (with Frank W. Tuttle. An Economic History of the United States, 1970). CAO. Perry, Peter John, 1937 (British Farming in the Great Depression, 1870-1914: An Historical Geography, 1974). CAO. Pessen, Edward, 1920-1992 (Riches, Class, and Power before the Civil War, 1973) GEHW. Petrás, Milan, 1941 (Slovak historian of agricultural literature). IDBH, 216. Petrić, Hrvoje, 1972 (historian of 17th century Koprivnica) WKP. Peterson, Trudy H(uskamp), 1945 (editor, Farmers, Bureaucrats, and Middlemen: Historical Perspectives on American Agriculture, 1980). CAO. Pettersen, Lauritz, 1926 (historian of Bergen shipping, 1960-92) IDBH, 216. Pezzimenti, Rocco, 1950 (Politics and economics: an essay on the genesis of economic development, 2004) Philip, André, 1902-1970 (Histoire des faits économiques et sociaux: de 1800 à 1945, 2000) Philips, Sir Cyril Henry (Phil), 1912-2005 (historian of the East India Company, 1940, and director of SOAS, 1957-76) AWW, 548. WW, 1610. IND, 19 Jan. 2006, M. E. Yapp. GDN, 2 Feb. 2006, P. Robb. ODNB, M.E. Yapp. Phillips, Alban William Housego, 1914 – 1975 (postulated an inverse relationship between the rate of change in money wages and unemployment, 1958. The Phillips curve proved to be useless either in forecasting inflation or in trying to control it, P. Ormerod, 1994). A.R. Bergstrom et al. (eds.), Stability and Inflation : a volume of essays in honour of the memory of A.W.H. Phillips (Chichester, 1978). IESS, 18, 632, K. Lancaster. ODNB, N. Barr. Times, 6 March 1975. GESK. Phillips, Brian, 1956 PH, 283. Phillips, Gordon, ? (historian of the General Strike, 1976, and of the dockers, 1985) Phillips, Paul, 1938 (The Mining Frontier in B.C., 1880-1920, 1975). CAO. Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell, 1877 – 1934 (formulator of „the central theme of Southern history‟ 1928. Argued that slavery had been an economic failure, but a social success in facilitating coexistence between two races. „The history of the United States has been written by Boston and largely written wrong‟, 1903) AHR, 34 : 1, Oct. 1928, 30, „The Central Theme of Southern History‟ J.H. Roper, U.B. Phillips : A Southern Mind (Macon, Ga., 1984). J.C. Smith and J.C. Inscoe, U.B. Phillips : A Southern Historian and His Critics (Westport, Conn., 1990). AH, 41, 1967, 345 – 358, E.D. Genovese, „Race and Class in Southern History : An Appraisal of the Work of U.B. Phillips‟. DLB, 17, 350 – 364, K. Wood. AHC, 57, MWJ, 354 – 373, W. Gray.

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ANB, 17, 452, J.D. Smith. DAB, S1, 597, E.M. Coulter. KB, 916, J.D. Smith. DJS, 37 – 57, reprinted from Journal of American History, 63, Mar. 1977, 87 – 91. Phillips, William H., 1953 (historian of Southern textile mill villages, 1985) IDBH, 217. Pickl, Othmar, 1927 VGW, 574. Pieper, Renate, 1956 VGW, 574. Pierenkemper, Toni, 1944 (historian of Westphalian business, 1979). IDBH, 217. Pigou, Arthur Cecil, 1877 – 1959 („the founder of welfare economics‟ E.J. Hobsbawm, 2002. Aspects of British Economic History, 1918-1925, 1947.) J. Saltmarsh and P. Wilkinson, Arthur Cecil Pigou, 1877 – 1959 (Cambridge, 1960). AK, 191 – 196, A. Kadish. HCR, 357 – 368, P.R. Brahmananda. ODNB, D. Collard. Times, 9 Mar. 1959. IESS, 12, A. Robinson. GEBK. PME, 105-39, D. Collard. Pike, Ruth, 1931 (Enterprise and Adventure: the Genoese in Seville, 1966). CA, 134 (1992), 391. Pim, Sir Alan William, 1871 – 1958 (The Financial and Economic History of the African Tropical Territorials, 1940). Times, 2 Jul. 1958. ODNB, Sarah Stockwell. Pinchbeck, Ivy, 1898 – 1982 (Women Workers in the Industrial Revolution, 1750-1850, 1930). KB, 921, Margaret Shkimba. ODNB, Katrina Honeyman. Pinkney, David Henry, 1914 – 1993 (Napoleon III of the Rebuilding of Paris, 1958) CA, 9 – 12, (1974), 717. Pinsdorf, Marion K., (German-Speaking Entrepreneurs: Builders of Business in Brazil South, 1990). IDBH, 218. Pipes, Richard Edgar, 1923 (revisionist historian of the Bolshevik Revolution, destroying its Leninist Myths. „People do not make history: they make a living.‟) R. Pipes, Vixi : Memoirs of a Non-belonger (New Haven 2003). CA, 158 (1998), 311. Pirchegger, Hans, 1875 – 1973 (historian of the iron industry of Styria, 1937-39, 2 vols) DGB. Pirenne, Henri, 1862 – 1935 („a prince in the kingdom of history‟, W. Kienast, 1938 and the inspiration for the foundation in 1929 of the Annales. The true founder of the study of medieval economic history. First traced the growth of a typical medieval town, Dinant, 1889, and then developed from 1895 the idea of the revival of commerce in the 11 th and 12th centuries as the basis of the urban renaissance of the High Middle Ages. Elaborated from 1917 a new chronology for the end of the ancient world, noting the disruption of the unity of the Mediterannean economy and the disappearance of professional merchants from Western Europe with the expansion of Islam in the 7 th century and their reappearance only from the 11th century. Mohammed and Charlemagne, 1917, Medieval Cities, 1925. Challenged the stage theories of Bücher and Sombart, 1913. Became the first economic historian to be honoured with the erection of a public statue in Brussels in 1938 and with the issue of a commemorative postage stamp in 1963). B.D. Lyon, Henri Pirenne : a Biographical and Intellectual Study (Ghent, 1974). BN, 30 Supplément 2, 671 – 723, F.L. Ganshof.

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SWH, 1 – 29, J.L. Cate. EHR, 51, 1936, 76 – 89, F.M. Powicke, reprinted in revised form in FMP, 96 – 108. APU, 85 – 100, C. Verlinden. ANN, 7, 1935, 529, L. Febvre. HAT, 14, 1975, 32 – 56, E. Weinryb, „The Justification of a Causal Thesis : An Analysis of the Controversies over the Theses of Pirenne, Turner and Weber‟. IESS, 12, 99, H. van Werveke. VSWG, 28, 1935, 408 – 410, F. Petri. Times, 25, 29 Oct. 1935. EcHR, 6, 1936, 179 - 185, F.L. Ganshof. Pitman, Frank Wesley, 1882 – 1949 (The Development of the British West Indies, 1700-1763, 1917) AHR, 54, Jul. 1949, 985. Pitzer, Frank, 1972 VGW, 576. Planitz, Hans, 1882 – 1953 (historian of the city in mediaeval Germany, 1954.) Plant, Sir Arnold, 1898 – 1978 (founder of Cape Town School of Economics and economic historian of South Africa and Rhodesia, 1795-1921, 1929.) ODNB, K. Tribe. Times, 21 Apr. 1978. Platt, Colin Peter Sherard, 1934 (The English Mediaeval Town, 1975). CA, 152, (1997), 346. Platt, Desmond Christopher Martin, 1934 – 1989 (Finance, Trade and Politics, 1968, criticising the theory of informal imperialism) CA, 129, (1990), 344. Bulletin of Latin American Research 9: 1. 1990, 117 – 121, R. Miller. AWW, 554. Times, 19 Aug. 1989. Plekhanov, Georgii Valentinovich, 1856 – 1918 GSE, 20, 219, M.I. Iovchuk, K.I. Suvorov. Plessis, Alain, 1932 (historian of the Bank of France under the Second Empire, 1982-85) IDBH, 219. Pletcher, David Mitchell, 1920 CA, 1 – 4, (1967), 761. Plumb, Sir John Harold (Jack), 1911 – 2001 („a formidable scholar, generous teacher and indefatigable entrepreneur‟, Noel Annan, 1990, as well as „the rudest man in Cambridge‟: coeditor of The Birth of a Consumer Society, 1982, and editor The History of Human Society, in 8 vols of the intended 30). J.H. Plumb, The Making of an Historian (Collected Essays, Vol. 1) (Athens, Ga., 1988). N. McKendrick (ed.), Historical Perspectives. Studies in English Thought and Society (1974), 1 – 18. SHSB, 26 : 2, Winter 2001 – 2002, 9, R. Porter. ODNB, J. Cannon. WW, 1630. GDN, 22 Oct. 2001, N. McKendrick; 26 Oct., M.G. Myer. IND, 5 Nov, S. Schama. NYT, 23 Oct. 2001. IHR, Web Site, 19 Dec. 2001, D. Cannadine. Times, 23 Oct. 2001. Plummer, Alfred, 1896-1978 (historian of the Witney blanket industry, 1934, and biographer of Bronterre O‟Brien, 1971) CA 29-32, 531. Plumpe, Werner, 1954 VGW, 577. Podmore, Frank, 1856 – 1910 (a Fabian and biographer of Robert Owen, 1906). NYT, 20 Aug. 1910. MBR, 362. JOB, 3, 664, N. Wolfe. Times, 20 Aug. 1910. Pölnitz, Götz Freiherr von, 1906 – 1967 VSWG, 56, 1969, 282 – 288, H. Kellenbenz.

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Pohl, Hans, 1935 (historian of the Portuguese in Antwerp 1567-1648, 1977) IDBH, 219. VGW, 578. Pohl, Manfred, 1944 (historian of concentration in German banking, 1848-1980, 1982). IDBH, 220. Poirier, Philip P., 1942 – 1979 AHR, 85 : 1, Feb. 1980, 281, P. Stansky. Pokrovsky, Mikhail Nikolaevich, 1868 – 1932 (became the founder of Soviet historiography, as „an atheistic theology‟, C. Dedijer. Portrayed economic interest as the sole causal agent in history and „Tsar capital‟ as the real Tsar of all the Russias from the time of Kiev. Overestimated the role of trade and of commercial capital in the history of Russia, as he admitted in 1927. Identified five stages in the development in Russian society, including two (handicraft economy and trade capitalism) unknown to official Marxism. Was condemned from 1934 for „mechanical economism‟ and rehabilitated in the 1960s) GSE, 20, 265. GEHW. AGM, 186-94. AGM 2, 7-23. Polanyi, Karl, 1886 – 1964 (Mounted a prolonged attack upon the laissez-faire capitalism of the Austrian school, led by Ludwig Von Mises. Provided an alternative view of human history and society. Viewed market as a social rather than as an economic nexus. Criticised by A.J.H. Latham. Origins of Our Time: the Great Transformation, 1945. „Laissez-faire was planned, planning was not‟. 1944.) A.M. Sievers, Has Market Capitalism Collapsed? A Criticism of Karl Polanyi‟s New Economics (New York, 1949). Karl Polanyi, The Livelihood of Man, edited by H.W. Pearson (New York, 1977), xi-xx, Ilona D. Polanyi, „Karl Polanyi. Notes on his Life‟. J.R. Stanfield, The Economic Thought of Karl Polanyi : Lives and Livelihood (New York, 1986). Kari Polanyi-Levitt (ed.), The Life and Works of Karl Polanyi (New York, 1990). K. McRobbie (ed.), Humanity, Society and Commitment : On Karl Polanyi (Montreal, 1994). HAT, 8, 1969, 165 – 212, S.C. Humphreys, „History, Economics and Anthropology ; The Work of Karl Polanyi‟. BDDE, G.M. Hodgson. KB, 938, Pat Hudson. IESS, 12, 172, H. Zeisel. OE, 4, 208, J.A. Sweeney. BDAE, D.C. Lewis. Pollard, Sidney (to 1943, Siegfried Pollack ‘Sigi,‟) 1925 – 1998 (became the first professor of economic history in Sheffield in 1963 and co-editor of the Bulletin of Labour History, 196071. Sought to rescue the study of labour history from the stifling embrace of Communist Party Historians Group, refusing to believe in „the forward march of labour‟ [Hobsbawm, 1981]. Divided labour history into five phases dominated by the influence of the Webbs, Cole and Postgate, H. Braverman, the postmodernists, and E.P. Thompson. Emphasised the radical transformation of the cooperative movement „from community-building to shopkeeping‟, 1960. Pioneered the study of „factory discipline in the Industrial Revolution‟, 1963, in an article reprinted in six separate collections in 1967-1988. Revealed the violent struggle of Sheffield workers to control the labour process and so modified the Webbs‟ thesis of a peaceful transition after Chartism to the era of bureaucratic trade unions. „The introduction of the 47-hour week [in 1919] deserves more space than the General Strike‟. Wrote three business histories, as well as the prize-winning The Genesis of Modern Management, 1965, and a history of shipbuilding, 1979. Studied the role of capital investment, 1971, concluding that working capital was more important than fixed capital during the Industrial Revolution. Embraced Europe as well as England in his remit and shifted the focus of research from the nation to the region. Collaborated with numerous colleagues and „democratised our understanding of the past‟, D. Renton.) D. Renton, Sidney Pollard : a Life in History (2004). IDBH, 220. AWW, 557. WW, 1998, 1587. LHR, 64 : 1, Spring 1999, 139 – 142, D. Martin. NBH, 289 – 312. JEEH, 28 : 2, Fall 1999, 411 – 415, P. Mathias. IND, 10, Dec. 1998, C. Holmes. Times, 18 Dec. 1998. GDN, 22 Dec., J. Saville. Observer, 21 Jan. 2001, „The Lion of the Left‟, T. Adams.

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PBA, 105, 1999, 513 – 534, C. Holmes. ODNB, G.H. Martin. CAO. BHDE. Pollins, Harold, 1924 (Economic History of the Jews in England, 1982) IDBH, 221. Pomerantz, Sidney, 1905 – 1975 AHR, 81, Apr. 1976, 485, I.Yellowitz. Pomeranz, Kenneth, ? (The Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of the Modern World, 2000) Pomfret, Richard, 1948 CANR, 42 (1994), 361. Poni, Carlo, 1927 DS. Ponting, Kenneth G. (Ken), 1913 – 1983 (History of the West of England Cloth Industry, 1957. First editor of Textile History, 1968-83) TH, 14 : 2, 1983, 107 – 113, D.C. Coleman. Times, 21 May, 1983. Pool, Arthur George, 1905 – 1963 WWW, 6, 905. Times, 8, 19 March 1963. Pope, Daniel, 1946 (The Making of Modern Advertising, 1983). IDBH, 221. Port, Michael H, 1930 AWW, 559. Porter, George R., 1792 – 1855 (The Progress of the Nation, 1836-38, 2 volumes) CB, 2501. DNB, W.A.S. Hewins. DPE, 3, 170, H.E. Egerton. FB, 2, 1591. ODNB, H. Parris. Porter, Glenn, 1944 (The Rise of Big Business, 1860-1910, 1981) CA, 73 – 76, (1978), 512. Porter, Jeffrey Harvey, 1943 – 2001 (Education and Labour in the South West, 1975). WWB, 404. AWW, 559. Porter, Kenneth Wiggins, 1905 – 1981 (John Jacob Astor. Businessman, 1931, 2 volumes). BD, 3, 555. CANR, 2 (1981), 530. Porter, Roy Sydney, 1946 – 2002 (raised the profile of medical history from antiquarian to academic respectability; „A One-Man Book Factory‟, NYT, 13 Mar. 2002). GDN, 5 Mar. J. Ezard, W.F. Bynum; 7 Mar. J. Pole, D. Pick, B. Luckin; 13 Mar. H. Schwarz. IND, 5 Mar., J. Forrester. TEL, 6 Mar. Times, 6 Mar. 2002. SHSB, 27 : 1, 2002. Friends of the Wellcome Library and Centre for the History of Medicine Newsletter 26, Spring, 2002, 6 – 7, Vivian Nulton. Wellcome News, 30, Q1 2002, 7 – 11, D. Pearson and 17 colleagues. Medical History, 46, 2002, 422 – 425, W.F. Bynum. Isis, 94 : 1, 2003, 109 – 111, C. Sengoopta. ODNB, W.F. Bynum. Post, Robert C(harles), 1937 (editor, with Otto Mayr, Yankee Enterprise: The Rise of the American System of Manufactures, 1981, revised edition, 1995). CAO. Postan, Sir Michael Moissey (Munia), 1899 – 1981(applied the theory of Chayanov to medieval England, but formed no school of economic history and acquired no disciples. E.J. Hobsbawm, 2002. British War Production, 1952, CHWW.)

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DNB, E. Miller. NBH, 127 – 141. EcHR, 35 : 1, Feb. 1982, iv-vi, M.W. Flinn, P. Mathias. PBA, 69, 1983, 543 – 558, E. Miller. OE, 4, 239, I. Blanchard. ODNB, E. Miller. Times, 16 Dec. 1981. CAO. Postgate, Raymond William, 1896 – 1971 (co-author of The Common People, 1938, and editor of The Good Food Guide, 1951) SLH, 23, Autumn 1971, 4. CANR, 3 (1981), 445. DLAB, 2, 304 – 311, Margaret Cole. DNB, Joyce M. Bellamy. NCB, 1204. Times, 30 Mar. 1971. ODNB, Joyce M. Bellamy, M. Pottle. Posthumus, Nicolaas Wilhelmus, 1880 – 1960 (a committed socialist, who was appointed to the first chair in economic history in the Netherlands, in Rotterdam, and believed economic and social facts were essential to any historical inquiry. Inspired the foundation in 1958 of the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, as the forerunner of a 30-volume Economic and Social History of the Orient). EHJ, 28, 1961, 281 – 287, I.J. Brugmans. GEHW. Potter, David M., 1910 – 1971 (in People of Plenty, 1954, interpreted American history in terms of the high level of prosperity and urged the need for more cooperation between history, economics, and psychology. PM, 316 – 344, Sir Denis Brogan. AHR, 76 : 2, Oct. 1971, 1273 – 1275, C.N. Degler. ANB, 17, 740, T. Winter. DLB, 17, 364 – 373, M. T. Carleton. KB, 953, Priscilla M. Roberts. IESS, 645, D.E. Fehrenbacher. NYT, 19 Feb. 1971. GEHW. Potter, Jim, 1922 (historian of the ninteenth-century Atlantic economic and US demography) CA, 21 – 24, (1977), 690. AWW, 560. Pounds, Norman John Greville, 1912-2006 (historical geographer. A History of the English Parish, 2000) CA, 1 – 4, (1967), 769. GDN, 13 April 2006. Power, Eileen, 1889 – 1940 (integrated economic history wiith the new social sciences, 1934, and became the dedicatee of Trevelyan‟s English Social Hustory, 1942). Maxine Berg, A Woman in History, Eileen Power 1889 – 1940 (Cambridge, 1996). EcHR, 10, 1940, R. H. Tawney. NBH, 109 – 125. NCB, 1205. DNB, (Postan), R.H. Tawney. ODNB, Maxine Berg. EcJ, 50, Dec. 1940, 561 – 572, C.K. Webster. KB, 954, Maxine Berg. RLS, 358 – 376, Madeline R. Robinton. Times, 9, 15, 16, 19 Aug. 1940. Power, Michael, 1944-2006 (historian of Liverpool, 2006) GDN, 1 Feb. 2006, H. Finch. Poznanska, Barbara, 1936 (historian of Warsaw bourgeoisie, 1974). IDBH, 221. Prato, Giuseppe, 1873 – 1928 EcJ, 38, 1928, 507, A. Loria. DS. Prebble, John Edward Curtis (John Curtis), 1915-2001 (The Highland Clearances, 1963. The Darien Disaster, 1968). J. Prebble, Landscape and Memories: An Intermittent Biography, 1994. CANR, 64, (1998), 334. GDN, 31 Jan. 2001. IND, 3 Feb. TEL, 1 Feb. NYT, 10 Feb. Prebisch, Raul, 1901 – 1986 (theorized the core-periphery dichotomy, 1950). KB, 957, O.J. Bardeci. Press, Jon, 1953 (The Footwear Industry in Ireland, 1922-1973, 1989) IDBH, 222.

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Pressnell, Leslie Sedden, ? (Country Banking in the Industrial Revolution, 1956) P.L. Cottrell and D.E. Moggridge (eds.), Money and Power. Essays in Honour of L.S. Pressnell (1988), xvi-xvii. Prest, John Michael, 1928 (The Industrial Revolution in Coventry, 1960). AWW, 564. Prestwich, Michael Charles, 1943 (War, policy and finance under Edward I, 1972). AWW, 564. WW, 1653. CA, 134 (1992), 400. Previts, Gary John, 1942 (historian of accounting in America, 1979) IDBH, 222. Pribram, Alfred Francis, 1859 – 1941 (historian of Bohemian trade and industry, 1898) DGB. Pribram, Karl, 1877 – 1973 (A History of Economic Reasoning, 1925; Unemployment as a World Problem, 1931) DGB. Price, Arnold Hereward, 1912 (The Evolution of the Zollverein, 1949). CA, 45 – 48, (1974), 451. Price, Jacob Myron, 1925 (Tobacco Atlantic Trade: the Chesapeake, London, and Glasgow, 16751775, 1995). CANR, 1, (1981), 520. CAO. Price, Langford Lovell Frederick Rice, 1862 – 1950 (author of A Short History of Political Economy, which passed through fifteen editions, 1891 – 1937). GMK, 92 – 101, G.M. Koot. NBH, 19 – 35. PG. Times, 28 Feb. 1950. Price, Roger, 1944 (An Economic History of Modern France, 1981). CAO. Primm, James Neal, 1918 (Economic Policy in Missouri, 1820-1860, 1954) CA, 45 – 48, (1974), 452. Prindle, David F., 1948 (historian of petroleum politics, 1981, and Hollywood, 1993) CA 147 (1995), 359. Pris, Claude, 1922 – 1977 (Une Grande Entreprise Française sous L‟Ancien-Regime: La Manufacture Royale des Glaces des Saint-Gobain, 1665-1830, 1981) Prokopovich, Sergei Nikolaevich, 1871 – 1955 („more Bernsteinian than Bernstein himself‟ Lenin, 1922). GSE, 21, 261. BDSU, 340. Prothero, Iorwerth John, 1939 (Artisans and Politics in Early 19th-Century London, 1978) AWW, 567. Prothero, Rowland Edmund, Baron Ernle, 1851 – 1937 From Whippingham to Westminster (1938) Lord Ernle, English Farming Past and Present (sixth edn., 1961), lxxix-cxlv, O.R. McGregor. DNB, C.S. Orwin. ODNB, G. Mingay. WWW, 3, 418. Prothro, James Warren, 1922 CANR, 8, (1983), 405.

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Proudfoot, Lindsay, 1950 (Urban Patronage and Social Authority: The Management of the Duke of Devonshire's Towns in Ireland, 1760-1890, 1995). CAO. Prúcha, Václav, 1931 (historian of Czech metallurgy, 1984-88) IDBH, 223. Pullan, Brian Sebastian, 1935 (Rich and Poor in Renaissance Venice, 1971). WW, 1666. AWW, 569. Pursell, Jr., Carroll W(irth), 1932- (Early Stationary Steam Engines in America, 1969). CAO. Putnam, Bertha Haven 1872 – 1960 (The Enforcement of the Statute of labourers, 1908) JBS, 18 : 2, Spring, 1979, 152 – 159, Margaret Hastings and Elisabeth G. Kimball.

Qi Xia (Ch’i Hsia), 1923 (first interpreted the economic history of China in a dynastic perspective, 1987) GEHW. Qualey, Carlton Chester, 1904-1988 (Norwegian Settlement in the US, 1938). CA, 77 – 80 (1979), 436. Qin Hui (Chinese: 秦晖; Pinyin: Qín Huī), 1953 (economic historian and critic of Chinese government) WKP. Quinault, Roland, 1946 (social historian of the period, 1830-1950) Quinn, David Beers, 1909 – 2002 The Elizabethans and the Irish, 1966) AWW, 571. WW, 1674. Times, 22 Apr. 2002.

Raaschou-Nielsen, Agnete, 1957 (historian of putting-out system in Denmark, 1993). IDBH, 223. Rabb, Theodore Kwasnik (until 1960 Rabinowicz), 1937 (Merchants and Gentry Investment in the Expansion of England, 1575-1630, 1967. Historian of gunpowder, 1973, and marriage, 1981)) CANR, 10 (1983), 377. BHDE. Rackham, Oliver, 1939 (eminent historian of ancient woodland, 1980. „He has revolutionised our understanding of historical ecology‟, R. Maybey, 2007.) WW. DPT. Radley, Eric John, 1917 (Notes on British Economic History From 1700 to the Present Day, 1967). CAO. Rae, John B., 1911 – 1988 (historian of the American automobile manufacturers, 1959, and of the American aircraft industry, 1920-1960, 1968) JTH, 10 : 2, Sep. 1989, 98, T.C. Barker. CAO. Rafto, Thorolf, 1922-1986 (Bergen professor and human rights activist) WKP.

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Raistrick, Arthur, 1896 – 1991 (Quaker historian of the Darbys of Coalbrookdale, 1953) CANR, 3 (1981), 454. Times, 16 Apr. 1991. Ramsay, George Daniel, 1909 – 1992 (The Wiltshire Woollen Industry, 1943) PBA, 87 1994, 401 – 416, R.B. Wernham. AWW, 573. Ramsey, Peter Herbert, 1925 (The Price Revolution in 16th Century England, 1971). AWW, 573. Ranade, Mahadev Govind, 1842 – 1901 (pioneer of the protectionist reaction in Indian economic thought, 1890-92). GSE, 21, 486. Randall, Laura, 1935 (A Comparative Economic History of Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, 1500-1914, 4 vols, 1977). CAO. Ranis, Gustav, 1929 (Comparative Technology Choice in Development, 1988). CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 740. Ranki, Gyorgy, 1930 – 1988 (economic historian of Hungary, 1974, commemorated by the institution of the Ranki prize in the USA.) CA, 124 (1988), 355. Times 25 Feb. 1988. Ransom, Roger L., 1938 (One Kind of Freedom: The Economic Consequences of Emancipation, 1977, 2001, with R. Sutch; Conflict and Compromise: The Political Economy of Slavery, Emancipation, and the American Civil War, 1989) CSN, 15 : 2, Summer 2000, 5 – 14, Kerry Odell. PH, 293. Ranum, Orest Allen, 1933 (Paris in the Age of Absolutism, 1979) CANR, 8 (1983), 409. Rappaport, Steve, 1948 (Worlds within Worlds: Structures of Life in 16th Century London, 1989) CA, 134 (1992), 403. Rappard, William Emmanuel, 1883 – 1958 (Ėconomistes Genevvis Du XIX Siècle, 1966) Schweizer Lexikon 6 (1948), 219. Rasmussen, Wayne David, 1915 – 2004 (historian of technical change in US agriculture 1862-1962) CA, 33 – 36 (1978), 654. Ratcliffe, Barrie Michael, 1940 (historian of the Saint-Simonians and the French economy, 18151848) CA, 114 (1985), 376. AWW, 575. Ratkos, Peter, 1921-1987 (Slovak historian of mining and serfdom, 1951, 1963) GEHW. Ratner, Sydney, 1908 – 1996 (American Taxation: Its History As a Social Force, 1942). CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 709. CA, 151 (1996), 369. NYT, 17 Jan. 1996. Rau, Virginia, 1907 – 1973 (member of the Lisbon school of economic history) JEEH, 4 : 1, Spring 1975, 243 – 245, C. Verlinden. GEHW. Rauck, Michael, 1957 (historian of technology transfer between Germany and Japan, 1992) IDBH, 224. Rawley, James A., 1916-2005 (The Transatlantic Slave Trade, 1981) AHAP, Mar. 2006, K.J. Winkle.

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Rayback, Joseph George, 1914-1983 (A History of American Labor, 1966) CA, 5 – 8 (1969), 935. Raychaudhuri, Tapan Kumar, 1926 (Jan Company in Coromandel, 1605-1690, 1962). WW, 1692. Razzell, Peter, ? (The Conquest of Smallpox, 1977, 2nd edition 2003) Read, Donald, 1930 (Peterloo, 1958). D. Read, A Manchester Boyhood in the Thirties and Forties. Growing up in war and peace (Lampeter, 2004). CANR, 1 (1981), 533. AWW, 577. Reader, William Joseph, 1920 – 1990 (doyen of the commissioned history genre and author of eight business histories, including that of ICI, 1970-75. 2 vols) CANR, 39 (1992), 307. CA, 132 (1991), 338. Times, 2 Jul. 1990. „In Memoriam: W.J. Reader‟, BH 33 (Jan. 1990), 5-6, T.C. Barker. ODNB, Judy Slinn. Reagan, Patrick D., 1953 (historian of planning in USA, 1914-1946, 1988). IDBH, 224. Reckendrees, Alfred, 1962 VGW, 587. Redfern, Percy, 1875 – 1958 (historian of the CWS, 1913, 1938) DLAB, 1, 280 – 282, Joyce Bellamy. ODNB, P. Gurney. Redford, Arthur, 1896 – 1961 (historian of labour migration, Manchester merchants and Manchester Corporation. Showed that most migrants travelled only short distances, 1926, confirming conclusion of E.E. Ravenstein, 1865.). A. Redford, Labour Migration in England 1800 – 1850 (second edn., 1964), xv-xviii, W.H. Chaloner, reprinted in W.H. Chaloner, Industry and Innovation, Selected Essays, edited by D.A. Farnie and W.O. Henderson (1990), 193 – 195. Times, 28 July 1961. Rediker, Marcus, 1951 (Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Merchant Seamen, Pirates, and the Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700-1750, 1987). CAO. Redlich, Fritz, 1892 – 1978 (helped to develop a typology of entrepreneurs. History of American Business Leaders, 1940-51, 2 vols) F. Redlich, Steeped in Two Cultures. A Selection of Essays (1971), vii – xviii. JEEH, 11 : 2, Fall 1982, 447 – 472, H. Kellenbenz, VSWG, 65, 1978, 598 – 602, H. Kellenbenz. AHC, 57. CGS, 253 – 257. JEcH, 39, Dec. 1979, 1003 – 1007, K.E. Carpenter & A.D. Chandler, Jr. DGB. BHDE. Reed, Henry Clay, 1899 – 1972 AHR, 78 : 1, Jun. 1973, 762. Rees, Sir James Frederick, 1883 – 1967(A Short Fiscal and Financial History of England, 1815-1918, 1921). Times, 10, 12 and 14 Jan. 1967. WWW, 6, 942. IBAE,504, A.L. Williams. Reeves, Dorothea Dresser, 1901-2000 (editor-compiler, Resources for the Study of Economic History, 1961; Come All for the Cure-all: Patent Medicines, Nineteenth Century Bonanza, 1967.). CAO.

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Roberts, John Morris, 1928 – 2003 (The Triumph of the West, 1985. Historian of the Paris Commune, 1974. His History of Europe (1997), was overshadowed by the wide ranging Europe: the History (1996) of Norman Davies.) CANR, 16 (1986), 329. WW, 1741. Times, 31 May. IND, 3, 7 Jun. 2003, R. Gildea. GDN, 6 Jun., J. Black. TEL, 9 Jun. ODNB, C. Lucas. Robert, Kenneth D., c.1916-2000 (with Jane W. Roberts, Planemakers and Other Edge Tool Enterprises in New York State in the Nineteenth Century, 1970.) Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Mar/Apr 2001. Roberts, Robert, 1905 – 1974 (author of the „compact and masterly‟ Classic Slum, 1971, wherein he portrayed the elaborate stratification within the working class.) R. Roberts, A Ragged Schooling. Growing up in the Classic Slum (Manchester, 1976). Salford City Reporter, 7 Jun. 1974. [D. Haslam], Salford Writers (Salford, Mimco, 1986), 1118. Roberts, Robert Owen, 1917 (Farming in Caernarvonshire around 1800, 1973) AWW, 595. Roberts, Sir Stephen Henry, 1901 – 1971 (history of Australian land settlement, 1788-1920, 1924) AHD, 353. Roberts, William I, 1924 (historian of potash manufacture in USA, 1972). IDBH, 227. Robertson, Alexander James (Alex), 1941 (The Bleak Midwinter, 1947, 1987) AWW, 596. Robertson, Charles J.A. ?-1992 (historian of Scottish railways) Robertson, Dennis Holme, 1890-1963 (related variation in crops to volume of industrial production in manner of Jevons, finding an association between increased farm incomes in Britain with an improved demand for capital goods. A Study of Industrial Fluctuation, 1915.) PME, 175-202, J. R. Presley. DNB, J.R. Hicks. PBA, 1964. WWW 6, 965. IESS, 13, S.R. Dennison. GEBK. Times, 22 April 1963. Robertson, Eben William, 1815 – 1874 DNB, T. Seccombe. ODNB, Nilanja Banerji. Robertson, Hector Menteith, 1905 – 1984 (Aspects of the Rise of Economic Individualism, 1935). Marcelle Kooy (ed.), Studies in Economic and Social History: Essays in Honour of H.M. Robertson, 1972. CA, 113 (1985), 404. WWE, 720. Robertson, Ross M., 1915-1977? (History of the American Economy, 1955) Robinson, Eric, 1924 (Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution, 1969 with Musson, A. E.) CA, 49 – 52 (1975), 460. Robinson, Geroid Tanquary, 1893 – 1971 (Rural Russia under the Old Regime, 1932) AHR, 76 : 2, Dec. 1971, 1642, H.L. Roberts. Robinson, Howard, 1885 – 1977 (The British Post Office: a History, 1948) AHR, 82 : 2, Oct. 1977, 1114, R.K. Webb. Robinson, Raymond Henry, 1927 (The Boston Economy During the Civil War, 1988). CAO. Robinson, Richard Dunlop, 1921 (The First Turkish Republic, 1963). CA, 5 – 8, (1969), 965.

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mission of the state and favoured a whole raft of protective legislation. Became the co-founder of the Jahrbuch für Gesetzgebung in 1871and the Verein für Sozialpolitik in 1873. Developed an unequalled understanding of the relationship between the state and the economy, devising the concept of merkantilismus in 1879 and neo-merkantilismus in 1890. „Originated the sociological school of German economics‟, H. Herkner, 1910. Recognised five stages of economic development, based upon the village, town, territory, nation, and the world, 1884. Became the historian of small business in Germany from 1870 and undertook the study of big business from 1889. Pioneered the use of original sources in historical research and the publication of monographs by his students from 1878, carefully coordinating their research. Criticised the socialist La Salle, 1864-65, for his adherence to the „iron law of wages‟ and Treitschke, 1875, for his attack on the academic patrons of socialism. Became the most important economic historian of the 19th century, in harmony with the expansion of the German Reich. Influenced the development of historical economics in England through Ingram, Cliffe Leslie, Ashley, and Cunningham, as well as professorial socialists in the USA [D.T. Rodgers, 1992]. Was honoured by the renaming of the Jahrbuch für Gesetzgebung in 1913 as Schmollers Jahrbuch. Was, however, criticised by Menger in 1883, by von Below in 1897, and by Weber and Sombart in 1910. Inspired the establishment in 1913 of Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, as a countervailing influence. Was ranked by Schumpeter in 1926 as comparable to Marshall, but suffered a loss of influence under the impact of the world Depression of 1929-32. Was rehabilitated from 1983 as proto-institutionalist. ) BES, 415 – 443, Pauline R. Anderson (Mrs. Eugene N. Anderson). SWH2, 289-317, Pauline R. Anderson. HCR, 268 – 278, O. Hintze, A. Spiethoff, Erwin von Beckerath. DPE, 3, 751 – 753, H. Herkner. EcJ, 27, 1917, 435 – 438, M. Epstein. ESS, 13, 576, H. Gehrig. IESS, 14, 60 – 63, W. Fischer. APU, 9 – 14, 38 – 39, F.C. Lane, „Some Heirs of Gustav von Schmoller,‟ [i.e. Sombart, Spiethoff, Schumpeter, Eucken.], reprinted in FCL, 462 – 495. GSE, 29, 479, L.D. Gudkov. GEBK. *HOPE, 33 : 1, Spring 2001, 71 – 116, Helge Peukert, „The Schmoller Renaissance‟ [since 1988]. N.W. Balabkins, Not by Theory Alone … : The Economics of Gustav von Schmoller and its Legacy to America (Berlin 1988). *E. Grimmer-Solem, The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany, 1864 – 1894 (Oxford, 2003). Schmookler, Jacob, 1918 – 1967 (Invention and Economic Growth, 1966). WWE, 759. Schneider, Feder, 1879 – 1932 (historian of medieval Tuscany, 1914) VSWG, 25, 1932, 401 – 409, F. Baethgen. DGB. Schneider, Michael, 1935- (J. A. Hobson, 1996) Schnerb, Robert, 1900 – 1962 ANN, 18 : 2, 1963, 825 – 832, P. Léon. Schnitter, Nicholas J., 1927 (Geschichte des Wasserbaus in der Schweiz [A History of Hydraulic Engineering in Switzerland], 1992. CAO. Schofield, Eunice, 1914 – 1992 HSLC, 142, 1992, 227, M.J. Power. Schofield, Maurice M., 1915 – 1989 (Outlines from Economic History of Lancaster, 1682 to 1860, 1951) HSLC, 139, 1989, 203, M.J. Power. Schofield, Robert Edwin, 1923 (The Lunar Society of Birmingham, 1963) CA, 162 (1998), 313.

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(Division of Labour: Industrial Relations in the Chifley Years, 1945-49,

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Tortella, Gabriel, 1936 (Banking, Railroads and Industry in Spain, 1829-1874, 1977) IDBH, 278. Toubert, Pierre, 1932 DS. Toutain, Jean-Claude, ? (French quantitative historian of population and agriculture) Toutain, Jules François, 1865 – 1961 (Economic Life of the Ancient World, 1930). Toynbee, Arnold, 1852 – 1883 (popularised the idea of the Industrial Revolution, 1884, a concept dating back to 1837 [Blanqui]. Created the myth of the „agrarian revolution‟ diffused by Ernle, 1885. Condemned the Industrial Revolution as „a period as disastrous and as terrible as any through which a nation ever passed‟. „Free competition may produce wealth without producing well-being‟, 1882. His influence dominated textbooks for the next 40 years, E.E. Lampard, 1959. Was commemorated in memoirs by Jowett and Milner and by the foundation of Toynbee Hall in Whitechapel, 1884.) L. L. Price, A Short History of Political Economy in England from Adam Smith to Arnold Toynbee, 1891. A. Kadish, Apostle Arnold : The Life and Death of Arnold Toynbee 1852 – 1883 (Durham, N.C., 1988). A. Milner, Arnold Toynbee : A Reminiscence (1885). Johns Hopkins University Studies in History and Political Science 7, 1889, 1 – 53, F.C. Montague, the elder brother of E.C. Montague. Times, 12 March 1883. The Academy, 24 Mar. 1883, 205, A. Milner; 26 Jul. 1884, 54, Edith Simcox. SP 57 (1884), 984. DNB, A. Milner. FB,1001. ESS, 14, 666, J.L. Hammond. GSE, 22, 269, citing the Russian translation of 1898. JOB, 3, 815, J.B. Brown, J. O‟Baylen. ODNB, A. Kadish. Times, 28 Nov. 1894, A. Milner. WKP. LG, 45-50. Tracy, James, 1961 (Quaker historian of „radical pacifism‟, 1996) CA 164 (1998), 393. Tracy, James D., 1938 (A Financial Revolution in the Habsburg Netherlands: Renten and Renteniers in the Country of Holland, 1515-1565, 1985). CAO. Trainor, Richard Hughes, (Rick), 1948 (Black Country Elites: The Exercise of Authority in an Industrial Area, 1830-1900, 1993) WW, 2001, 2090. Traves, Tom, 1948 (Essays in Canadian Business History, 1984) IDBH, 278. Travis, Anthony S(tewart), 1943 (The Rainbow Makers: The Origins of the Synthetic Dyestuffs Industry in Western Europe, 1993). CAO. Trebilcock, Clive, 1942 - 2004 (a specialist in comparative economic history, 1981). WWB, 514. AWW, 708. Treble, James Henry, 1938? (Urban Poverty in Britain, 1830-1914, 1979) AWW, 708. Treble, John G., 1947 WWB, 514. Tregonning, Kennedy Gordon, 1923 (Straits Tin … 1887-1962, 1902). *CA, 9 – 12 (1974), 903.

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Trescott, Paul Barton, 1925 CANR, 2 (1981), 631. Treue, Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Franz, 1909 – 1992 (founder editor of Tradition, 1956, Zeitschrift für Firmengeschichte, 1976, and Technikgeschichte ) VSWG 80, 1993, 1 – 3, W. Zorn. DGB. Trevelyan, George Macaulay, 1876 – 1962 („A Puritan atheist‟ and Fabian, who early recognised the importance of economic history, especially in relation to the labouring class, and published his first book, on the Peasants‟ Revolt of 1381, in 1899. Aspired to write the history of England „without any battles in it‟, and wrote English Social History, 1942, a survey of six centuries as a companion volume to his History of England, 1926, so consolidating the Whig interpretation as the canonical tradition of English historiography. „Without social history, economic history is barren and political history unintelligible‟, 1944. Criticised by Crouzot for his insularity and xenophobia. „If the French noblesse had been capable of playing cricket with their peasants, their chateaux would never have been burnt.‟„Chartism found no reflection in his works‟. GSE, 22, 330, listing the Russian translation of 1959). Mary Moorman, G.M. Trevelyan. A Memoir (1980). D. Cannadine, G.M. Trevelyan. A Life in History (1992). ALR, 1 – 11, A.L. Rowse. BM, 9, 1963, 315 – 321, Lord Adrian. DNB, J.R.M. Butler. ODNB, D. Cannadine. NCB, 1226. *RCR, 124. SWH, 31-56, H.R. Winkler. Trever, Albert A., ? - 1940 AHR, 45, Jul. 1940, 1009. Trevor-Roper, Hugh Redwald, Baron Dacre of Glanton, 1914 – 2003 („arguably the leading historian of his generation …..Comparison was his essential intellectual instrument‟, B. Worden. A savage critic of his fellow historians, including L. Stone in 1951, R.H. Tawney in 1953, A.L. Rowse in 1955, A.J. Toynbee in 1957,C. Hill in 1957, A.J.P. Taylor in 1961, and Alan Bullock in 1961, E.H. Carr in 1962. „He has never immersed himself in archives, and for nearly half a century has not written a major book on a significant topic … He richly deserves his reputation as the most witty, perceptive, thoughtful and brilliant essayist of our time‟, L. Stone, 1992) V. Meahta, The Fly and the Fly-Bottle: Encounters with British Intellectuals, 1962, 90-113. TLS, 5 June 1992, 3-5, L. Stone, „The Undaunted Whig‟. WW, 492. TEL, 27 Jan. 2003, F. Johnson; 28 Jan., G. Turner. Times, 27 Jan., M. Cowling. GDN, 27 Jan., B. Worden. IND, 27 Jan., P. Mansel. SUNDAY TEL, 2 Feb., B. Worden. Spectator, 1 Feb., 28; 8 Feb., 21; 15 Mar., 38, F. Johnson. ALR, 99 – 104. NYT, 27, 28 Jan. 2003, P. Lewis. GEHW. Trías, Vivián ,1922-1980 (La crisis del Imperio, 1989; Tres fases del capitalismo: épocas críticas y épocas de expansión, 1991) Tribe, Keith, 1949 (Governing Economy. The Reformation of German Economic Discourse, 17501840, 1988. Strategies of Economic Order. German Economic Discourse, 1750-1950, 1995) WWB, 514. Trinder, Barrie, 1939- (The Industrial Revolution in Shropshire, 1973) Tripathi, Dwijendra, (Business in India, 1984) Troeltsch, Ernst, 1865 – 1923 (first identified medieval monastery as the source of the work ethic, 1902) IESS, 16, 151 – 155, T.F. O‟Dea. DGB. Troitzsch, Ulrich, 1938 VGW, 672. Trout, Andrew P., 1930 (historian of the tontine in France) IDBH, 279.

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Trow-Smith, Robert, 1911 – 2001 (A History of British Livestock Husbandry to 1700, 1957) Tsuchiya, Takeo, 1896 – 1988 (historian of the breakdown of Japanese feudalism, 1927. Representative of the Rōnō [labour and farmer] school, assuming that the Meiji Restoration had been a bourgeois revolution, 1937.) MS, 85 – 87. GEHW. Tsuji, Setsuo, 1937 (historian of general trading companies of Kansai, 1992). IDBH, 279. Tsunoyama, Sakae, 1921 (World History of Tea Drinking, 1979). IDBH, 279. Tsuzuki, Chushichi, 1926 CANR, 3 (1981), 542. Tucker, Albert V., 1923 (Steam into Wilderness. A History of the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission, 1978) IDBH, 280. Tucker, Graham Shardalow Lee, 1924-1980 (Progress and Profits in British Economic Thought 1650-1850, 1960) ADBO. Tugan-Baranowsky, Mikhail Ivanovich, 1865 – 1919 (was regarded by Kondratieff as „the greatest Russian economist of all time‟, 1920. Opened a new phase in the study of the business cycle by his combination of history, statistics and analysis. Historian of The Russian Factory in the 19th Century, 1898, and of commercial crises, 1913. Recognised no conflict between the feudal and the capitalist economies.) GSE, 26, 410. ESS 15: 128. IESS 16: 16407. Tulchinsky, Gerald J.J., 1933 (historian of Montréal business, 1837-53, 1977) IDBH, 280. Tull, Malcolm, 1951 (historian of port of Fremantle, 1988). IDBH, 280. Tuma, Elias H., 1928 (Economic History and the Social Sciences, 1971) CA, 115, (1985), 455. Tunzelmann, George Nicholas von (Nick), 1943 (Shattered the myth of a revolution in power supply after 1769. Steam Power and British Industrialization to 1860, 1978). PH, 408. AWW,722. CAO. Tupling, George Henry, 1883 – 1962 (Economic History of Rossendale, 1927) LCAS , 72, 1962, 176 – 179, J.S. Roskell. Turner, Frederick Jackson, 1861 – 1932 (born in the heartland of the USA in Wisconsin and „without doubt the central figure in American economic and social historiography‟, W.N. Parker, 1980. A materialist, an environmentalist, and almost a geographical determinist, he explained American history in American terms – i.e. in the existence until the 1890s of the American frontier, and not in terms of institutions inherited from Europe. He emphasised the uniqueness of the American experience, giving it all the force of historic law. „The Significance of the Frontier in American History‟, 1893, was „arguably the most influential article ever written by an American historian‟, E.D. Cronon, 1998. He supplied the first dynamic design for a history of American society. „Never has an American historian had so much impact in so few pages; rarely has one acquired great influence at so young an age‟, J. Higham, 1965. He inspired a seismic shift in the focus of American historiography, from federal politics to the history of states and localities and from constitutional forms to the vital forces inspiring those organs. A right-wing relativist, he became a founder of the Progressive

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Uchida, Hoshimi, 1926 (historian of the watch industry, 1985). IDBH, 281. Udagawa, Masaru, 1944 (Foreign Business in Japan before World War II, 1990) IDBH, 282. Ueda, Kinji, 1944 (historian of banking) IDBH, 282. Uemura, Motokaku, 1916 (historian of drug peddling in Toyama, 1957-84) IDBH, 283. Ulicny, Ferdinand, 1933 (Slovak historian of rural settlement, 1990). IDBH, 283. Ullenhag, Kersti Margareta, 1936 (Swedish historian of industry, 1862-1921, 1984) IDBH, 284. Umeno, Naotoshi, 1960 IDBH, 284. Umezu, Jyun’ichi, 1947 Unger, Irwin, 1927 CANR, 7 (1982), 498. Unger, Richard W., 1942 (The Ship in the Medieval Economy, 600-1600, 1980). CA, 121 (1987), 420. CAO. Unger, William Sybrand, 1889 – 1963 EHJ, 29,1963, 342 – 346, T.S. Jansma. Unwin, George, 1870 – 1925 („the last of the radicals‟, excluded from the DNB by J. R. H. Weaver of Trinity College. Established the first academic school of economic history in Britain, locating the springs of action within the small voluntary groups of society rather than the state. Imported into England the tradition of research established by Schmoller, pioneering the study of economic history on the basis of original sources. Secured the publication of a series of studies of the subject by Manchester University Press. Served as a positive inspiration to a group of notable scholars, including T.S. Ashton, R.H. Tawney, J. L. Hammond, H.L. Beales and Eileen Power. Made Manchester for some 16 years, 1910-25, the very hub of the universe of economic history.) G.W. Daniels, George Unwin : a Memorial Lecture (1926). R.H. Tawney, (ed.), Studies in Economic History. The Collected Papers of George Unwin (1927, 1958), xi-lxxiv, 465 – 471, R.H. Tawney. Lancashire Biographies, Rolls of Honour (1917), 386. History, 10, April 1920 5, 42. NBH, 37 – 54. BNL, 158, Sep. 1986, 343 – 347, T.S. Ashton, „Recollections of Four British Economic Historians‟, (including Ashley, Hammond and Tawney). ESS, 15, 189, G.W. Daniels. IESS, 16, 199, T.S. Ashton. EcJ, 35, 1925, 156 – 159, R.H. Tawney, J.H. Clapham. ANN, 1, 1929, 241 – 247, M. Bloch. ODNB, T.A.B. Corley. MC 3, 691. PH, 75 – 80, D.A. Farnie. GDN, 31 Jan. 1925, A.P. Wadsworth, G.W. Daniels.

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Vaizey, John Ernest, Baron, 1929 – 1984 (The Brewing Industry, 1886-1951, 1960). CANR, 4 (1981), 567. WWW, 8, 774. Times, 20 Jul. 1984. AWW, 717. ODNB, R. Blake. Valdaliso, Jesús M., 1964 (historian of Basque shipping, 1860-1935, 1991) IDBH, 285. Vallieres, Marc, 1946 (historian of mining in Québec, 1989). IDBH, 285. Vamplew, Wray, 1943 (Salvesen of Leith, 1975). CANR, 20 (1987), 470. Van Brakel, Simon, 1879 – 1953 EHJ, 26, 1956, 257 – 259, J.G. Van Dillen. Van Leur, Jacob Cornelis, 1908-1942 (stressed the role of the small trader and pedlar in the commerce of Asia. Indonesian Trade and Society, 1955) GEHW. Van Onselen, Charles, 1944 (Chibaro: African Mine Labour in Southern Rhodesia, 1900- 1933, 1976). CAO. Vance, Rupert Bayliss, 1899 – 1975 (emphasized the passive irrationality of the cotton culture of the American South, 1929). ANB, 22, 166, W.P.Kladsky. IESS,781, R.L. Simpson. DJS, 305 – 315. NYT, 26 Aug. 1975.

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Vance, Sandra S., 1946 (historian of Walmart, 1992). IDBH, 288. Van Den Eerenbeemt, H.F.J.M, 1930 (historian of banking in Brabant, 1987) IDBH, 286. Van Den Haag, Ernest, 1914-2002 CANR, 26 (1989), 431. Van der Merwe, Johannes Petrus, 1895-1952 (Die Kaap onder die Bataafse Republiek 1803-1806, 1926) DSAB 5, 801-2, J.C. Coetzee. Van der Walt, Andries Jacobus Hendrik Johannes, 1893-1972 (a pioneer Afrikaner historian. Die Ausdehnung der Kolonie am Kap der Guten Hoffnung (1700-1779), 1928) DSAB 5, 806, M. Boucher. Van der Wee, Baron Herman, 1928 (Histoire économique mondiale, 1945-1990, 1990) CA, 133 (1991), 409. IDBH, 286. Van Dillen, Johannes Gerard, 1883 – 1969 (history of the principal public banks, 1934) EHJ, 33, 1971, 265 – 270, I.J. Brugmans. Van Driel, Hugo, 1962 (historian of warehousing and container transport). IDBH, 287. Van Eyll, Klara, 1938 (economic historian of Cologne, 1815-1871, 1975) IDBH, 288. Van Gelder, Henk E., 1876 – 1960 EHJ, 28, 1961, 292 – 297, C.P. van Eeghen. Van Houtte, Jan Arthur, 1934 (An Economic History of the Low Countries, 800-1800, 1977) GEHW. Van Leur, Jacob Cornelis, 1908 – 1942 (abandoned the Eurocentric approach and so revolutionized Indonesian historiography, 1934. Indonesian Trade and Society, 1955.) Van Nierop, Leonie, 1879 – 1960 EHJ, 28, 1961, 302, Isabella H. van Eeghen. Vansina, Jan, 1929 (historian of the oral tradition, 1961). CANR, 10 (1983), 486. Van Stuijvenberg, Johannes Hermanus, 1915 – 1996 EHJ, 47, 1984, xi-xviii, H.J.F.M. van den Eerenbeemt, P.W. Klein, R.C.W. van der Voort; EHJ, 59, 1996, 7 – 13, E.J. Fischer. Van Vugt, William E., 1957 (Britain to America: Mid-Nineteenth-Century Immigrants to the United States, 1999). CAO. Van Werveke, Hans, 1863 (the father of Hans van Werveke, 1898 – 1974) Van Zanden, Jan Luiten, 1955 (historian of the Netherlands and the global economy) Vassberg, David E(rland), 1936 (The Village and the Outside World in Golden Age Castile: Mobility and Migration in Everyday Rural Life, 1996). CAO.

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(We Were There: The Story of Working Women in

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(Sheffield Smelting Company, 1960)

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(Paths Not Taken: British Labour and International Policy in the

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(In the Floating Army: F. C. Mills on Itinerant Labor in California, 1914,

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(with I. N. Waller, New Jersey‟s Agricultural Experiment

Woodward, Comer Vann, 1908 – 1999 („The insider among historians‟. Debunked the mythology of Southern conservatism. Origins of the New South, 1951) C. Van Woodward, Thinking Back. The Perils of Writing History (Baton Rouge, 1986). M. O‟Brien, Rethinking the South (Baltimore, 1988), 190-206. PM, 375 – 407, D.M. Potter. DLB, 17, 465 – 482, Elisabeth Muhlenfeld. NYT, 19 & 22 Dec. 1999. AHAP, Mar. 2000. GEHW. Woodward, Donald Malcolm, 1942 (historian of recycling in preindustrial England, revealing the importance of second-hand capital, 1985). WWB, 556. AWW, 759. Woolf, Stuart Joseph, 1936 (A History of Italy, 1700-1860. The Social Constraints, 1979) CA, 153 (1997), 472. AWW, 775. Wordie, James Ross, 1941 (Estate Management in 18th-Century Scotland, 1982). AWW, 775. Worland, Stephen T., 1923 CA, 21 – 24 (1977), 954. Woronoff, Denis, 1939 (historian of metallurgy in France, 1984) IDBH, 304. Worrell, Rupert DeLisle, 1945 (editor and contributor, The Economy of Barbados, 1946-80, 1982). Worswick, George David Norman, 1916 - 2001(Profits in the British Economy, 1909-1938, 1907). WW, 2250. ODNB, K. McMahon. PBA, 120 (200), 515-24, M. Artis. Worthy, James C., 1910 – 1998 (historian of Sears, Roebuck, 1989) IDBH, 305. Woude, Ad Van Der, 1932 (agriculture, urbanisation and demography) Woytinski, Wladimir S., 1885-1960 (the sole economist to forecast the post-war boom in the USA. World Population and Production. Trends and Outlook, 1953). W.S. Woytinski, Stormy Passage: a Personal History through Two Russian Revolutions to Democracy and Freedom, 1905-1960 (1961). W.S. Woytinski, Two Lives in One (1965). Emma Woytinski (editor), So Much Alive: the Life and Work of Wladimir S. Woytinski (New York, 1962) BDAE, D. C. Lewis. Wray, William D., 1943 (Mitsubishi and the NYK, 1870-1914, 1984) IDBH, 305.

258

Wren, Daniel A., 1932 (Evolution of Management Thought, 1972) IDBH, 305. Wright, Chester Whitney, 1879 – 1966 (Wool Growing and the Tariff, 1910) AHC, 65. WWWA, 4, 1036. Wright, David McCord, 1909 – 1968 CAP, 2 (1978), 556. NYT, 8 Jan. 1968. Wright, Gavin Peter, 1943 (Old South, New South: Revolutions in the Southern Economy Since the Civil War, 1986. („Labor history and labor economics have almost nothing to do with each other‟, 1987. „Career trajectories are more protracted in economic history than in fields like mathematics or theory‟, 1998) CAO. CSN 21: 1 (2006). PAC 283-303. Wright, Louis Booker, 1899-1984 (Religion and Empire ... 1558 at 1625, 1943) DLB, 17, 483 – 488, Suzanne Kresbach. Wright, Quincy, 1890 – 1970 (A Study of War, 1942, 2 volumes) BD, 1, 604, IESS, 814, M.B. Travis. Wright, Richard Robert, 1878 – 1967 (Negro in Pennsylvania: A Study in Economic History, 1969) Wrigley, Christopher John, 1947 (The History of British Industrial Relations, 1914-1939, 1986). CA, 129 (1990), 482. IDBH, 306. WW, 2258. Wrigley, Sir Edward Anthony, 1931 (historian of population, agriculture, cities, London, and economic growth) KB, 1340, Pamela Sharpe. WW, 2258. AWW, 778. CAO. Wunderlich, Frieda, 1884-1965 (demonstrated total failure of collectivisation in East German agriculture, 1958. Farm Labor in Germany, 1810-1945, 1961). Wyke, Terry, 1949 (historian and bibliographer of Manchester) Wyllie, Irvin Gordon, 1920 – 1974 (The Self-Made Man in America: the Myth of Rags to Riches, 1954) AHR, 80 : 1, Apr. 1975, 553, M. Curti. Wynar, Bohdan Stephen, 1926 (Historiography of Economic Writings on Ukraine, 1967). CAO. Wysocki, Josef, 1937 – 1996 (historian of savings banks and Beschtesgaden) IDBH, 306. VSWG, 84, 1997, 153, H. Pohl.

Yakura, Shintaro, 1944 (compiler of genealogy of Japanese corporations, 1986). IDBH, 307. Yamada, Makiko, 1938 (The American Business Elite, 1976) IDBH, 307. Yamada, Moritaro, 1897 – 1980 MS, 83 – 87. Yamada, Tetsuo, 1947 (historian of railways in Rhineland.)

259

IDBH, 307. Yamaguchi, Fujio, 1957 (historian of NYK, 1989). IDBH, 308. Yamamoto, Toru, 1946 (historian of relations between dissent and industry.) IDBH, 308. Yamamura, Mutsuo, 1946 (historian of MBK in China, 1894-1910, 1976). IDBH, 309. Yamanouchi, Yasushi, 1933 Yamazaki, Hiroaki, 1934 (historian of Japanese rayon industry, 1975). IDBH, 309. Yamazaki, Ryuzo, 1920 (historian of farmers and landowners in Japan, 1961) IDBH, 310. Yamey, Basil Selig, 1919 AWW, 779. WW, 2263. Yanagisawa, Osamu, 1938 (historian of small business in Germany, 1989) IDBH, 310. Yasuba, Yasukichi, 1930 – 2005 (historian of Japanese economic growth, 1980) CSN, 20 : 2, Summer 2005, 4 – 10, A.J.H. Latham. Yasumuro, Kenichi, 1947 IDBH, 311. Yasuoka, Shigeaki, 1928 (historian of Edo economic policy, 1959) IDBH, 311. Yates, Joanne, 1951 (Control through Communication. The Rise of System in American Management, 1989). IDBH, 312. Yearley, Clifton Krebs Jr., 1925 (Enterprise and Anthracite, 1961). CAO. Yellowitz, Irwin, 1933 (Industrialization and the American Labor Movement, 1850-1900, 1977). CAO. Yergin, Daniel H, 1947 (historian of oil industry) CA 103 (1982), 555. CAO. Yonekura, Seiichiro, 1953 (historian of Japanese iron and steel industry, 1995). IDBH, 313. Yonekawa, Shin-ichi, 1931 – 1999 (a medievalist who became a business historian and applied the comparative method to the study of Japanese, Indian, British and American cotton textile firms, 1979). T. Yuzawa, (ed.), Japanese Business Success. The Evolution of a Strategy (1994), xiii-xiv, G. Jones. Yoneyama, Takau, 1953 (historian of Nippon life, 1889-1989, 1991). IDBH, 313.

260

Yoshida, Michael H., 1945 (historian of farm management in England.) IDBH, 313. Yoshihara, Hideki, 1941 IDBH, 314. Yoshioka, Akihiko, 1927 – 2001 Yotsumoto, Tadahiro, 1938 Young, James Harvey, 1915-2006 (historian of patent medicines, 1961-74) CANR, 6 (1982), 571. IDBH, 314. AHAP, Feb. 2007, Victoria A. Harden Youngman, Anna Pritchett, 1884? – 1974 DWE, 486, Barbara Libby. Youngson, Alexander John Brown (Sandy) , 1918 – 2004 (The British Economy, 1920-1957, 1960) Scotsman, 16 Apr. 2004, A. Steven. IND, 22 Apr. 2004, I.G. Stewart. NBH, 219 – 229. WW, 2273. Youings, Joyce, 1922 (16th Century England, 1984) AWW, 781. Yudelmann, David, 1944 CA, 140 (1993), 505. Yui, Tsunehiko, 1931 (The Development of Japanese Business, 1600-1980, 1983). IDBH, 315. Yunoki, Manabu, 1929 (historian of sake brewing). IDBH, 315. Yuzawa, Takeshi, 1940 (historian of railways) IDBH, 316. Yver, Georges, 1870 – 1961 ANN 18 : 1, 1963, 407, F. Braudel.

Zahedieh, Nuala B., 1953 (historian of West Indian trade) IDBH, 317. Zahlan, Rosemarie Said, 1937-2006 (sister of Edward Said and historian of the early oil concessions in the Gulf) GDN, 16 May 2006, Victoria Brittain. Zaitzev, Alexander, 1888 – 1942 EcJ, 54, Apr. 1944, 138, V. Tverdokhlevoc. Zaleski, Eugene, 1918-2001 (destroyed the myth of Soviet scientific economic planning, 1962, 1980) CA 77-80 (1979), 620. Zalite, Elga, 1959 (historian of labour in Latvia). IDBH, 317.

261

Zamagni, Vera, 1943 (showed state to have played a key role in industrial development of Italy. The Economic History of Italy, 1860-1990, 1993) IDBH, 317. Zans, Stefano, 1950 (historian of agricultural co-operation in Italy, 1982). IDBH, 318. Zangheri, Renato, 1924 DS. Zarnowitz, Victor, 1919-2009 (Business Cycles: Theory, History, Indicators and Forecasting, 1992) Zavala, Silvio Arturo 1909 (Mexican historian of the Indian landed estate, 1935, and of slavery, 1967) GEHW. Zebel, Sydney H., 1914 (Fair Trade: an English Reaction to the Breakdown of the Cobden Treaty System, 1940). CA, 1- 4 (1967), 1036. Zeitlin, Jonathan Hart, 1955 CA, 121 (1987), 468. Zeleza, Paul Tiyambe, 1955 (A Modern Economc History of Africa, 1993) Zellner, Arnold CA, 41 – 44, (1979), 799. Zelnik, Reginald E., 1936-2004 (Labor and Society in Tsarist Russia … 1855-1870, 1971) Steinberg, Mark D., „In Memoriam: Reginald E. Zelnik (1936-2004), Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 5 (Fall 2004), 819-826. NYT, 1 June 2004. Zembala, Dennis M., 1942 (historian of industrial Baltimore, 1987) IDBH, 318. Zevin, Robert Brooke, 1936 (The Growth of Manufacturing in early Nineteenth Century New England, 1975. CA, 117 (1986), 508. CAO. Ziegler, Dieter, 1956 VGW, 710. Ziegler, Philip Sandeman, 1929 (historian of the Black Death, 1969, and of Barings, 1988) Zilák, Ján, 1952 (Slovak historian of mining and metallurgy.) IDBH, 319. Zilg, Gerard Colby, 1945 CA 57-60 (1976), 610. Zimmermann, Michael, 1951-2007 (historian of the Ruhr) Times, 13 Feb. 2007. Zinke, George William, 1904 - 1984 CA, 5 – 8 (1969), 1289. Zins, Henryk, 1922-2002 (England and the Baltic in the Elizabethan Era, 1972)

262

Zinsser, Hans, 1878 – 1940 (Rats, Lice and History, 1935). As I Remember Him: The Biography of R.S. (a pseudonym for Hans Zinsser) (Boston, 1940). CA, 159, (1998), 449. Zorn, Wolfgang, 1922 - 2004 VGW, 714 Zschaler, Frank, 1958 VGW, 714. Zuckerman, Mary Ellen, 1922 (The Magazine in America, 1991 with Tebbel, J.) IDBH, 319. Zunkel, Friedrich, 1925 VGW, 714. Zunz, Olivier, 1946- (L'Amérique en col blanc: l'invention du tertiaire, 1870-1920, 1991) Zupko, Ronald Edward, 1938 (British Weights and Measures: A History from Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century, 1977). CAO. Zwahr, Hartmut, 1936 VGW, 714. Zytkowicz, Leonid, 1910 (historian of agrarian structures in early modern Poland)

263

APPENDIX 1 Biographies of Economic Historians L.B. Costin, Two Sisters for Social Justice: A Biography of Grace and Edith Abbott (Chicago, (2003). A.S. Eisenstadt, Charles McLean Andrews : a Study in American Historical Writing (New York, 1956). F.S. Lee, Philip Walter Sawford Andrews : an Industrial Economist and Creator of a Realistic Theory of Prices (Leicester, 1992). Anne Ashley, William James Ashley : a Life (1932). J.E. Cooke, Frederic Bancroft: Historian (Norman, Okl., 1957). L. Goodard, (ed.), Harry Elmer Barnes, Learned Crusader. The New History in Action (Colorado Springs, 1968). R. Arch, Ernest Belfort Bax (1927). Mary R. Beard, The Making of Charles Austin Beard : an Interpretation (New York, 1955). Ellen Nore, Charles Austin Beard : an Intellectual Biography (Carbondale, Ill., 1983). J.A. Schwarz, Liberal : A.A. Berle and the Vision of an American Era (1987). José Harris, William Beveridge : A Biography (1977, 2000). E. Bloch, Marc Bloch : Father, Patriot and Teacher (Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1987). Carole Fink, Marc Bloch. A Life (1989). Mary Booth, Charles Booth : a Memoir (1918). T.S. Simey, Charles Booth: Social Scientist (1960). C. Kerman, Creative Tension: The Life and Thought of Kenneth Boulding (Ann Arbor, 1974). Agatha H. Bowley, A Memoir of Professor Sir Arthur Bowley (1869 – 1957) and His Family (Petworth, 1972). D. Alden, Charles R. Boxer, An Uncommon Life (Lisbon, 2001). J.J. Sheehan, The Career of Lujo Brentano : a study of liberalism and social reform in Imperial Germany (Chicago, 1966). A. Shelton, The Democratic Idea in Polish History and Historiography : Franciszek Bujak (1875 – 1953) (New York, 1989). S.F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888-1938 (1974). M. Haynes, Nicholas Bukharin and the Transition from Capitalism to Socialism (1985). A. R. Wolfe, Persia Campbell: Portrait of a Consumer Activist (1981). J. Haslam, The Vices of Integrity: E.H. Carr, 1892-1982 (London, 1999). Sally Green, Prehistorian. A Biography of V. Gordon Childe (Bradford-on-Avon, 1981).

264

B. Le Roy, H.M. Chittenden : a Western Epic (Tacoma, 1961). G.B. Dodds, Hiram Martin Chittenden : His Public Career (Lexington, 1973). Margaret I. Cole, The Life of G.D.H. Cole (1971). L.P. Carpenter, G.D.H. Cole (1973). A.W. Wright, G.D.H. Cole and Socialist Democracy (1979). Deborah McDonald, Clara Collett, 1860-1948 (2004). L.G. Harter, John R. Commons: His Assault on Laissez-Faire (Corvallis, Oregon State University Press, 1962) Audrey Cunningham, William Cunningham, Teacher and Priest (1950). W.O. Henderson, The Life of Friedrich Engels (1976, 2 vols). G. Williams, George Ewart Evans (1991). D. Watson, Brian Fitzpatrick: A Radical Life (Sydney, 1979). Audrey G. Foxwell, Herbert Somerton Foxwell: A Portrait (Boston, 1939). Ruth Frow, Eddie Frow. The Making of an Activist (Salford, 1999). J.R. Stanfield, J.K. Galbraith (1996). R. Parker, J. K. Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics (New York, Farrar Strauss, 2005). H. Heaton, A Scholar in Action. Edwin Francis Gay (Cambridge, Mass., 1952; New York, 1968), P. Boardman, The Worlds of Patrick Geddes, Biologist, Town Planner, Re-educator, Peace-warrior (1978). Helen Meller, Patrick Geddes. Social Evolutionist and City Planner (1990). N. Davidoff, The Fly Swatter: How My Grandfather [A. Gerschenkron] Made his Way in the World (New York, 2002). J. Boughey, Charles Hadfield. Canal Man and More (1998). M. Hadley, Arthur Twining Hadley (New Haven, 1948). S.A. Weaver, The Hammonds. A Marriage in History (1997). J.A. Hobson & M. Ginsberg, L.T. Hobhouse. His Life and Work (1931). J. Townshend, J.A. Hobson. (Manchester, 1990). M. Schneider, J.A. Hobson (1996. A. Paton, Hofmeyer (1964). S.W. Baron, Levi Herzfeld: The First Jewish Economic Historian (American Academy of Jewish Research, 1945) Rosalind Travers, The Last Years of H.M. Hyndman (1923).

265

C. Tsuzuki, H.M. Hyndman and British Socialism (Oxford 1961). D.G. Creighton, Harold Adams Innis, Portrait of a Scholar (Toronto, 1957). P. Heyer, Harold Innis (Toronto, 2003). A. J. Watson, Marginal Man: The Dark Vision of Harold Innis (University of Toronto Press, 2006). K. Worcester, C.L.R. James : a Political Biography (Albany, N.Y. 1995). G. Steenson, Karl Kautsky, 1854 – 1938 : Marxism in the Classical Years (Pittsburgh, 1978). Dorothy R. Blumberg, Florence Kelley: the Making of a Social Pioneer (New York, 1966). Kathryn K. Sklar, Florence Kelley and the Nation‟s Work : The Rise of Women‟s Political Culture, 1830 – 1900 (New Haven, 1995). R. Skidelsky, John Maynard Keynes (3 vols., 1983, 1992, 2000). R. Chickering, Karl Lamprecht : A German Academic Life (1856 – 1915), (Atlantic Highlands, N.J. 1993). A. Bornemann, James Laurence Laughlin, Chapters in the Life of an Economist (Washington D.C., 1940). D. Hubback, No Ordinary Press Baron: a Life of Walter Layton (1983). R.L. Tignor, W. Arthur Lewis and the Birth of Development Economics (2005). J.P. Nettl, Rosa Luxemburg (1966, 2 vols). C.H.S. Fifoot, Maitland (1971). G. Elton, F.W. Maitland (1985). P.D. Groenewegen, Soaring Eagle: Alfred Marshall 1842 – 1924 (1995). D. McLellan, Karl Marx. His Life and Thought (1973). S.K. Padover, Karl Marx: an Intimate Biography (New York, 1978). P. Sztomka, Robert K. Merton: An Intellectual Biography (London, Macmillan, 1986). Lucy S. Mitchell, Two Lives : The Story of Wesley Clair Mitchell and Myself (New York, 1953). J.M. Mitchison, Rowy: Rosalind Mitchison, A Memoir (2005). G.M. Pfitzer, Samuel Eliot Morison‟s Historical World : In Quest of a New Parkman (Boston, 1991). D.M. Miller, Lewis Mumford : A Life (New York, 1989). M. Goldsmith, Joseph Needham. Twentieth-Century Renaissance Man (Paris, 1995). J. Meenan, George O’Brien: A Biographical Memoir (1980). Caroline Moorehead, Iris Origo. Marchesa of Val d‟Orcia (2000). Harriet C. Owsley, Frank Lawrence Owsley: Historian of the Old South : A Memoir (Nashville, 1990).

266

J.H. Roper, U.B. Phillips: a Southern Mind (Macon, GA., 1984). B.D. Lyon, Henri Pirenne : a Biographical and Intellectual Study (Ghent, 1974). G.M. Enteen, The Soviet Scholar-Bureaucrat: M.N. Pokrovskii and the Society of Marxist Historians (University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1978). Kari Polanyi-Levitt, (ed.), The Life and Works of Karl Polanyi (New York, 1990). D. Renton, Sidney Pollard : a Life in History (2004). John and Mary Postgate, A Stomach for Dissent: The Life of Raymond Postgate (Keele University Press, 1994). Maxine Berg, A Woman in History, Eileen Power 1889 – 1940 (Cambridge, 1996). K. Sinclair, William Pember Reeves. New Zealand Fabian (1965). M.A. Wes, Michael Rostovtzeff, Historian in Exile. Russian Roots in an American Context (Stuttgart, 1990). J. Raimondi, An Enemy of the State : The Life of Murray N. Rothbard (New York, 2000). A. Briggs, A Study of the Work of Seebohm Rowntree (1871 – 1954 : Social Thought and Social Action (1961). R. Ollard, A Man of Contradictions : A Life of A.L. Rowse (1999). Louise F. Brown, Apostle of Democracy: The Life of Lucy Maynard Salmon (New York, Harper, 1943). E. Schneider, Joseph A. Schumpeter, Life and Work of a Great Social Scientist (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1975). E. März, Joseph Schumpeter : Scholar, Teacher and Politician (New Haven, 1991). R. Swedberg, Schumpeter : a Biography (Princeton, 1991). R.L. Allen, Opening Doors : The Life and Work of Joseph Schumpeter (New Brunswick, N.J., 1991, 2 vols.). H. Josephson, James T. Shotwell and the Rise of Internationalism in America (Rutherford, N.J. 1975). H.E. Starr, William Graham Sumner (1925). Kathleen Brady, Ida Tarbell : Portrait of a Muckraker (New York, 1984). R. Terrill, R.H. Tawney and His Times : Socialism as Fellowship (Cambridge, Mass., 1973). A. W. Wright, R.H. Tawney (Manchester University Press, 1987). G.T. Winston, A Builder of the New South : being the story of the life work of Daniel Augustus Tompkins (New York, 1920). A. Kadish, Apostle Arnold : The Life and Death of Arnold Toynbee 1852 – 1883 (Durham N.C. 1988). Mary Moorman, G.M. Trevelyan. A Memoir (1980). D. Cannadine, G.M. Trevelyan. A Life in History (1992).

267

H.G. Drescher, Ernst Troeltsch: His Life and Work (London, SCM press, 1992). R.A. Billington, Frederick Jackson Turner : Historian, Scholar, Teacher (New York, 1973). J.P. Diggins, Thorstein Veblen, Theorist of the Leisure Class (Princeton, 1999). Margaret I. Cole, Beatrice Webb (1945). R. Harrison, The Life and Times of Sidney and Beatrice Webb : 1858 – 1905, the Formative Years (Basingstoke, 1999). Marianne Weber, Max Weber: a Biography (1975). F.B. Joyner, David Ames Wells: Champion of Free Trade (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1939). D. Rees, Harry Dexter White: a Study in Paradox (New York, 1973). G.L. Ulmen, The Science of Society : Toward an Understanding of the Life and Work of Karl August Wittfogel (1978). Jacqueline Goggin, Carter G. Woodson: A Life in Black History (Baton Rouge, La., 1993). Emma Woytinski (editor), So Much Alive: the Life and Work of Wladimir S. Woytinski (New York, 1962)

APPENDIX 2 Autobiographies of Economic Historians Abramovitz, M.

Days Gone By: A Memoir for My Family (2000, for e-distribution).

Allen, G.C.,

Appointment in Japan. Memories of Sixty Years (1983).

Beveridge, W.,

Power and Influence (1953).

Bonn, M.J.,

Wandering Scholar (1949).

Bowen, E.,

Sweet Beula Land (1999).

Boyson, R.,

Speaking My Mind (1994).

Brookes, E.H.,

A South African Pilgrimage (1977).

Bruchey, S.,

Reminiscences (1960, Columbia University Oral History Research Project).

Cairncross, A.K.,

Living with the Century (Fife, 1998).

Carr, E.H.,

„An Autobiography‟ (1980) in M. Cox (ed.), E.H. Carr, A Critical Appraisal (London, 2000), xii-xxii.

Checkland, S.G.

Voices across the Water. An Anglo-Canadian Boyhood (Aberdeen, 1989).

Clough, S.B.,

The Life I‟ve Lived. The Formation, Career and Retirement of an Historian. (Washington, D.C., 1981).

Cole, Margaret I.,

Growing Up into Revolution (1949).

268

Commons, J.R.,

Myself (New York, 1934).

Denman, D.R.,

A Half and Half Affair. Chronicles of a Hybrid Don (1993).

Douglas, P.H.,

In the Fullness of Time. The Memoirs of Paul H. Douglas (New York, 1972).

Drucker, P.

P. Drucker, Adventures of a Bystander (New York, 1998).

Dulles, Eleanor L.,

Chances of a Lifetime : a Memoir (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1980).

Einzig, P.,

In the Centre of Things : an Autobiography (1960).

Evans, G.E.,

The Strength of the Hills : an Autobiography (1983).

Fairbank, J.K.,

Chinabound : a Fifty-Year Memoir (New York, 1982).

Ferns, H.S.,

Reading from Left to Right. One Man‟s Political History (Toronto, 1983).

Fogel, R.,

A Life of Learning (1996).

Fong, H.D.,

Reminiscences of a Chinese Economist at 70. (Singapore, 1975).

Fox, A.,

A Very Late Development: An Autobiography (1990).

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth,

Feminism is Not the Story of My Life (1996).

Friedman, Milton & Rose,

Two Lucky People : a Memoir (Chicago, 1998).

Galbraith, J.K.,

A Life in Our Times : Memoirs (New York, 1987).

Garnett, R.G.

Polytechnic Man (St. Neots, 1987).

Geertz, C.,

After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist (Harvard University Press, 1995).

Hafen, Leroy R., and Ann W. Hafen, The Joyous Journey (1973). Hamerow, T.S.,

Remembering a Vanished Childhood: The Jewish Childhood in Interwar Poland (2001).

Hancock, W.K.,

Country and Calling (1954).

Hancock, W.K.,

Professing History (Sydney, 1976).

Harrison, J.F.C.

Scholarship Boy. A Personal History of the Mid-Twentieth Century (1995).

Hewins, W.A.S.,

The Apologia of an Imperialist : Forty Years of Empire Policy, 1889 – 1929 (1929, 2 vols.).

Hicks, J.D.,

My Life with History : an Autobiography (Lincoln, Neb., 1968).

Hirst, F.W.,

In the Golden Days (1947).

Hobsbawm, E.J.,

Interesting Times. A Twentieth-Centry Life (2002).

269

Hobson, J.A.,

Confessions of an Economic Heretic (1938, Brighton, 1976).

Homans, G.C.

Coming to My Senses. The Autobiography of a Sociologist (New Brunswick, N.J., 1985).

Hurst, G.B.,

Closed Chapters (1942).

Huttenback, R.A.,

Confessions of a Genial Abbot : Memoirs of a Decade at the California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, 1970).

Hyndman, H.M.,

The Record of an Adventurous Life (1911).

Hyndman, H.M.,

Further Reminiscences (1912).

Johnson, E.A.J.,

American Imperialism in the Image of Peer Gynt : Memoirs of a ProfessorBureaucrat (Minneapolis, 1971).

Kathryn K. Sklar (ed.), Notes of Sixty Years : the Autobiography of Florence Kelley (Chicago, 1986). Kindleberger, C.P,

The Life of an Economist (New York 1991).

Levi, L.,

The Story of My Life : 1845 – 1855 (1888).

Lindsay, W.S.,

The Log of My Leisure Hours, By an Old Sailor (1868, 1872, 3 vols).

Lindsay, W.S.,

Recollections of a Sailor (1876).

Longhurst, H. C.,

My Life and Soft Times (1971).

Longmate, N.,

The Shaping Season. An Author‟s Autobiography. Childhood and Schooldays (Richmond, Author, 2001).

McLellan, G.B.,

The Gentleman and the Tiger. The Autobiography of G.B. McLellan (1956).

McCloskey, Deirdre Nansen, Crossing: a Memoir (1999). Mavor, J.,

My Windows on the Street of the World (1923, 2 vols.).

Mumford, L.,

My Works and Days : a Personal Chronicle (New York, 1979).

Nef, J.U.,

Search for Meaning. The Autobiography of a Nonconformist (Washington, D.C., 1973).

Perkin, H.J.,

The Making of a Social Historian (2004).

Phillips, C.H,

Beyond the Ivory Tower (1995).

Pipes, R.E.,

Vixi : Memoirs of a Non-belonger (New Haven, 2004).

Plumb, J.H.,

The Making of an Historian (Athens, Ga., 1988).

Prebble, S,

Landscape and Memories: An Intermittent Biography (1994).

Prothero, R.E.,

From Whippingham to Westminster (1938).

Read, D.,

A Manchester Boyhood in the Thirties and Forties – Growing Up in War and Peace (Lampeter, 2004).

270

Redfern, P.,

Journey to Understanding (1946).

Redlich, F.L.,

Steeped in Two Cultures (New York, 1971).

Roberts, R.,

A Ragged Schooling. Growing up in the Classic Slum (Manchester, 1976).

Roll, E.,

Crowded Hours (1985).

Rolt, L.T. ,

Landscape with Machines (1971).

Rowbotham, Sheila,

Promise of a Dream (2001).

Salter, A.,

Memoirs of a Public Servant (1961).

Salter, A.,

Slave of the Lamp (1967).

Saville, John,

Memoirs from the Left (Merlin, 2003).

Schlesinger, A.M.,

In Retrospect : The History of a Historian (New York, 1963).

Shotwell, J. T.,

The Autobiography of James T. Shotwell (New York, 1961).

Sigsworth, E.M.,

A Respectable Life, Leeds in the 1930s (Beverley, 1994).

Sperling, J.,

Rebel with a Cause (2004).

Stigler, G.,

Memoirs of an Unregulated Economist (1988).

T. Mackay (ed),

The Autobiography of Samuel Smiles (1905).

Sorokin, P.A.,

Leaves from a Russian Diary and Thirty Years After (Boston, 1950, 1970).

Sorokin, P.A.,

A Long Journey. The Autobiography of Pitirim A. Sorokin (New Haven, 1963).

Tarbell, Ida M.,

All in the Day‟s Work : An Autobiography (New York 1939).

Thistlethwaite, F.,

A Lancashire Family Inheritance. (Cambridge, 1996).

Thistlethwaite, F.,

Cambridge Years, 1945 – 1961 (1999).

Trevelyan, G.M.,

An Autobiography (1949).

Utley, Freda,

The Dream We Lost. Soviet Russia Then and Now. (New York, 1940).

Utley, Freda,

Lost Illusion (1948).

Utley, Freda,

Odyssey of a Liberal. Memoirs (Washington, D.C., 1970).

Webb, Beatrice,

My Apprenticeship (1926).

Webb, Beatrice,

Our Partnership (1948).

Williams, E.E.,

Inward Hunger : The Education of a Prime Minister (1969).

Woodruff, W.,

Billy Boy (Wakefield, 1993), reprinted as The Road to Nab End. A Lancashire Childhood. (2000).

271

Woytinski, W.S.

Stormy Passage: a Personal History through Two Russian Revolutions to Democracy and Freedom, 1905-1960 (1961).

Zinsser, H.,

As I Remember Him : The biography of R.S. (Boston, 1940).

APPENDIX 3 A Chronology of the Foundation of Economic History Periodicals, 1893-2005 1893

Germany. Zeitschrift für Social-und Wirthschaftgeschichte.

1894

Hungary. Magyar Gazdaságtörténelm. Szembe (Hungarian Economic History Review).

1903

Germany. Vierteljahrschrift fur Sozial-und Wirtschaftgeschichte.

1909-77

France. Revue d‟Histoire Économique et Sociale (Revue d‟Histoire des Doctrines Économiques et Sociales, to 1913).

1915

Netherlands. Economisch Historische Jaarboek (renamed in 1971 and 1994).

1926-40

England. Economic History. Supplement to the Economic Journal.

1927

England. Economic History Review.

1928-32

USA. Journal of Economic and Business History.

1929

France. Annales d‟Histoire Économique et Sociale (renamed in 1939, 1946, and 1994).

1931-50

Poland. Roczniki Dziejów Spolcznych I Gospodarczych (Yearbook of Social and Economic History).

1931

Japan. Shakai-Keizai-shigaku (Socio-Economic History Review)

1941

USA. Journal of Economic History.

1953

Sweden. Scandinavian Economic History Review.

1958-80

Sweden. Economy and Society.

1960

German Democratic Republic. Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte.

1962

Australia. Australian Economic History Review.

1963

India. Indian Economic and Social History Review.

1965

Ukraine. Istoriya Narodnogo Gospodarstva Ta Ekonomichnoi Dumki Ukrainy.

1966

Poland. Studia Histoiree Oeconomicae.

1972

Italy. Economia e Storia.

1972

Austria. Sozial-und Wirtschaftshistorische Studien.

1973

Ireland. Irish Economic and Social History.

272

1974

Sweden. Uppsala Studies in Economic History.

1974

Croatia. Acta Historico-Oeconomica (Jugoslaviae to 1991).

1978

Czechoslovakia. Hospodarske Dejny (Economic History).

1980

Scotland. Scottish Economic and Social History (renamed Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 2005).

1982

Spain. Estudios de Historia Economia.

1982

South Africa. South African Journal of Economic History (Perspectives in Economic History to 1986).

1984

Italy. Rivista di Storia Economica.

1988

Belgium. Studies in Social and Economic History.

1989

Netherlands. Economic and Social History in the Netherlands.

1992

Belgium. Studies in Belgian Economic History.

2005

Croatia. Ekonomska-i Eko-historija.

2007

France. Cliometrica: Journal of Historical Economics and Econometric History

N.B.

Agricultural History, launched in 1927, was „the first American review devoted chiefly to economic history‟, T.C. Cochran, „Research in American Economic History‟, Mid-America: An Historical Quarterly 29 (1947), 11.

Source:

Ulrich‟s Periodicals Directory 2002 (Bowker, New Providence, N.J., 2001, 40 th edition), vol 1, 1416-1433.