MONTEREY BAY AQUARIUM ANNUAL REVIEW 2015 Inspiring a Love for the Ocean 2015 As we celebrate these accomplishments, we celebrate you for making th...

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Inspiring a Love for the Ocean

2015 As we celebrate these accomplishments, we celebrate you for making them possible.

We welcomed 2.1 million visitors—the second time that we’ve had back-to-back years with over 2 million guests.

We hosted Big Blue Live, a live television event that celebrated Monterey Bay as an ocean conservation success story of global significance.

Our education programs were recognized with a Community Impact Award from The Silicon Valley Business Journal.

The White House honored our own Sarah-Mae Nelson for her work interpreting the effects of climate change on ocean health to our visitors.

We’re playing a leading role in the fight for a plastic-free ocean, and backed state and federal actions that will phase out plastic microbeads. H u m p b a c k Wh a l e Megaptera novaeangliae


D I R E C T O R ’ S



Executive Director

Due in great part to our amazing family of donors, the Monterey Bay Aquarium enjoys an enviable position among ocean conservation organizations. We’re the most admired public aquarium in the United States, where we inspire millions of people to care more—and do more—for the ocean. We’re a leader in education—reaching tens of thousands of students each year, bolstering the skills that science teachers bring to classrooms throughout California and inspiring a new generation of dynamic young ocean advocates. And we’ve grown to become an influential international champion of ocean initiatives.

You have helped us become more effective than ever before in our mission to protect and restore the ocean and the animals that call it home. I’m so proud of what we accomplished together in 2015, with your wonderful generosity making possible so many important successes. For the second time in our 31-year history, we welcomed more than 2 million visitors to the Aquarium in

back-to-back years. Our visitors told us, in greater numbers than ever, that they learned something new about ocean conservation during their visit —and were inspired to take action on behalf of the ocean. As you know so well, since our opening we’ve shared the unique story of Monterey Bay and its ecosystems in our exhibits. Last August, we brought that story to millions more across the


country and in Great Britain when we hosted an incomparable live television event from our back decks: Big Blue Live. Over six nights, BBC and PBS celebrated the health of the bay’s wildlife and ecosystems on prime-time television—spotlighting its recovery as a conservation success story of global significance. The decline and rebirth of Monterey Bay carries lessons that inform every-

thing we do. It demonstrates that the ocean is resilient, and can recover when people take action to protect it. The bay’s vitality is the product of human actions dating back more than a century: the 1911 treaty that ended the fur trade for sea otters and seals, creation of the first marine protected area off Pacific Grove in the 1930s, the ban on commercial whaling and the explosion of environmental legislation in the 1970s, better management of commercial fisheries over the past two decades and creation of a network of marine protected areas along the California coast less than a decade ago. There’s much more to be done, of course, both here and around the world. Your support is enabling us to lead change on many fronts. I’m proud to say that our work is now global in scope, and in its impact on the future of the ocean. We played a strong role in advising the Obama Administration on shaping regulations to end illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing on the high seas. Our work influenced the final federal rules and subsequent legislation to keep seafood from destructive fisheries out of the U.S. market. We were part of a U.S. delegation to international scientific advisory bodies working to reverse severe population declines that have reduced Pacific bluefin tuna to just 2.6 percent of their historic level. And we welcomed nearly 200 experts from around the

world for the first Bluefin Futures Symposium to share data and ideas that will put bluefin tuna fisheries on a sustainable trajectory. As part of our new initiative to stem the flow of ocean plastic pollution, we championed the legislative campaign in California that banned plastic microbeads in personal care products, and subsequently supported successful federal legislation that will phase out microbeads nationwide. In the face of growing threats to ocean health from the impacts of climate change, we stepped up our response. We mobilized public support for bold action at the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris, and identified the steps needed to respond to the effects of rising sea level on the Aquarium and the communities of the Monterey Peninsula. We advanced initiatives to support sustainable seafood production around the world—bringing our respected Seafood Watch program to a global audience. We brought business and government leaders together in Southeast Asia to shape new standards for sustainable aquaculture, and welcomed Indonesia’s progressive fisheries minister to the Aquarium in Monterey. We helped colleagues in Brazil, Japan and Europe advance their sustainable seafood initiatives, and worked with partners in Mexico to move toward sustainable fishing and aquaculture in the Gulf of California.


We welcomed new business partners in 2015, including Disney Parks and Resorts, and celebrated the accomplishments of partners like Aramark, which now sources 100 percent of its tuna from sustainable sources. Knowing how critical it is to foster the next generation of ocean leaders, we’re also deepening our investment in education programs. We’re committed to helping thousands of children and young adults become science and ocean literate, confident and ready to act on behalf of the future of our planet. To that end, we completed design for our new Center for Ocean Education and Leadership in 2015, and expect to break ground by the end of this year. I’m grateful for the generosity that our community of donors and friends has shown thus far and look forward to enlisting support from many more of you so we can make this important new center a reality. Our vision of a future with a healthy and productive ocean that sustains all life is within reach, and it all starts with awareness of the ocean’s value. With our status as the best place in the world to experience and learn about the ocean, the Monterey Bay Aquarium is truly driving change on a global scale. Thank you for your confidence and support that make it all possible.

C H A I R M A N ’ S


From my earliest days as a Trustee of the Monterey Bay Aquarium, I have been impressed and deeply gratified by how our education STEPHEN C. NEAL Chairman programs are transforming and inspiring young lives. That power to transform and inspire is the driving force behind our ambitious decision to create a new Center for Ocean Education and Leadership. Preschool children and their families are filled with enthusiasm when they participate in our morning programs for Head Start students. There’s equal enthusiasm in the voices of our educators —the people who can spark what we hope will become a lifelong connection with ocean animals. Our Discovery Lab classrooms are filled with energy every weekday as



busloads of students arrive, from all over California. Our talented teachers offer science education lessons, complete with live-animal elements, that those students carry with them when they return to their classrooms. Imagine the impact when we can offer experiences like these to every student who visits! Out in the exhibit galleries, I’m amazed by the young men and women —Teen Conservation Leaders—who are sharing what they’ve learned with our visitors each day. We are building long-term relationships with these dedicated young people, and they are enhancing and cementing their roles as next-generation ocean conservation leaders. Our long-term partnership with Pajaro Valley schools is having a further transformative effect on many teens who have become the first in their families to attend college. Each summer, and in workshops

throughout the school year, hundreds of science teachers come to the Aquarium for professional development programs. They return home better equipped to use ecosystem-based learning approaches in their classrooms. They are deeply dedicated to their craft and to their students. Our education programs are changing lives—and we know they will do so much more effectively when we have the facilities to deliver the same programs to twice as many students and teachers. I am grateful to all of you for embracing the vision behind the Center for Ocean Education and Leadership—and for your financial support that is turning the vision into a reality. On behalf of our Board of Trustees, thank you.


Stephen C. Neal, Chairman

William Landreth

Peter S. Bing, Chairman Emeritus

Joan Lane

Julie Packard, Vice Chairman and Executive Director

Michael A. Mantell

Susan Bell

Connie Martinez

Meg Caldwell

Pietro Parravano

Samantha Campbell

Christopher Scholin

Caroline Getty

Mark Wan

Juan Govea

Gideon Yu

M.R.C. Greenwood



Big Blue Live positioned Monterey Bay as a conservation success story of global significance. The Program

The Production

The Popularity

Our back decks were the primary set for

Big Blue Live was the first co-produced

An astounding 75 million BBC and PBS

this worldwide television phenomenon

joint broadcast event for BBC and

viewers watched Big Blue Live on televi-

on BBC and PBS. The nine hours of

PBS—and the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

sion and online. The program was also

live programs were captivating, as the

The unprecedented live television

highly successful on social media. PBS,

weather, animal activity and ocean

series was over a year in the making,

BBC and Aquarium social media teams

anomalies combined to create a hugely

and ultimately involved about 450

collaborated to produce imaginative

engaging viewer experience with rare

people responsible for everything

and engaging animal and conservation

blue whales, mysterious great white

from cameras to catering, boats to

stories that significantly amplified the

sharks, sea otters and more.

beach scouts and more. It’s the biggest

reach of the programs—and were

media event we’ve ever staged at the

eventually seen by over 25 million

In the end, Big Blue Live was a story of

Aquarium—much larger than even

viewers. Notable content included the

hope that proved ocean ecosystems

Star Trek IV. In the end, Big Blue Live

broadcasts themselves, videos about

are resilient and can recover if given a

exceeded all of our high expectations

Aquarium exhibit animals and the

chance—and with a helping hand from

for this inspiring program—in content,

recovery of Monterey Bay, and a series

people like you, who come together

audience size and reaction—and in

of fun contests. Fans and followers were

to make a difference.

sharing with the world the message

actively engaged with us and each

that conservation works.

other during the broadcasts—including on some social media platforms at the highest levels we’ve ever seen.

BBC personalities Liz Bonnin and Matt Baker hosted Big Blue Live and were also featured in stories about animals at the Aquarium and in Monterey Bay.


Conservation scientist M. Sanjayan, on left, also hosted the Big Blue Live series as well as several stories about wildlife conservation in and around Monterey Bay.


The Aquarium was the main set for Big Blue Live on BBC and PBS that positioned Monterey Bay as a conservation success story of global significance.

Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Global Impact With your support and encouragement, our ocean policy, conservation research and sustainable seafood programs are making a real difference for ocean health around the world. Here are highlights of what we accomplished over the last year.

United Kingdom

Canada Netherlands



France Monterey

San Diego

Washington, D.C.


Orlando Hawaii Mexico


Central America

ASEAN nations Sri Lanka





Brunei Samoa


Australia South Africa Chile New Zealand

Seafood Partnerships Our leadership is recognized by colleagues around the world. In collaboration with our business partners, we’re working in Sri Lanka, and with ASEAN nations in Southeast Asia, to improve fishing and fish-farming methods. We’re active on six continents—in countries from South Africa to Japan, Mexico and Brazil—to build the capacity of regional sustainable seafood movements, and to strengthen our collective impact by coordinating efforts.

White Shark Science We concluded a record field season, tagging and tracking adult and juvenile white sharks off the coasts of California and Mexico. Our field researchers have identified 117 individual white sharks, 43 new animals in 2015 and one shark that returned to the Farallon Islands for a record 27th year. Partnering with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and others, we’re developing a camera tag that will reveal what adult sharks are doing far offshore near Hawaii, at the “White Shark Café.”


Plastic Pollution Plastics threaten the health of marine life in the global ocean. We championed the California campaign that banned plastic microbeads in consumer products. The legislation inspired swift, bipartisan Congressional action on a national ban. And we forged a network of leading U.S. aquariums that will campaign to eliminate other major sources of plastic pollution.

Bluefin Tuna Our science and policy teams traveled to Ecuador, southern California, Japan and Samoa to address the crisis facing Pacific bluefin tuna. We welcomed experts from 14 countries around the world to Monterey for a first-ever Bluefin Futures Symposium to seek ways to recover bluefin tuna in the Atlantic, Pacific and Southern oceans. Satellite tags we’ve deployed on Pacific bluefin tuna have recorded 106,937 days of data about their migrations. We’ve placed 1,254 tags on these fish, whose population has declined by 97 percent since the 1980s.

Engaging with Business Seafood Watch business partners use their purchasing power to transform fishing and aquaculture practices—in big ways. Aramark shifted to 100 percent sustainable tuna for the 2.5 million pounds of canned albacore and skipjack it serves annually. Seafood purchased for Disney Parks and Resorts in the U.S. is now guided by our Seafood Watch standards.


Policy Leadership We’re sought as a trusted advisor by the White House, federal agencies and state leaders in California on a wide range of issues, including reduction of ocean plastic pollution, combatting illegal and unregulated fisheries, advancing domestic and international protections for sharks, and maximizing the effectiveness of ocean conservation provisions in international trade agreements around the Pacific Rim.

Inspiring Future Ocean Leaders While we expand our conservation impact beyond Monterey Bay, we remain dedicated to nurturing future ocean stewards at home. For over 30 years, our free visits and education programs for schoolchildren have encouraged young people to embrace their curiosity about science and the natural environment. Now we’re preparing to double the reach of our programs for students and teachers through our new Center for Ocean Education and Leadership on Cannery Row.

Life-Changing Experiences You make it possible for schoolchildren from all backgrounds to visit the Aquarium, to learn about the marine environment and to ultimately become confident, science-literate and ready to act on behalf of the natural world. We’re proud to share just a few of the many life-changing experiences that happen every day because of your support.

Young Women in Science

Teen Conservation Leaders


“I love the Aquarium because being

“Being a conservation leader is part of

Habitats program has been the most

a scientist was just a dream, but

my identity [now]. It means going above

personally and professionally rewarding

with the Aquarium’s help, it’s almost

and beyond to connect with the environ-

endeavor of my teaching career.”

within reach.”

ment and, more importantly, to connect

– Sage S.

“If it wasn’t for Young Women in Science

that knowledge with others, combining

I wouldn’t have found my love of the

your knowledge and actions to help

ocean, I wouldn’t be aware of our

conserve our oceans.”

environment, I wouldn’t have become


– Felicia D.

a Teen Conservation Leader and most importantly, I wouldn’t have gained the knowledge and understanding of what impact we have on this world.”

We’ve continued our $165 million campaign, which includes $65 million for the LEED-certified building and expanded programs for teachers and students.

the Watsonville Area Teens Conserving

– Gary Martindale

others with the environment. It means learning all that you can and then sharing

At a time when threats to the ocean grow more urgent each day, this is our most important undertaking—one that will benefit the planet for generations to come.

“Being involved as a partner in building

- Mariah P.

“The Aquarium changed how I thought, how I felt, and what I did in my interactions with the ocean environment. I was able to follow my curiosity while being surrounded by teens who not only care about the same issues I do, but have the desire to act on them as well.” – Katie R.


“Thanks to the Aquarium workshop, I am better able to bring science into my classroom. It really gave me a backbone to believe that I can do this.” – Teresa Day, Teacher Institute participant

Teens Conserving Habitats “The Aquarium’s program has inspired me to be a lifelong advocate for sustainability and environmentalism in all aspects of life.” – Anthony B.

Va m p i r e s q u i d Va m p y r o t e u t h i s i n f e r n a l i s

Cock-eyed squid Opisthoteuthis sp.

Histioteuthis heteropsis

Continuing over 30 Years of Innovation in Sharing Amazing Animals


ur Tentacles team boosted the wow factor of the breakthrough special exhibition in 2015 when they introduced visitors to several species of deep-sea cephalopods. We were the first in the world to debut the mysterious vampire squid, and among the first to show the cock-eyed squid and the Japetella octopus. Another uncommon animal became an international media sensation after a research colleague at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute dubbed the as-yet-unnamed Opisthoteuthis species “adorabilis”—the “adorable” octopus. Your support is critical to our success in bringing uncommon animals like these to the public. Thank you.

ReachingVisitors & Inspiring Conservation More than 2 million guests enjoyed our live animal exhibits and special visitor programs, and in the process, learned more about our vital work to protect ocean habitats and wildlife. A visit to the Aquarium is our best tool for inspiring people to care more—and do more—for ocean conservation. In fact, 95% of our visitors say their visit inspired them to consider taking action on behalf of the ocean. Last year, we invited visitors to take a deeper look at the conservation stories behind the animals we exhibit and the ecosystems we interpret with new programs, animal stories and outreach activities.

Turning the Tide

Frequent Flyers (with Flippers)

Conservation Chicks

incredible rebirth of Monterey Bay.

We’re one of 10 U.S. aquariums to foster

tion; both hatched from eggs laid by

Told on both land and sea (a first for

baby loggerhead sea turtles rescued off

exhibit birds. These fuzzy additions were

us!), “Turning the Tide: The Story of

North Carolina. Here, the wee turtles

among several penguin and murre chicks

Monterey Bay” wove a tale about the

charm our visitors while we share the

that have hatched here over the past

region’s diverse cultural history. The

story of their endangered species.

few years. Some birds we keep; some we

show featured theatrical interpretations

After a year or two, they’ve grown large

send to other accredited institutions as

of particular tools and talents each

enough to join other rescued juvenile sea

part of species survival plans governed

culture used to harvest the bay’s

turtles that are fitted with satellite tags

by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

living bounty.

and released into the Atlantic Ocean.

Saving Endangered Species

Big Love for Giant Sea Bass

In May, we marked Endangered Species

With their hefty weight and wide, wide

Day with 229 Association of Zoos and

lips, the giant sea bass we exhibit hold a

Aquariums (AZA) colleagues across

special place in the hearts of our visitors,

the country with a new initiative:

and especially our members and donors.

AZA SAFE—Saving Animals From

We house several of these critically endan-

Extinction. We drew attention to sea

gered fish, ranging from babies to adults

turtles, sharks, African penguins and

30 years old. By studying individuals at

other animals whose kin are struggling

different life stages, we could help strengthen

in the wild. And we shared positive news

laws protecting these gentle giants.

A dynamic new summer deck show shared the rich fishing history and

about how we’re making a difference for their survival.

¡Viva Baja! Begins We prepared for our 2016 special exhibition, ¡Viva Baja! Life on the Edge, which opened March 19. ¡Viva Baja! explores a unique and fragile place, where life thrives on the edge of sand and sea but whose future hangs in a delicate balance. Exhibits feature a rainbow of tropical fishes and invertebrates, plus iconic desert animals.



We welcomed a penguin chick and a common murre chick into our avian collec-

Thank You, Volunteers! In more ways than ever, Aquarium volunteers enhance our mission to inspire conservation of the ocean. In 2015, over 1,300 volunteers contributed over 163,000 hours of service in 79 different work areas, notably in education and animal care. Our volunteer community hails from all over central and northern California—86 cities in all—and volunteers range in age from teenagers to folks in their 90s.

Va m p i r e s q u i d Va m p y r o t e u t h i s i n f e r n a l i s

Conservation Works—Bringing Sea Otters Back from the Brink


esides Big Blue Live, we witnessed another success story—two, actually—closer to home: Wild sea otters delivered pups in our Great Tide Pool in December and March. The most recent birth happened before our eyes—and was witnessed by a lucky crowd of guests, members, staff and volunteers who cheered (quietly) as mom deftly handled her newborn and groomed it into a fluffy phenomenon. This adorable event was made possible by people like you supporting conservation of this threatened species. Not long ago, sea otters were hunted to near extinction. Thanks to legislative protection and a change of heart toward these furriest of sea creatures, the sea otter population is rebounding to steady levels in Monterey Bay. 16






For the year ending December 31, 2015

Memberships 14%




Admissions.......................................................................................................... $43,131,000


Contributions and Grants...................................................................................... 16,899,000


Memberships......................................................................................................... 12,156,000


Endowment Distribution......................................................................................... 4,224,000


Merchandising and Food Services............................................................................. 4,047,000


Fee-Based Programs................................................................................................. 1,885,000


Rental Facilities and Other ..................................................................................... 2,667,000


Total Support and Revenues................................................................................ $85,009,000


Endowment Distribution 5%

Contributions and Grants 20%

Fee-Based Programs 2% Rental Facilities and Other 3%


Admissions 51%


Marine Life Exhibition and Care........................................................................... $33,661,000


Education and Outreach Programs......................................................................... 12,545,000


Guest Services and Marketing Programs................................................................ 12,258,000


Conservation and Science Programs......................................................................... 7,221,000


Merchandising and Food Services............................................................................. 2,782,000


Membership Services Development 3% 2% Merchandising and Food Services Management 3% and General 12% Guest Services Rental and Marketing Facilities Programs 2% 14%


Management and General...................................................................................... 10,328,000


Rental Facilities ..................................................................................................... 1,328,000


Development........................................................................................................... 2,972,000


Membership Services............................................................................................... 1,879,000



Total Expenses ................................................................................................... $84,974,000 $79,143,000 Capital expenditures during 2015 of $11 million included development of the special exhibit ¡Viva Baja! Life on the Edge, main entrance and auditorium improvements, planning and design for the new Center for Ocean Education and Leadership, new visitor programs, digital resources for Seafood Watch and expansion of animal holding and care facilities. Copies of the 2015 audited financial statements will be available online in August 2016. AQUARIUM ATTENDANCE



General Admission.................................................................................................. 1,086,086


Member Visits ........................................................................................................... 511,276


Community Days / Free Visits ................................................................................... 216,868


Free School Visits....................................................................................................... 112,881


Group Visits............................................................................................................... 122,993


Private Events.............................................................................................................. 34,431 Total Attendance................................................................................................... 2,084,545


Merchandising and Food Services 5%

Exhibits, Animal Care, Conservation, Science and Education Programs 63%

Private Events 2%

Group Visits 6% Community Days/ Free Visits 10%


30,189 2,066,177

Free School Visits 5%

General Admission 52%

Member Visits 25%




A Special Thank You to Our Ocean Legacy Donors



Our trustees play a pivotal role in advancing the Aquarium’s mission to inspire conservation of the ocean by generously sharing their time, experience and financial support. Founding trustee Jack Parker was no exception, and we wish to recognize his generosity and dedication to the Aquarium.

$120,000 $100,000 $80,000 $60,000 $40,000 JACK STEELE PARKER

Founding Aquarium Trustee 1984 -1997

$20,000 $0 $78,278










our doors in 1984. Working with teachers and school administrators, we play a critical role in students’ learning by engaging them in science and discovery, but without free admission these visits would not be possible. To ensure that schoolchildren in the future enjoy the same opportunity, we established the Children’s Education Endowment in 2011. Over time we plan to grow this fund and secure free access for all of our visiting students.

Growing our endowment is a top priority and we greatly appreciate our donors whose gifts today and through their wills and trusts are helping to build this important fund. Their investment in the future will have a lasting significance for the Aquarium and the world’s ocean. Knowing that conservation will be a never-ending task, our Board of Trustees established the Endowment Fund for the Future of the Ocean in 1996, with a generous gift of $1 million from Jane and Marshall Steel Jr. Since that time, many donors have contributed to our Endowment that provides a secure source of funding for our education programs, conservation and science initiatives and exhibits, every year…forever.

Our total endowment in 2015 was $127 million* and $4.2 million was distributed from the fund— providing valuable support for our programs to inspire conservation of the ocean and free admission for thousands of schoolchildren and their teachers.

Our programs inspire students to care about and care for the ocean and we’re proud that over 2.2 million schoolchildren have visited the Aquarium since opening

*Our total endowment includes both donor-restricted and board-designated gifts.


Jack and Elaine Parker were close

We deeply appreciate Jack and Elaine

We also wish to express our

friends of the Packard family. Jack

Parker and the following donors for

gratitude to our 411 Ocean Legacy

was proud to serve as our trustee

their generous bequests received in

Circle donors for their commitment

and considered the Aquarium to be

2015. Their gifts will have a lasting

to the Aquarium and to a brighter

a “world treasure.” He was thrilled to

significance for the Aquarium and

future for us all.

see it succeed and wanted to leave a

the ocean.

gift that would allow it to continue to

If you have included a gift to the

grow and thrive after his and Elaine’s

Johnnie Adkisson

Monterey Bay Aquarium in your will

lifetimes. Through his very generous

Marjorie Callow

or trust, please contact Mary Mullen

bequest, he created a legacy that will

Philip and Elizabeth Diether

at [email protected] or

inspire future generations of ocean

James Lee Hafner

831-648-4913. We would like to

stewards for many years to come.

Sue E. Hovda

thank you and welcome you into

Nancy Maytag Love

our Ocean Legacy Circle.

In his note to Julie on the occasion

George and Jo Ann Martin

of our 25th anniversary, Jack wrote,

Janet Morris Musson

“You have done a magnificent job.

Anne Tewksbury

Dave was a great longtime friend

Olivia B. Thebus

and I miss him still, but YOU have

Hugh Van Valkenburgh

made the difference in carrying

Robert J. Webster

out his family dream. We are all

Sally Wienke

very grateful.”


Thank You


We are honored to recognize the following donors for their gift received in 2015.

EXECUTIVE LEADERSHIP COUNCIL OF THE PACKARDS’ CIRCLE The Executive Leadership Council recognizes individual and family foundations that support the Aquarium with gifts of $100,000 or more annually.

$1 million and above Anonymous S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation Roberta and David Elliott The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Wendy and Eric Schmidt Denise Littlefield Sobel Gideon and Susie Yu $500,000 and above The Walton Family Foundation, Inc. $250,000 and above Bill and Tammy Crown Kelly and Scott Dale Jeanne and Bill Landreth Charles and Helen Schwab Foundation

$100,000 and above Anonymous Craig Barrett and Barbara McConnell Barrett Helen and Peter Bing William K. Bowes, Jr. Foundation Burgermeister Family Fund The Keith Campbell Foundation for the Environment Samantha Campbell Tim Dattels and Kristine Johnson Pilar and Lew Davies John and Jean De Nault John and Ann Doerr The Dunspaugh-Dalton Foundation, Inc. Nancy Eccles and Homer M. Hayward Family Foundation Flora Family Foundation Susan Ford Dorsey and Mike Dorsey Bill and Melinda Gates The Hearst Foundations


The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Jen-Hsun and Lori Huang Franklin P. and Catherine Johnson Vinod and Neeru Khosla Lakeside Foundation Pierre Lamond Martin Lipton Steve and Agatha Luczo Ludwick Family Foundation Mac and Leslie McQuown Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Morgan Family Foundation Michael Moritz and Harriet Heyman Stephen C. Neal and Michelle S. Rhyu Susan and Lynn Orr Paul and Sandy Otellini Carrie and Greg Penner Arthur Rock and Toni Rembe Skoll Foundation Meg Whitman and Griffith Harsh Bill and Janne Wissel

The Leadership Council of the Packards’ Circle recognizes individuals and family foundations that support the Aquarium with gifts ranging from $10,000 to $99,999 annually.

$50,000 and above Bloomberg Philanthropies The Cheng Family Foundation Steven and Roberta Denning Claire Giannini Fund Mimi and Peter Haas Fund Joanne and Arthur Hall Lucille M. Jewett The Dirk and Charlene Kabcenell Foundation Betty White Ludden Anneke Neal Peter and Dian Nielsen Yuanbi and Paul Ramsay $25,000 and above Anonymous Lyn and David Anderson Elizondo/Campbell Foundation John H.N. Fisher and Jennifer Caldwell Peggy Fossett Frances Hellman and Warren Breslau Wendy W. Kwok Worth and Andy Ludwick Susan and Jay Mandell Ian McNish John and Libby Otte Kristi and Tom Patterson

The Quattrone Family John and Donna Shoemaker Barbara Swain Priscilla and Curtis Tamkin Pinkie and Dennis Terry The Woo Family $10,000 and above Anonymous Chuck and Janet Adams Ned and Jimi Barnholt The Peggy and Jack Baskin Foundation The Baylor Family Robert and JoAnna Behl The Bell Family Fund Jim and Roberta Bell Berger North Foundation The Caplice Family Charitable Fund Maria Cardamone and Paul Matthews Peter Cartwright Linda and Randall Charles Helen E. Charpentier Robert and Bobbé Christopherson Willis W. & Ethel M. Clark Foundation Katy and Jason Curl Jack H. Davis


James and Nairi Davis Thomas and Marilyn Draeger June Duran Stock William C. and Barbara Edwards Anthony Escalle Family John and Jane Evans Patricia Fata Spencer and Calla Fleischer Francis Family Foundation Tully and Elise Friedman James and Susan Gaither Edward and Mary Gallo The Gentleman Family Drew and Katie Gibson Cindy Gilbert and David Greenstein Genevieve and Jay Gudebski The Harvey Family James C. Hillegass William Knox Holt Foundation Mark Horowitz Kathy and Bob Jaunich Jaws & Paws Johnson Ohana Charitable Foundation Bob A. Johnson Neil and Stephanie Johnston Robert L. Jones and Catherine A. Rivlin The Kadoorie Family

L E A D E R S H I P C O U N C I L O F T H E PA C KA R D S ’ C I R C L E , continued Andrew and Lura Kaplan Yasuo and Kikumi Kida Amy King and Sam King José and Barbara Kirchner William Kreysler and Jacquelyn Giuffre Alan and Caron Lacy Joan F. Lane Will and Stacey Lawton Douglas Lee and Kellee Noonan Jane A. Lehman and Alan G. Lehman Foundation Bob and Mary Litterman Edmond D. Lock Bonnie Lockwood and Merrick Rayle George Lucas Family Foundation Connie and Bob Lurie Kevyn and Colt McAnlis The Eugene McDermott Foundation The McElwee Family Peter and Joan McKee Rod and Peggy McMahan The McMurtry Family Foundation W. J. Michaely and Jancy Rickman Forrest and Cynthia Miller Joanna Miller John and Nadine Mills Willy and Jim Mitchell Susan and Bill Montgomery Dean and LaVon Morton John Murphy and Cassandra Briggs

Yvonne Muzzy John and Marilyn Nickel Lowell and Wilda Northrop Vernon T. and Jane Bindl Oi John and Tama Olver David and Joan O’Reilly Laura and Kevin O’Shea Pamela Pescosolido Pisces Foundation Mary K. Powell Nancy Buck Ransom Foundation Redwood Serenity Fund Stephanie Reib and Thomas Weber Maura and Hal Richardson Leigh and Eddie Robinson Rossi Family Foundation Nancy B. Roth Daryl and Mandy Salm Sand Hill Foundation The Schink-Knowles Family Sara and Patrick Schmitz Jan and Bob Scott Pat C. Seawell Jeanette B. Sechrist Connie and Kevin Shanahan George and Charlotte Shultz Colin and Erin Smith Lonnie and Cheryl Smith Willard Smucker Foundation— Susan Smucker Wagstaff, Trustee George Somero and Amy Anderson Stephens Family Candis Stern Stephen and Lynn Storey


Suzanne Francoeur Taunt and Robert Oliver Taunt III The Tevanian Family Leon Thomas and Betty Thomas Bird Yvonne Thorstenson and Brian Strom Kirsi and Erik Tiemroth Terri Tienken The Turner-Gilliland Family Fund James and Karen Tyler Jack and LaDonna Valenti Donald L. and Anna T. Waite Jack Wheatley Wiancko Charitable Foundation Alan Williams Jeanne and H. Michael Williams Greg and Nancy Wilson David and Susan Wirshup Ward and Priscilla Woods George E. Young Jr. Judi and Dave Zaches

PACKARDS’ CIRCLE The Packards’ Circle recognizes individuals and family foundations that support the Aquarium with gifts ranging from $2,500 to $9,999 annually. $5,000 and above Anonymous Neno Aiello and Judith Appleby Gladys H. Anenson Louise Audet and Paul Griffin Susan K. Barnes and Guy L. Tribble Rudy and Mary Bergthold Jan and Larry Birenbaum Margaret J. Bohn Borch Foundation Donald and Marianne Bradley Michael and Sheila Brand Steven and Karin Chase A.M. Chavez Joseph and Tina Clark Gary and Mary Cary Coughlan Keith and Kimberly Cox and Family Leonore Daschbach James and Julia Davidson Nancy and Hugh Ditzler William and Nancy Doolittle Phyllis J. Dorricott Heather Downs Karen and Phil Drayer The Ducommun and Gross Family Foundation Michael and Juanita Duggleby Marlene and Duane Dunwoodie Ken Endelman and Rosalind Van Auker Judy Estrin Frank and Marcella Ettin Ted and Shannon Farrell The Shauna M. and Kevin B. Flanigan Family Foundation Alfred and Patricia Friedrich The Garton Family T. D. and Doreen Geiszler Greg Gilley Michele Goins and Candice Philbrick Marcia and John Goldman Drew and Myra Goodman Eileen Hamilton Ruth and Ben Hammett Noble and Lorraine Hancock Karen and Richard Hargrove

David L. Harrington James and Joyce Harris Adrienne S. Herman Kathleen and George Hill Barbara Hiller Chris Jaffe and Kate Karriker-Jaffe Mark Kohalmy and Carrie Lawton Nancy and Joseph Kovalik Elena and Jim Lawson Peter Y. Lee Jack and Ruth Lemein The Liencres Family Jane Lubchenco and Bruce A. Menge Sally and Don Lucas Diane J. Mahony Lars and Marin Mapstead Frank and Judith Marshall Foundation Gordon Martin May Family Foundation John and Charlotte McConkie Sandra McLellan Behling and Marie McLellan Heck Lenore and Dale Meyer Nancy S. Mueller and Robert A. Fox Helen and Ned Nemacheck Lori S. Nye Tamara Ogorzaly and John S. Scurci Parker and Crosland LLP Anne Pattee Sharon and Judd Perry Family Bert and Janet Peterson Kathy Reavis and David Strohm Walter and Ramona Reichl Kanwal and Ann Rekhi Paul Rembert Rodger Rickard and Diane Talbert Susan Roux, MD Nancy Ruskin Craig and Kelly Ruybalid The Schleyer Foundation Mark Shull and Rebecca Ward Tracey and Bob Simpson George and Elisabeth Skou Douglas Soo Livia and Christopher Stone


Henry Taniguchi Jim Turek and Hope Giles James Valentine Jeanne and Leonard Ware Bill and Mary Ann Westfield Brenda K. Wood Linda and Koichi Yamaguchi William York and Shawn Lampron Marsha McMahan Zelus Gordon and Jane Zook

$2,500 and above Anonymous George and Judith Abbott William and Jeanette Abbott Airtec Service Susan Akers Jonathan and Joy Alferness John C. Ameling and Susan A. Charbonneau James and Elizabeth Anderson Ken and Robin Anderson Julie Antonio and Mitchell Rubinstein Bad Fish Brewing Company Debbie and Paul Baker Sue and John Ballard Thomas and Christine Banks Charles L. Barndt Jr. Albert and Pamela Bendich Catherine Bengtson Tony and Cheryl Berumen John and Geri Bettencourt Joseph Beyer and Lisa Damico Edward and Margaret Bierman Lanetta E. Bishop Gary and Carolyn Bjorklund Charles K. Bliss and Caroline Bowker Charlene Boarts Kirk and Rebecca Bocek Betty Boege Anne Bonaparte and Judd Williams Caroline Booth Olive and John Borgsteadt Peter and Johnnie Borris

PACKARDS’ CIRCLE Barbara F. Borthwick and Marilyn A. Steinhart Ginger Brown and Thomas Savarino Lisa and Josh Brown Charles J. Bruhn, MD Bobbie Buell Nancy Buerkel-Rothfuss and Rick Buerkel Tom and Caitlin Butler Ted and Lesley Canfield Cyr Ann and James Castle John and Agnes Caulfield John and Margaret Celton Charl Chapman and Aaron Barnes Judy and Joe Chappell Don and Elissa Chennavasin Steven and Susan Cheu Brenda H. Christensen and Thomas W. Barry Anne and Terry Clark David and Helen Clark Mike and Connie Clark Bruce Clarke and Paula Ignatowicz George Climo Lu and Woody Clum Vicki Coe and Scott Mitchell Mary G. Colburn James Cole John and Lesley Colgrove Sandy and Shaun Collard Hannah and Kevin Comolli Edward and Joan Conger Frank Cravens Yogen and Peggy Dalal Joffa and Ellen Dale Iris and Stephen Dart James and Vega Day Sandy and Cathy Dean The DeCourcey Family Frank and Debby Degnan Charles de Guigne Barbara W. Deméré Denise Devereaux and Steve Sharpe Lee and Mary Alice Dickerson Robert and Cynthia Dimand Matt Domenici Roberta Dooley Linda Dotson and Andrew Forster John and Karen Dowdell

PACKARDS’ CIRCLE Mike and Connie Dowler Friedrich and Kristin Drees James Ducker and Johanna Kroenlein Kathleen and Eric Duncan Sharon B. Duvall Margaret Eaton and Ron Yara Tom and Sally Edsall The Engel Family Tina and Bruce Fairbanks Robert B. Fenton Family Gloria and Chase Fenton Jamie Feuerstein Jeffrey and Nicole Finley Sean and Michelle Fitts James Forster and Joan LaMahieu Bill and Karen Frederick Stephanie and William Frederick Barry and Patty French Susan French and Robert Hassing II Dorothy Furgerson and Carrie Reid John and Diane Furlan The Galloway Family Sameer Gandhi and Monica Lopez Tony Garowski and Rusty Rooks Stephanie Gatto and Alison Affrunti Paul J. and Linda Bain Geiger Luise Genzinger and Guenter Roeck David and Susan Gill Jay and Ravi Gill Regan Gill and Ernesto Reyes Joseph and C.J. Golden Gery and Linda Gomez Family Trust Neil and Diane Goodhue Larry and Patty Goodman Ray and Ann Graf Ken and Sue Greathouse The Greene Family M.R.C. Greenwood Allan Grimes and Cindy Jarvis Ruth and Umang Gupta Thomas and Kipp Gutshall Eric and Elaine Hahn Bill Hannon Foundation Andy and Jennifer Harris Marilyn Harris Roger and Mary Hayashi Michael Heffernan and Tracy Wick Alfred and Kathy Herbermann Jennifer and Timothy Ho


Carol Lee Holland Jean Hontalas Jeanne Hori and Tami Garcia Jeff and Debbie Hotter Ann Lee Hover Larry and Marcia Hulberg Robert Hum and Lori Prince John and Norma Humphries Carolyn and Quincy Hunsicker Maureen Inman William Ivie and Heather Murphy Nancy Jackson and Jaime Delgadillo Robert and Harriet Jakovina Anna and Steven James Nancy Jaxon Jim and Kristi Jenkins Susan Jenkins Geeske Joel and Urs Hoelzle Desmond Johnson and Theresa Nakatani S. Allan and Marguerite L. Johnson James Clinton Jones, MD Brian Judd Les Junge and Holly Joseph Jeff and Tara Kahler Jiyoung and Jason Kang Mr. and Mrs. Warren J. Kaplan Victoria Kelleher-Christie Todd and Lisa Kennedy Patricia A. Kincaid The Jeremy King Family Christie and Terry Kirk Jan M. Kohlmoos Barbara Korp and Andrew St. Laurent Dana and Sharon Krone William and Kathleen Krueger Don and Thelma Kuehn Barbara and David Laidlaw Dennis and Cynthia Lange The Laurits Family Lenfestey Family Foundation Karen Lenoski Mike Light and John Lum Dennis and Alisha Lin Jan Lipson Family Layne Lisser and Kay Lubansky Jim and Kathryn Lodato Liz and Sean Lynch Colin Ma, MD and Laurie Christensen, MD

Mackenzie Family Fund Dave and Evie Macway Sally L. Maggio Major-Siciliano Family The Chris & Melody Malachowsky Family Foundation Joe and Sheila Mark Kristopher and Alison Marshall Gene and Daneen Matts Thomas and Mary McCary Lillian R. McCleary Phil and Carolyn McIntyre James Medeiros and Lori Kraus John and Mary Melo Ana Mendez and Rajeev Jayavant Victor Merlino Richard and Grace Merrill Gayle Mester Phyllis and Fred Meurer Joyce and Pat Milligan Sharon and Michael Mitchell Ania Mitros and Seth Laforge Clara and Nate Moehlman Tom and Dodi Monti Mark Moore and Lucia Valerio Robert and Mary Ann Moore Robert and Marion Morelli David and Shara Morishige Kevin and Mary Murphy Paul and Judy Myers Susan and John Myers Jill Nelson Lynch Thanh Nguyen and Linda Tran Diana Nichols Nor Cal Veterinary Specialty Group Sally and Craig Nordlund Dave and Debi Normington Ron and Katerina Nydam Tom and Lillian Oliveri The Olker Family Jeff and Jennifer Olsen Ruthann Olsen Peter and Kim Osterkamp John and Karen O’Sullivan Laura and Tom Overett Christopher and Donna Paisley Dick and Sandi Pantages Betty-Jo Petersen Patrick and Anne Petruno

Liz and Mike Phillips The Pickert Family William C. and Sandra L. Pitts Ann M. Pope and William S. Pope Vaughan and Margot Pratt The Prelle Family Peter and Penny Purdue Anne and Sam Raimondi Brent Ramerth and Kalinda Lisy Carol Ann Randle Morgan L. Rankin The Rapparini Family Charles Rennie and Teresa Nakashima Jack and Margo Restrick Brian and Francia Reyes James P. Rhemer Donald and Susan Rice Ellen Duff Richardson Larry and Kathi Ridley Betsy Riker and David Smith Anmarie B. Roache Alice L. Robertson Craig and Laurel Robertson Stephen and Beth Robie Robert Rogers and Astrid Atkinson Rich and Janet Rowley Allen and Cindy Ruby Patricia and Glenn Rudebusch Pam and Al Rudolph Carey and Scott Rutigliano James and Kathleen Ryan Robert Ryon Jessie Sanders and Brian McGauley Steve Schramm and Diane Schweitzer Carlleen and Lary Scott Jerry Seibert Family Dennis Shen and Amy Hsu Roderick and Laurie Shepard Michael and Claire Silver Pamela Silver and Jeff Way Paul H. and Karen L. Simmons Joseph Slafkosky and Susan Hurst The Slonek Family Joanne Smalley Gordon Smith Te Smith William H. Smith Maurine and Mark Solomonson Virginia W. Srsen


Matthew and Alexis Stauffer Dean and Joanne Storkan Stottlemyer Family Robert Sudduth and Deborah Love-Sudduth John and June Sullivan Summers Family Fund Carl Sutton and Hollie Wilent Janet and Harold Tague James and Cheryl Teare Christopher Thompson and Yves Zsutty Peter and Anne Thorp Maureen Murphy Tolson TOSA Foundation Brian and Pamela Uitti Ricardo and Maria Vallejo James Vanlandingham Mary Vinciguerra and Gail Pinnell Kathryn Vizas and Lisa Osborn Sophia and Matthew Waddell Jeptha and Elizabeth Wade Larry and Maria Wagner Jefferson Waldron and Gail Korich Ted and Cynthia Walter Robert Warmack The Watkins Family Keith and Sandra Wells James and Jo Westbrook Annette Wheeler and Daniel Kelly John Wied and Cindy Andersen Jeffrey and Jeanine Wilkinson Henry Dean Willard Williams Family Giving Fund R. Austin Williams and Lauren Williams Peg and Charles Winston Melanie and Alan Wirtanen Bertram and Joyce Witham Jack and Haydee Wong Tim and Starleen Wood Gail and Chris Wright Jerry and Sheila Wroblewski Andrée Hest and Deborah Wyatt Bill and Sherry Young Mona Zander and Ed Zander John and Dulcenia Zink André and Kathleen Zunino

DONORS We appreciate the following Institutional Contributors and Business Partners $250,000 and above Anonymous HP Corporate Fund Monterey Peninsula Foundation, host of the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am

$100,000 and above Anonymous Adobe Systems Inc. Cisco Systems Foundation Ernst & Young Goldman, Sachs & Co. HP Inc. Institute of Museum and Library Services Intel Corporation Lenovo Salesforce Service Systems Associates

$50,000 and above Resources Legacy Fund Verizon Foundation

$25,000 and above Anonymous Bridgewater Fund Chevron FedEx Google McKinsey & Company Microsoft Corporation National Science Foundation SAP Union Bank

$10,000 and above

$2,500 and above

The Bank of America Charitable Foundation Children’s Miracle Network, Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital Clover Stornetta Farms, Inc. Driscoll’s Earthbound Farm General Electric Heidrick & Struggles The Hess Collection Winery IBM Kellogg Supply, Inc. Newman’s Own Foundation Niman Ranch Pebble Beach Company Foundation Pew Charitable Trusts SK Hynix Wells Fargo Whole Foods Market

American Tuna Inc. The Apple Lane Foundation The Beagle Charitable Foundation Becton Dickinson Foundation Chambers & Chambers EHDD Epicurean Group Genentech Granite Construction Company Minnesota Zoo Foundation The Morrison & Foerster Foundation Nordic Naturals Portola Hotel & Spa Sierra Nevada Brewing Company Sternberg Charitable Foundation The Paul Walker Foundation The Wharf Marketplace Wildlife Computers

$5,000 and above Frank M. Booth, Inc. Center for Ocean Solutions Scott Corwon Fund of the Community Foundation for Monterey County The Dow Chemical Company Finch Montgomery Wright LLP Fisheries Research Agency GreenLeaf InterContinental The Clement Monterey Johnson & Johnson Mars, Inc. Northrop Grumman Corporation Ocean’s Halo Seaweed Chips Pacific Gas and Electric Company Peet’s Coffee & Tea Rudolph and Sletten, Inc. Spottswoode Estate Vineyard and Winery

Editors: Karen Jeffries and Ken Peterson Vice President of Development: Nancy Enterline Art Director: Jim Ales Designer: Jennifer Chambliss Photo Research: Kris Ingram and Victoria von Ehrenkrook Photos: Corey Arnold (2), Charlene Boarts (14), Jim Capwell/ (6, 7 top left, 7 top center, 7 top right), Brandon Cole (inside front cover), Steve Haddock/Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (13 right), Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (12 left, 12-13 center), Tyson V. Rininger/Monterey Bay Aquarium (cover, 7 bottom left, 7 bottom center, 7 bottom right, 11 center, 15 left, 16-17), Ashley Schill (inside back cover), Spike: Stealing Beauty Photography (5), Kim Swan/ Monterey Bay Aquarium (11 left), Claudia Tibbs/Monterey Bay Aquarium (11 right), Randy Wilder/Monterey Bay Aquarium (15 center, 15 right), courtesy of Jack Steele Parker (21). © 2016 Monterey Bay Aquarium. All rights reserved. Printed on 100% post-consumer waste paper.



The mission of the Monterey Bay Aquarium is to inspire conservation of the ocean.

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