Foreign companies in the Rhineland - IHK-Initiative Rheinland

Foreign companies in the Rhineland - IHK-Initiative Rheinland

Foreign companies in the Rhineland Objective | Sources This survey is designed to show that the Rhineland is truly international due to the large nu...

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Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Objective | Sources This survey is designed to show that the Rhineland is truly international due to the large number of foreign ­companies that are members of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry, which are collaborating in the „Rheinland Initiative“, in this case the Chambers of ­Aachen, Bonn/Rhein-Sieg, ­Düsseldorf, Köln, Mittlerer Niederrhein and Wuppertal-Solingen-Remscheid. The foreign companies associated with the Chambers of Commerce and Industry are made up of foreign companies registered in the official commercial register and other small foreign owned businesses. The “Initiative Rheinland” aims to secure and improve the position of the Rhineland as one of the most attractive business destinations in Europe.

MARKUS database of Creditreform AG, Neuss, Germany, 2013 Databases of members maintained by Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the Rhineland, Germany, 2013 Ausländische Bevölkerung in Nordrhein-Westfalen am 31. Dezember 2011 Landesbetrieb Information und Technik Nordrhein-Westfalen (IT.NRW), statistics division, Düsseldorf, Germany, 2011 Konjunkturbarometer Rheinland Jahresbeginn 2013 Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the Rhineland, Aachen, Germany, 2013 All the information provided in this brochure has been collated and drafted with the utmost care. The Chamber of Commerce and Industry Mittlerer Niederrhein does not provide any guarantees in respect of the accuracy and completeness of the content nor is it liable for any interim changes. Reprints, including extracts, are permitted only if the source is acknowledged. Specimen copy requested.

Information about the publishers

2

Published in collaboration by the following Chambers of Commerce and Industry:

Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Aachen, Germany, Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Bonn/Rhein-Sieg, Germany, Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Düsseldorf, Germany, Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Köln, Germany, Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Mittlerer Niederrhein, Germany, Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) Wuppertal-Remscheid-Solingen, Germany (Contact persons and addresses see reverse)

Authors | Editors:

Daniel Boss, Düsseldorf; Claudia Masbach, IHK Aachen; Alina Turnwald, IHK Bonn/Rhein-Sieg; Robert Butschen, IHK Düsseldorf; Christoph Hanke, IHK Köln; Wolfram Lasseur and Jörg Raspe, IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein; Beatrice Brüggen, IHK Wuppertal

Editor-in-chief:

Wolfram Lasseur | IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein phone: +49 (0)2131 9268-560 | fax: +49 (0)2151 635-44560 | email: [email protected]

Translation:

RSH Management & Consulting GmbH, Düsseldorf, Gemany

Design:

360° Design, Ulrike Wiest, Krefeld, Gemany

Printed by:

SD Service-Druck GmbH & Co. KG, Neuss, Gemany

As at:

September 2013

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Contents Foreign companies in the Rhineland: Key facts

4

The Rhineland: A strong economy and truly cosmopolitan

6

Trade comes first: both for registered companies and small companies alike

10

Remarkable diversity: Companies come from over 160 countries

12

Close-up: The districts covered by the six Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the Rhineland

14

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

3

Foreign companies in the Rhineland: key facts

The six Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the Rhineland have 480,291 member companies. Of these 46,924 have a foreign shareholder or owner. Or put another way, one in ten companies is foreign-owned. Of these foreign companies, 10,197 are entered in the commercial register, while the remaining 36,727 are small companies. The capital and the businesspeople themselves come from more than 160 nations, spanning the globe from A for Australia to V for Vietnam. The Netherlands tops the list of foreign companies registered followed by the United Kingdom and Switzerland. With respect to small companies, Polish entrepreneurs have a slight edge over Turkish business people, who in turn are more numerous than the Italians, Greeks and Romanians. Preferred sectors for those companies registered are trade (3,312) and freelance, scientific and technical services including legal advice, tax consultancy, market research etc. (2,192). Trade is also the top sector for small companies (8,859), followed by construction (5,617) and the hotel and catering industry (5,291).

“The Rhine region and the city of Cologne in particular, is an important economic centre that has traditionally maintained friendly relations with China. The blend of Roman hospitality, Germanic diligence and the singular open-mindedness of the people made an impression on me from the start. The region’s location in the heart of the EU, the proximity to ­customers and the availability of good professionals were all ­instrumental factors in our decision to bring our company here.” Mr. Yi Wu, Managing Director of Lead Deutschland GmbH (China), Cologne

4

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Hamburg Bremen

Berlin

The Netherlands

Germany

The Hague Rotterdam

Düsseldorf

Accessible (within a radius of 500 km): approx. 150 million consumers

Antwerp Cologne Brusseles

Belgium Frankfurt Luxembourg

Stuttgart

Rhineland region

Munich

Fig. 1 Location of the Rhineland within Germany und Europe Foreign companies in the Rhineland

5

The Rhineland: A strong economy and truly cosmopolitan

Krefeld

Viersen District Mönchengladbach

Neuss

Rhine County of Solingen Neuss

Heinsberg District

Aachen

Mettmann District Düsseldorf

Düren District

Wuppertal

Remscheid Bergisch-Gladbach

Leverkusen Rhein-Erft District Cologne

RheinBerg District

Oberberg District

Rhein-Sieg District

Cities Association of Aachen

Bonn

Euskirchen District

Rhine

In the context of this brochure the Rhineland is defined as the districts covered by the Chambers of Commerce and Industry for Aachen, Bonn/Rhein-Sieg, Düsseldorf, Köln, Mittlerer Niederrhein and Wuppertal-SolingenRemscheid. The main cities in this economically powerful region are Aachen, Bonn, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Leverkusen, Bergisch Gladbach, Krefeld, Mönchengladbach, Neuss, Wuppertal, Solingen and Remscheid.

“Shiseido Deutschland GmbH is a subsidiary of the Shiseido Group in Japan, which was established in 1872 and now ranks as one of the world‘s foremost cosmetics companies. ­Shiseido entered the German market, one of the most attractive in Europe, in 1980. With its excellent infrastructure, exclusive shopping avenues and sizeable Japanese community, the fashion capital of Düsseldorf was the ideal location. Based in the MedienHafen area of the city, Shiseido Deutschland GmbH has developed into an increasingly important hub for Shiseido‘s European activities over the past decade – and the advantages of an outstanding location have played a big part in that achievement.” Mr. Masaki Douzono, President and Managing Director Shiseido Deutschland GmbH (Japan), Düsseldorf

6

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

„Cook Medical is a true pioneer in the field of minimally invasive surgery and since its foundation in 1963, has been to the forefront in developing innovative solutions to help patients throughout the world. The decision to locate its European Distribution Centre in NRW was driven by the availability of high quality infrastructure, its location in the heart of Europe close to major logistics hubs and the business-friendly welcome from the authorities in Baesweiler. This new facility will allow Cook Medical to provide an improved service to hospitals throughout Europe.“ Pat Burke, Director of Operations, COOK Medical (USA), Aachen

The economic strength of the Rhineland is impressively documented by official statistics. With a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 252 billion (2010) the Rhineland generated more than 10 percent of the Federal German GDP (€ 2,500 billion). Furthermore the productivity of the 2.6 million people in employment (06 / 2012) lies at approximately 10 percent above the German average. This is reflected in the disposable income. For example, figures produced by GfK, a leading global market research company, show that purchasing power stands at nearly 7 percent (2012) above the Federal German average (106.5 to 100). Germany has a total population of approximately 82 million and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), the country‘s most populous state, 17.8 million. The Rhineland in turn is one of the most densely populated areas within the state with more than 40 percent of the latter figure, i.e. 7.3 million inhabitants. Some 901,040 inhabitants of the Rhineland (12.3 percent) are from abroad, compared to 10.7 percent for NRW. The Turks, with approximately 225,000 inhabitants ­(almost 25 percent), make up a clear majority amongst the non-German population. They are followed by ­Italians (around 70,000 or 7.8 percent), Poles (55,440 or 6.2 percent), Greeks (45,390 or 5.0 percent) and the Dutch (21,257 or 2.4 percent). These five groups ­together account for almost half of all foreigners living in the Rhineland area.

Tab. 1

Foreign national residents in the Rhineland

Region IHK Aachen Cities Association of Aachen City of Aachen by itself Düren District Euskirchen District Heinsberg District IHK Bonn Bonn Rhein-Sieg District IHK Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Mettmann District IHK Köln Cologne Leverkusen Rhein-Erft District Rhein-Berg District Oberberg District IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein Krefeld Mönchengladbach Rhine County of Neuss Viersen District IHK Wuppertal Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Rhineland total North Rhine-Westphalia

Population as at 31.12.2011 Total Germans Non-Germans Number % 1,539,751 1,360,093 179,658 11.7 566,816 493,116 73,700 13.0 260,454 217,247 43,207 16.6 267,104 240,933 26,171 9.8 190,591 180,194 10,397 5.5 254,786 228,603 26,183 10.3 928,345 829,499 98,846 10.6 327,913 278,637 49,276 15.0 600,432 550,862 49,570 8.3 1,086,850 925,352 161,498 14.9 592,393 483,940 108,453 18.3 494,457 441,412 53,045 10.7 2,199,633 1,928,485 271,148 12.3 1,017,155 851,039 166,116 16.3 161,195 143,735 17,460 10.8 465,578 417,083 48,495 10.4 276,173 258,778 17,395 6.3 279,532 257,850 21,682 7.8 1,235,296 1,109,514 125,782 10.2 234,396 203,935 30,461 13.0 257,208 228,916 28,292 11.0 443,850 399,246 44,604 10.0 299,842 277,417 22,425 7.5 618,765 528,471 90,294 14.6 349,470 294,930 54,540 15.6 159,699 139,204 20,495 12.8 109,596 94,337 15,259 13.9 7,353,854 6,452,811 901,043 12.3 17,841,956 15,933,835 1,908,121 10.7

Source: Ausländische Bevölkerung in Nordrhein-Westfalen am 31. Dezember 2011 (IT.NRW – statistics division, Düsseldorf 2011)

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

7

The Rhineland: A strong economy and truly cosmopolitan

There are many sound reasons for the Rhineland`s ­internationalism. For example entrepreneurs can safely assume that they will find a first-class infrastructure with a comprehensive network of motorways and ­railways, efficient inland ports and two international airports operating out of Düsseldorf and Cologne/ Bonn. What‘s more, neighbouring countries, such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France, are just a stone‘s throw away. State-of-the-art data connections complete the outstanding infrastructure of the Rhineland. Universities, higher education institutes

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Tab. 2

type of company

Breakdown Ratio of foreign companies to all companies in the Rhineland in %

Number

%-value

Small companies

36,727

78.27

10.9

Companies registered in the official register of companies

10,197

21.73

7.1

46,924

100.00

9.8

Total

Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

Fig. 2 Infrastructure in the Rhineland Rotterdam

Rhine

A 57

Weeze

A 40

E 34

Duisburg

A 52

Antwerp

A 44

Krefeld Düsseldorf

Netherlands

Wuppertal

A 52 Neuss Mönchengladbach

Belgium

A 59

A1

A 46 Bergisch-Gladbach

Brusseles

E 314

A 44

A 61 Cologne

E 25 Brusseles

Aachen

A4

A 555

Maas

A 59

E 40

Bonn

A 565 A1

8

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

A3

and research centres in Aachen, Bonn, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Krefeld / Mönchengladbach, Wuppertal and ­ Jülich maintain close links with industry and some businesses also run their own research facilities. ­Düsseldorf and Cologne are also the venues for many of the world’s leading trade fairs. Finally, the high standard of living should not be overlooked. This is a great place to live with a wealth of culture and diverse landscapes – not to mention the famously friendly and fun-loving Rhinelanders.

“We‘ve been based in Neuss for 25 years now. We decided on Neuss as a location when we were still a dynamic young company with a fast-growing workforce. Here we found the space we needed to develop as a ­business. Today we have not only our administrative headquarters in Neuss, but also a sales and customer support branch and a used cars outlet. Good transport connections and proximity to our parent company in the Netherlands are other big advantages.” Johan Friman, Managing Director, LeasePlan Deutschland GmbH (Netherlands), Neuss

Fig. 3

Top 20 foreign registered companies and small companies in the Rhineland Poland

106 | 7,129

Turkey

248 | 6,456

Netherlands

2,021 | 1,451

Italy

315 | 2,497

Greece

47 | 2,034

Romania

21 | 1,824

Bulgaria

21 | 1,661

United Kingdom

961 | 553

Belgium

751 | 343

USA

824 | 193

Switzerland

870 | 146

France

580 | 399

Austria

408 | 569

Russ. Federation

223 | 726

Iran

87 | 742

Greater China*

421 | 377

Spain

194 | 479

Croatia

5 | 606

Luxembourg

485 | 72

Ukraine

35 | 510

Other countries

1,574 | 7,960

* China, Hongkong, Macao, Taiwan | Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

Registered companies

Small companies

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

9

Trade comes first: both for registered companies and small companies alike

The six Chambers of Commerce and Industry in the Rhineland have 480,291 member companies. Of those companies 143,956 or just under 30 percent are noted in the Commercial Register. The total number of registered companies from abroad (10,197 out of ­ 46,924) account for more than 21 percent of all f­ oreign ­businesses.

The remaining 336,326 companies (70 percent) are small businesses. Foreign companies comprise 78 percent of these businesses (36,727), far higher than the proportion of registered firms. Trade once again claims top spot in the list of sectors in which small businesses from abroad are active (8,859 businesses); it is followed by construction (5,617) and the hotel and catering industry (5,291).

The No. 1 business activity is trade (wholesale, retail and commercial agencies) with 3,312 companies, followed by freelance, scientific and technical services (2,192) and manufacturing (1,067).

Fig. 4

Top 10 industry sectors of foreign registered companies in the Rhineland

Others 508

Trade 3,312

Building and construction 241 Transport and warehousing 256

Total

Provision of other services 281

Provision of freelance, scientific and technical services 2,192

10,197

Provision of financial and insurance services 483 Information and communication 507 Provision of other business services 550 Real estate and housing 800

Manufacturing and processing industry 1,067

Top 10 countries - showing origin of foreign registered companies in the Rhineland

Fig. 5 Netherlands

Switzerland

2,021

Belgium

870

Luxembourg Austria

751

485

408

Total 10,197 other countries 2,549

United Kingdom

961

USA

824

France

580

Greater Japan China* 421 327 * China, Hongkong, Macao, Taiwan | Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

10

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

“Whether it’s a small car or a top-of-the-range model, a transporter or a SUV – there’s a piece of Edscha, and therefore a bit of the Bergisches Land, in just about every car. These days our innovative products are manufactured at 17 production sites around the world, but much of the research and development work is still done at our Remscheid headquarters. With its high number of universities and other higher education institutions, the region offers the ideal conditions for this.” Thorsten Greiner, Chief Executive Officer at Edscha Holding GmbH (Spain), Remscheid

Fig. 6

Top 10 industrial sectors of foreign small companies in the Rhineland Trade 8,859 Others 2,149 Building and construction 5,617

Arts, entertainment and recreation 777 Information and communication 968

Total

Transport and warehousing 1,584

36,727

Health and social services 1,599

Hotel and catering industry 5,291

Provision of freelance, scientific and technical services 2,922 Provision of other business services 3,989

Provision of other services 2,972

Fig. 7

Top 10 countries - showing origin of foreign small companies in the Rhineland

Poland

Romania

Italy

7,129

2,497

1,824

NL

1,451

Russian Federation 726

Total 36,727

other countries 11,601 Turkey

6,456

Greece

2,034

Bulgaria

1,661

Iran

Croatia

742 606

Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

11

Remarkable diversity: Companies come from over 160 countries

Of the 10,197 foreign firms registered in the Rhineland, the undisputed frontrunner is the Netherlands with 2,021 having a majority Dutch ownership (almost 20 percent). In second place is the United Kingdom ­(accounting for more than 9 percent with 961); then comes Switzerland (870 or 9 percent), the USA (824 or around 8 percent) and Belgium (751 more than 7 percent). Here is an overview of some of the most important nations doing business in the Rhineland:

Netherlands

United Kingdom

The Dutch are lucky to have a massive market right on their doorstep and use the Rhineland as a springboard into North Rhine-Westphalia and Germany as a whole. Leading companies include the mobile telephone provider E-Plus in Düsseldorf, which is part of the KPN telecommunications group, the biotechnology firm Qiagen in Hilden, dairy giant FrieslandCampina (which has its largest German site in Cologne), the post and parcel delivery firm TNT in Troisdorf and Ratingen, ­Leolux Möbelfabrik in Krefeld and LeasePlan in Neuss. In the construction sector, the project developer ­Kondor Wessels has a base in Wuppertal.

British companies tend to focus on the districts around Düsseldorf and Cologne. Examples include Vodafone (telecommunications), Castrol/BP (lubricants), HSBC Trinkaus & Burkhardt (banking) and BBDO (advertising). However Wilkinson Sword, renowned for its shaving and cosmetic articles, has its German subsidiary in Solingen.

“I have seen many places in the world and the people in the Rhineland are incredibly open-minded and friendly. Bonn is well connected internationally. It is the home of the UN in Germany and hosts many international companies, federal ministries and NGOs, giving the city a cosmopolitan feel. We have an exceptionally good working atmosphere here. Personally, I love the nature in and around Bonn, particularly near the Rhine. When I worked in Shanghai I had to travel near to four hours to see a green tree; all I have to do here is to step out of the door and walk a few paces.” Richard Boulter, CEO, Eaton Industries GmbH, Bonn

12

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Switzerland In typically Swiss fashion, the country plays its financial and investment cards close to its chest. A number of Swiss businesses located in the Rhineland are world famous, including master chocolate makers Lindt & Sprüngli and Stollwerck with production facilities in Aachen and Cologne respectively, whilst the Nestlé Group has locations in Neuss (“Thomy” delicatessen products) and Euskirchen (pet foods). Switzerland, with its reputation as a provider of insurance and financial services, does considerable business through the Zurich Insurance Group with its German headquarters based in Bonn. The personnel recruitment services company Adecco maintains its German headquarters in the region ­(Düsseldorf), while textiles firm Christian Fischbacher has a base in Remscheid.

USA One of the first examples of American investment in Germany began in 1908 when the agricultural machinery manufacturer International Harvester was established in Neuss and property purchased in the docklands. Sometime later in 1930 the Ford Motor Company established a base in Cologne. Over a period of 60 years, the German headquarter of multi-technology group 3M in Neuss, with sites in Hilden and in Jüchen, has expanded to become the firm‘s second largest outside of the USA. Other big names include the food producer Mars in Viersen and Procter & Gamble, manufacturer

of sanitary products in Euskirchen. Logistics specialist, United Parcel Service (UPS), directs its fleet of vehicles from Neuss and uses Cologne/Bonn airport as its hub for Europe. Ford and Microsoft meanwhile maintain research and innovation centres in Aachen. The paint specialist Axalta (formerly Dupont Performance Coatings) has a plant in Wuppertal; Johnson & Johnson, producer of healthcare and other consumer goods has a subsidiary in Neuss. Eaton operates globally providing diversified power management services. The company has sites in Bonn, Lohmar, Meckenheim, N ­ ettersheim and Neuss. Cook Medical, suppliers of minimally invasive medical devices, has its European distribution centre in Baesweiler. General Electric, one of the world‘s largest conglomerates, is represented in Solingen with the European headquarters of its ultrasound division.

Japan The area around Immermannstrasse in the state capital Düsseldorf is often referred to as ‚little Tokyo‘, and with good reason. Ninety percent of all Japanese companies in North Rhine-Westphalia are based in the city or the neighbouring districts of Mettmann and Neuss. Japanese companies represent numerous sectors ­including the automotive industry (Toyota, Nissan), IT / communications (Canon, Epson, Kyocera, NEC), ­photography (Canon, Fuji), mechanical engineering and steel (Komatsu, Mitsubishi, Nippon Steel), high tech material (Toho Tenax) and cosmetics (Shiseido).

Greater China Companies from Greater China (including China, Hongkong, Macau and Taiwan) are displaying an increasing interest in the Rhineland. Chinese IT giants Huawei and ZTE oversee their European operations from Düsseldorf; construction machinery manufacturer XCMG has its European headquarters and a research and development centre in Krefeld while Sany has a factory in Bedburg, near Cologne. The Dong Feng Europe Group (which deals in agricultural machinery and equipment) also opted for a base in the Rhineland and chose Wuppertal. Finally there is Lead based in Cologne, ­ whose main activities are the development, production and distribution of industrial PC-components.

Norway, Sweden and many more Scores of other big companies from almost every country in Europe and many other corners of the globe have chosen to set up in the area. Hydro Aluminium from Norway, for example, has branches in Neuss, ­Grevenbroich and Bonn. Ericsson, the Swedish manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, has its German headquarters in Düsseldorf along with research institutes in Aachen and Herzogenrath. Meanwhile the security services provider Securitas and the tool ­maker Sandvik are based in Düsseldorf. Examples of a ­Belgium presence include UCB Pharma in Monheim, Rheinkalk in Wülfrath and Agfa-Gevaert, which has offices in Cologne, Bonn and Düsseldorf. The Santander Group from Spain focuses its German activities on the Santander Consumer Bank in Mönchengladbach, offering a range of consumer banking services. Edscha Holding GmbH, part of the Spanish corporate group Gestamp is a global market leader for hinge systems based in Remscheid. France has a high profile in the Rhineland with the German head offices of car producers Renault, Peugeot and Citroën located in Cologne, while those of cosmetics company L’Oréal are to be found in Düsseldorf and Neuss. Since Tata Steel took over the Corus Group, India has been represented by the steel businesses Hille & Müller in Düsseldorf and Degels in Neuss.

A large percentage of small companies are from Poland and Turkey The most active nation when it comes to establishing small companies is Poland: 7,129 people from the neighbouring state not far to the east have acquired a trading licence, making up more than 19 percent of all small companies from abroad. The Turks are in second place with 6,456 companies (approximately 17.5 percent); third, fourth, and fifth place are taken by the Italians (2,497 or nearly seven percent), Greeks (2,034 or roughly 5.5 percent) and Romanians (1,824 or just under five percent).

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

13

Close-up: The districts covered by the six Chambers of Commerce and industry in the Rhineland Aachen It is perhaps not surprising that Aachen is a particularly international and cosmopolitan city as it is situated right where the borders of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands come together. Major companies and research facilities around the world are highly appre-

Tab. 3 Number of foreign companies in the Rhineland Registered companies Country Number Aachen 1 Netherlands 446 2 Belgium 409 3 USA 73 4 Switzerland 70 5 United Kingdom 63 6 France 51 7 Luxembourg 43 8 Italy 38 9 Austria 28 10 Greater China* 24 Other countries 190 Total 1,435 Bonn/Rhein-Sieg 1 USA 76 2 Switzerland 63 3 Netherlands 59 4 Austria 46 5 Luxembourg 43 6 United Kingdom 40 7 Italy 35 8 France 34 9 Belgium 28 10 Greater China* 17 Other countries 173 Total 614 Düsseldorf 1 Netherlands 631 2 United Kingdom 516 3 Switzerland 334 4 USA 303 5 Luxembourg 236 6 France 219 7 Japan 197 8 Greater China* 165 9 Austria 126 10 Belgium 102 Other countries 929 Total 3,758

Small companies Country

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

Number

Turkey Poland Netherlands Greece Romania Italy Belgium Bulgaria Iran Serbia Other countries Total

940 762 696 321 299 269 181 172 135 123 1,696 5,594

Turkey Poland Italy Bulgaria Greece Romania Iran Russian Federation Netherlands Austria Other countries Total

524 519 243 213 187 180 160 99 84 78 1,486 3,773

Poland Turkey Greece Italy Romania Bulgaria Russian Federation Croatia Maroc Ukraine Other countries Total

2,061 1,198 620 592 409 268 206 189 183 177 2,755 8,658

* China, Hongkong, Macao, Taiwan | Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

14

ciative of one of Europe‘s most research-intensive r­ egions. The industrial scene is dominated by mechanical engineering and chemicals as well as the production of rubber, plastic goods, paper and food. The region is also home to innovative firms working in such future-­ oriented sectors as energy, engineering services, IT, life sciences, automotive and environmental engineering. The IHK covers the region of the Cities Association of Aachen as well as the districts of Düren, Heinsberg and ­Euskirchen.

Bonn/Rhein-Sieg The economic structure of the region is determined by the service sector. In particular the area accommodates the information and telecommunications branch, the logistics sector and other providers of productionrelated services. The manufacturing sector also has a strong presence in the Rhein-Sieg District, especially the plastics industry, mechanical engineering and ­automotive component suppliers. Nineteen UN bodies and around 150 international organisations and NGOs are located in Bonn, helping it to enjoy considerable international networking in the fields of renewable energy, sustainable resources management and cooperation with development projects. The city also offers world-class facilities for organising international conferences, meetings and other events and ranks as an outstanding science and research hub.

Düsseldorf The capital of North Rhine-Westphalia is one of the most international cities in Germany. The region profits from the proximity to all national and European markets and the services of Düsseldorf Airport and the Messe Düsseldorf. The city‘s Japanese business community is one of the largest in Europe. In recent years, a growing Chinese presence underlines the strong Asian character. Düsseldorf today is a business hub for leading industrial firms as well as the telecommunications, advertising, finance, legal advice, management consultancy, fashion and life sciences sectors. The area covered by the IHK includes the Mettmann District where business ­activity focuses on the automotive supply industry as well as keys, locks, and security technology.

IHK Düsseldorf District IHK Wuppertal-SolingenRemscheid District

IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein District

IHK Köln District

IHK Aachen District

IHK Bonn / Rhein-Sieg District

Cologne Proud of its Roman origins, the city of Cologne has over its long history developed into one of Germany‘s principal logistical centres and is now home to one of the country‘s largest freight depots and possesses the second largest inland harbour and cargo airport in Germany. Cologne is also a hub for the insurance ­industry, creative industries and the media sector. Industry as a whole has established strong international links with an export ratio of over 50 percent, yet Cologne is also an innovative, research-intensive ­ ­academic region with several institutes of higher education. The IHK Köln District incorporates the urban districts of Cologne and Leverkusen as well as the ­districts of Oberberg, Rhein-Erft and Rhein-Berg.

Mittlerer Niederrhein The region – which includes the cities of Krefeld and Mönchengladbach, the Rhine County of Neuss and the Viersen District – extends from the Rhine in the east to the Dutch border in the west. With an extensive motorway network and conveniently located airports and inland harbours, the region is superbly connected. No wonder so many international companies – which now account for a significant proportion of the region‘s 50 percent-plus export ratio – have based themselves here. The main industries in Mittlerer Niederrhein are chemicals, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, steel, aluminium, lignite mining, energy supply, textiles and (semi-luxury) foods.

Wuppertal-Solingen-Remscheid The Bergisch tri-city district of Wuppertal, Solingen and Remscheid is traditionally known for manufacturing and accounts for a share of around 36 percent. ­Industries include the production of metal products, mechanical engineering, the electrical industry, metal production and processing, the chemicals industry, automobile manufacture, the food and animal fodder industry and the rubber and plastics sector. Over time numerous companies from abroad have settled in the area with a view to exploiting local know-how. With an export ratio approaching 50 percent, the business community of the Bergisches Land has excellent international links. Another mainstay of the region is the services industry, which focuses on trade and business services.

Rhine

Tab. 3 Number of foreign companies in the Rhineland Registered companies Country Number Cologne 1 Netherlands 360 2 Switzerland 245 3 United Kingdom 239 4 USA 201 5 France 197 6 Austria 134 7 Belgium 117 8 Turkey 109 9 Greater China* 95 10 Luxembourg 93 Other countries 668 Total 2,458 Mittlerer Niederrhein 1 Netherlands 468 2 USA 112 3 Switzerland 105 4 Greater China* 99 5 United Kingdom 86 6 Belgium 85 7 Japan 77 8 Italy 70 9 France 57 10 Austria 55 Other countries 339 Total 1,553 Wuppertal-Solingen-Remscheid 1 USA 59 2 Netherlands 57 3 Switzerland 53 4 France 22 5 Greater China* 21 6 Austria 19 7 United Kingdom 17 8 Luxembourg 17 9 Italy 11 10 Russian Federation 11 Other countries 92 Total 379

Small companies Country Poland Turkey Italy Bulgaria Romania Greece Iran Russian Federation Croatia Ungarn Other countries Total Turkey Poland Italy Greece Netherlands Romania Bulgaria United Kingdom Serbia Croatia Other countries Total Turkey Italy Poland Greece Maroc Serbia Ukraine Russian Federation Vietnam Croatia Other countries Total

Number 2,658 2,244 824 802 672 375 225 217 157 153 3,132 11,459 1,334 1,055 480 467 342 258 194 164 148 121 1,875 6,438 216 89 74 64 32 24 23 21 18 17 227 805

* China, Hongkong, Macao, Taiwan | Source: Creditreform, IHKs and own calculation

Foreign companies in the Rhineland

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IHK Aachen Theaterstr. 6–10 52062 Aachen Germany www.aachen.ihk.de

IHK Bonn/Rhein-Sieg Bonner Talweg 17 53113 Bonn Germany www.ihk-bonn.de

IHK Düsseldorf Ernst-Schneider-Platz 1 40212 Düsseldorf Germany www.duesseldorf.ihk.de

Claudia Masbach phone: +49 (0)241 4460296 fax: +49 (0)241 4460149 email: [email protected]

Alina Turnwald phone: +49 (0)228 2284144 fax: +49 (0)228 2284225 email: [email protected]

Robert Butschen phone: +49 (0)211 3557217 fax: +49 (0)211 3557412 email: [email protected]

IHK Köln Unter Sachsenhausen 10–26 50667 Köln Germany www.ihk-koeln.de

IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein Nordwall 39 47798 Krefeld Germany www.mittlerer-niederrhein.ihk.de

IHK Wuppertal-Solingen-Remscheid Heinrich-Kamp-Platz 2 42103 Wuppertal Germany www.wuppertal.ihk24.de

Christoph Hanke phone: +49 (0)221 1640552 fax: +49 (0)221 1640559 email: [email protected]

Wolfram Lasseur phone: +49 (0)2131 9268 560 fax: +49 (0)2151 635 44560 email: [email protected]

Beatrice Brüggen phone: +49 (0)202 2490515 fax: +49 (0)202 2490999 email: [email protected]

As at: September 2013

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