Memcon President Nixon and South Korean President Pak August 21

Memcon President Nixon and South Korean President Pak August 21

--------- T O P SE-C--RET !E Y E S O N L Y >"" ME M ORAN DUM OF C O N V E R SA T I O N Da t e : T im e : Place: A u gu s t 2 1, 1969 1615 - 1815 ...

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T O P SE-C--RET !E Y E S O N L Y

>""

ME M ORAN DUM OF C O N V E R SA T I O N

Da t e : T im e : Place:

A u gu s t 2 1, 1969 1615 - 1815 hou r s St. F r an c i s Hotel, Sa n F r a n c isc o

SU BJE C T :

Tal k s Betwee n P r es i d e n t N ix on an d P r e s i d e nt P ak

P A R T I C I PAN T S :

P r es i d e n t Ri cha r d Nixon P r e s i d e n t Pak of t h e R e pu bli c of Kor ea M I' . Sa n g Ho C h o (K o r e a n In te r pr e t e r ) Mr . V i cto r L e e (U. S. Int e rpr e t e r)

P resi den t Nixon: Be fo r e we g o i n to a d t a i le d di s c u s s i o n t oday , I woul d l ik e t o explain a few- item s on my n ew p olicy t o ar d K o r e a. Kim Il- Son g r s re g im e i s o n e o f t h e rn o st ag g r e s s i v e a n d un r e as on a b l e C rmn uni s t c o u n t ri e s in t h e wo rl d . A s you re a ll, th e Puebl o i n c i den t occur r e d b e f or e I to ok o v er t h e P r eside n c y. Du r in g IllY e lec t ion cam ­ p a i g n , I note d t h a t to g i v e a warnin g t o No r t h Ko re a o n c e i s sufficien t. 1£ N o r t h Ko r e a p ro v o ke s an ot h e r provo c a ti v e incident , w e w i ll react, a r e pre pa re d to r e a ct and w ill t ake m ea s u r e s hars he r t h a n t h e e n e m y p r o v o c at i on . Thi s m e ssag e w a s gi v e n t o t h e Sovi e t A m ba ss a d o r In th e U. S. an d I b elie v e it wa s con ve y e d to No rth K o rea. Now I w oul d lik e t o e l a bo ra te on my n e w p oli c y t ow a r d Asia . T he p r e s s verlooked m y s tatem e nt t o t h e effe ct that t h e U . S . will fulfi ll i t s t rea ty o bligati o n s w ith t h e As ian cou n tr i e s o ncer ne d . W e ill honor the U . S . -ROK De f e n s e T r e a t y. W h a t w e m u t t hin k over i s w h a t wou l d b e t he be s t way to k e ep t h ese c om m i tmen t s . W e h a v e r e lax e d o u r tra ve l re s t r i c t i on s a n d p u rchas e s wit h re ga r d to C om m u n i s t C hina, bu t w e r e g a rd Commu n i st C h in a as a n aggr e s s iv e n a t i on. U . S . policy towa rd C ornrnu n i s t C hina ha s not c h a n g e d , an d we wi ll not a drn it t he coun tr y i n t o th e U . 1 . It i s a l s o n e c e ss a r y i n t h is c onn e c tio n t o p a r atte n tion to t he Si n o - So vi e t c o n fl ic t. As you k n ow , t h e So v i e t U n ion h a s not h elpe d us in sol v in g t h e is s u e s c oncern ing C ornrnun i s t C h i n a , N OI·t h Ko r ea, the Vietnam War and t h e M i d d l e Eas t. It i s al so one o f t h e countries w hich p rovi de m i lit a r y a i d t o N or t h Kore a . ~C RE T ! EY E S

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W e c a nn o t c o o perate with t he Sov iet U ni o n with out t h e l a tt e r ' s r e c i p­ r o c a l ac t s . U n d e r the s e c i r c u rn s ta n c e s , a c olle ct ive se curi ty with the So v i e t s a ga inst C o rnrnu n i s t C h ina i s m e a n i n g l e s s . It i s fir s t necessa r y f o r t he Sovie ts t o act wit h si n cer ity . I be li e v e t h a t t h e n on - C om rnun i s t c ount r i es l o c a t ed o n t h e peri p h er y o f Conununis t C h i.na mu st be s t r e n g t h ened s i n c e t hey are t h r e a t e n e d b y Cornrnun i s t China, North Ko rea a n d N o r t h V i e t n a m . T he Sovie t Union w ill al so become a g re a ter th r e a t t h a n now i f i t i s l eft a l one. Now wi t h rega rd to V ie t n am . we a re a w a r e o f various e fforts ma de b y the R O K in Sou t h V ietnam . W e a r e w i thdraw in g o u r tr o o p s f'r orn SVN w hen w e think tha t t h e Sou t h V i tnarri e s e have b u i lt th e abilit y to r e p l a c e them . As we i n f o r m e d y ou i n a d -a n ce , I a greed with P re siden t Thieu at M i dw a y to w ith dr aw 2 5 , 0 0 0 t ro o p s . Du r i n g my recent ta l k s w i t h h i m , we d e ci d e d to re pla ce rn o r e t r o o p s i n Au g u st, but we h a v e b e e n w i t hhol di n g t aki n g t h e m e a s u r e du e t o t h e enemy o ffe n s i v e of t w o weeks ago . P r o b a b l y w i t hin a bout 10 d a s , Pres i den t T h i eu, Gene ral Abrams a n d o the r l e a d e r s conce rne d w ill talk 0 e r t he s u bj ect a gain. W e w i.ll inform. y ou i n a dvance th e n urn b e r an d tim e o f t hese t roop with d r a wals, whic h \; ill be c ar rie d out a s l o n g a s t h e y d o n ot affe ct our cornbat c apabi litie s . In regar d t o the Par i s t alk s , I just h a d a t alk w i t h A m b ass a d o r Lodg e t o da y , w ho info rme d m e tha t t h e re h a s bee n n o p rog ress. A s you know, No vember I i s t h e f i r s t a nn iver sary o f our b o rn b ing h a lt . If I had be e n the P resident last Novem be r , I woul d not h a v e h a lt e d the bornbi n g . T hi s i s j u s t be tween us; i f t h e r e i s n o fu r t h e r progress i n the Pa r is t alk s , we w i ll r e - e v a l u a t e t h e s itua tion abou t Octobe r 1 5

0

I believe t h at your g o v e r n m e n t ' s e ffo rt s t owa rd military and econorn i c self-reliance are the co rrect r o a d t o t a k e . I ho pe that othe r c oun tr ies in Asia w ill f o llo v suit. It is necessa ry fo r t he U . S . t o c o n tin u e to p l a y a g re a t r o l e i n As ia. I thin k t h a t e c o n omi c and rn i.Ii t a r-y a id to t hose coun t rie s like t he ROK w hi c h m a ke self-r e lia n c e effo rt s s h oul d be cont i nue d. The self-re liance r e rna r k s you ma de t hi s rn o r- n i.n g (at the P r e s i d i o of Sa n F r an c i s 0), I th ink , we re g o od ones for A m e ri can p u bl i c o p ini on to consum e . l' s a private c i tize n an d g o v e r nm ent official, I tr avelle d a g re a t d e a l i n th e Pa c i fic r e gi o n . I can a sure y ou t hat w e w i ll no t r e t r ea t fr om t h e P a c i f i area a nd we will no t r e du e our cornrn itrne n t s , but I th i nk we n e e d intelligent pol icy, b y g iving aid t o t h e ountr ie s who attem p t t o h elp themse lves . I have ju s t m a de a general s tatement . D o y ou h a v e a ny q u e s t i o n s o n s u ch s u b jec t s as milita r y e quipme n t a nd eco nom ic deve lo p m .ent ? Tcs-P--SECRET / E YE S ONLY " ...... . .

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Preside nt P a k : I a pprec iate h e a rin g your fi r m policy to va r d the R O K , As i a in ge neral and t h e Cornrnun i st Bl o c . I w ul d lik e t o rria k e U 1 Y views l e a r on the se s ubj ct s . A s y o u kno w , K i m Il - So n g during t he past te n y e a r s o r so ha s a I rno s t c o rn.pl e te d w ar p repa rat i o ns to un i fy the co u n t r y b y f o r c e. H e is l o o k ing f r an p p ortun i t y to in vade t he S o u t h . He h a s no t done so be c au se of t h e U . S. cornrn itrrie nt s t o t he ROK a n d t he presence o f A rn e r ic an t r o p s in our cou ntry. K i rn w i ll p r o vok e w a r i f h e b eli e v e s that th i s A m e r i c a n p l i c y towa r d t h e R O K is g o ing to c h a n g e o r h a s c hanged. K i m ' s object ive in making va ri o us p r o v o c a t i on s i s to h a v e A meri can t ro o ps s tatio ne d in t h e ROK w i t h d r aw a s t h ey h a ve done i n Sout h V i e t n a rn , a lie nate the R OK f r orn th e U . S. and have t h e U. S. n ot i n te r ve ne w he n a nyt h i ng happe n s i n K o r e a . The strengthe ning o f R O K de fe n se would che c k these p r o v o a ti o n s o f K i m and h a v e hi m give u p the i d e a o f i nva d i n g the Sou t h b y fo r e. A w a y t o a chieve th i s 0 bj e c t i v e i s t o s tre ngth e n t h e equi prne n t a n d om ha t c apability o f t h e R OK f or c e s r a t h er than to stre n gthe n U . S. for c es in Sou th K o r e a , to t h e e xte nt t hat t he R O K can s in gle handedly resist N orth K or e a n i n v a s i on , s i nc e the U . S. h a s a ri o u s c o rnrrii.trne nt s a ll over t he w or l d. P re s ide nt Nixon: If the So iets or the C h i n e s e i n v ad e th e ROK. i t

will be a d i ffe rent ball ga me. S in c e you we r e in th e m ilitary , I

wou l d like t o ela b ora te a littl e o n lTIy d e is i on on t he e stablishment

o f th e A M network. A cco r d i n g t o our i nt e lli g e n c e , C o rnrn u n is t

China \ il l h a e 2 5 t o 50 IC B M's by 19 7 6 h i c h can h i t t arget s i n t h

U. S . We n o w have a bout 1. 000 bu t wi t hout t h e A B M n twork a

nu c l e a r c- a r rne d Chi na might be a bl e t o us e n uclear bka c krn a i L a ga i ns t

non -nucl e ar cou n t r i e s in A s i a a n d p o s e a danger to t h e U. S. T hat

i s why t h is s u b j e ct is so i m portant f or th e defense an d security of

the F r e e W or ld.

res ident P a k : T o c o n t i n u e m y v ie ws, th e K o r e a n W a r , a n ti - gue r r i lla operations (in the R OK ) a n d V i e t n a m e s e W a r have been c a r r i e d we ll wi th U. S. a i d . C on c e rnin g K ore a, I d o not think you ha v e to wo rr y a b o u t t h e Kore an p r o bl e rn i f our e q u ipmen t is fu rther s t re ngthe ne d . I b e li e ve t hat w e c a n meet N o tth K o r e a n t h r e a ts w i t h ou t increa sing the p r e s e n t le v 1 o f U . S. for ce s i n Sou th K o r e a i f (m i litary) e quipment i s stre ngthened. Pres ident Nixon: I n th i s c o nne ction, w e are n o w s t udying s y m pa t h e t ­ i cally t he M A P and ot he r pr o p o s al s yo ur s i d e h as rna d e f oll o w i n g M r . Pa c ka r d ' s rec e n t v i s i t t o your c ou n t r y . I am awa r e of the fa c t t hat so m e o f t h e R OK unit s a re e q uippe d w i t h w ea p ons of W orld War II.

T -oP-sEC R ET / EY E S

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P r e siden t Pale: I a p preciate your ex planatio n of t h e so- ca lled N ixon d octr ine o n A s ia . I ag ree i n p ri n ciple w i t h your n e w p oli y, espe ially o n the aspect of h a v ing those c ount ri e s w hich have r e li e d on t h e U. S. s i n c e the e nd of Wo rld W a r II tr y to he l p th ems e l v e s . Some A sia n s , h ow e v e r , are app re he n sive b e c a u s e of t h e i r rr ri s c o n e p tion and mis­ understa n ding o f you r p o l i c y , believing that the U . S . irit en d s to was h i t s hands of A s i a . leaving A s i a n p robl ems t o the A s ia n s thems el e s , T h e y w ill n a t u r a ll y dis pel thi s appre hension when t h e y fu lly u nd e r s t a n d y o u r ne v p o li c y " I t will be n e c e ss a r y fo r us to give gui d e lin e s and s tudy methods of gradually decreasing t he U . S . b u rde n s so as t o ha ve thes e As i a n cou ntries a bl e t d e f e nd t h e rns e l v e s. in t h i s connec t i o n , I wou l d li ke to ha ve the U. S. guide var ious countries of A s i a s o t h e y can sha re t h e r e s p o n s i bi lity a nd bur den s i n accordance with t heir r e s p e c ti v e a bi l it v , A t p r e s e n t . s o m e c ou n t r i es ar e s h ar ing e x e e s i ve burden s b e y o n d t heir a b ility an d vi e v'e r s a , The Re p u blic o f K o r e a and J apa n are goo d exam p l e s . K o re a is n o t o n l y d iv i d ed but a ls o is a d e v e l o p i ng countr y. J a p a n , d e s p it e i t s s t r ong e . o n o rriy , i s h a r dly ca rry ing it s s h a r e o f th e b u r d e ns in Asia. The J ap a n e s e a r e eve n t r y i n r to r e fus e to p r o vi d e m i l i t a r y ba se s t o O k i n a w a when it is returned to J a p a n, t h u s hin der ing the u nity o f A s ia . S e v er a l As i a n cou ntr ies as well as the p e o pl e o f S ou t h K o r e a a r e di s s a t i s f i e d w i th such a Ja pa ne se p os t u r e . I do n ot ha ve th e details all t h e bil a t e r a l n e g otiati o ns f o r t h e retur n o f Ok i n a w a t o J apa n . bu t I b e lie ve th a t if the is l a n d is t o be rever te d to J a p a n , th e J a p a n e s e s h ar e o f t h e bu rd e n s i n A s i a m u s t be increa sed fi r st, be for e Okina w a is a ctu a ll y retu rned . P res ident Nixon: T h i s is a deli ate i s sue b e c a us e 0 1 t h e con s tituti o n of J a p a n w h ich we he l ped dr a ft:. F o r a l o n g t irri e I h a v e t h o u gh t t h a t Ja p an s hould p l a y a rnu ch rn o r e s i g ni fi c a n t r ole th an the p r e s ent i n its defen s e an d col .l.ec ti e ec onom ic activ i ty . Some p r gres s has been rna de i n t h e e c orio rn i c a s p e c t. A s you a re a w a r e , P'r irn e M i n i s t e r Sato i s comi ng h e r e in Nov e rrib e r , an d we sh o u l d make ever y effo r t t o h a v e h im s u rvi ve p oli ti c all y . F r e e Ko r e a is v e r y im porta nt to F r e e Ja p a n. J a p a s pe n ds only a bout one pe rc e n t of its G N P in it s de f e n s e , w h ich I b e li eve is t o o s m all. P r e si d e n t P a k : The J a p a n e s e say t h at t h e de fense an d s e c u r i t y o f

S o u th K o r e a and Japa n a re int. e r r e l at e d , but in p r a c t i c e t hey h av e n It

d one a n yt h i ng.

P r e s i d e nt N ixon:

T hat is tr ue .

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P resi d ent Pa k : The y t hin k t ha t t he y d o no t h ave to d o anyt hin g s i nce th e y hav e S outh K o r e a in f ront of th em and th e U . S . in b a c k of them . T h ey ne ed U . S . adv ic e in this r e g ard. F o r exa mpl e, m ost o f t h e ' Iequ i pm e n t" c a r r i e d b y N o r th K o r e a n gu erri llas wh o h ave i nfiltrated into South Korea s u ch as their r a d i o s an d sho es a re m a de i n Jap an . A l th ough w e ma d e a p rote s t ag a inst t h i s , they continue t o s e ll th ese i te m s to make a pro fi t. T h u s the p eopl e o f South Kore a hav e no good f e e lin g s tow a r d th e .L a p a.n e s e , I n c ident ally , t here h a ve b een rep orts to the effect t hat since Am e r i c a n troops have been withdrawing , other a lli e d tr o ops might f o llow suit. It i s m y t h i nki n g tha t u nl e s s we a re r eques te d b y Sout h V iet nam or t h e U. S ., we w i ll co ntinue to s tation o u r t r o op s in Vi e tnam . P r e s i d e n t Nix o n: T her e ha s b e e n no pr o gres s in the P a ris talk s, an d N ove m b e r 1 is the f ir s t annive rsary o f o ur bombing ha lt . W hat d o you thi n k o ur ta ctics sho u l d b e? Do yo u thi n k we s h ould r e open t h e bo m bing s? P r e s i d e n t Pak : It is u p to your decision , but I thi nk it i s d i fficult (to r e o p en t h e b om b i n g s ) because of yo u r domestic public opinion . When I w a s informed by Amba ssa dor Porter re g a rdin g t he b ombing ha lt , l a st

Nov e mbe r, I t old him h ow w~ wo u l d b e tak i ng th is ~etion without rec lpro ca l ac tio n or comm itment o n the p ar t o f North ·Vi e t n a m. Pre s i d e n t N i x o n : I n the event that we resum e our bombing s , what do y o u thi nk t h e r eac ti on s of A sia woul d b e? P r e s ide n t Pa k: Fr ee co untr ie s in As i a would we l c ome it. to you r dec ision .

Bu t i t i s up

P r esident N i x o n : Wha t is you r v i ew on t he Sino-Soviet conflict? How d e e p d o you think it i s and h o w lo n g d o y o u be lie ve it m i ght la s t ? Pr esi d ent P ak : We h ave a na ly z ed th e situation a g reat d ea l. Th e re i s a 50 -50 chance a war m ight break out betw een the two count r ies . Some beli ev e that a war will not be staged sinc e both of t hem k n o w they b o t h w o u ld s u ff er a g r eat d e al of da mage and a war mig ht be a pro long ed one . On the othe r han d , s o m e interp ret that the l o n g e r the present c o n fl i c t c o n tin u e s , th e h a r de r fo r t h e S oviet s to de al with Communist China . W e also have information t hat the Soviet mi litary takes a hawkish att itude . One t h i ng i s cert ain , th o ugh - - t he pr e s ent co n flict wi ll not be so lved in t h e n e ar fu ture.

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PRESEPVAT :;i·: C>J PY

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P r es i d e n t Nixo n: I o p p o s e th e vi e w t hat t h e U . S. and t h e U . S. S. R. sh ou l d co o p e r a t e t o r e s t r a i n C om muni s t C hi n a. B o t h t he Sovi e t U n i o n a n d Ch i n a a re our p o t e nt ia l erierny , and thi s view do es n ot make se n se . If t h e So v i e t. Uni o n s we e p s ov e r C h i n a , t h e f o r rn e r wil l ge t s t r ong e r , p os i n g a g reate r t hrea t t o A s i a . Presi d e n t P a k:

I ag ree wit h

ou ,

P r e s i d e n t Nix on : T h i s ex plai n s th e r e a s o n w hy we h ave e a se d t h e t ravel r e s t r i c ti ons a n d p u r c h a s e s . We a re tr y i n g t o d i s p e l th e S o v i e t ide a o f op p o si n g C h i n a b y co o perat i n g w i t h th e U. S. Bu t we w i ll co n t inu e t o sup po r t F r e e h i n a, a n d o u r p olic y t o w ar d C mm u n i s t Ch i n a rema i n s t h e s a rn e a s b e f o r e . P re s i de n t Pak : It wou l d b e be t t er f o r us to remov e b o th p o w e r s t h a n

ha v e o ne o f t he p ow e rs g e t s tr o n g er t h a n t h e other .

P r e s id e n t t x orr : T he e c o n o m i.c g r o w t h r a t e in s u h c ou n t ri e s as S o u t h K o rea, Ja p a n, Sing ap o re. F r e e Ch i n a a n d T h aila n d ha s g rown h i gh e r t h a n othe r c ou n t r i e s o f t h e wo r l d , w h e r e a s th e ec o nomic le v el o f C h i n a a n d No r t h K o r e a h a s b e e n l ow e r e d . N ow the d a n ge r i s i n an a rea o f of s u b v e r s i o n . T h i s is a c u t e in t h e R O K , fo r example , beca u se o f fo r c e s l yin g b e y o n d t h e p a r a lle l. A l t h ou gh , as y o u k n o w , p u bli c opin i o n h e r e d erna n d s re d u cti o n of t r o o p s we h a v e a ll o ve r t he wor ld, I r e j ect ed th e i d e a o f d e c r e a sin g t h e n urn b e r o f o u r m e n s ta y i ng i n t h e R O K. I w i ll m. a ke t hi s v i e w cl ear t o t he p u bl i c to wa rn K i m Il - Song . I had t a l k s w i th G e n e ra l B o n e s t eel, a n d du r i n g t he l a s t Ca b i ne t mee t in g we received a r e p o r t t hat t h s upp ly o f s m a ll s hi ps to t h e R OK Na v y h a s p r o g r e s s e d a t a fa st te m p o . A lth ou g h 1.1 1' d e f e n s e budget t h is y e a r i s tig h t , I t h i n k we will be a bl e t o m e t s om e o f th e r e q u est s th e R OK h as ma d e . I d o n ot w a n t t o g ive a w r ong no tion t o K iln II -So n g t h a t t h e U . S. is l e s s e n i n g i t s re s po n s i bil i t y f o r th e d e f e n se o f the R OK . Now , I k n o w y o u have va r i ou s eco n o m .i c p r o g r a rn s u nd e r wa y . T h i s w i ll b e kn own in t w o to t h ree week s, bu t 1 w o u l cl like t o i nform yo u t ha t t o da y t h e E x p o r t - Im p o rt Ba n k h a s d e c i d e d t o g ive $ 7 3 m illi on t o t he R O K fo r t h e on s t r uc t io n o f one p ow e r pla n t a n d a n at o m i c p ow e r pla n t. Sin c e I h e a r d that you r c ou n t ry wa n t s m o r e p ri v a t e in e s tment unlik e s o m e o f th e A s ia n c ou n t r ie s , I plan to e n ou r a g e t h i s as p e c t. P r e s id e n t P a k : A s I t o l d y o u in t h e c a r (w h i l e p r o ce d i n g to t he St. F r a n ci s H ot el fro m t h e P r e s i d io of Sa n F r a n c i s c o ), t h e R O K i s i n ­ d e bt e d t o t h e U. S . f o r i t s e c onom i c g r owt h . O u r " f ina n c ia l i n d c p e nd n ee r a t e " un t il a f e w year s a g wa s a bo u t 50 p e r c e n t. It w i l l b e 9 4 . 8 p er c e n t

- TLYP SE C R E T / E Y E S

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""'" i n t h e n e x t fi s ca l ye a r an d alm o s t 100 p e r ce n t i n t h e y e a r afte r n e xt.

W e will. h o we ve r , n ee d s u r p lu s a g r i u lt ur a l p r o du ct s for t he time

be i n g . W e h a v e e nco u rag e d expo r t s to o b t a i n rn o r e fo r e i g n cu r re nc y

an d pr i v a t e i n es tment. T he So u t h K o r e a n p e opl e h a v e be en m a k i n g

e ffor t s t o c h i e v e a s e lf - i n d e p e n d e n t ec o nom y , a n d 1 h o p e y o u woul d

c o n s ide r g i v i ng u s a s s i s t a n c e t o ac h ie v e t h i s t a r g e t du r i n g t h e n e x t

seve ral y e a rs .

Pr e s i d e n t Nixo n : I h av e h e l d t h e s a m e v i e w s i nc e m y f i r s t v is i t t o

yo u r cou n t r y i n 19 5 3 . It is di ffi c u lt w i t h t h i s y e a r ' s b ud g e t , but t h e

R O K i s a n exce ption.

P r e s i d e n t Pak: T he U . S . has be e n imp osi ng a re s t r i c ti o n on it s

im p o r t o f t e x til e s , b u t I h o p e tha t you ma ke t h e R O K an exc e pt ion

i n t h e m e aS U1"C s o a s t o h e l p th e c o u n t r y a c h i e v e i t s e c o ri o rn i c

inde p e nd e n c e .

P r e s i d e nt Ni x o n : T he m at t e r o n the t e xt i l e s m a i n l y co n c e r n s J a p a n.

Th e R OK h a s e n te red t h e t e x til e m a r k e t o n l y dur i n g t h e r e c e n t y e a rs .

I h o p e t h a t a r ea s o na Le s o l u t i o n a n b e fo u n d to sa t i sfy b o th the R O K

an d J a p an . W e can disc u ss the rn a tt e r in d e ta il t orn o r r o w , bu t t h i s is

110 t a n ea s y p r obl e m t o s o l v e . I w i ll t r y t o d e a l with t h e ROK p robl e m.

d i scree tly .

P r e si d e n t Pak:

I t:h i n k I have tol d a ll t h e s u bjects I h a d i n m in d.

P l"eS i d e n t Nix on : O n t h e t r o o p rna tt e r , I will in fo rm you tomo rr ow

if our govc r mnen t a nd P r e s i d e n t T h i e u h a v e dec i d e d o n it. W e a re

p a r t n e r s i n o u r c orrirn ori s t r u g g l e . I kn o w t h a t f o r t h e R O K p o p ula tion ,

Sou t h K o re a ha s s e n t rno r e t r o o p s i n p e r c e n t a g e t h a n th e U " S . h a s

d o n e . I will inform. y o u o f a ll t h e m e a s u r e s we p l a n t o take o n

Vi e t n a m. as th ey OC C l1l" .

P r e s i d e nt P a le: I a p p rec ia te list e n i n g t o y ou r v iew s o n a r i o u s s ubj e c t s .

I a m en cour a ge d t o h e ar y o u r r e m ar k s o n t he K o r ea n p r o bl e m .

P res i de n t Nixo n: I · i s a l i t tl e n o i s y ou t s i d e , but p l e se r em e m b e r th a t

9 8 p e r c e n t o f t he Arn e r i c a n p e o pl e a r e K r ea I s f r i en d s .

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